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Full text of "The funeral sermon of Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Derby, mother of King Henry VII, and foundress of Christ's and St. John's College in Cambridge, preached by Bishop Fisher in 1509 : With Baker's preface to the same, containing some further account of her charities and foundations, together with a catalogue of her professors both at Cambridge and Oxford, and of her preachers at Chambridge. Edited by J. Hymers"

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Bequeathed 



to 
of itje 

by, 

Rev. Canon Scadding D # D # 
Toronto, 1901 



THE 

iFuneral ^rttnott 

OF 

MARGARET 

COUNTESS OF RICHMOND AND DERBY, 
MOTHER TO KING HENRY VII, 

AND 

FOUNDRESS OF CHRIST'S AND ST JOHN'S 
COLLEGE IN CAMBRIDGE, 

Preached by BISHOP FISHER in 1509. 

with 

BAKERS PREFACE TO THE SAME, 






b'« 



CONTAINING SOME FURTHER ACCOUNT OF HER CHARITIES AND 

FOUNDATIONS, TOGETHER WITH A CATALOGUE OF HER 

PROFESSORS BOTH AT CAMBRIDGE AND 

OXFORD, AND OF HER PREACHERS 

AT CAMBRIDGE. 



EDITED BY 

J. HYMERS, B.D., 



FELLOW OF ST JOHN S COLLEGE. 
WITH ILLUSTRATIVE NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND AN APPENDIX. 



CAMBRIDGE : 

PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 

FOR J. & J. J. DEIGHTON;It. STEVENSON, CAMBRIDGE. 
J. G. & F. RIVINGTON, LONDON. 

M.DCCC.XL. 



FUNDATRICI VOTA. 

Accipe Fundatrix grati pia vota nepotis, 
^Equa tuis meritis sors inimica negat. 

O si! quas cupio, vires mihi fata dedissent, 
Clarior elogiis Foemina nulla foret. 

At tua progenies vivet, nascentur alumni, 
Hi tibi plaudentes carmina digna ferent. 

Tho. Baker. 



Da 

33 O 

•8 
R5f5 
i Bif o 



ADVERTISEMENT. 



The former edition of this Sermon, to which 
Baker says he was prompted by a sense of duty 
owing that excellent person described in it, having 
become very scarce, the present Editor was induced 
to reprint it partly from a similar regard to the me- 
mory of the Foundress, and partly on account of his 
having recently obtained the perusal of Baker's own 
copy of the edition of 1708, which affords materials 
of the greatest value for such an undertaking. That 
copy was kindly lent to the Editor by W. F. Bea- 
don, Esq., it having been long in the possession of 
his grandfather the late Bishop of Bath and Wells, 
formerly Fellow of St John's College, who probably 
had it from Dr Newcome, Master of the College at 
the time of Baker's decease. In the present edition, 
therefore, the Reader is presented with all Baker's 
manuscript notes — the fruits of his researches in the 
long interval between the publication of the Book and 
his death; and from that circumstance it will derive 
its chief value. But it is hoped that the additions like- 
wise will not be thought unimportant, the chief of 
which are, Bishop Fisher's Sermon at the funeral of 



IV ADVERTISEMENT. 

Henry the Seventh reprinted, for the first time it is 
believed, from the edition of 1509 by Wynkyn de 
Worde ; a continuation to the present time of the 
Catalogues of Professors and Preachers, with further 
notices of the lives and publications of several of 
them ; and a variety of Documents including the 
Foundress's Will, several of them never before 
published, tending to illustrate her munificent pa- 
tronage of Religion and Learning, and the eminent 
services of Bishop Fisher as a faithful Executor 
and liberal Benefactor. Besides Baker's notes, a 
few others have been added from sources that have 
only become accessible since his time ; and quota- 
tions from various authors have been given to illus- 
trate or confirm the statements in the Preface, the 
text of which is exactly reprinted from the original 
edition with the exception of modernized spelling in 
a few instances, and such slight alterations and in- 
sertions as were made by the Author in his own 
copy. The text of the Sermons is an exact reprint 
of that of Wynkyn de Worde. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Baker's Preface 1 

A Catalogue of the Margaret Professors at Cambridge 02 

A Catalogue of the Margaret Professors at Oxford 83 

A Catalogue of the Margaret Preachers at Cambridge 93 

Lady Margaret's Epitaph 104 

The Funeral Sermon of Lady Margaret 107 

The Funeral Sermon of Hen. VII 135 



APPENDIX. 



I. 



LETTERS OF LADY MARGARET AND HER SON HEN. Vll. 

Two letters of Hen. VII. to his Mother 160 

Three letters of Lady Margaret 104 

Grant of the Wardship of Lady Margaret to the Earl of 
Suffolk 108 



VI CONTENTS. 



II. 



NOTICES OF THE LITERARY PRODUCTIONS OF LADY 
MARGARET. 

PAGK 

The Myrroure of Golde 170 

The forthe boke of the folowynge Jesu Cryst 173 

The ordinance and reformation of apparell, &c 177 



III. 



NOTICES OF BOOKS PRINTED AT THE COMMAND OR 
EXHORTATION OF LADY MARGARET. 

The Hystorye of Kynge Blanchardyne and Queen Eglantyne 178 

Scala Perfeccionis : Englyshed 179 

The Grete Shyppe of Fooles of this Worlde 180 

The seuen penytencyall Psalmes of Dauyd 181 



IV. 

DOCUMENTS CHIEFLY RELATING TO BISHOP FISHER. 

Bishop Fisher's account of many suits and great troubles 
which he underwent in the behalf of St John's College 183 

Three letters of Hen. VIII 189 

A letter of Cardinal Wolsey 193 

A recital and acknowledgment of the Bishop of Rochester's 
love and care and diligence in the procuring the foun- 
dation of St John's College 195 

His gifts in Money, Plate, Vestments, and Books 204 

A letter of Bishop Fisher to the College 209 



CONTENTS. Vll 

PAGR 

Epistola J. Roffensis ad Crocum 210 

Epistola ad J. Roffensem ab Academia 217 

Epistola ab Episcopo Roffensi ad Academiam 220 

Grant to Bishop Fisher of a perpetual obit to be observed 

for him in Christ's College 223 

Epistola ad Wintoniensem Episcopum 225 

Letters Testimonial made by the College concerning their 

repairing to the tomb of Hugh Ashton 228 



V. 

DOCUMENTS CHIEFLY RELATING TO LADY MARGARETS 
FOUNDATIONS. 

The Foundress's Will 230 

Hendecasyllabics on Lady Margaret's Foundations 254 

The Laureat Skelton's verses on Lady Margaret 255 

The Act or Instrument of opening St John's College 256 

A letter of Cardinal Wolsey to Hen. VIII 262 

A letter of Lady Margaret to Hen. VII 266 



VI. 

PIECES COMMEMORATIVE OF THOMAS BAKER, B.D. 

His Poetical Remains 268 

His last Will * 271 



PREFACE. 



The following * Sermon having now lain two 
hundred years without an edition, and thereby be- 
come as scarce as Manuscripts, I thought it a duty 
owing that excellent person described in it, to give 
it a second edition : and I have often wondered, 
that amongst so many hundreds, I may say thou- 
sands, as have eat her bread, no grateful hand has 
been yet found to do her right, especially, since the 
task has been made so easy by Bishop Fisher, by 
so well describing her virtues in this Sermon. But 
lest any deserved or seeming obloquy should fall 
upon her Foundations by such neglect, I shall en- 
deavour to remove or obviate the objection, by 
renewing her exequies at this distance ; and though 
enough has been said upon the occasion already, 
yet i shall take the liberty, to add somewhat of my 
own 2 , especially concerning her Foundations : and 

1 It was ' compyled by y e reuerent fader in god Johan 
Fyssher bysshop of Rochestre/ an. 1509 (see the Lady Mar- 
garet's Epitaph) ; and soon after ' Enprynted at London 
in Flete strete at the sygne of the sonne by Wynkyn de 
Worde,' without date, quarto. Baker's reprint appeared 
in 1708. 

2 Baker has incorporated this Preface with his History 
of St John's College ; and it there forms very nearly the 
whole of his account of the College, under the two first 

1 



PREFACE. 



if in speaking of her, I reflect some right upon her 
Confessor, that excellent Bishop, so deeply con- 
cerned in most of her charities, I suppose, it will 
be thought no more than justice done him, by that 
which follows. 

Margaret Countess of Richmond was daughter 
of * John Beaufort Duke of Somerset, grandson of 
John of Gaunt, and so descended from Edward the 
Third ; consort of 2 Edmund Tudor Earl of Rich- 



Masters. The History is nearly, word for word, the same 
as the Preface, from the account of the Lady Margaret, 
p. 2. to that of Dr Shorton, p. 49. 

1 John Beaufort, son of John Earl of Somerset (by 
Margaret daughter of Thomas Holland Earl of Kent) the 
eldest son of John of Gaunt by Catherine Swinford. He 
succeeded his elder brother Henry, who died young, in 
the Earldom, 6 Hen. V. ; was created Duke of Somerset 
and Earl of Kendal, 21 Hen. VI.; and died May 27, 
1444. He is generally supposed to have destroyed him- 
self, being accused of treason and forbid the court, which 
his great spirit could not brook. The mother of the Lady 
Margaret was Margaret Beauchamp, daughter of Sir John 
Beauchamp of Bletsoe Knt. and sister and heir to John 
Beauchamp ; the relict of Sir Oliver St John Knt. [Sand- 
ford's Geneal. Hist. p. 317. and Dugdale's Baronage, Vol. II. 
p. 123.] 

2 Edmund de Hadham, eldest son of Owen Tudor, by 
Catherine Queen of England Dowager to Hen. V., and 
daughter to Charles VI. of France ; created, an. 31 Hen. 
VI., Earl of Richmond, and to have place in Parliament 
next after Dukes. He died, an. 35 Hen. VI., and was 
buried in the Grey Fryers Church at Carmarthen; from 
whence his remains, upon the suppression of that abbey, 
were removed to the middle of the choir of St David's 
Cathedral; and deposited under an alter tomb, with this 
Epitaph on the verge: e Under this Marble-stone here 



PREFACE. 



mond, son of Catharine of France, and so allied to 

the crown of France ; and mother of Henry the 

Seventh king of England, from whom all our kings 

of England, as from his elder daughter Margaret, 

who bore her name, all the kings of Scotland, are 

ever since descended. And though she herself was 

never a queen, yet her son, if he had any lineal title 

to the crown, as he derived it from her, so at her 

death, she had thirty * kings and queens allied to* FunSerm - 

her, within the fourth degree, either of blood or 

affinity; and since her death, she has been allied 

in her posterity, to thirty more. 

But titles, as they were things she did not value, 
so I shall make them no part of her character ; I 
shall confine myself to her private virtues and public 
charities, which were the only crowns, she affected 
to wear. 

Her first design was, of a perpetual public Lec- 
ture in divinity; this she instituted in the eighteenth 
year of her son's reign a on the 3 feast of the nativity ^ c t art t F 1 un 
of the blessed Virgin, and by the original founda- fHfJJ 
tion, appointed John Fisher, S.T.P. her first 
Reader, who was succeeded therein by Dr Cosin 
Master of Benet, as he was by William b Burgoign * I jgg| 
afterwards Master of Peter-House, and he by Eras- 
inclosed resteth the Bones of the Noble Lord, Edmund 
Earl of Richmund, Father and Brother to Kings; the 
which departed out of this World in the year of our Lord 
God, 1456. the third of the month of November ; on whose 
soul Almighty Jesu have mercy, Amen.' [See Sandford's 
Geneal. Hist. p. 284. and Dugdale, Vol. II. p. 237.] 

3 i.e. Sept. 8, 1502. 

1—2 



PREFACE. 



mus, a name that needeth no titles. She likewise 
gave rules and statutes for the choice of her Reader, 
and for the discharge and performance of the duties 
of his place, and endowed her Lecture with twenty 
marks per ann. payable by the Abbot and Convent 
of Westminster, which House she had endowed with 
revenues, to the value of 87 lib. per ann. \ 

Cart. Fun- The same day and year, she instituted the like 

Reader at Oxford, with allowance of the same 
salary, and almost under the same rules, with that 
at Cambridge; and nominated and appointed one 
John Roper, S.T.P. to be her first Reader there. 

Cart. Fun- J n the twentieth year of the same reign, Oct. 30, 

she founded a perpetual public Preacher at Cam- 
bridge, with stipend of 10 lib. per ann. payable by 
the Abbot and Convent of Westminster, whose 
duty was to preach, at least six sermons every year, 
at several churches (specified in the foundation) in 
the dioceses of London, Ely, and Lincoln ; and one 
John Fawn, S.T.B. is appointed her first Preacher, 
by the original foundation. 

This is that John Fawn, who has been styled 
President of the University, a title that has been 
wondered at, but not explained. The meaning, I 
suppose, was this; This John Fawn was Vice-Chan- 
Regr. cellor c ann. 1514, (for Fuller and the tables he fol- 
lows are mistaken) the same year Bishop Fisher 
resigned the Chancellorship, and at the Bishop's de- 
sire, and with his advice, Wolsey Bishop of Lincoln 

1 See her Will in the Appendix. 



Acad. 



PREFACE. O 

was chosen Chancellor : during the vacancy, and till 
Wolsey should accept, Fawn did rather preside, 
than properly could be styled Vice-Ohancellor of the 
University, and therefore in their d letters 8 to Wol- * ^gi. 
sey, as a greater compliment to that great man, 
Fawn styles himself only President of the Univer- 
sity, till the Chancellor elect should give him leave 
to be his deputy. But these compliments were lost, 
for Wolsey, notwithstanding the great and almost 

2 The following is the commencement, and a part of the 
letters : — Honorificentissimo D'no Thomae Lincoln' Praesuli, 
Regis nostri Elemosinario Dignissimo, Joannes Fawne, Uni- 
versitatis Cant. Presidens, cum toto Regentium et Non-Re- 
gentium contubernio S. in D. Semp. Quantum gaudii ex 
his tuis honoribus dignitatibusque, cepere Docti omnes, 
Pater ornatissime, non possumus Uteris explicare ; nee qui- 
dem ab re; quandoquidem et literatissimus, et bonarum 
literarum studiosissimus, uno omnium consensu praedicaris. 

Quis prudentiam et Doctrinam tuam, quis justitiam 

et liberalitatem, quis reliquas virtutes ignorat ? Quibus gra- 
tissimus jucundissimusque es summis, privatis, et infimis; 
quibus nos quoque allecti, te nostrum Cancellarium, nostrum 
Patronum, nostrum denique decus et Ornamentum delegi- 
mus ; sub quo bonae Artes, et ingenua studia floreant nite- 
antque ; in quo maxime celebrando omnes Literati suos 

labores, suasque vigilias ponere debeant Cantabrig: 

nono. Cal. Jun. Anno 1514. 

Wolsey, in his answer dated the 2nd of June, and 
addressed 'venerabili csetui et Congregationi Regentium 

et Non-Regentium Universitatis Cantabrig.' says, Detu- 

listis mihi ultro eos Honores, qui apud vos sunt supremi et 
honorificentissimi, cum nondum quicquam tale de vestra 
universitate meruerim. 

Sed Reverendissimus (sunt verba RofFensis in altera 
Epistola) noluit accipere. 

The letters may be seen at length in Fiddes's Life of 
Wolsey, Collect, p. 50. 



6 



PREFACE. 



mean application, that was made to him, refused to 
accept, by a letter, which under some shew of hu- 
mility, sufficiently discovers a secret latent pride, 
though he had not yet arrived near the height of 
his greatness ; and so the University the same year, 
with indignation as well as gratitude, chose Bishop 
' Liter. Fisher e their perpetual Chancellor, or for term of 
his life, being the first instance of such a choice ; 
and Dr Fawn might resume his title of Vice-Chan- 
cellor, if he continued so long, for he did not con- 
tinue out the whole year, having been in office some 
part of the last. 

This foundation of a public Preacher, was pe- 
Oxorri 2 cu li ar to Cambridge ; for though Mr Wood 1 f seems 
p# 33, to suspect, she had done somewhat of the same 

kind at Oxford, yet there could be no ground for 
that suspicion : for neither in her Will (where she 
enumerates all her charities) does she say any thing 
of such a Preacher, nor in the original foundations, 
which are all lodged by Bishop Fisher, amongst the 
archives of St John's College, together with the 

1 Wood quotes the following extract from the Tables 
of tenths and first fruits of all Colleges and Monasteries, 
an. 26 Hen. VIII. — ' Item praedictus Abbas Westmonaster. 
petit sibi allocari pro pensione unius Prsedicatoris in Uni- 
versitate Cantabrig. per an. x libr. ; et consimili Praedi- 
catori in Universitate Oxon. x libr.' — and remarks upon it, 
* Thus the said Record; therefore either the Lady Margaret 
founded a Public Preacher in this University, or else, in 
the accompts of the said Monastery from whence the said 
salary did issue, the Abbot did onerate his Monastery and 
himself more than was just.' [Wood's Hist, and Antiq. of 
Oxford, by Gutch, 1796.] 



PREFACE. / 

king's several licences for the several foundations, 
is there any mention of a Preacher at Oxford. 

It is probable, she might have had such inten- 
tions, but was prevented by a greater design, under- 
taken about this time, in the foundation of Christ's 
College, by the advice and persuasion of Bishop 
Fisher, who, after the Foundress, by her statutes 
was appointed Visitor for his life. This Founda- 
tion has been placed in the year 1505 ; the statutes 
were not given, nor the foundation perfected, till the 
year following. The original g obligation of John chiva Col 
Syclyng 2 (last Master of God's House, and first 
Master of Christ's College) is yet extant under his 
hand and seal, for the observing of the Foundresses 
statutes, by " not procuring, or causing to be pro- 
cured, or not using being procured, any dispensa- 
tions from the Apostolic See, or (as much as in 
him was) not suffering his fellows to make use of 
them," bearing date Sept. 5, Ann. 22. Hen. VII. 
from which day and year, I suppose, and not 
sooner, the government and statutes of that College, 
took place and begun to be in force. 

And because the Bishops of Ely had yet kept 
up some claim or shew of power, there was a grant 
h obtained from James Bishop of Ely, whereby he* DatDec - 
gives leave to the Master, Fellows, and Scholars, 

2 In Regr. Alcock we find — 'Institutio Johannis Syclyng 
A.M. ad ecclesiam de Fendreyton, ad presentat : M ri sive 
Custodis Collegii de Goddishowse Cant, et Sociorum, dat: 
Febr. 15, 1495/ This he held till his death, June 9, 
1509. 



8 PREFACE. 

to celebrate Divine Offices in their College Chapel, 
which had been already consecrated, and to change 
the parish feast, from St Andrew's day, to the day 
of the feast of the Resurrection of our Lord. And 
Reg. stan- by another grant of the same date, * at the instance 

ley, an. 1506. , & 

of the Foundress, he exempts the College from epis- 
copal and ordinary visitation, for himself and succes- 
sors for ever. 

The endowments of this College need not be re- 
hearsed, being all specified in the Foundress's Will ; 
and though it appears from thence, that she herself 
was very liberal, having bestowed good lands and 
manors of her own, yet the Abbey of Creyke 1 , given 
her by Henry VII. and God's House, which was 
the foundation of Henry VI. did go a good way and 
pretty deep in this foundation : and therefore the 
Master and three Fellows of the old foundation, 
John Scot, Edward Fowke, and Thomas Nunne 
were continued members of the new College, and 
Henry VI. is, I suppose, yet commemorated, as a 
founder or benefactor in that Society ; as William 
Bingham, first founder of God's House, near the 

1 22 Hen. VII. Rex omnibus ad quos etc. Damus et 
concedimus praechariss. Matri nostras Margaretse Com. 
Rich, et Derb. Monasterium sive Abbatiam S. Marise de 
Pratis juxta Creke in Com. Norf., ac omnia ilia domus 
aedificia — et possessiones — et quod ipsa Monasterium sive 
Abbat. predict, cum suis pertinen. M ro sive Custodi et Scho- 
laribus Collegii Christi in universitate Cantebr. — dare et 
concedere possit— in liberam puram et perpetuam eleemos. 
T. R. apud Westmon. xiv. Julii. (MSS. M ri Rymer, de- 
scribente D™ Kennett, Epo. Petr-burg.) 



PREFACE. 9 

place where King's College Old Buildings now 
stand, either is or ought to be 2 . 

Having done thus much for the Schools ofjjgr.coi. 
Learning, she had some reason to think, she had 
done enough, and therefore her other charities were 
intended at the Eeligious House at Westminster, 
where her son had projected a sumptuous chapel for 
his own interment, and where she herself intended 
to lie. 

This, according to the genius of the age, was in- 
tended for the health and good of her soul, by 
having masses and dirges said there, for its rest and 

2 In the Statutes of Christ's College, the Foundress, after 
ordering herself, her son, and his children, to be prayed for, 
adds, "Deiunctos tamen aliquos nobis adjungi volumus, 
quorum Nomina subsequuntur. Edmundus, Comes Rich- 
mondise, vir meus, et pater Regis filii mei. Joannes, Dux 
Somerset, et Margareta Uxor ejus, parentes mei, cseterique 
omnes progenitores nostri. Elizabetha, uxor Regis filii mei. 
Henricus VI. quondam Rex Anglise, Margareta ipsius con- 
sors, Edwardus nlius eorum, Wills Bingham sacerdos, Jo- 
hannes Brocklee. 

William Bingham is commonly reputed the founder of 
God's House ; yet in Bakers Collections, a document, dated 
June 18, an. 26 Hen. VI. sets forth, — ' We have now late 
founded a College called Goddes House, for drawing forth of 
Scholars into Maisters of Grammar, 16 April last ; and have 
made our well-beloved William Bingham, Parson of St John 
Zacaras, Proctour thereof. And amongst other things have 
given to the endowment of the said College, the Priory alien 
of Chipstowe in Wales ;' so that the King seems to have 
taken the foundation upon himself ; and accordingly it was 
transferred to the Lady Margaret, who ' accounted herself, 
as of the Lancaster line, heir to all K. Henry's godly in- 
tentions.' 



10 



PREFACE. 



Lib. Rub. 



happiness : but having communicated her design to 
Bishop Fisher, the great director of her charity 1 , he 
suggested to her (what indeed had been suggested 
by him before the foundation of Christ's College) 
that the Religious House at Westminster, was al- 
ready wealthy enough (as it was the richest in Eng- 
land) and did not want support or maintenance; 
that the 2 Schools of Learning were meanly endowed, 
that the provisions for Scholars were very few and 
small, and that Colleges were yet wanting towards 
their maintenance; that by such Foundations she 
might have two ends and designs at once, that she 
might thereby double her charity, and double her 
reward, by affording as well supports to learning, as 
encouragements to virtue. 

1 See Appendix, ' A recitall of the Bishop of Rochester's 
love, and care, &c.' At the dissolution, the annual revenue 
of St Peter's Westminster was 3977lib. 6s. Id. 

2 She states in her Will that she had procured a licence 
for founding a Grammar School at Wimborne Minster, the 
burial place of her parents ; 

' Item, I have licence to found a perpetuall chauntre in 
the church of Wynborn of oon perpetuall Preest, there to 
teche Gramer freely, to all them that will come thereunto, 
perpetually; — to the said chauntry Preest — 10 lib. per an.' 

See the said licence, first from Henry VII. to the 
Foundress, and after by Henry VIII. to her executors, in 
Cista Fundatricis; and in Baker's MSS. Vol. XII. pp. 13, 14. 

The design was carried into effect by the Executors; 
for Leland (Itiner. fol. 54) under the name Winburne, says, 
' Erie John of Somerset, or, as I rather think, John Duke 
of Somerset his Son, lyith buried in a goodly Tumbe 
with his wife, in the south side of the Presbyterie sub 
arcu. There Lady Margarete, Mother to Henry VII. 
founded and endowed a Grammar Schoole in Winburne.' 



PREFACE. 1 1 

The good lady, who had all reverence for her 
Confessor, and was all obedience to her guide, was 
easily prevailed with to alter her purpose ; but being 
under some ties and engagements to her son, in 
their common designs at Westminster, nothing 
could be done without his consent, which she was 
nice in asking. The same person that gave the ad- 
vice, undertook this nice and invidious employment; 
and being guarded with the Princess's letters, he 
applied to the King with so much prudence and dex- 
terity, that he obtained his consent for altering her 
design. The King's * letter is yet extant to that * Arciiiv. 

& & J # Col. Jo. 

purpose, and it is a very tender and affectionate one, See Append, 
dated, Grenewiche, July ] 7 ; the year is not men- 
tioned, but it must have been towards the conclusion 
of his reign, for he was then declining, and "his 
sight so much appayred," or he so unfit for such 
business, that he protests, " on his faith, he had 
been three days, or he could make an end of his 
letter," and yet it is not over-long. This as it gave 
occasion to Christ's College, so it was the first step 
towards the foundation of St John's. 

'Margareta Comitissa Richmond, habet quandam Canta- 
riam, nomine Jhesus, ac Annunciationis B. Marise Virg., in 
ecclesia de Wymburne'. T. 7- die Augusti, An. Reg. primo. 

On the dissolution of the College at Wimborne, the 
School shared the same fate, but was refounded by Queen 
Elizabeth, an. reg. 5. [Hutchins' Hist, of Dorset, Vol. II. 
p. 540.] 

About 1492, the Lady Margaret is mentioned as main- 
taining certain well-born youths at their studies, under 
the auspices of one Maurice Westbury, an Oxford Acade- 
mician. See Wood Antiq. Oxon. Lib. I. p. 237. 



12 



PREFACE. 



She had been solicited by some men of charac- 
ter of the other University, to place her remaining 
charities upon Oxford, who pointed out to her St 
Lib. Rub. Frideswide's Priory, as an easy way, and large field 
for such a foundation, and had gone so far with their 
constant importunity and unwearied persuasions, 
that she had been determined to that place, had not 
the same good l Bishop, who influenced her devotion 
most, intervened, and by more powerful arguments, 
and particularly by pointing out the melancholy state 
and dissolute lives of the brethren of Old St John's 
House, turned her thoughts back upon Cambridge ; 
and so St Frideswide's was reserved for the like or 
greater purposes, soon after undertaken by Cardinal 
Wolsey, upon the ruins of that Priory. 

Surely the Brethren of this House, must have 
been under some fatal blindness, or given up by 
Providence to infatuation for their sins ; otherwise, 
they could not have rusht thus blindly upon their 
own ruin. Could they have seen, they had the fate 

1 ' Reverendus Episcopus Roffensis, vir non solum mira- 
bili integritate vitae, verum etiam alta et recondita doctrina, 
turn morum quoque incredibili comitate commendatus max- 
imis pariter ac minimis. Atque his nominibus aliquando 
Regis Henrici, qui nunc Angliam moderatur, avia? paternae 
Margaret® egregie charus, et a confessionum secretis. Cui 
Margaretse auctor fuit ut in Academia Cantabrigiensi Col- 
legia duo constraxerit, et amplis possessionibus dotaverit. 
Quorum alteram Christo Servatori, alteram S. Joanni Evan- 
gelist® consecravit. Solebat etiam ipse, pro sua facultate, 
bonaB spei adolescentes, maxime pauperiores, liberaliter ad 
studia nutrire/ Erasmus in Epist. Vide etiam Baleum de 
Script. Britan. fol. 654. 



PREFACE. 13 

i 

of a Religious House, brought home to their own 
doors, in the Nuns of St Rhadegund, who for the 
like crimes, that they were now guilty of, were sup- 
pressed and dissolved, and a College erected upon 
their fall : this was yet of recent 2 memory, and an 
instance almost glaring before their eyes. These 
loose Votaries or their children might be yet living, 
and could have told them, what had befallen that 
House, for their dissolute living ; and to be guilty of 
such looseness, after so late a caution, was to pro- 
voke or defy their own ruin, and was certainly the 
utmost height of infatuation. 

And yet so it was ; great excesses were charged L^Rub d ' 
upon them, whereof they were too guilty; and 

2 The licence of King Henry VII. for suppressing the 
Nunnery and erecting the College, is dated June 12, 1496. 
It sets forth, — ' Quod Domus sive Prioratus Religiosarum 
Mulierum Sanctoe Radegundis, ac terrae, tenementa....per 
negligentiam, atque improvidam et dissolutam dispositi- 
onem, et incontinentiam (occasione vicinitatis Universitati 
Cantebrigiae) Priorissarum et Religiosarum Mulierum Do- 
mus antedictae, in tantum dilapidata, et subtracta ex- 

istunt; ipsaeque ad tantam inopiam et paupertatem sunt 
redactae, quod Divina Obsequia, Hospitalitatem....manu- 
tenere et supportare, seu seipsas, quae duae tantum numero 
existunt (quarum una alibi professa, alteraque infans 
existit), aliqualiter sustentare seu relevare non valeant;'... 
and then empowers the Bishop of Ely — ' quod Ipse de Domo 
praedicto quoddam Collegium de uno Magistro, et Sex Sociis, 
et certo numero Scholarium in Grammatica erudiendorum, 
et ad exorandum, et Divina singulis diebus, infra Collegium 
praedictum, pro prospero statu nostro, et Elizabethae Regi- 
nae Angliae, Consortis nostrae charissimae, charissimaeque 
•Matris nostrae Margaretae — imperpetuum celebrandum — fa- 
cere, fundare, et stabilire possit.' [Stevens, Vol. II. App.] 



14 



PREFACE. 



though I cannot doubt, but their guilt was aggra- 
vated, yet they were certainly very dissolute in their 
lives, and prodigal in their expences, not in charity 
or hospitality, which they were obliged to by their 
rule and order, but in excess and riot, and in grati- 
fying their own sinful lusts. When these expences 
could not be maintained by their ordinary revenues 
and annual income, the moveables of their House 
were sold or pawned, nor were their sacred vessels 
spared, or indeed longer sacred, but were sold and 
prostituted with their other furniture ; and when 
these would not satisfy (as nothing is enough for 
lust and riot) their lands and settled estates were at 
last alienated or engaged for large sums of money, 
* Lib. Rub. as the College account *says, for more than all their 
lands being sold 1 , were really worth; which for a 
good reason I cannot believe, because they had not 
then been worth their taking. 

So far they had gone, and so deep they were in- 
volved, that they seem to have been at a stand, and 
did not well know how to make further advances ; 
but their last stores and funds being exhausted, and 
their credit sunk, the Master and Brethren were dis- 
persed, hospitality and the service of God (the two 
great ends of their institution) were equally neg- 
lected, and in effect the House was abandoned. 

This being the condition of the old House, in a 

manner dissolved already by its own crimes, the best 

, thing that could be done for it, was to dissolve it by 

1 See Append. ' A Recitall of the Bishop of Rochester's 
love and care, &c.' 



PREFACE. 15 

authority, and to ingraft a College upon the old 
stock, that might bring forth better fruit. The first 
thing to be had towards this, was, the consent of 
the Bishop of Ely, both as reputed founder and un- 
doubted diocesan: the present bishop was James 
Stanley, son of the late Earl of Derby ; who being 
son-in-law to the Foundress, and probably promoted 
by her interest to that See, (the worst thing she 
ever did) his consent was easily had. The nexjt 
thing to be procured was, the King's licence, anjl 
this from her own son, was as easily obtained. But 
before these could be had in due and legal form, the 
King dies, and ere much more could be done to pur- 
pose, the 2 Foundress (if she may be so styled before 
the foundation) likewise dies ; and had she not 
lodged this trust in faithful hands, this great and 
good design must have died with her. 

She died, where she was buried, at Westmin- Ann0 1509 - 
ster, on the 29th of June, as noted in the College 
register, and in her epitaph composed by Erasmus, 
for which he had a reward of twenty shillings, as it 
is entered in a 'computus - ', or old book of accounts. 

Her Funeral Sermon was preached by Bishop 
Fisher, containing an ample character of that excel- 
lent person, with a large narrative of her charities 
and virtues : to that Sermon, being printed, I shall 
refer for her further character, or let her own works 
praise her in the gates. 

One instance of her piety has been omitted by 
that worthy prelate : she was admitted into the fra- 
2 She survived her son about three months. 



16 



PREFACE. 



ternity of five several Religious Houses (if not 
teS^Frater- ■ more), Westminster, Crowland, * Durham 2 , Wyn- 
sororftatis 6 , burne, and the Charter- House at London ; which in 

dat.an.1502, ., . „ ,, . . . , , 

Regr. Du- the strain or that age, as it entitled her to the 

nelm. Hist. t 

Croyiand. prayers, so it gave her a share in the merits and 

contmuat. L J ° 

g 519, 540. good works of all these Societies. And for her chas- 
tity, as it was unspotted in her marriage, so some 
years before her death, she took upon her the vow 
of celibacy (not otherwise to be commended, than as 
an efflux of the purity of her mind) from Bishop 
Fisher's hands, in a form yet extant upon our regis- 
ters ; the reason, I suppose, that her portraiture is 
usually taken and depicted with a veil, and in the 
habit of a Nun. 

But she is gone, and we are now to turn our eyes 
and hopes upon her Executors ; she did indeed leave 

1 Thorney, Depyng. V. VFeever Fun. Mon. Discourse, 
p. 157. 

2 The following is an extract from the grant of the 
Monks of Durham. 

c Quocirca vestram Insignissimam et Honorabilissimam, 
si placeat, Personam, in spiritualem Sororem nostri Dunel- 
mensis Capituli admittimus per Prsesentes ; ac quantum in 
nobis est, et divinis credimus convenire beneplacitis, om- 
nium Missarum, Jejuniorum, orationum, praedicationum, et 
divinorum officiorum, caeterorumque pietatis operum, quae 
per nos et successores nostros tarn in praefato Monasterio 
nostro, quam in cunctis Cellis ad idem spectantibus, imprae- 
sentiarum, similiter aut in futurum fient, realem et integram 
concedimus participationem in perpetuum.' 

In 1464, Margaret Dutchess Dowager of Somerset, who 
resided at her Manor of Maxey, was received into the 
Sisterhood of Croyiand, with her daughter and heir Mar- 
garet Countess of Richmond. 

See Hist, and Ant. of Croyiand, by Gough. p. 71. 



PREFACE. 17 

a Will 3 , and lands in feoffment for the performance 
thereof, and these very sufficient, had they been suf- 
ficiently secured against the next heir at law, the 
King her grandson : and though her Will (as far as 
appears) was undoubtedly good, and duly attested, 
yet that part of it, which concerned her foundation 
of a new College, having been done by way of codi- 
cil, before it could be sealed, the good lady departed 
this life, and left thereby some ground for cavil. 

This might have been borne with, had they been 
sure of the old House, but that (as I have said) was 
yet standing undissolved, so that all that had been 
done towards it, was to begin anew, with less power, 
and under greater disadvantages . King Henry V 1 1 . 
was now wanting; the King reigning, as he had 
not the same ties of duty and affection, so he was 
under no obligation to make good his father's pro- 
mises, and having an eye upon the estate, he had no 
very strong inclination to favor a design, that must 
swallow up a part of his inheritance. 4 The Bishop 
of Ely, who was easy and complying enough, whilst Lib. Rub. 
the Foundress was living, she being gone, begun to 
show his nature, and was full of difficulties, and with- 
held his consent for half a year, for reasons not to be 
named. 

The truth of it is, his first business ought to 
have been, to have visited and reformed the House, 
and to have prevented those enormities, that occa- 

3 See her Will in the Appendix. 

4 See Appendix, ' Many suites, &c. which the Bishop 
of Rochester did undergoe in the behalfe of the Colledge.' 

2 






1 8 PREFACE. 

sioned its dissolution; not having done this, but 
having rather countenanced their looseness, 'by his 
ill example, it is no wonder, if he had some tender- 
ness and feeling of the infirmities of his brethren, or 
were unwilling to consent to a thing, that so plainly 
reproached him with his own great neglect and worse 
example. 

Great application was to be made both at Court 
and at Ely; and (because the Pope's Bulls were 
thought necessary) the affair was likewise to be soli- 
cited at Rome, where delays are usual, and where 
Julius II. being then Pope, nothing was to be done 
without address and management, and all the other 
* computus requisites to expedite such an affair. The expences* 

expedxtioms * ■ x 

SmSom °^ *^ e Bulls are P U * down upon the Executors' ac- 

tato?4°8f! n counts (signed and allowed by *Polydore Vergil), 

itf'proBui- which are very high, for a thing so much in course, 

dVnov" Sis and of no greater consequence, than the dissolving 

emendata, ■ » • TT . 

13/. is. an old ruinous House, that might have been done 

It. pro duo- ' ° 

busA re stoi wWMHlt asking his leave, had it been thought expe- 

&c. 

1 * Syr John Standely, Bastard to Standely Bp. of Helye.' 
v. Leland Itin. Vol. VII. p. 42. v. Angl. Sacr. Vol. I. p. 676. 
' Apud Somersham — luxuriose cum quadam faemina victita- 
bat— -erat armis quam libris peritior.' He was Prebendary 
of St Paul's as early as 1458, Bishop of Ely 1506, and died at 
Manchester, where he was Warden, Mar. 22, 1515 ; and was 
buried in a chapel which he had built there, with a monu- 
ment erected by his son above mentioned. See Bentham's 
Ely, p. 187. 

2 Pol. Vergil admissus Archidiaconus Wellensis, Febr. 6. 
an. 1507, obiit 1554. 

Jo. Cotterell Archid. Wellen. 1554, decessore suo adhuc 
superstite. 



PREFACE. 1 9 

dient : and yet when the Bull came, it was found de- 
fective, and was to be renewed at a new trouble and 
expence ; though the expence was not lost, for when 
the Decretory *Bull was sent, it was a very power- ^Jq^*}^" 
ful one (for this Pope was a son of thunder), it struck Ann> 1510 ' 
the old House at one blow ; it dissolves as well as 
builds by his sole pontifical authority, without con- 
sent either of the King or of the Bishop of Ely. 

For after he had set forth the desolation of the Ex ArcMvis 

Col. Jo. 

House, in a manner more dismal and melancholy, 
than it really was, he dissolves and extinguishes the 
old House, and erects and institutes a new College, 
u pro Magistro et quinquaginta Clericis," and an- 
nexes and unites to the College so erected, all the 
lands, &c. of the House, " Diocesani loci, et cujusvis 
alterius licentia, super hoc minime requisita ;" and 
he empowers the Bishops of Lincoln and Norwich, 
or either of them, to execute his decree, and to co- 
erce with censures, all such as should contradict it, 
" Invocato etiam, si opus fuerit, brachio seculari ;" 
and he grants his new College the same privileges, 
with any other College ; and reserves a convenient 
pension to two Brethren of the House, for by his 
account, there was no Master, and only two Bre- 
thren left. 

Whatever other faults, this Pope or his Bull 
might be guilty of, it was certainly of great use to 
the affairs of the College ; for the King's licence 
having been granted before (though the Pope takes 
no notice of it, nor thought it necessary), the Bishop 
of Ely, who as yet had only given his consent by 

2—2 



20 PREFACE. 

halves, if he opposed or contradicted in any thing, 
was subjected to the censures of the Bishops of Lin- 
coln and Norwich, by the Pope's authority. 
cMvbCok" The King's * licence was granted Aug. 7. Ann. 
Reg. primo. It likewise sets forth the desolate state 
and condition of the House, though not in so dismal 
a manner ; gives leave to the Executors, upon its 
suppression, to convert it into a College, "unius 
Magistri ac Sociorum et Scholarium, ad numerum 
50 vel circa, in scientiis liberalibus, jure civili et 
canonico, et theologia studentium," to be stiled St 
John's College ; to unite, incorporate, and annex all 
the lands of the old House, to the College so erect- 
ed; and further grants leave to the College, when 
erected, to hold 501. per ann. over and above the 
lands of the House, the statute of mortmain not- 
withstanding. 

To do all right to the Foundress, this licence 
was granted at her request (though now deceased) as 
well as of her Executors ; for there is an old draught 
ArchivaCoi. or original of the King's licence, signed Henry, but 
not sealed, whereto is prefixed the petition of his 
" humble graunt dame," in a form there put down : 
so it seems, her petition was either preferred, or left 
to be preferred after her death, and the King's 
licence under seal, refers to her petition. 

The King's licence having past, the Bishop of 
Ely had reason to be more complying. There are 
three grants of that Bishop, at three different times, 
which, had he been well inclined to the design, 
might, I suppose, have been done in one. And 



PREFACE. 21 

therefore, what might have been done by him, I 
shall so far take leave to do for him, as to lay two 
of them together. His first grant *is dated March *hiTa! rAr 
7, 1509, (after the King's licence, and before the 
Papal Bull came) whereby he first makes conditions 
for himself and successors, by reserving to himself a 
power of naming three persons during his life, and 
to his successors a power of naming one, to be elect- 
ed Fellows of the College, "si habiles et idonei 
sint,' n a clog that yet remains upon the Society ; and 
then grants, that the College when erected, shall en- 
joy the jewels, goods, &c. belonging to the House ; 
and obliges himself, that the Papal Bulls first had, 
he would give leave and allow the House to be in- 
corporated to the College. (This was confirmed by 
the Prior and Convent, March 12.) And he em- 
powered Richard Wiot, S.T.P. Master of Christ's 
College, John Fotehede, B.D., and William Thorn- 
borough, to take a full and perfect inventory of all 
the jewels, muniments, and other moveables of the 
House, and to have them in safe custody, till the 
College should be erected. 

We see, nothing could be done effectually, with- 
out the Pope's Bulls ; when these came, the Bishop 
of Ely passes another t grant, dated December 31, » int«;Ar 
Ann. Reg. secundo (confirmed by the Prior and Jo - 
Convent, January 5, Ann. 1510) whereby he con- 
veys over to the Executors, all the site and man- 
sion, and all the houses, churches, chapels, and edi- 
fices belonging to the House, together with all 
manors, lands, rents, tenements, and other posses- 



22 PREFACE. 

sions appertaining thereunto, and all his right, as 
Founder, in the same ; which House, being sup- 
pressed, dissolved, and extinguished by Apostolical 
authority, by the King's licence, and by his consent, 
devolving to him as Founder, being of the founda- 
tion of him and his predecessors, he grants to them, 
to the end and intention, that they might change, 
found, create, and erect it into a College of Secular 
Students, to endure for ever ; ordinary jurisdiction 
always reserved to him and his successors. And he 
appoints and constitutes Richard Henrison, Clerk, 
and others, his proctors or attorneys, to enter and 
take seizin and possession of the House, and being 
seized, to deliver full, plenary, and peaceable posses- 
sion thereof, to the Foundress's Executors. 

By virtue of this grant, on the 20th of January, 
* inter Ar- the same year (as it is entered in the College * re- 
gister), full and peaceable possession of the House, 
&c. was delivered by Richard Henrison, the Bishop's 
Commissary (no man contradicting) to Henry Horn- 
by, S.T.P. one of the Executors, in the name and 
stead of the rest ; in the presence of William Wode- 
rove, S.T.P. Master of Clare Hall, and Deputy 
Vice-Chancellor, William Burgoign, S.T.P., John 
Fotehede, S.T.B., Master of Michael House, Oliver 
Scalis, public notary, and many other students of 
the University and burgesses of the Town. 

And so the old House, after much solicitation 
and long delay, after a tedious process at Rome, at 
Court, and at Ely, under an imperious Pope, a for- 
bidding Prince, and a mercenary Prelate, with great 



PREFACE. 23 

application and industry, and at an equal expence, 
was at last dissolved and utterly extinguished, on 
the 20th day of January, Ann. 1510; and falls a 
lasting monument to all future ages, and to all cha- 
ritable and religious foundations, not to neglect the 
rules, or abuse the institutions of their Founders, lest 
they fall under the same fate. 

Though all this were transacted and carried on 
in the name of the Executors, yet it ought never to 
be forgot, that the Bishop of Eochester, Bishop 
Fisher, was the sole or principal agent ; the men of 
quality amongst the Executors, as they had little 
concern for Foundations of Learning, so I scarce 
meet with any footsteps of their agency herein. 
'Bishop Fox, who had a great interest in the last 
reign, begun to decline in this ; and besides, he be- 
gun now to have designs of his own, and to turn his 
thoughts towards Oxford, and his Foundation there. 
The two other Executors of the Clergy, Dr Hornby, 
and 2 Mr Hugh Ashton, as they had a true zeal for 

1 Richard Fox, Master of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, 
from 1507 to 1519 ; and successively Bishop of Exeter, 1487, 
Bath and Wells, 1491, Durham, 1494, and at length of Win- 
chester from 1501 to 1528 ; a Prelate much trusted and em- 
ployed in state affairs by Hen. VII. and VIII., and the 
Founder of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He was born 
at Ropesley, near Grantham, in Lincolnshire ; and educated 
at Boston School, and Magdalene College, Oxford. See Bp. 
Wren de Custod. Pemb. (Leland's Collec. App. 1770,) who 
mentions several reasons for his founding a College at Ox- 
ford rather than at Cambridge ; also Wood's Athen. Oxon. 
and Surtees's Hist, of Durham. 

2 Hugh Ashton, one of the earliest benefactors to St 
John's College, was born in Lancashire, where the Found- 



24 PREFACE. 

the design, so they wanted power, and though they 
were very useful instruments, yet what they acted, 
was chiefly in subordination to Bishop Fisher. Al- 
most the whole weight of this affair leaned upon 
this good Bishop, whose interest was yet good, de- 



ress, then Countess of Derby, having met with him, she 
took him into her family, and made him Comptroller of 
her household. According to Wood, he commenced M.A. 
at Oxford, Oct. 13, 1507; and in our University Register, 
an. 1507, 8, there is a grace for him ' ad intrandum in Jure 
Canonico/ He appears to have been preferred in the 
churches of Exeter, Litchfield and Winchester. He was 
presented by the King to a Canonry in St Stephen's, West- 
minster, an. 1, Hen. VIII.; and collated by Wolsey, ult. 
Maii. 1515, to the prebend of Strensall in the church of 
York, where he was Archdeacon, and where he was buried; 
' upon whose tombe lyeth one great marble stone whereupon 
is graven in romaine letters, and that in brasse, these words 
followyng; that is to say, 'Hie situs est Hugo Ashton, 
Archidiaconus Ebor: qui ad Christian® Religionis aug- 
mentum, Socios duo ex Lancastria totidemque Scholares, 
Socium et Scholarem Eboracensis, Socium et Scholarem Du- 
nelmensis Diocesis oriundos, suis impensis pie instituit; atque 
singulis a se institutis sociis consuetum sociorum stipendium 
solidis quadrag. adauxit ; obiit nono Cal. Decemb. anno Dni. 
1522/ The above inscription was entered in the College 
Register upon occasion of the Master and some of the Fel- 
lows and Scholars solemnly repairing to the tomb at York, 
and viewing it, in Queen Mary's reign ; and it is the same as 
the inscription upon the well known tomb in the College 
Chapel ; except that in the latter, the propriety is given to 
the county of York, instead of the Diocese. 

In a window of the dissolved hospital of St Leonard, 
.York, was the following inscription: 'Orate pro anima 
Magistri Hugonis de Asheton, quondam Canonici residen- 
tiary Ecclesiae Cathedralis Ebor. cujus devotione haec fenes- 
tra vitriata fuit anno dni. millessimo quingentessimo.' 



PREFACE. 25 

servedly esteemed at Rome, valued by the King, and 
reverenced by all good men. 

He was never guilty of assuming more to him- 
self, than was justly his due, and yet he has left such 
*an ■ account of his agency herein, upon the t Col- * P?f j.^ 1, 
lege Registers, as whoever reads, must needs be 
convinced, that as this design was first projected and 
undertaken by his advice, so the execution of it, was 
wholly owing to his activity and endeavours : and 
therefore, though I have not always named him, yet 
in whatever I have said, or shall say hereafter, I 
desire, he may be always understood. 

The House being thus dissolved, the next thing 
the Executors were to think of, was to set about 
their new Foundation ; which, having the King's li- 
cence, the Pope's Bulls, and the consent of the 
Bishop of Ely, they were empowered to do, by a full 
authority. Somewhat they were now sure of, and 
we have a College in view, but as yet a very poor 
one : for the revenues of the old House were small, 
according to an authentic account, amounting only 
to 801. Is. lOd. per an. or according to another 
more accurate account, to 801. Is. lOd. ob. And it 
is pretty plain, from the King's licence of mortmain, 
he did not intend the Foundation should be over 
large, it being thereby limited to 501. per an., besides 
the revenues of the old House. 



1 See Appendix, ' Many suites and greate troubles which 
the Bishop of Rochester did undergoe in the behalfe of the 
Colledge.' 



26 PREFACE. 

It is true, the Foundress had done her part, 
herwiifsee navm g kft tne issues, *profits, and revenues of 
app. jjgj. estate and lands, to the value of 400?. per 

an. and upward, to that purpose, and for the 
uses of her Will: but sure, the King when he 
granted such a mortmain, did not intend, the 
Executors should enjoy them long. However being 
unwilling to understand his meaning, or being will- 
ing to push things as far as they would go, or 
presaging already the future growth of the Col- 
lege though from unhopeful beginnings, they went 
on with good assurance, and having cleared the 
debts of the old House, according to the direction 
of the Foundress in her Will, as well as the rub- 
bish of the old buildings, which in great part were 
very ruinous, they proceeded to the foundation, 
both of the fabric, and body politic of the Col- 
lege. 
JiJjjfcof ^ ne Charter t of the Foundation was given 
April 9, ann. 1511, in the name and by the au- 
thority of all the Executors, viz. Richard, Bishop 
of Winchester, John, Bishop of Rochester, 1 Charles 

1 Charles Somerset, Privy Councillor and Lord Cham- 
berlain to Hen. VII. and VIII., Lord Herbert of Gower 
and Chepstow, and created Earl of Worcester, 5 Hen. VIII. 
He was natural son of Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, 
son of Edmund, Duke of Somerset, uncle to the Lady Mar- 
garet. He died Ap. 15, 1526, and was buried, and has a 
monument in St George's Chapel, Windsor, by the side of 
his first wife Elizabeth, sole daughter and heir of William 
Herbert, Earl of Huntingdon, by reason whereof he bore 
the title of Lord Herbert. [See Dug. Bar. Vol. II. p. 293.] 



PREFACE. 27 

Somerset Lord Herbert, ' Thomas Lovel, * Henry 
Marney, and John St John, Knights, and Henry 
Hornby, and Hugh Ashton, Clerks; whereby (the 
desolate state of the old House first premised) is set 
forth, the grant or consent of the King, the Pope, 
and the Bishop and Convent of Ely, together with 
the intention of the Foundress, for dissolving the 
House, and annexing it to the College to be erected. 
By virtue of which grants, they being lawfully seized 
and possessed of the lands, &c. of the House, did 
convert the said House, with the possessions thereof, 
into a College, and did thereby erect, ordain and 
establish a perpetual College, " Unius Magistri, 
Sociorum et Scholarium ad numerum quinquaginta 
secularium personarum, vel circa, in scientiis libe- 
ralibus, et sacra theologia studentium et oratu- 
ronim:" — and ordain, that the College so erected, 
should be stiled and called St John's College for 
ever, should be a body corporate, should have a 
common seal, might plead and be impleaded, and 
purchase or receive lands, &c. by the same name. 
And they appoint and constitute Robert Shorton 
first Master, and James Spooner, John West, and 

1 Sir Thomas Lovell, Knt. of the Garter. In 1502, 
Treasurer of the Household and President of the Council, 
and one of Henry the VII's executors. 

2 Henry Marney, Privy Councillor to Henry VII. and 
VIII., Knt. of the Garter, created Lord Marney, 14 Hen. 
VIII. viz. 1523. He died an. 1523, and was buried in 
the chancel of Layer Marney Church, Essex, where he 
has a monument. [See his Will in Dugdale, Vol. II. 
p. 301.] 



28 PREFACE. 

Thomas Barker, nominated by the Bishop of Ely, 
and taken and elected by them, to be Fellows and 
Scholars of the said College ; and that they (the 
Executors) or the survivor of them, might ordain 
and constitute other Scholars, to the number above- 
said ; or if that number were not completed during 
their lives, the Master and Fellows, or major part 
of them, might fill up that number. And they give 
and ordain Statutes, for the government of the Col- 
lege, some part whereof is there recited. The 
charter is dated April 9, 1511, and the seals of all 
the Executors are affixed to the charter, on pendent 
labels, with their several names, viz. Ri. Wynton, 
Jo. RofFs, C. Somerset, Thomas 'Lovell, Harry 
Marny, x John Seyntjohn, Henry Hornby, Hugh 
Assheton, all in their own hands, and, as here, ac- 
cording to their own orthography. 

1 John Seyntjohn, eldest son of Sir Oliver St John, 
half brother to the Lady Margaret, and son of her mother 
by her second husband Sir Oliver St John of Bletsoe ; he 
died an. 1525. The son of the Lady Margaret's Executor, 
Sir John St John, was made, by Hen. VIII. guardian to the 
Princesses Mary and Elizabeth; and died in the office of 
Chamberlain to the latter when Queen. It appears from 
his epitaph in Bletsoe Church, Beds, (in which, matertera 
must be taken to mean great aunt,) that he was brought up 
by the Lady Margaret, with the young Princes her grand- 
sons ; 

Infans, vir, senior, semper clarissimus heros; 
Principibus puerum primis eduxit ab annis 
Richmundie Comitissa, sui matertera alumni. 

The Lady Margaret's Executor was the grandfather 
of the first Lord St John of Bletsoe, created 1559. (Ly sons' 
Bedfordshire.) 



PREFACE. 29 

In all this charter, and it is a very long one, 
there is no mention made of the large revenues left 
by the Foundress, for the uses of her Will ; but the 
King's licence of mortmain is there recited, whereby 
the College is limited to 501. per ann. besides the 
lands and revenues of the House. The Executors 
might be censured, for having settled a Foundation 
of fifty Fellows and Scholars, without any sure pro- 
spect of maintenance for half that number : but they 
were certainly wise, as well as true to the trust and 
confidence reposed in them, in doing their part, by 
pursuing the Foundress's intention ; the rest was to 
be left to Providence, and the bounty of the King. 
Had they gone lower, they might have pleased the 
King better, but he never would have been prevailed 
with, to have advanced the number, by augmenting 
the Foundation ; but having placed it upon its true 
bottom, and at its just height, he was bound in 
honour, to make good his grandmother's foundation, 
either out of her revenues, which he begun to look 
upon as his own, or by compensating that loss or 
failure, some other way. 

The fabric of the House was undertaken about 
the same time, which was made 2 equal to the de- 
sign, and capacious enough to receive the number 
intended, and was another trial upon the King, or 



2 The old House was a poor building, as well as poorly 
endowed; as appears by our old books — 'Incumbit (Fun- 
datrix) ut ex paupere, si liceat dicere, Tugurio, insigne, 
quale nunc est, Collegium erigatur.' Lib. Rub. (See Ap- 
pendix.) 



30 



PREFACE. 



* Quinto- 
nonas April, 
as noted in 
an old regis- 
ter, a mis- 
take I sup- 
pose, for 
quinto 
Id. Apr. 
Feb. 4. an. 
1511, 5/. is 
placed to 
account giv- 
en to the 
brickmen, 
for begin- 
ning the 
foundation. 



invitation to him, to make it good. The first pay- 
ment towards it, was made at Christmas, in the se- 
cond year of Henry VIII. (though it could not well 
be begun * till the spring, which falls in with the 
date of the Foundation) and the last payment to- 
wards it, was made in the seventh year of the same 
King 1 ; the expence of the whole building, amount- 
ing in all (some deductions made for other uses) to 
betwixt four and five thousand pounds (a round sum 
in that age) ; for so much was paid by the Execu- 

1 In the History of the College, the following passage 
is inserted here. 

1 The chapel, I suppose, was first undertaken, both with 
regard to the sacred use, and religion of the thing, and be- 
cause the rest of the building was to be adjoined upon it ; 
that was leaded, the stalls finished, and the vestry built, in 
the fifth year of that reign. For that it was the old chapel 
is surely a great mistake ; nor can there be any reason for 
it that I know of, unless some old marbles and brazen monu- 
ments, which seem to be older than the present chapel ; but 
wherever the old chapel was situated, these stones would be 
removed upon the building of the new one. And whoever 
considers the state of the old house, will hardly imagine that 
such a chapel was intended for a Master and four or five 
brethren, for they were usually no more. The expence and 
charge of the whole building shews that the chapel is to be 
taken into account ; for it amounted, &c.' Baker seems af- 
terwards to have changed his opinion by the following note 
which he has subjoined. ' Upon a further enquiry, only the 
antechapel, with the chambers above it, seem to have been 
new built ; the rest old ; and yet the lead, stalls, glass, ves- 
try, &c. were all certainly new. That old chapel, now con- 
verted into chambers, at the north-east corner of the present 
chapel, was St John Baptist's ; whereof mention is made both 
in Bp. Alcock's Register, and Caius. I have not room to 
shew my reasons.' 



PREFACE. 31 

tors towards the building, to Robert *Shorton Mas- J^ e m t I - utus 
ter of the College, and so much was paid by him, to compS'us 
Oliver Scalis, clerk of the works, at several pay- n s ! ven Sca 
ments, as appears by their several accounts. 

This Eobert Shorton was a man of business as 
well as learning, and indeed a very extraordinary per- 
son, and afterwards deservedly advanced to wealthy 
preferments ; for his Mastership here was not con- 
siderable, only 201. per ann. which he earned very 
dearly. It was under his care and conduct, that 
the buildings rose, and the College revenues were ad- 
vanced and improved ; and it is very strange, that a 
man who built the College should be so much forgot 1 , 
or placed after another Master who was no way con- 
cerned in its affairs, till the buildings were finished. 

Indeed, the structure of the House, and manage- 
ment of its revenues, was his only province ; and we 
are not to imagine, as some have dreamed, that 
there was any settled society or school of learning, 
under this period, whilst the building was going up, 
and the noise of axes and hammers banished more 
peaceable studies. During this t period, there were t Computus 

* . _ . . Rob. Shor- 

only four or five Fellows maintained by the College J? 1 )- Ma £- 
(and no Scholars), Spooner, Edmund, West, and 
Greynwode, for Barker went off the second year, 
and these as they were lodged abroad, and had pen- 
sions allowed them for their chambers, so they kept 

1 In Fuller, Parker, and all the writers on the Univer- 
sity, previous to Baker, Shorton is erroneously placed second 
in the list of the Masters of St John's College, after Alan 
Percy. 



32 PREFACE. 

up no exercise, or discipline in the College, nor 
were further obliged, than to attend the Publick 
Exercise of the University. Part of the two latter 
years of this Master, another Fellow, one Kyffin, 
was added to the number ; and the Master having 
occasion to be absent, one Richard Sharpe, Chap- 
lain to the Bishop of Rochester, was appointed Pre- 
sident, and received salary 51. per ann. In the latter 
year, one Mr Smith received stipend as Fellow in- 
stead of Kyffin. 

The old Brethren were likewise maintained, and 
had their pensions duly paid them ; but two of them, 
Sir John Kensham, and Sir William Chandler, 
either did not live long, or were otherwise provided 
for; (in a letter to the Bishop of Rochester, they 
are said to be removed to Ely, probably to their old 
friends at St John's, Hospital there). Sir Christo- 
pher Wright survived the other two, and had not 
only his pension, but likewise the Curacy of Horn- 
ingsey, which he enjoyed several years, and main- 
tained a good port upon his Curacy. William 
Tomlyn, the old Master, seems to have been an ob- 
stinate man, x [he did indeed resign, or promise a 
resignation, ann. 1505 ; and so early, the Brethren 
vetSSo"- were treating with * " My Lady's Grace, the Bishops 
pitii - of Canterbury and Ely;" but his resignation not 

being in form, it seems, he retracted his consent,] 
and did not actually quit his claim, till 2 Feb. 27, in 

1 This passage is left out in the History of the College. 

2 v. Instrument. Original, dat. Febr. 27. an. quinto Hen. 
8vi. 



PREFACE. 33 

the fifth year of Henry VIII ; when, being pinched, 
or seeing the thing would be done without him, he 
was prevailed with to resign, and received ten Marks 
from Robert Shorton Master of the College, in re- 
gard "resignations officii sui," as it is entered in an 
ancient computus. This was a poor reward, and yet 
it does not appear, he ever received more ; whether 
his heart was broken, and he might not live much 
longer, or whether his former obstinacy had not de- 
served a more ample reward, or whether he might be 
thought to have sufficiently rewarded himself already 
by pawning and devouring the revenues of his Con- 
vent, I will not say. 

There seems to have been a good understanding 
betwixt this last Master and the Bishop of Ely ; for 
William Tomlyn's resignation, and the Bishop's last 
grant or confirmation, are dated the same month 
and year. The Bishop had expressed a tenderness 
for the Master and the House, by not reflecting upon- 
their dissolute lives, as the Pope, the King, and the 
Executors had all done pretty freely : and when it 
was to be dissolved, though he had the fullest right 
both as reputed Founder and Diocesan, and ought 
to have had the greatest interest in that affair, yet 
he rather consents to the thing as done already, than 
dissolves it by his own authority. When his last 
* Grant was made (which was now done), though it * inter Ar. 
be a very large one, containing three large sheets of Jo - 
parchment, yet he does little more than recite his 
two former Grants, together with the Charter of the 
Foundation, which he there confirms ; and in con- 

3 



34 PREFACE. 

elusion, reserves to himself and Successors ordinary 
jurisdiction, and 20s. for every Visitation, u tarn pro 
procuratione, quam pro esculentis et poculentis — 
quibuscunque." This was dated Feb. 1. ann. quinto 
Hen. Octavi, confirmed by the Prior and Convent 
of Ely, Feb. 20, and by William Tomlyn's resigna- 
tion Feb. 27, the same year : and so we have done 
with this Bishop of Ely. 

All this while, the Executors had to do with a 
greater man, the King, as heir at law to the Found- 
resses estate. All due care had been taken to se- 
cure their interest therein, by proving her Will both 
in the Prerogative, and in the Court of Chancery, 
by advice of the Judges ; wherein Archbishop War- 
ham was very useful and favourable, both as Arch- 
bishop, and Chancellor of England ; who, after a 
long, tedious, and expensive hearing, witnesses ex- 
amined, the King's Council heard, and Judges con- 
sulted (all which was necessary to guard him against 
the King), at last approved and allowed the Will as 
good. Upon this ground the profits of her Lands 
were received for some years, first by Bishop Fisher, 
* computus and afterwards bv * Dr Hornby ; but this was not to 

D. Hornby. § J * ' 

Lib. Rub. continue long; for what by the clamours of My 
Lady's Officers and Servants, who, because they 
could not have all themselves, were willing to give 
all to the King ; what by the advice of some potent 
Courtiers, of which number Wolsey is said to be 
one ; and what by the fresh suit of the King's Audi- 
tors and Council, who are usually ready to second 
the Courtiers in such designs, the Executors were 



PREFACE. 35 

" so hard prest, and so straitly handled 1 ", that they 
were forced to let go the Lands, notwithstanding all 
the claim they had to them. 

The Lands being gone, they were to look out 
and sue for a compensation, otherwise all was at a 
stand ; somewhat of that kind was easily obtained ; 
but that at first granted, as it was small in itself, so 
it was soon defeated by unexpected accidents, and 
an untimely death 1 . Somewhat more durable was to 
be had ; and there being an old decayed Maison Dieu 
or Hospital at Ospring in Kent worth having, this 
falling under the Bishop of Rochester's view, was 
quickly thought of ; and being by devolution in the 
King, by the Bishop's application at Court, with the 
mediation of the Queen, Wolsey, and other Courtiers, 
it was at last obtained. 

Since this House fell before the general Dissolu- Ex ArcWtw 

. . . Col. Jo. 

tion, and is not much known, it will not be improper 

to give some short account of it. It was founded Circa 1235 - 

by King Henry III. ; and consisted of a Master and 

1 See Append. ' Many suites and greate troubles which the 
Bishop of Rochester did undergoe in the behalfe of the Col- 
ledge.' 

' Diva Margareta, proavia Edvardi Regis nostrr, hoc Col- 
legium fundavit; optimis legibus ad doctrinam, commodissi- 
mis proediis ad usum munivit — Certi quidem homines regii 
ministri, qui divitias Regis in acervis pecuniarum ponunt, 
cum benevolentia populi, salus reipublicae, vera religio, et 
optima doctrina, optimi Regis certissimae divitise existant ; 
hoc beneficium Divse Margaretae magnam partem nobis ab- 
stulerunt ; quadringintae enim minae annuae ex nostris prae- 
diolis concisae et amputates sunt.' Aschami Commendat. 
Epist. I. 

3—2 



36 PREFACE. 

three Regular Brethren, professed according to the 
Order of the Holy Cross, and of two Secular Clerks, 
to celebrate for the good Estate of the King their 
Founder 1 . Upon the death of a Master, the Bre- 
thren were to choose one of their own Body, to be 
presented to the King for his consent, and afterwards 
to be instituted by the Archbishop. In process of 
time, one Robert Darrell was chosen Master, two 
of the Brethren die, afterwards Robert Darrell the 
Master dies on the 20th of May in the 20th year of 
Edward IV. ; and the third Brother likewise dying 
soon after, and the two Seculars departing from the 
House, it became desolate and dissolved on the sixth 
of June, in the 2 2d of that King (and so continued 
to the seventh of Henry VIII.) ; and the several 
Kings in succession, by their Letters Patent, com- 
mitted the custody of it to secular persons. King 
Henry VIII. in the sixth year of his reign 2 , Feb. 

1 They were also to be hospitable, and give entertainment 
to poor and needy passengers and pilgrims; and there 
was a chamber wherein the King used to repose himself 
when he passed that way. Their lands lay at Elverland in 
Ospringe and other places of that parish; in Feversham, 
Boughton Blean, Preston, Stone, and Ore ; at Lorenden in 
the parish of Challock, at Hokeling, Rydemarsh, Ryde, and 
other places in Sheppy. Part of their possessions were like- 
wise the appropriations of the Parsonages of Hedcorn and 
Ospringe, with the advowson of the vicarage of the latter. 
There are some remains still left of this Hospital. [See 
Hasted's History of Kent, Vol. II. p. 801.] 

» Rex 16. die Febr. [an. sexto H. 8.] concessit Johi. Un- 
derbill clerico custodiam Hospitalis B. Marie de Hospring in 
Com. Kancii. [Privata Sigilla de an. 6. H. 8.] 



PREFACE. 



37 



16, committed the custody of it to 3 John Under- 
bill, Clerk, for term of his life ; but in the se- 
venth year of his reign, March 10, that King having 
been prevailed with to make a Grant of it to St 
John's College for ever, the same day and year John 
Underhill resigns all his claim to the Master, Fel- 
lows, and Scholars of that College, receiving in hand 
401. and a yearly pension of SOL for his life. This 
Grant was afterwards renewed by the King, in the 
eleventh year of his reign ; and confirmed by the 
Archbishop, the Prior and Convent, and Archdeacon 
of Canterbury, for their several parts and interests ; 
and having brought with it several good estates in 
Kent to the value of 701. per ann. was a good ad- 
dition to the College ; without which it could not 
have subsisted according to the Foundation, as was 
deposed upon oath before the Archbishop, by Ni- Archiva. 
cholas Metcalfe, D.D. and Eichard Sharpe, B.D. 
and their allegation allowed; and upon this, the 
College Mortmain was enlarged. 

This, with the Lands of the old House, together 
with the Foundress's estate at Fordham which was 
charged with debts by her Will, with some other lit- 
tle things (specified elsewhere) purchased with her 
monies, was the original Foundation, upon which the 
College was first opened ; and whoever dreams of 
vast revenues, or larger endowments, will be mightily 
mistaken. Her Lands put in Feoffment for the 

3 One John Underhill was Master of Northill College 
Com. Bedf. at or before the year 1513. [Willis's Hist, of 
Abbies Append, p, 3.] 



38 PREFACE. 

* Archiva performance of her * Will, lay in the Counties of 
Devon, Somerset, and Northampton ; and though I 
should be very glad to meet with Lands of the Foun- 
dation in any of these three Counties, yet I despair 
much of such a discovery. But whoever now enjoys 
the Manors of 1 Maxey and Torpell in the County 
of Northampton ; or the Manors of Martock, Cur- 
rey-Ryvell, Kynsbury, and Queen-Camel, with the 
Hundreds of Bulston, Abdike, and Horethorne in 
the County of Somerset ; or the Manor of 2 Sand- 
ford-Peverell with the Hundred of Alberton in the 
county of Devon ; though they may have a very 

1 The Foundress's grandfather, who died in 1409, was 
then seized, among others, of the Manors of Makeseye and 
Torpell in Com. Northampt.; of Sampford-Peverel, with the 
Hundred of Halberton in Com. Devon ; and of Cory-Rivel 
and Mertock, with the Hundreds of Abbedyk and Bulston, 
and the Borough of Langport, in Com. Somerset. (Dug- 
dale's Baron. Vol. II. p. 122.) 

In Gunton's History of the Church of Peterborough, 
p. 56, it is stated that ' Abbot Kirton maintained a long suit 
in Law against Margaret Countess of Richmond and Darby, 
about Knight's service for lands in Torpell, Thorpe Water- 
vile, and Achirche, wherein at last he prevailed.' Maxey, 
in 1708, was Lord Fitzwilliam's estate, and Torpell Sir 
Thomas Trollop's. 

2 See Risdon's Survey of Devonshire, Vol. I. p. 37, 86 ; 
Vol. II. p. 107. 

' Samforde. Sir Wm. Ashthorpe granted this Mannor 
unto John, Duke of Somerset, and Margaret his wife, and 
their heirs ; there Margaret, Countess of Richmond, some- 
time lived ; fame saith that this Countess built an isle of the 
Church.' She is also said to have lived some time at Tor- 
rington, where, ' pitying the long path the pastor had from 
home to church, she gave to him and his successors the 
Manor-house there, with lands thereunto.' 



PREFACE. 39 

good title to them, which I will not question, yet 
whenever they shall be piously and charitably dis- 
posed, they cannot bestow them more equitably, 
than by leaving them to St John's. 

It will, no doubt, be thought strange, how so 
great a number of Fellows (for at first there were 
few Scholars) could be maintained out of so small a 
revenue ; but the maintenance, we may imagine, was 
suited to the revenue ; only 1 2d. per week was al- 
lowed in Commons to a Fellow, and only 7d. to a 
Scholar. These were times, when 1201. was suffi- 
cient to found a Fellowship (for the private Founda- Archiva. 
tions usually run thereabouts), and when six pounds 
per ann. was enough to maintain a Fellow; for who- 
ever offered so much in Lands towards a Fellowship, 
by Bishop Fisher's second Statutes, (afterwards al- 
tered upon the price of things growing higher) such 
a Benefactor could not be refused. 

The College thus built and endowed, the Execu- 
tors'* next care was, to give rules and statutes to their 
new Foundation, to stock it with Fellows and Scho- 
lars as far as the endowments would reach, and to 
make it, as intended, a Seat of Learning. This re- 
quiring attendance, and more skill than most of them 
were masters of, they delegate their authority to the 
Bishop of Bochester, by * a Commission dated March * Archiva. 

r • Statutavet. 

20, anno 1515 ; only if any of their number hap- 
pened to be present with him, they were to have 
equal power. 

It was happy for the College that Bishop Fisher 
was then in England, for he had been ordered by the 



40 PREFACE. 

King to repair to the General Council at Rome, (for 

it is so styled, though it had nothing general but the 

* Hist. Ref. name) ; but though the Bishop* of Sarum, and Mr 

Angi. sacra. Wharton, who differ in other things, have agreed to 

Vol. I. p. 382. ' . . 

send him thither, and the University had recom- 
mended their affairs to him, as ready to go, by a 

'Regr. letter t dated February, 1514; and though he had 
drawn up and sealed Procuratorial Powers to Wil- 
liam Fresel Prior of Rochester, and Richard Chet- 
tham Prior of Ledes, during his absence, dated March 
10, the same year 1 ; yet he never went; he says him- 

i Lib, Rub. self, his journey was || stopt ; and these Procuratorial 
Powers, together with other Letters, recommending 
him to some men of note at Rome, are yet lodged 
amongst our Archives, and show they were never de- 
livered. Had he gone, as our hopes of Ospringmust 
needs have miscarried, which was procured wholly 
by his interest and endeavours, so the affairs of the 
House might have been at a stand, till his return ; 
•for without him nothing was done. 

In the 2 year 1516, he came to Cambridge, to the 
Opening of the College, which was performed with 
all due solemnity, and suitably to so great an occa- 
sion. I cannot fix the day when the Chapel was 

EikTan. consecrated, but the Bishop of Ely's § licence to that 



1516. 



1 Erasmus, in March 1515, speaking of his longings to 
revisit Rome, says — ' Ante biennium igitur adomaram iter, 

comes futurus R. Patri D. Joanni Episcopo Roffensi, 

verum Is ex itinere subito revocatus est/ [Epist. p. 142.] 

2 Io. Roffensis Erasmo — 'Paro enim me Cantabrigiam 
iturum pro Collegio nunc tandem instituendo.' [Vide Eras- 
mi Epist. Edit, novae Pag. 1587.] dat. ex RofFa anno 1516. 



PREFACE. 41 

purpose to the Bishop of Rochester, is dated July 
26, 1516 ; empowering him to perform that sacred 
office 3 [by consecrating altars, vestments, and other 
ornaments, and administering other Ecclesiastical 
Offices pertaining thereunto,] as if he himself were 
there present, which probably was done a day or two 
after the date ; for I will not suppose the College to 
be opened, till that sacred Office was first performed. 
This done, the 4 Bishop of Rochester (then Chan- 
cellor of the University) made his solemn entrance, 
accompanied by Dr Hornby who, being Master of ExArchivis - 
Peter-House, was present at Cambridge. After the 

i The Chapel was not fully finished, till towards this 
year ; for the expences of paving, glazing, and leading the 
Chapel and the Master's Chambers, and building the ves- 
try, are placed to account about this year. (Ex Archivis.) 
The wainscot and stalls of the Chapel were not finished till 
the year 1516, at soonest. See the Indenture betwixt Robt. 
Shorton, Master, and the Undertaker, Baker's MS. Vol. 
XII. pp. 44, 45. 

In the History of the College, the sentence within brack- 
ets is replaced by the words ' and every thing thereunto ne- 
cessary in St John's Chapel' ; and Baker observes in a note, 
— 'And yet only the Antichapel, which was undoubtedly 
new, wanted consecration.' 

4 He reserved to himself the right of lodging in the Col- 
lege, — c Cameras qua) pro Magistro aedificatse sunt, mihi ipse 
reservo occupandas, quoties ipse ad dictum Collegium acce- 
dere voluero, atque ibidem residere.' * Magister vero Col- 
legii Cubicula quae pro Magistro constructa sunt in suos usus 
possideat.' These are the words of the last Statutes, as the 
other are of the first. These words [the reserve for the Bp. 
being omitted] are in all the following Statutes. Two of 
these chambers are part of the Chapel, and shew that both 
were built at the same time. This, Baker says, he mentions, 
.because he has heard it doubted of. 



42 PREFACE. 

usual ceremonies, a Public Notary and other wit- 
nesses being called in, first the King's Licence was 
produced in the presence of them all, sealed with 
green wax ; then the Charter of the Foundation was 
laid open and read in part, together with the Bull of 
Julius the Second, sealed after the manner of the 
Court of Rome ; and lastly, the Bishop of Roches- 
ter's Procuratorial Powers or Letters from the rest 
of the Executors, empowering him, or such other of 
them as should be present, to act in the name of the 
rest. 

By virtue of these Powers, the Bishop and Dr 
Hornby named, elected, ordained, and constituted 
the venerable person Mr ] Alan Percy, Master or 

1 His quality appears from Dugdale, Baron. Vol. I. p. 282 ; 
speaking of Henry Earl of Northumberland who was killed 
by the the rabble near Thirsk in Yorkshire, an. 4. Hen. VII. 
Dugdale says, ' By Maud his wife, daughter to Wm. Herbert 
the first Earl of Pembroke of that name, he left issue four 
Sons ; viz. Henry his successor in the Honor, Sir Wm. Percy 
Knt., Alan a Clerk, and Josceline from whom Percy of Be- 
verley in Com. Ebor. is descended; and three daughters, 
Eleanor wife of Edward Stafford Duke of Buckingham, Anne 
married to William Fitzalan Earl of Arundel, and Elizabeth 
who died young'. Alan Percy only held the Mastership 
about two years and a half; for, on All Saints' day, an. 1518, 
he resigned his office to Bp. Fisher as Executor to the Found- 
ress, and by Bond from the College, dated Nov. 21 following, 
he was to enjoy the low Parlour in the College belonging to 
the Master with the two inner chambers there, together 
with his Commons, as a Fellow, during life, at all such times 
as it should please him to resort to and abide in the College, 
without paying any thing for the same ; and was besides to 
receive an annuity or yearly Pension of 10 Lib., till such time 
as he should otherwise be preferred; which annuity was 



PREFACE. 43 

Governor of the College (Robert Shorton having be- 
fore receded), and thirty one other persons, Fellows 
of the same College, whose names are there rehearsed, 
and are printed in the Appendix. Then the Master 
took an oath for the observation of the Statutes; and 
twenty four of the Fellows took an oath of obedience 
to the Master, as well as for observing the Statutes; 
and the other seven absent Fellows were required to 
do the like, before the Master, whenever they should 
enter upon their Fellowships: and three of these 
Fellows, viz., Will. Paye, Clement Erryngton, and 

duly paid till Feb. 4, an. 12 H. VIII, when he releases the 
College of all the room, profit, &c., that he had, or ought to 
have, therein, under his hand and seal; the cause of his quit- 
ting his annuity being a small estate given to him by the King. 
For, ' an. ll mo . Hen. VIII Ti . April 2 do . Rex concessit Alano 
Percy Clerico, Fratri praeclarissimi Henrici Comitis Nor- 
thumb. quoddam Messuagium et unum Gardinum cum per- 
tinent, in Stepenheath in Comitatu Middlesex, habend. prse- 
fato Alano in perpetuum, tenend. de Rege per fidelitatem, 
et Reditum unius Rosae Rubea?.' [Privata Sigilla p. 333.] 
Doubtless this Grant came very seasonably, his circum- 
stances before having been too strait and narrow for a person 
of his Rank ; for, in a letter from Nicholas Daryngton one 
of the Fellows to Dr Metcalfe the succeeding Master, he sig- 
nifies that he had contented Mr Percy with 5 lib. (his half- 
year's Pension) which he had sent for divers times because 
of his need. He was sometime Rector of St Ann's Alders- 
gate London ; and in 1521, Oct. 25, he was admitted Rector 
of St Mary Hill, and held that preferment till his death, 
almost 40 years ; for that Living was not filled again till an. 
1560, when it was presented to, as void by the death of Mr 
Alan Percy. (See Newcourt.) He was also Master or Keeper 
of Trinity College at Arundel Com. Sussex, which College 
he and his Fellows surrendered to Hen. VIII. Dec. 12, an. 
R. 36, viz. 1545. (See Rymer, Tom. XV. p. 68.) 



44 PREFACE. 

Nicholas Daryngton, being Principals of Hostels in 
the University, with regard to that character, seni- 
ority was reserved to them, notwithstanding the for- 
* Dat. July mer oaths of some of the rest. Of all this an * Act 
i5i6. see was made, attested by a Public Notary; and being 
engrossed in parchment, is yet preserved (though 
somewhat torn) amongst our Archives. 

This was the last service done the College by 
*Dr Hornby, who died the year after, succeeded in 
his preferment by William Burgoign, S. T. P., who 
was invested in that Mastership by the Bishop of 

i Dr Hornby's merits and preferments are recounted in 
the following Address,, subjoined to the 'Tractatus Egidii 
Romani de formatione corporis humani &c. ; impress. Pari- 
siis an. 1515/ — of which there is a copy in the University 
Library at Cambridge. ' Ad eminentissimum, integerrimum, 
illustrissimum, ac sempitemum virtu turn omnium exem- 
plar, atque uberrimum Narthecium, Dominum Henricum de 
Hornhby, Anglicanse nationis Jubar ac sydus fulgentissimum, 
sacreque literature Professorem eximium, Margarete Rich- 
mundie Ducis Henrici Septimi Anglorum Regis Matris (aqua 
etiam munus construendi ac edificandi Collegia litteraria duo 
in universitate Cantibrigien. Christi scilicet, ac Divi Joannis 
suscepit) Archigrammateum (Cancellarium vocant) quon- 
dam fidelissimum; nunc vero Ecclesie Majoris Wimburh- 
nen. Decanum promeritissimum, atque Collegii Tatheshalle 
Provisorem sedulissimum ; necnon et Apicis Litterarii apud 
Sanctum Petrum Cantibrigie congegrati Magistrum prima- 
rium, vigilantissimum, prudentissimum, dignissimum; insu- 
per et Litterarum et Litteratorum omnium refugium, ac 
singulare presidium, Mecenatemque faventissimum, Fr. Lo- 
doici Silvii Mauri Philologi Sartani Cenobite quidem Cultu- 
rei ordinis autem Benedictini tumultuarium Panegyricum 
Carmen. 

Parrhisiam Celebris volitat tua fama per urbem, 
Et recto ad superos tramite cepit iter/ &c. 



PREFACE. 45 

Ely", February 19, 1517, being then void bythe*Ke&T. 
death of Henry Hornby. Dr Burgoign dying, ann. 1517 - 
1522, was succeeded therein by 2 Dr John Edmunds, 
probably the same that stands first in the Catalogue 
of our Fellows; though he must have been removed 
from hence to Jesus, which might easily happen, 
whilst the Fellowships here were so small and so 
uncertain. 

3 Dr Hornby was likewise Rector of Over and 
Orwell in the Diocese of Ely, which became* void J^f 1 "- 

2 He leaves by Will, to Jesus Coll. 4 lib. and 20*. to St 
John's. This is that Dr Edmunds whom Bp. Burnet mis- 
takes for Edmund Bonner. (Hist. Ref. Vol. I. p. 86.) 

3 An. 1490,1. Conceditur M. Henrico Hornbe, ut 4 
anni post ejus admissionem ad intrand. Libros Sentent., cum 
unica Responsione, &c, possit stare sibi pro completa forma 
ad incipiend. in Theologia, &c. [e veteri Libro Proc] 

He was presented to Orwell by John Fothed, Master of 
Mich. House, &c. an. 1508. [Bakers MS. p. 152.] 

He was Dean of Winburn, as appears from Leland's Col- 
lect. Vol. I. p. 82 ; from the Archives of St John's Coll. 
Cambr. ; and Hist, of Abbies, p. 71 ; and had Cardinal Pole 
for his Successor. He was also Preb. of Nassington in the 
Church of Line, and Custos Collegii de Tateshall Com. 
Line. an. 1513. [Regr. Line] Item an. 1502, Febr. 13. By 
his Will, he seems to have been Canon of Tateshall and of 
Lincoln. He founded a School at Boston. [MS. M. Wren.] 

' MrHenr. Horneby,S.T.P. Custos Coll. dedit multa, quae 
Ministerio serviebant in Capella M ri Horneby in Cimiterio 
S. Mariee extra Trumpington Gates, an. 1516'. [MS. M. W.] 
So it seems he either was, or intended to be buried there. 
In a Chamber of the old court of St John's College, next the 
Bell, formerly part of the old library, there was a picture of 
Dr Hornby (upon a glass window), as seemed to appear by 
an Escutcheon, the Arms or Bearing, three Bewgle Horns 
betwixt a Cheveron Sable, the whole encompassed with a 
Bordure, as a Mark of Distinction. 



46 



PKKFACK. 



the same year by his death ; and the latter of these 
having been in the gift and patronage of Michael- 
House, we may probably suppose him to have been 
a member of that House. J He was Chancellor in 
the Foundress's Court or Family, and seems to have 
been much in her confidence ; for the fourth day be- 
fore her decease, she appointed Bishop Fox and him, 
supervisors of her Will, to alter, add, and diminish 
such articles, " as in their sadness and good discre- 
tions they thought most convenient and according to 
her Will. ,, When the Bishop of Rochester was to 
have gone to Rome, the main business of the College 
was to have devolved upon Dr Hornby, who was very 
equal to the business, had his power and interest been 
answerable to his conduct. The trust of Executor 
he discharged very faithfully ; and both by his ac- 
counts exactly stated, as well as by several of his 
* inter Ar- * letters, it appears, that he was very useful and ser- 
viceable to the College; to the which he was a Bene- 
factor, by giving 101. towards the glazing of the 
Chapel windows, and some copes or vestments to the 
Chapel ; though having been Master of another 
House, it was to be expected that the course of his 
charity should run most another way. 

1 Henricus Horneby, ex patria Lincolniensi natus, Canta- 

brig. Academise Theologus ad hanc Illustr. Fceminam 

(Margaretam) Hornbeius edidisse fertur ; 

Historiam no-minis Jesu, Lib. 1. 'A Solis ortu usque ad 
occasum laud/ 

Historiam visitationis Maria?, Lib. 1. 'Aeterni Patris 
nlius, Mariam com.' — 

Baleus de Script. Britan. Cent. XI. pag. 72, (where he 
quotes, as usual, the commencement of each Treatise.) 



PREFACE. 47 

Nor can Robert Shorton be pardonably omitted, 
having been the first Master; to whom so much is 
owing for the structure of the House, which was so 
much his employment, that the year after he was 
Master, ann. 1512, commencing D.D. he was dis- 
pensed with by * grace, from certain duties incident * Propter 

1 , e Jus labores 

to his Degree, for the great and various trouble he jj d^veSa* 
had in the business of his College. And the year JafeTcirca* 
after, 1513, he is dispensed with from his attendance Evang. Reg. 
at Masses, Exequies, and Congregations, till he 1512/ 
should have executed the Foundress's Will, in per- 
fecting her Foundation: which being finished in 1515, ib.An.1515. 
he has another dispensation granted him, having oc- 
casion to be absent. The same year, his accounts 
were finished, which alone show the trouble he had; 
and how much is owing to his care. The 1 precise 
time of his resignation I cannot fix; but most of this 
year and part of the next, the College was under the 
inspection of a President (as I have said before); 
and Alan Percy is named as Master some short time 
before he was solemnly invested. 

He was found so well qualified for such business, 
that upon quitting his interest here, he was (upon 
Bishop Fox's resignation of his Charge at Pembroke 
Hall) preferred to be Master of that House; where 
how well he acquitted himself, may be seen at large 
in Bishop* Wren's accurate Account of those Mas- * De Custo- 

* dibus Pem- 

ters. Whilst he was Master here, he held his Fel- brocn - 

1 He is said by Bp. Wren to be first mentioned in the 
Archives of the University as Master of Pembroke Hall, June 
4, 1519; and to have left that College in the beginning of 
15.34. Vid. Leland's Collect. 1770. Vol. V. p. 390. 



48- pkeface; 

lowship at Pembroke (at least some part of the 
time), which was no new thing ; for John Sickling, 
last Master of God's House, and first of Christ's 

cor^chr 1 ' C°Hege*, held that Preferment with a Fellowship of 
Benet. When Cardinal Wolsey was projecting his 
great design at Oxford, he was 1 employed by that 
great man in stocking and cultivating his new Foun- 

bus C Pem° di Nation » an( ^ was so much valued by that Cardinal, as 
to be appointed Dean of his Chapel. 

!. MS * £v? K 2 He was t Archdeacon of Bath, and Master of 

Corp. Cnr. 1 

the Hospital at Newport, and held, besides, the Rec- 
I.eim' D "" tor y II of Sedgfield m tlie County of Durham, a Pre- 
bend of Windsor, and the Deanery of Stoke near 
Clare in Suffolk ; which three last preferments, upon 
k ms. Coi. his death, became void the same year. He diedS 

Corp. Chr. ' J * 

Misceiian.o Q c t. \*f ^ a n. 1535, and was buried at Stoke, to which 
Church he had been a considerable Benefactor. He 
was promoted thereunto by Queen Catharine, whose 
Almoner he was, and to whose interest he adhered ; 
having been one of those few in Convocation that 
opposed her divorce, with Nicholas Metcalfe and 

1 'Internuncius Cardinalis de evocandis viris doctis Can- 
tabrigia Oxoniam, ad Collegium ibidem suum, Aedes Christi 
dictum, replendum et exornandum/ Parker 2kcA. Cant. 

2 He was succeeded at Stoke by Matthew Parker, the 
last Dean, that College being dissolved an. 1547. He was 
also Prebend, of Louth in the Church of Lincoln; and 
Canon and Prebend, of York, as appears by Hugh Ashton's 
Will, whereof he was an Executor, an. 1522. 

Card. Wolsey gave him the Prebend of Fridaythorp, 
York, wherein he was installed May 7, 1523 ; and was suc- 
ceeded in that prebend (then vacant by his death) by Hen. 
Williams, Nov. 8, 1535. (Regr. Ebor.). 



PREFACE. 49 

3 Nicholas Wilson, two other dependents of Bishop 
Fisher, names well known in St John's College. 

To Pembroke Hall he was a considerable Bene- 
factor, the particulars may be seen in Bishop * Wren. *DeCusto<i 
Somewhat he did for Peter-House, and 4 Catharine 
Hall, for dirges to be observed in those Houses. The 
same t year and month he died, foreseeing his disso- t Lib - Ro- 
tation, 5 he left 100 marks to St John's College, for 

3 Dr Nicholas Wilson of Christ's College, Master of 
Michael House 1533, chosen Master of St John's College an. 
1537, hut did not venture to accept, being under the frowns 
of the Court on account of his connection with Bishop Fisher. 
He was the last Dean of Wimborne, that Deanery being 
suppressed an. 1547, and died in 1549. 

4 * Exequise Doctoris Shyrton 18°. die Octobris' — viz. in 
Aula S. Cath. Cantabr. uti notatur in Regro ejusdem Aulae. 
[v. Exequias ibid.] His Exequies by settlement are to be 
held on the day of his death, or two days before or after. 

5 The agreement is in the following terms ; — 

' This indenture made the first day off Octobre in the 
xxvii yeare off the Reign off King Henry the viii betweene 
the Right worshipful nicholas metcalf Clark Mr off the Col- 
ledg of Saynt Jhon the Evangelist in the universite off Cam- 
brig the fellows and scolers of the same Colledg on the one 
party, and the Right worshipfull Maister Robert Swinborne 
Clerk Mr or Kepar of the Colleg or Hall called Mary 
Valaunce commonly called Pembrok Hall in Cambridg and 
the Fellows of the same place on the other party, wittnissith, 
that where the right worshipful Maister Robert Shurton 
Doctor in Divinite and Deane of Stoke by Clare in the 
County of Suffolk hath dylyvered unto the said Maister and 
Fellows of Jhon's aforsaid one hundred marks of good and 

lawful money of Ynglond to the entent to kepe yearly 

for ever more in their College Church onse in the yeare an 
obiit or years mynd on suche a day as it shall forten the said 
Mr Robert Shurton to depart out of this transitory world or 
within two days before or after, &c.' 
4 



50 PREFACE. 

an Obit to be observed on such a day as it should 
fortune the said Rob. Shorton to depart out of 
this transitory world, or within two days before or 
after. That Dirge or Commemoration is yet ob- 
* octob. 17. served ; but the day * of his death having been for- 

Ann. 1535. J & 

Mfs'cei o C ' & ot > I nave P u * ** down, * na ^ ^ it De afterwards ne- 
glected, this may not happen for want of knowing 
the day. Whilst he was yet Master, and the House 
in building, he gave 10£. towards paving the hall 1 . 

I should now proceed to the Constitution of the 
House, by giving an account of the Statutes and 
Ordinances, at this time given by Bishop Fisher, for 
the government thereof; afterwards enlarged pro- 
portionably to the growth of the Foundation, in two 
t The first of these volumes in other Bodies of Statutes t, all of them 

^SvSSSfSSSSllS^ preserved, in so many different 

ers, is now in my custody, and •, i-ij.ii i • 

after me, shall return to its pro- VOlumeS ; Which, though nOW antl- 

per repository in the College. The 

last volume under Seal, dated quated, yet bating the r opery, were 

Jul. 11, ann. 1530, is in very A \ J ° l J ' 

worthy 2 hands, and will be pre- ver y wisely drawn; and are vet of 

served with equal care. The * <* J 

^^SSyc^T^ff^* use > in conveying down to us 
sury- the Foundress's intention, and in ex- 

plaining the present constitution, at Christ's College, 

1 His Will is dated Oct. 8, an. 27 Hen. VIII. proved 
Nov. 8, 1535. He leaves to his poor Parish* 8 of Segefeld 
4 lib., to the poor at Newport 3 lib., to his poor tenants at 
Wells, 40sh., &c. (Vid. Test, in Curia Prserog.) 

2 Mr Verdon, whom I here mention, least he should 
be forgot ; since another has been named as Donor of that 
valuable Book, who yet held it only in trust (as I did for 
sometime) from Mr Verdon. 

Thomas Verdon, B.D. Fellow of St John's College, 
elected Ap. 11, 1671 ; and a fellow-sufferer with Baker in 
his ejection, Jan. 21, 171 f. 



PREFACE. 



51 



as well as at St John's. But having opened the 
Foundation, I shall reserve the account of its growth 
and progress to a Marger design, , Hi8tory ofStJohn , sCollege> 
which possibly may one day see «»]JM*S?V*S 

i* i . -p -i i u __* /_„ xl,^-^ time; with some occasional and 

light ; Or it it Should not (as mere inc j dent al account of the affairs 
a n n ••, . of the University, and of such 

are some ' Arcana L-ollegn m every private colleges, as held commu- 

. nication or intercourse, with the 
Society, not SO proper tO be made old House or College, collected 
J L l t principally from MSS. 

publick), I will either leave it to the 
Society, or in such hands, as being above mean and 
little ends, I am well assured, will never prostitute it 
to mercenary designs. From thence will appear 
how, from such small beginnings, in a few years, by 
good conduct and prudent management of a faithful 
Executor and liberal Benefactor, as well as of a care- 
ful, active 3 Master (I do not mean Mr Percy), it 
grew, or rather run up, almost to the present height 
wherein it stands ; and it will afford a different view 
of things, from what we have hitherto had. And 

3 Dr Nicholas Metcalfe, third Master, from 1518 to 
1537, The Good Master of a College of Fuller, in his Holy 
State. — c He found the College spending scarce two hundred 
marks by the year, he left it spending a thousand and more.' 
(Ascham's Schoolmaster.) He was Chaplain to John Bishop 
of Rochester for twenty-four years or more, and Archdeacon 
of Rochester. In the treatment which he received from the 
Society after all his services to them, he resembled Dr Caius ; 
who, being Founder and Master, had Articles drawn up against 
him by his Fellows, accusing him of atheism ; which made 
Archbishop Parker say that ' he liked not the stones builded 
by such impiety.' Upon which Baker observes — ' Dictum 
nollem; mihi satis compertum est ex scriptis ejus ineditis 
Jo. Caium fuisse pium, sociosque ejus ingratos, quod novum 
non est, nee ante hunc diem inauditum.' See Strype's Parker, 
p. 200. 

. • 4—2 



52 



PREFACE. 



either I am much deceived, or, from the short speci- 
men I have given already in this one Society, it will 
appear that our common accounts are full of mistake ; 
and so, no doubt, they are in other Societies ; in those 
that have held an intercourse with the old House, and 
particularly at Peter House that was originally foun- 
ded upon it, I can be pretty positive ; and this I men- 
tion, to excite those of other Houses to look into their 
Foundations, and not to sit down under common mis- 
takes and vulgar opinions. 

I have no fondness or partiality for the present 
College, nor do I enjoy such advantages from it as to 
tempt me to deviate from the truth ; and I do here 
declare that I have more regard to our Founders and 
Benefactors that are dead and gone, than I have to 
the present College now living. But one thing I have 
to say for it (elsewhere shewn more at large) before 
I take my leave of it, that as no House has under- 
gone greater turns and varieties of fortune, so no one 
has been more true to orthodox principles, than this 
has been. To pass by King Henry VIII's reign 
when things were fluctuating, and it was hard to 
know what was truth; under King Edward VI. they 
were no where more warm for the Keformation, under 
two reforming Masters, *Dr Bill and 2 Mr Leaver, than 

1 William Bill, Fellow, and in 1546 Master of St John's 
College ; afterwards Master of Trinity College 1551, ejected 
under Q Mary but restored by Q. Elizabeth. His other 
preferments may be learnt from his epitaph in Westminster 
Abbey; — ' Hie jacet Gul. Bill T.D. Decanus Westm. Prima- 
rius Collegii Eton, et Coll. Trinitatis apud Cantabrigiam 



PREFACE. 



53 



they were at St John's ; and, as in pursuance hereof, 
more 3 Fellows were ejected in Queen Mary's Reign, 
than perhaps from any other Society in either Uni- 
versity, so upon their return under Queen Elizabeth, 
they brought back with them the same principles 
(only with a Tincture of Geneva), and were no where 
more noted for their zeal. Witness the 4 Pilkingtons, 

Prsefectus, et sereniss. Reginee Eliz. summus Elemosina- 
rius. Obiit 15 Julii anno salutis 1561/ 

2 Thomas Leaver, Master of St John's College 1551, an 
exile at Arau in Switzerland during Q. Mary's reign, where 
he imbibed opinions which prevented him from being restored 
to his Mastership by Q. Eliz. He was however preferred by 
Bp. Pilkington to a Stall in Durham, and to the Mastership 
of Sherburn Hospital near Durham ; and holding the latter 
till his death, he was buried in the Chapel there, with the 
epitaph,— * Thomas Leaver Preacher to King Edward the 
Sixte, he dy'd in July 1577/ He had a Brother, Leaver the 
younger, also Fellow of St John's College, and equally dis- 
affected to the discipline of the Church with himself. See 
Thos. Leaver's famous Sermons, especially those at Paul's 
Cross, and in the Shroudes in Poules ; and that before the 
King, preached an. 1550, against the waste of Church reve- 
nues. 

3 ' In Cambridge were 24 places void at one time, in St 
John's College'. Fox's Acts and Mons. [Vol. III. p. 107.] 
sub an. 1554. , 

4 James Pilkington, Fellow of St John's 1539, an exile 
during Queen Mary's reign, admitted Master 1559 ; after- 
wards the first Protestant Bishop of Durham 1561 ; He died 
an. 1575, and was buried in Durham Cathedral, where he 
has a monument. He was the author of a Commentary upon 
Aggeus, and Abdias, and other parts of Scripture ; also of a 
Tract against the Papists on The Burnynge of Paule's Church 
in London an. 1561, as warm as the subject. See the account 
of him in Surtees's Durham. He was succeeded in the Mas- 
tership of St John's, an. 1561, by his brother, Leonard Pil- 



54 PREFACE. 

the Leavers, Cartwrights, and ■ Fulks, names well 
known in the history of the Reformation. That 
Tincture wore off. Under King Charles I. they were 
orthodox and regular, and suffered very deeply for 
their principles of loyalty and religion ; but though 
the 2 Master and better half of the Fellows were then 

kington, who resigned in 1564, became prebendary of Dur- 
ham 1567, and died about 1598. 

1 William Fulke, a disciple of Cartwright's, admitted to 
a Fellowship in St John's College 1564, which he resigned 
1568, being then B.D., to prevent an expulsion; his friend 
Dr Longe worth, the Master of the College, being then eject- 
ed by the Visitor on account of his laxity in maintaining 
discipline and conformity. From the College he went to the 
Falcon Inn, and there read lectures, having his pupils chiefly 
for auditors; but soon after, coming to a better mind, he was 
honourably admitted D.D. May 25, 1572 ; and by the Earl of 
Leicester was made Rector of Warley, Essex, and of Den- 
nington, Suffolk. In 1573 he was admitted Master of Pem- 
broke Hall, and dying in 1589, was buried at Dennington, 
where he has an epitaph. He published a Book of Meteors, 
with the motto — f Praise the Lord upon earth, dragons, and 
all deeps ; Fire, Hail, &c.' ; which shews the sort of Physics 
then read in Cambridge, and a Confutation of the Rhemish 
translation of the Bible, and various other learned works. 
[Vid. Strype's Annals, Vol. III. p. 199, and Wren de Custod. 
Pemb. and Neal's Hist, of the Puritans.] 

2 When the University sent a supply to the King, an. 1642, 
from St John's was sent 150lib. in moneys, and 2065 ounces 
and a half of plate ; and for their activity in that business, 
the Master, Dr Beale, and 29 of his Fellows were ejected, 
the College plundered, and its walls turned into a prison for 
the Royalists. See Querela Cantab. A.D. 1647, written by 
J. Barwick one of the ejected Fellows, who thus remon- 
strates upon the wrongs of the University ; — ' Who thrust 
out one of the eyes of the kingdom ? Who made Eloquence 
dumb, Philosophy sottish, widowed the Arts, and drove the 
Muses from their ancient habitation ? Who plucked the re- 



PREFACE. 5.*) 

ejected, and the College was under force and violence 
almost twenty years, yet that force was no sooner 
removed, but the principles returned with the return 
of their professors, and they were the same men they 
were before. In one word, when the Nation was 
again alarumed with the fears of Popery, no 3 College 

verend and orthodox Professors out of their chairs, and si- 
lenced them in prison or their graves ? Who turned Reli- 
gion into rebellion, and changed the Apostolical Chair into a 
desk for blasphemy, and tore the garland from off the head 
of Learning to place it on the dull brows of disloyal Igno- 
rance X Who made those ancient and beautiful Chapels, the 
sweet remembrancers and monuments of our Forefathers' 
charity, and kind fomentors of their childrens devotion, to 
become ruinous heaps of dust and stones ? or who unhived 
those numerous swarms of labouring bees who used to drop 
honey-dews over all this kingdom, to place in their rooms 
swarms of senseless drones ? ' p. 26. 

3 Of the Seven Bishops in 1688, four had been members 
of St John's College, and one of them Master. They are 
mentioned by Baker as — ' Carceres passi in causa Ecclesise, 
dein a sedibus suis detrusi in causa Regia, fidi utrique.' He 
has collected the following notices of them from the College 
Register; — 

Thomas White, Cantianus, Filius Petri White de Ailing- 
ton in Comitatu praedicto plebeii nuper defuncti, natus ibid., 
educatus in Schola publica de Wye in com. praedicto, annos 
natus 14 admissus est Subsizator, Oct. 29, 1642. Artium 
Bac. an. 1646. 

Joannes Lake, Eboracensis, filius Thomae Lake de Hali- 
fax, natus atque literis institutus in Schola publica Halifaxiae 
per triennium; annos natus 13 admissus est in Collegium D. 
Joh. sub Tutore M ro Cleiveland, Dec. 4, 1637 ; ibique per 
alterum triennium Artium et Philosophise prima rudimenta 
percepit. 

Gulielmus Lloyd, Wallus, filius Eduardi Lloyd de Bala 
in agro Merioneth. Clerici, literis grammaticis institutus in 



56 



PREFACE 



expressed a greater abhorrence of that religion, or 
more readiness to suffer, had there been occasion. 
Of that number I was one ; and had I not then been 
under a noble 1 Patron, whose humanity and good- 
ness were equal to his birth, I must have been an 
immediate sufferer; and this declaration I make, that 
if it be not true, it may be contradicted ; especially 
by such, as having then been tame and silent enough 
when the danger threatened, are since very loud and 
wonderfully brave when they have nothing to fear. 

Having now done with the Foundation, it may be 
expected I should say somewhat of the following Ser- 
mon, as well as of its Author. The Author is well 
known ; he will need no apology for his private vir- 
tues, and I can be no advocate for his opinions. It 

Schola de Ruthin, aniios natus 18 admissus est in Collegium 
D. Joh. Cantabr., Febr. 23, 1654. 

Franciscus Turner, nlius natu maximus Thomae Turner 
S. T. P. Decani Cantuar., Scholae Winton. alumnus prius, 
dein Coll. Novi Oxon: Socius, M.A. 1662; quo gradu sus- 
cepto, commigravit ad nos, admissus ad eundem gradum in 
Academia Cantabr., ac Pensionarius Major in Collegio D. 
Joh. Maii 8, 1666; et tandem electus et admissus est Prsefec- 
tus ejusdem Collegii Apr. 11, 1670. 

1 Who the Patron was that thus protected Baker in the 
enjoyment of his Fellowship and his Living of Long New- 
ton, after his refusal to read King James' Declaration for 
Liberty of Conscience, does not appear. Of the latter, as is 
well known, he was deprived Aug. 1, 1690, for refusing the 
oaths to William and Mary ; but the former he continued to 
hold till the accession of George the 1st; when, the tender of 
the oath of allegiance to every person holding preferment 
being rigidly enforced, he, together with twenty-two fellow- 
sufferers in the same College, was formally ejected, June 20 4 
1716. 



PREFACE. 57 

is very true, he died for a mistaken principle, which 
I could heartily wish had been otherwise, as well for 
his own sake, as for the sake of the College that suf- 
fered with him. But if he could not digest the Oath 
of Supremacy, or if he denied it, thus much may be 
said in abatement of his crime, that the thing was 
then new to him, till it had been better looked into ; 
and the doctrine was proposed in such a sense, at 
least in such terms, as Queen Elizabeth's Clergy, I 
am sure Mr * Calvin, could hardly allow 2 . And there- * in Amos 

* . cap. 7. v. 13. 

fore I cannot but hope better of him, than of many 
of the complying Popish Clergy, who, under that 
reign of perjury, in all appearance 3 prostituted their 

2 ' Qui initio tantopere extulerunt Henricum Regem An- 
gliae, certe fuerunt inconsiderati homines ; dederunt illi sum- 
mam rerum omnium potestatem, et hoc me semper graviter 
vulneravit; erant enim blasphemi quum vocarent ipsum 
summum caput Ecclesiae sub Christo. Hoc certe fuit nimi- 
um ; sed tamen sepultum hoc maneat, quia peccarunt incon- 
siderate zelo.' [Calvini Prselec. in XII Prophetas Minores, 
p. 282. Gen. 1610.] 

3 Bp. Pilkington, in shewing that 'the Papistes tourne 
with the world/ has this passage. — ' As long as kinge Henry 
lived, and all the time of blessed kinge Edwarde, they taught, 
they preached, they subscribed, they sware, and beleved all 
thys that they now deny. As oft as they had anye livinge 
in any College of the universities, as oft as they tooke degree 
in the scholes, as oft as they tooke any benefice, and whan 
they were made Priests or Byshoppes, so ofte they sweare 
and forsweare all that no we they denye. Perjury e in other 
menne is punished with bearinge papers, losse of their eares, 
and other worldlye shame ; but these menne, abusinge the 
gentilnes of the Prince, beyng thus oft forsworne, are counted 
holye in the worlde.' [See The Burnynge of Paule's church, 
an. 1561.] 



58 PREFACE. 

consciences to save their preferments. And yet some 
of them did not do that, but were sent to wander to 
seek their bread ; and were as very mendicants by 
necessity, as they could have been under a vow. 

As to the Sermon, could I suspect any danger 
from making it public, though it be printed already, 
yet I should not have been prevailed with to give it 
a second edition. But I think there is none ; for 
though there be some few Popish mixtures inter- 
woven with the Lady's character, yet these are rites 
and usages of that Church fitted to expose its pro- 
fessors, rather than any thing of argument to en- 
danger the reader. I will suppose there is no danger 
(for it is no secret) to acquaint the World, that the 
Church of Rome prays for the dead ; nor can I ap- 
prehend, that the good Lady's 1 praying to St Nicho- 

1 To this Ld. Bacon refers in his Historie of the Raigne 
of King Henry the Seventh. 

' His worth may beare a Tale or two, that may put upon 
him somewhat that may seeme divine. When the Ladie 
Margaret his Mother had divers great Sutors for marriage, 
she dreamed one night, that one in the likenesse of a Bishop 
in pontincall habit did tender her Edmund Earle of Rich- 
mond, the king's Father, for her husband. Neither had she 
ever any child but the King, though she had three husbands. 
One day when king Henry the Sixth (whose Innocencie gave 
him Holiness) was washing his hands at a great feast, and 
cast his eye upon King Henry then a young Youth, he said, 
This is the Lad that shall possesse quietly that, that we now 
strive for.' So, Shakespeare makes Hen. VI. say, — 

' This pretty lad will prove our country's bliss. 
His looks are full of peaceful majesty ; 
His head by nature framed to wear a crown, 
His hand to wield a sceptre ; and himself 



PREFACE. 5.9 

las, will encourage any of our young ladies in this 
age to follow her example. The hardest thing here 
said, is concerning the Sacrament, and yet the words 
seem capable of meaning no more than a real pre- 
sence; or if more be meant, it is well known already 
what the Church of Rome believes concerning the 
Sacrament ; nor needs it be a secret; for it is as well 
known, that no man can believe as they do, without 
disbelieving his senses. Whatever is said in this, or 
any other particular, it is only said ; and is not sup- 
ported here with any argument. 

As it is, I trust it with the Reader ; if what has 
been said by way of apology, do not satisfy towards 
obtaining his favour, the next thing I am to tell him 
is, that I do not value his censure. I have no little 
ends or interest to serve ; I have no patron whom I 
either study to please or am afraid to offend, no pre- 
ferment that I either seek, or would accept if offered 
without seeking ; I sit very loose to the world, and 
have a very 2 few years to live; I have always had an 
inclination to speak the truth, and to do right, espe- 
cially where it is most depressed and wanted, and in 
that opinion I hope to die. 

Likely, in time, to bless a regal throne. 
Make much of him, my lords ; for this is he 
Must help you more than you are hurt by me.' 
2 This was written in 1708, Baker being then about 52 
years of age ; but he lived till 1740. 



POSTSCRIPT. 



One thing I have to add, that the following Ser- 
mon is printed from the old Edition of Wynkyn de 
Worde, sometime printer to the Lady Margaret : 
the various readings in the margin are taken from 
an ancient manuscript, amongst the archives of St 
John's College, probably lodged there by Bishop 
Fisher, with several other things of greatest moment. 
More of these readings I might have added, but be- 
ing not very material, I would not clog the margin 
to no purpose. The notes of distinction have been 
added by me, being usually very oddly placed in old 
editions ; I think I have not mistaken the author's 
meaning in any thing, but if in any particular the 
sense should be thereby altered, I must take that fault 
upon myself : and if in this preface any mistakes of 
my own may have happened, no one shall be more 
willing to see them corrected, than I shall be ; I have 
produced my vouchers for every thing material, and 
by these vouchers I am willing to stand or fall. 

1 There is also a manuscript copy of this Sermon in St 
John's College Library, noted as follows, 

' Transcribi curavit Gulielmus Beale, et Bibliothecae ap- 
plicari, in memoriam Regise Fundatricis, et Prsesulis Opti- 
mi.' [Wm. Beale Mr 1633.] 



POSTSCRIPT. O'l 

I should likewise have made some apology for the 
style, were I inclined to ask favours of the reader ; 
but they who know what it is to collect from dry and 
musty registers, and to put together loose and broken 
materials, will hardly expect that the style should be 
equal, or indeed tolerably uniform ; nor have I studied 
to give it beauty at the expence of truth. 



To the Sermon on Lady Margaret, is now added 
that at the funeral of her son, Henry VII.; as being 
the production of the same venerable author, preached 
only a few weeks previously, upon one so nearly con- 
nected with the Foundress, and so helpful to her and 
others in all undertakings for the promotion of learn- 
ing ; and who combined, far above all his predeces- 
sors, the qualities, moral and political, of a great 
King ; and was, as Lord Bacon says, ' one of the 
best sort of wonders, a wonder for wise men."' 



62 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS. 



A Catalogue of the Lady Margaret's Professors at 
Cambridge; which, being very new, and differing 
from our received accounts, I submit to further 
enquiry and examination. To such Professors 
as have been added by me, I have placed my 
vouchers ; it were too long to add my reasons 
for every minute particular. 



John Fisher, D.D. sometime Master of Michael 
House, after of Queens' College, first Professor by 
the Charter of the Foundation, an. 1 502. 

Thomas Cosyn, D.D. Master of Corpus Christi 

College 1487, and Chancellor of the University 1490, 

succeeded Bp. Fisher in this Professorship, circa an. 

1504. 

* Reg. Acad. ' William *Burgoign, D.D. 1507; afterwards 

An. l.>07) 8. 

Master of Peter House, Feb. 12, 1517, and Rector 

1 Upon Dr Burgoyn, Baker has the following note. 

An. 1517. Recepimus de l> e Burgoyn pro Decimis Lec- 
turae suae 6s. Sd. [Regr. Coll. S. Petri.] 

An. 1506. Decimae de D* 6 Burgoyn et M ro Robinson pro 
Lecturis [MS. M.W. ex Archiv. Coll. Pet.] 

An. 1519. Decimae de M ro nostro pro Lectura 6s. Sd. 
Ibid. 

An. 1520. Decimae de M ro nostro pro Lectura sua 6s. 8d. 
Ibid. 

An. 1526. De M ro Stafford pro Decimis Lecturae 7*. Ibid. 

And so of other officers of Peter House or Pembroke Hall 
(within the Parish as I presume) Tithes are collected ; other- 
wise, I do not understand it. 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 63 

of Hildersham, Com. Cantab. ; admitted Professor 
circa an. 1506. 

2 Desiderius Erasmus. He had his Grace at 
Cambridge, an. 1506, to commence B.D. and D.D. 
at the same time, performing his Exercises and sa- 
tisfying the Bedels. Admitted Professor circa an. 
1511. 

John Fawn, D.D. Fellow of Queens 1 College, 
admitted Professor, circa an. 1515. 

Thomas Ashley, Fellow of King's College, a very \ \> \> (© 
learned man ; B.D. at Louvain, and Doctor at Cam- 
bridge, an. 1517, either in Divinity or Canon Law. 

William Buckmaster, D.D. Professor an. 1532, 
and again an. 1534. [v. Regr. vetus sive Lib. Procur.] 

John Redmayn, D.D. admitted Fellow of St AjfjHJL 
John's College, Nov. 3, 22 Hen. VI II.,viz. 1 532 ; after- 
wards Master of King's Hall, and, upon the suppres- 
sion of that House, First Master of Trinity College; 
receives the stipend for reading the Lady Margaret's 
Divinity Lecture, Dec. 27, ann. 30 Hen. VIII. He 
was also nominated in the Charter of the Founda- 
tion, one of the first Prebendaries of Westminster ; 
at which place he died, and was buried in the north 
aisle of the abbey-church there, Nov. 1551, aged 52. 
(See Hist, of Kef. App. p. 248.) The following 

2 Ann. 1506. Conceditur Des. Erasmo, ut unicum, vel- 
si exigantur, duo responsa, una cum duobus sermonibus ad 
Clerum, sermoneque examinatorio, et lectura publica in Epis- 
tolam ad Romanos, vel quaevis alia, sufficiant sibi ad inci- 
piendum in Theologia ; sic, quod prius admittatur Baccalau- 
reus in eadem, et intret libros sententiarum, Bedellisque 
satisfaciat. (Grace Book of the University.) 



64 



A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS. 



notice of his Lectures occurs in Strype's Life of 
Smith, p. 13 :— ' This correct way of reading Greek, 
introduced by Smith, prevailed all the University 
over ; and, which was more remarkable, it was con- 
sented to by John Eedman, Public Professor and 
Reader of Divinity, of great honour and deference in 
the University for his learning, integrity of life, and 
gravity of manners ; who, when at any time in his 
readings he alledged a text in Greek, used to read it 
after the correct pronunciation.'* fv. Tho. Smith de 
Linguae Graecae pronunt. p. 42, et Aschami Epist. 
Lib. I. Ep. 5.] 
f William Skete, D.D. 1544, Fellow of King's 
( College, admitted Professor circa an. 1542. 
ms. coi. ^ William Glynn, D.D. afterwards Master of 



M°iscei. p r .' Queens'* College, and Bishop of Bangor in 1555 ; 
admitted Professor circa an. 1544. Under Edward 
VI. he was inhibited, and in June 1549 resigned 
his Lecture. He died in 1558. He took a leading 
part in the disputation on the Eucharist held at Cam- 
bridge in 1549, before Bp. Ridley and others, the 
King's Commissioners 1 , so fully reported by Fox; 

1 Of this Visitation, Baker quotes a very interesting ac- 
count from a MS. in the Library of Corpus Christi College ; 
' when those controversies that had been so eagerly debated 
by private men, were openly disputed by the king's autho- 
rity ; and Dr Madew, who, as Vice-Chancellor, had forbid 
those questions to be brought into the Schools, did now 
maintain them publicly, when he was called upon by autho- 
rity, being then the king's Professor. The Questions then 
maintained by him were — Transubstantiatio non potest pro- 
bari Scripturse verbis, neque inde necessario colligi, neque 



AT CAMBRIDGK. G5 

and he is thus mentioned in Langdale's Confutation 

of Ridley in the Epistle Dedicatory, where an account 

of the management of that disputation is given ; 

[v. Albani Langdaili Catholic. Confutat. D. Nic. 

Ridlsei, in Epistola nuncupatoria, Fol. 7.] — c Tota 

itaque concione alto silentio persistente, ecce tibi 

virum, qualem vis dicam ? certe, vel illorum omnium 

judicio, et gravitate maturum, et pietate doctum ; 

qui jam cognitione linguarum peritus, et sacrre the- 

ologiae lectionem publicam, professor, magna cum 

veterum ante mille annosOrthodoxorum consensu confirmari. 
In Caena nulla est alia Christi Oblatio, nisi mortis ejus com - 
memoratio, et gratiarum actio. 

The opponents were Dr Glynn, Mr Langdail, Segis- 
wick, Young, and Parker of Trin. Coll., who opposed in 
their silk hoods. Dr Madew answered in his cope, and, as it 
is said, ' My Ld of Rochester holp'd Dr Madew, and as he saw 
cause so he made answer unto every one of the Replyers, and 
soluted their arguments, shewing very much learning to the 
great comfort of the auditors. And lastly the sayd Ld of 
Rochester determined the Questions, Scholastico more.' 

The same Questions were afterwards maintained in the 
affirmative by Dr Glynn, opposed by Mr Perne, Grindall, 
Guest, and Pilkington ; and again in the negative by Mr Perne. 
' The whole was concluded by my Ld of Rochester, appointed 
by the rest of the Visitors and the Noblemen to determine 
the truth of the sayd Questions; every man of them standing 
bareheaded all the time of the determination, which was a 
whole hour ; which the forsayd Ld did, by manifest Scrip- 
tures, and conference of the same with the authority of the 
most antient Doctors; both wisely, learnedly, and godly con- 
cluding that there was not Transubstantiation to be proved 
nor gathered by Scripture or ancient Doctors in the Sacra- 
ment, as touching the first ; nor yet that there was any other 
oblation in the Sacrament of the Supper of our Lord, but a 
commemoration of his death, and thanksgiving, as touching 
the second.' 
5 



Miscel. P. 



66 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, 

laude diu perlegerat. Is se murum aereum (ut pro- 
phetse verbis dicam) pro vero Israele opponere non 
dubitavit.' D. Glynnum indicat nunc (1556) Ban- 
goriensem Episcopum, ut notatur in margine. (See 
Strype's Mem. Eccles. Vol. II. p. 210.) 
Co SC chr John Redmayn seems to have been chosen 

again; for, Thursday July 12, an. 1549, was ap- 
pointed for a new election ; and Monday after, Dr 
Redmayn began his Lecture in the Common Schools. 
He was a great light of the Reformation, although 
he seems to have held some particular opinions. He 
assisted in compiling the first edition of the Book of 
Common Prayer, 1549. Redmayn applied his ma- 
tured judgment and learning for the space of 20 
years to the study of the Scriptures, and the early 
writers of the Church; wherein having discovered no 
foundation for transubstantiation, he relinquished 
that, and other errors of the Romish creed; and with 
'constant judgment and unfeigned conscience de- 
scended into that manner of belief,' which he held 
when he assisted in compiling the first Liturgy of 
Edward VI., published in 1549. And so far was he 
from dying in the Romish Communion, as Mr Strype 
has erroneously stated, that very shortly before his 
death, he sent for Nowell, afterwards Dean of St 
Paul's, Rd. Wilks, Master of Christ's College, 
and Dr Young of Trinity College (originally of St 
John's, Fellow 1536, and Ridley's successor at Pem- 
broke), and in order to prevent misrepresentations, 
declared before them his unshaken rejection of the 
Romish errors. (See Churton's Life of Nowell, and 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 67 

Dowries' Life of Redmayn.) He wrote ' De Justifi- 
catione, cum hymno ejusdem argumenti, Librum 
unum,' printed at Antwerp, 1555 ; and 'De Gratia, 
Librum unum, quern Joannes Yongus in Anglicum 
vertit.' (Vid. Pits, de illus. Ang. Scrip, p. 741.) 

Thomas Segiswyke, D.D. Fellow of Trinity ms. col^ 
College; admitted Professor 1554; and resigned £c£d PU i556. 
his Lecture, Jan. 1556. Tho. Segeswick, S. T. B. 
was admitted to the vicarage of Enfield, at the pre- 
sentation of Trinity College, Mar. 12, 1555 ; re- 
signs the next year. He succeeded Chr. Downes, 
S. T. D. upon his death, [v. Newcourt.] He was 
sometime Fellow of Peter House,— 'nominatus a Col- 
legio, una cum Andrea Perne, Ep° Eliensi, ad offi- 
cium Magistri, an. 1553 ; sed Ep us maluit Andream 
Perne, hominem versutum et versipellem. 1 He also 
took part in the disputation at Cambridge, 1549, on 
the side of the Papists. His name occurs in the list 
of Popish Recusants at the beginning of Queen Eli- 
zabeth's reign, where he is noticed as being — * learned 
but not very wise.' (v. Strype's Annals, p. 241.) 

George Bullock, D.D. 1557 ; admitted Master comput. 

° Acad. an. 

of St John's College, May 12, an. 1554 ; and Mar- 1559 - 
garet Professor 1 556, for which he received the usual 
stipend, the last year of Queen Mary's reign. (Com- 
put. Acad.) Pits says he was Regius Professor ; 
that, in a stranger, was an easy mistake. In the 
visitation under Queen Mary, Jan. 1556, when Bu- 
cer's Body was to be tried and burnt for Heresy, Dr 
Bullock appeared as an evidence against the body, 
for which folly it may be alledged in excuse that he 

5—2 



6*8 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, 

had been Proctor, 1550, when Bucer acted as Pro- 
fessor at Cambridge. He was instituted, Feb. 11, 
1554, Vicar of St Sepulchre, London, then void by 
the deprivation of John Rogers; and on May 9, fol- 
lowing, was presented by Queen Mary to a Prebend 
of Durham. He was also Rector of Munden Mag- 
na, Com. Hunt, of which he was deprived an. 1559. 
(See Regr. Tunstal,Fo. 47; Regr. Cant. Parker; and 
Newcourt.) He was put out of his Mastership, at 
the Visitation under Queen Elizabeth, 1559, and re- 
tired to Antwerp, where he composed a large Con- 
cordance, printed there an. 1572, under the title — 
4 Oeconomia Methodica Concordantiarum Sacrre 
Scripturse ;' and died there about 1580, aged 59, and 
was buried in the Monastery of St Michael. (Vid. 
Pits, de illus. Angliae Scrip, p. 773.) 

Robert Beaumont, Fellow of Peter House, after- 
wards Master of Trinity College, 1561; D.D. 1564, 
and Prebendary of Ely the same year; a learned good 
man, but deeply tinctured. Admitted Professor 1 559. 
' Dr Beaumont obiit Jun. 6, 1567 ; tunc Vicecancel- 
larius. , [Regr. Acad.] 

Matthew Hutton, B.D. admitted Professor 1561, 
then Fellow of Trinity College ; afterwards Master of 
Pembroke Hall, 1562, Bishop of Durham, 1589, and 
Archbishop of York, 1594. He kept the Act be- 
fore Queen Elizabeth 1564, being then Regius Pro- 
fessor, to the admiration of all that heard him. Sir 
J. Harington, in his Brief View, says of this Arch- 
bishop — ' As he was in place, so he was in learning, 
and especially in reading, not second to any in his 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 69 

time ; insomuch as in Cambridge long since,, he was 
one of the chosen disputants before the Queen ; and 
a Jesuit, 26 years since, disgracing our English stu- 
dents as neglecting and not reading the Fathers, ex- 
cepts this Matthew Hutton, and one famous Matthew 
more ; and of this Hutton he saith,— ' Qui unus in pau- 
cis versare patres dicitur.' He preached much, but 
published little; according to Rd. Parker,_ 4 commen- 
tatiunculam emisit de electione et reprobatione.** (See 
Strype's Whitgift, p. 477.) He died in 1605, aged 
80 years ; and was buried in the south aisle of York 
Minster, where he has a monument. 

John Whitgift, B.D. 1563, succeeded the same 
year, upon Dr Hutton becoming Regius Professor of 
Divinity. The subject of his readings was the Book 
of Revelations, and the whole Epistle to the He- 
brews, which he expounded through. He was suc- 
cessively Fellow of Peter House, Master of Pem- 
broke Hall, and at length Master of Trinity College 
July 4, 1567; and commenced D.D.the same year, 
the Thesiswhenhekept his Act,being,— That the Pope 
is that Antichrist, (v. Strype's Life of Archbishop 
Whitgift, pp. 8, 9.) He was the great restorer of 
order and discipline in the University, then deeply 
wounded and almost sunk ; he is so well known that 
his preferments need not be named. In his time, 
July 5, 1566, and for his sake, the salary was aug- 
mented by the University from 20 marks to 20 lib. 

William Chaderton, B.D. admitted Professor 
1 567; Fellow of Christ's College, afterwards Master 
of Queens 1 , and successively Bishop of Chester and 






70 



A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, 



Lincoln. By a letter from the Vice-Chancellor Dr 
Mey, and other Heads of Houses, to Sir William 
Cecil, the Chancellor, dated in November, an. 1569, 
it appears that Dr Chaderton had then read the Lec- 
ture almost three years, and was recommended by 
the Heads to succeed Dr Whitgift then about to 
resign the Queen's Lecture. Of this Prelate, and 
his two immediate predecessors in the Chair, there 
are considerable notices in Sir J. Harington's Brief 
View 1 . 

Thomas Cartwright, B.D. the noted Puritan, 
sometime 2 Fellow of St John's College, and then of 
Trinity College; admitted Professor, an. 1569 ; de- 
prived Dec. 11, 1570, for maintaining dangerous 
tenets concerning the government and discipline of 

1 ' This Doctor William Chaterton, now Bishop of Lin- 
coln and before of Chester, 1 may remember in Cambridge 
a learned and grave Doctor; though for his gravity, hee 
could lay it aside when it pleased him, even in the pulpit. 
Preaching one day in his younger years a Wedding Sermon, 
he is reported to have made this pretty comparison; that 
the choice of a wife was full of hazard, not unlike as if one, 
in a barrel full of serpents, should grope for one fish; if, 
saith he, he scape harm of the snakes and light on a fish, he 
maybe thought fortunate; yet let him not boast, for perhaps 
it may be but an eel. Howbeit he married afterwards him- 
self, and I doubt not sped better than his comparison.' p. 80. 

a Ego Thomas Cartwright, Hertford : admissus Socius 
pro Dna Fundatrice sexto die Aprilis, 1560. [Reg. Col. Joh.] 

Tho. Cartwright electus Decanus Jun. Col. Joh. Jan. 10, 
1562; Jo. Winter electus Decanus Jun. Col. Joh. April. 18, 
1562, quo anno Tho. Cartwright translatus videtur ad Coll. 
Trim Tho. Cartwright Socius Minor Coll. Trim 1560, 
Major 1562. [Ex Regis. Coll. Joh. et Coll. Trim] 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 



71 



the Church. (See the proceedings in App. to Strype's 
Whitgift, p. 10.) How it happened I do not know, 
whether by Mr Cartwright's suspension or otherwise, 
but Dr Chaderton read this Lecture in Nov. 1570, 
before Cartwright's deprivation. Oartwright, after 
years of controversy, retired to Warwick, where he 
was made Master of a Hospital, lived quietly, grew 
rich, and died in 1602, a few months before his 
friendly adversary Archbishop Whitgift. He is said 
to have inclined to the Church of England in his latter 
days. (Strype's Whitgift, p. 554.) 

John Still, B.D. Fellow of Christ's College, ad- 
mitted Professor 1570 ; afterwards successively Mas- 
ter of St John's, July 21, 1574, and of Trinity Col- 
lege, May 30, 1577 ; and at length Bishop of Bath 
and Wells, an. 1592 ; a man of very different prin- 
ciples from Mr Cartwright, being of unshaken affec- 
tion to the Church, and a bitter enemy to the Non- 
conformists 3 . The other preferments which he held 

a Sir John Harington, in his Brief View, speaks of 

Bishop Still as 'his reverend tutor in Cambridge well nigh 

thirty years ago, to whom he never came but he grew more 
religious, from whom he never went but he parted better 
instructed ;' and says of him,—' his breeding was from his 
childhood in good literature, and partly in Music which was 
counted in those days a preparative to Divinity; neither 
could any be admitted ad primam tonsuram except he could 
first bene le, bene con, bene can, as they called it ; which is, 
to read well, to construe well, and to sing well ; in which 
last he hath good judgment, and I have heard good music of 
voices in his house. In his full time, more full of learning, 
he became Batchelor of Divinity, and after Doctor; and so 
famous for a Preacher, and especially for a disputer, that the 
learnedest were even afraid of him ; and he, finding his own 



72 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, 

were a Prebend of Westminster, the Rectory of Had- 
leigh, Suffolk, and the Archdeaconry of Sudbury. He 
died Feb. 26, 1607; and was buried in his own Ca- 
thedral with an epitaph by Camden. 

John Handson, Senior Fellow of Trinity Col- 
lege, admitted Professor 1573, and B.D. the same 
year. By a common mistake, he is usually placed 
before Dr Still. 

Peter Baro, ' Stempanus, et licentiatus in Jure 
Civili in Acad. Bituriensi, , D.D. at Camb. 1576; ad- 
mitted Professor 1574, for in a letter to Lord Bur- 
leigh, dated Nov. 1580, he says that he had been Pro- 
fessor — 'jam totos sex hosce annos;"* a person well 
known by his books as well as by his opinions. He 
resigned his Lecture an. 1596, foreseeing that he 
could not hold it much longer. His and Barret's 
Case may be seen at large, in a MS. of Archbishop 
Whitgift, now lodged in Trinity College. (See 
Strype's Life of Whitgift, p. 93, and 464.) He 
was born at Etampes about 1534, studied at Bourges, 
and was ordained a Minister by Calvin at Geneva. 
He died in London about three or four years after 
resigning his Professorship, and was buried in St 
Olaves Church, Hart Street. 

strength, would not stick to warn them in their Arguments 
to take heed to their answers ; — and not to insist long in a 
matter so notorious, it may suffice that about twenty years 
since, when the great Diet or meeting should have been in 
Germany for composing matters in religion, Dr Still was 
chosen for Cambridge, and Dr Humphrey for Oxford, to 
oppose all comers for the defence of the English Church/ 
p. 118. 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 



73 



Thomas Playfere, D.D. admitted Fellow of St 
John's College April 10, 1584, being a native of 
London, and Professor 1596 ; a man, who, had his 
' Sermons never been printed, had left a great name 
behind him. I shall not attempt his character ; but 
if it may be taken from his Epitaph, he was the great- 
est man that ever filled the Chair .jJ- He that was then 
the Pinacle of the College, far higher than the low- 
rooft building of the rest, was Dr Playfere, one of 

1 The title of one of them is as follows :— ' Caesaris Super- 
scription si ve conciuncula coram duohuspotentissimis Regions, 
Jacoho Brittanise, et Christiano Daniae, in superiori atrio 
Splendidae illius Domus Honoratiss. Comitis Sarisburiensis, 
quae vocatur Theobaldus, a Doctore Thoma Playfero S. Th. 
Cantabrigiensi Professore pro Dna Margareta, anno 160b* 
liabita Jnlii 27. Londini impensis Joins. Bell anno 1(106, 
Julii 30, 4to.' His English Sermons were collected and re- 
printed at Cambridge an. 1621. The following specimen 
is taken from A Funeral Sermon for Mr Edward Lively one 
of the Translators of the Bible, preached at St Mary's, May 
10, 1605. — ' Wherefore no reason we should lament his 
departure out of this world. He lived blessedly, he died 
blessedly in the Lord. Rather you Reverend and Learned 
University men, lament for this, that you have lost so fa- 
mous a Professor, and so worthy a writer. Lament you 
Translators, being now deprived of him who, no less by his 
own merit and desert, than by the privilege of his place, was 
to order and oversee all your travels. Lament you poor 
orphans, eleven poor children of you, which he left behind 
him, as Christ ascending left eleven disciples, bereaved of 
your kind and dear Father, destitute of necessaries for your 
maintenance, to seek of all help and means, but only, as 
poor folk use to speak, such as God and good friends shall 
provide. Lament, lament, all of you of the Town, as well 
as of the University, because our School hath lost such a 
singular ornament of this age, because our Church hath lost 
ttuch a faithful and sincere servant of Christ.' p. 222. 



74 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, 

the Public Professors of Divinity, and of most cele- 
brated eloquence; it was he that opened the stiff 
soil, and planted this young Sprig (Williams) in his 
Fellowship, and lead him in his hand out of the 
throng of contradiction. — On Candlemas-day, anno 
1608, his reverend friend Dr Playfere departed out 
of this world, in the 46th year of his life, in his Flower 
and Prime ; whose greatest well-wishers did not wish 
him alive again, because his rarely beautified wits, 
with which he had even inchanted his hearers in so 
many estivat commencements, were now more and 
more distempered.' (See Life of Bishop Williams 
by Bishop Hacket, pp. 10, 18.) He was buried in 
St Botolph's Church, Cambridge, where there is a 
monument for him ; Dr Jegon the Vice- Chancellor 
preached, and Mr Williams gave him a farewell of 
due praise in St John's College Chapel. 

John Davenant, B.D. admitted Professor ] 609, 
then Fellow, afterwards Master of Queens' College ; 
sent by King James to the Synod of Dort, from 
which he returned, re infecta as regards the recon- 
ciliation of the Protestant Churches, in May 1619 ; 
and in 1621 was nominated Bishop of Sarum. He 
died in 1641, and was buried in his own Cathedral. 
4 In publici Professoris munere totos tredecim annos, 
in florentis Collegii Prsefectura fere sesquilustrum, 
docte, sedulo, amabiliter, et integre versatus est.' 
(v. Caleb. Delechamp. Vindic. Salomonis in Epist. 
Dedic.) From the following letter from Kobert Cecil 
to theVice-Chancellor, dated July 1 608, it appears that 
Davenant had stood for the office before. — ' Where 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 7o 

I understand you purpose to proceed to the election 
of the Divinity Eeader of the Lady Margaret, though 
I have no purpose to prevent Mr Playfayer formerly 
interessed in the same, yet I have thought good to 
recommend unto you one Mr Davenant, B.D. and 
Fellow of Queens'* College, well known among you ; 
and do request that if the reputation of his parts and 
learning be equal with his competitor, you would ac- 
knowledge my inclination and suffrage with him, and 
make choice of him to the Readership.' [Paper 
Office.] 

Samuel Ward, D.D. a native of the County of 
Durham, sometime Fellow of Emmanuel College, 
then Master of Sidney 1609 ; another of our Repre- 
sentatives at the Synod of Dort, where he is de- 
scribed as — c literarum abyssus, taciturnus et pro- 
fundus, qui quot verba tot expressit e sulco pectoris 
oracula. 1 He was elected Professor Feb. 23, 1622, 
as appears in a letter of Joseph Mead to Sir Mai-tin 
Stutevill, with that date — ' To-day we Bachelors of 
Divinity are to choose Dr Ward Margaret Profes- 
sor in Dr Davenanfs rome. 1 [MS. Harley.J Oratio 
Inauguralis habita fuit Apr. 11, an. 1622. [MS.D r 
Sam. Ward.] He was the first Professor that en- 
joyed that noble augmentation (granted by King 
James, Aug. 26, in the third of his reign) of the 
Rectory of Terrington, to which he was presented, 
Nov. 5, an. 1638. He died Sept. 6, 1643 1 , and 

1 See Dr Dillingham's Diary ; 'Sept. 7, 1643; Dr Ward 
of Sid. Coll. departed this life, about one o'clock in tfre morn- 
ing. Nov. 30 was Dr Ward's Funerall. Bp. Brownrig 



76 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, 

was buried in his College Chapel ; having, for his 
loyalty, been deprived of his Mastership, his Pro- 
fessor's Chair, and all his emoluments, and kept close 
prisoner in St John's College for several weeks. (See 
Fuller's History of the University of Cambridge, 
p. 168.) After the Restoration, some of his Deter- 
minations and Praelections were published by his 
pupil Seth Ward, afterwards Bishop of Sarum. He 
is also said to have assisted in the translation of the 
Apocrypha. 

Richard Holdsworth, D.D. born at Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, 'admitted Fellow of St John's College 
March 26, 1613 ; afterwards Master of Emmanuel 
College April 26, 1937. He was elected Professor 
Sept. 13, 1643, but not admitted 2 ; being under 
durance and confinement for his loyalty, as signal as 
his piety and learning ; with regard whereto he was 
nominated to the Deanery of Worcester, and had 
the offer of the See of Bristol. He died Aug. 22, 
1649, aged 58, and was buried in St Peter-le-Poor, 

preached on Job xix. 25, 6, 7 ; Mr Mole, public orator, 
made the Speech in St Maries, Mr Hodges in the College. 
The Earl of Manchester was present. After all was done, a 
banquet.' 

1 Martii 26, an. 1613. Ego Ric. Houldsworth, North- 
umbr. admissus in perp. Soc. pro Dna Fundatrice. (Reg. 
Col. Joh.) 

2 ( Erat et alius honos quo lubens eum, etiam absentem, 
et cum in hostium manibus et carcere versaretur, summo 
omnium consensu Academia mactaverat, Theologia? Mar- 
garetana Professio, quae ad usque supremum ei diem intacta 
cuivis et illibata permansit; at non muneris item stipendia 
et emolumenta.' [See his life by R. Pearson.] 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 77 

London. He was Gresham Professor of Divinity, 
Archdeacon of Huntingdon, and Prebendary of 
Buckden in the Church of Lincoln ; and was chosen 
Master of St John^s College by a clear majority on 
the death of Dr Gwynne, an. 1633; but another 
candidate, Dr Lane, having procured the King's 
letters, was admitted by the Seniors ; so the College 
enjoyed two Masters during a struggle of eight or 
nine months; till the King, both parties having 
submitted themselves to his determination, in order 
to prevent further divisions, sent his Letters Manda- 
tory for a third man, Dr Beale. ' Unicam Concio- 
nem edidit, eamque non nisi tertio Regis optimi mo- 
nitu ;' but his ' Prselectiones Theologicse habitae in 
Collegio Greshamensi,' begun about 1630, and con- 
tinued for the next eight years, were published at 
London 1661, Fo. by Dr Richard Pearson, who has 
prefixed a Life of the Author. 

Richard Love, D.D. sometime Fellow of Clare 
Hall, then Master of Corpus Christi College 1632, a 
man well esteemed in those times ; elected Professor 
Aug. 30, 1649, admitted and sworn in, Sept. 3. His 
Presentation to the Rectory of Terrington is dated 
Sept. 3, 1649. At the Restoration he became Dean 
of Ely Sept. 6, 1 660, and died in January following, 
and was buried in his College Chapel 3 . 

3 During the Usurpation he was, as Fuller observes, one 
of those four Heads of Colleges in Cambridge who, at the 
general turning out of the Loyal Clergy from their benefices, 
' by the special favour of their friends, and their own wary 
compliance, continued in their places/ 



78 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, 

Peter Gunning, D.D. sometime Fellow of Clare 
Hall, and successively Master of Corpus Christi 
Feb. 3, 1660, and of St John's College, June 25, 
1661 ; afterwards Bishop of Chichester 1669, and 
at length of Ely 1674 ; admitted Professor by virtue 
of the King's letters grounded upon his sufferings 
and other deserts, an. 1660. His presentation to 
the Eectory of Terrington is dated Feb. 7, 1 660. 
He says in his Diary, — ■ In the year of our Lord 
1660, I was made, by His Majesty's command, 
Master of Bennet College in Cambridge, and the 
Lady Margaret's Professor; and within a quarter of 
a year after, about the Commencement time, chosen 
by the University, Regius Professor of Divinity, and 
by an unanimous consent of the Fellows of St John's 
College, Master of St John's College.' His prin- 
cipal publication was, — ' The Paschal or Lent- Fast 
Apostolical and perpetual,' London, 1662. He died 
at Ely July 6, 1684, and was buried in his own Ca- 
thedral ; — 4 as much beloved, as justly admired, reve- 
renced, and deservedly lamented, as ever any Bishop 
was there.' He left his Books entire to the Library 
of St John's College. [See his character, in Dr 
Gower's two Sermons, Cambridge, 1685, 4to.] 

1 John Pearson, D.D. admitted Professor 1661, 

1 'Joannes Pearson, natus apud Snoring in Com. Norfblc., 
patre Dre Pearson Archidiacono Norfolc., in Schola Etonensi 
institutus, in Collegii Regalis scholarem electus et admissus, 
et ex scholari in socium cooptatus, et ex sodalitio in Praebend. 
Sarisbur. et Elien., in Archidiaconatum Surrien., et Vicariam 
Sti Christopheri Lond. inductus; Reverendi (Ric. Sterne) 
Episcopi Carleol. succedaneus, hujns Collegii (Jesu) Custos 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 7-^ 

being then Master of Jesus College, after of Trinity 
College 1662, and Bishop of Chester in 1672; a 
singular ornament of the Chair; author of — Vindicise 
Epistolarum S. Ignatii, An Exposition of the Creed, 
and other works. His presentation to the Rectory 
of Terrington is dated June 28, 1661. He died 
about the middle of July, 1686. 

Ralph Widdrington, D.D. Fellow of Christ's Col- 
lege, elected Professor March 4, 1672. He was ap- 
pointed Orator by the Committee for reformation of 
the University in October, 1650, (upon the ejectment 
of Mr Molle for not subscribing to the engagement ;) 
and was more remarkable for his birth than sufferings. 

Humphrey Gower, D.D. an. 1676, successively 
Master of Jesus, and St John's College 1679; elected 
Professor 1688 ; the present (i.e. in 1708) learned 
and worthy Professor, chosen into the preferment in 
a year of Trial ; being then noted for his Firmness, 
integrity, and prudent conduct in the government of 
his College, as he has since been for his extraordi- 
nary abilities in the Chair. He was also Prebendary 
of Ely, and Rector of Ditton near Cambridge. He 
died March 27, 1711, aged 74, and was buried in 
his College Chapel. His only publication was, — 'A 
Discourse delivered in two Sermons in the Cathedral 

constitutus erat Non. Decembr. 1660, S. T. Dr ; beneficio et 
Praebenda Sarisbur. dimissis. Sequent! anno, S. T. Professor 
ex fundatione Domince Margarets eommuni calculo electus 
erat ; omnibus, nimirum, ex ipsius commentario in Symbo- 
lum Apostolicum recens edito, facilem conjecturam capienti- 
bus, qualis deinceps futurus erat Theologus, et quam Cathe- 
dra dignus.' [Sherman Hist. Col. Jes.] 



80 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, 

of Ely, in September 1684/ Cambridge 1685. 4to, — 
dedicated to the memory of his Patron, Bishop Gun- 
ning. 

Robert Jenkin, D.D. 1709, succeeded Dr Gower 
as Margaret Professor, being elected April 4, 1711, 
and sworn in April 20 following ; he also succeeded 
to the Mastership of St John's College, April 13, 
1711. He died at Runcton in Norfolk, April 7, 
1727, aged 70 ; and was buried in the Church there. 
He was the author of several publications, the prin- 
cipal one being — ' The reasonableness and certainty 
of the Christian Religion,'' of which a fifth edition^ 
corrected, appeared in 1721. 

John Newcome, D.D. was elected Professor, 
April 14, 1727, in the place of Dr Jenkin; and 
afterwards, Master of St Johns College, 1734 ; he 
was also Rector of Offord Cluny, and at length Dean 
of Rochester, 1744. He died Jan. 10, 1765, at an 
advanced age, and was buried in his College Chapel. 
His only publications were two or three sermons. 
He ' left 500?. to the University for the purchase of 
Theological Books for the Public Library, at the 
discretion of the two Professors of Divinity, having 
in his life time given 200?. for the same purpose. 

Zachary Brooke, D.D. 1753, sometime Fellow 
of St John's College, and Rector of Forncett, Nor- 

1 ' Johannes Newcome S. Theol. pro Domina Margareta 
Professor et Coll. Div. Johan. Prsefectus, pro summo suo in 
Academiam et Ecclesiam amore, Bibliothecse Cantabr. ad 
Libros Theologicos coemendos, ducentas minas vivus dedit, 
et quingentas praeterea testamento legavit.' (Inscription in 
the Books of his gift. N 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 81 

folk, became Professor, Jan. 19, 1765, on the death 
of Dr Newcome ; having carried the election against 
Dr Law, Bishop of Carlisle. He was also Vicar of 
Ickleton near Cambridge, which, together with the 
Forncetts, he held till his death in 1788 at the age 
of 72. He published, against Dr Middleton, — \ De- 
fensio Miraculorum quae in Ecclesia Christiana facta 
esse perhibentur post tempora Apostolorum,' being 
his Thesis when he kept his Act for B.D., Jan. 21, 
1747 ; also, — f An Examination of Dr Middleton's 
Free Inquiry into the miraculous powers of the early 
Church,' Cambridge, 8vo., 1750; and in 1763 a 
volume of Sermons preached before the University, 
and before George the II. and III., to whom he was 
Chaplain in Ordinary for many years. 

John Mainwaring, D.D. Fellow of St John's 
College, and Eector of Aberdaron, elected Professor 
Aug. 22, 1788. He published in 1780, in 8vo.,— 
'Sermons preached before the University of Cam- 
bridge, to which is prefixed a Dissertation on that 
species of Composition.' 

Herbert Marsh, B.D. Fellow of St John's Col- 
lege, elected Professor April 23, 1807 ; successively 
Bishop of Llandaff 1816, and Peterborough 1819. 
His Father was the Rev. Richard Marsh, Vicar of 
Feversham in Kent. He was born Dec. 10, 1757, 
and died May the 1st, 1839, in his 82nd year ; and 
was buried in his own Cathedral. Of Bishop Marsh's 
numerous and important publications, a tolerably 
complete list may be seen in the Biog. Diet, of 
Living Authors, London, 1816; amongst these may 
6 



82 A CATALOGUE OP PROFESSORS, AT CAMBRIDGE. 

be especially mentioned, — ' The Introduction to the 
New Testament by J. D. Michaelis, translated from 
the German, and considerably augmented with Notes 
explanatory and supplemental.' ' Lectures on the 
Criticism and Interpretation of the Bible.' ' A com- 
parative View of the Churches of England and 
Rome ;' and ' The History of the Politicks of Great 
Britain and France,' first published in German in 
1799. 

John James Blunt, B.D., sometime Fellow of 
St John's College, and Rector of Great Oakley, 
Essex, the present Professor, elected May, 9, 1839. 



A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, AT OXFORD. 83 



A Catalogue of the Lady Margarets Professors at 
Oxford, which being taken from Mr Wood, I 
must refer the Reader to that accurate Author 
for a larger Account, being out of my Province. 
[The continuation of this list, and the additional 
particulars relative to several of the Professors, 
are taken from Wood's History and Antiquities 
of the University of Oxford, by Gutch; Oxford, 
1796, p. 828.] 



Edmund Wylsford, Bach, (afterwards Doctor) 
of Divinity, read her Lecture before the Settlement 
Ann. 1497. He was Fellow of Oriel College, and 
having been her Confessor, as appears by her Will, 
was probably one of those Learned Men that would 
have determined her Foundation of a College to 
Oxford, at the place where Christ Church now 
stands. He began to read this Lecture on the 
morrow after the Trinity, an. 1497, at what time 
the Lady Margaret was disposed to have it read at 
her own charges. 

John Roper, B.D., Fellow of Magdalen College, \ 
1483, and Reader of the Sentences there, appointed \ ( 
her first Professor by the Charter of the Foundation, / 
dated Sept. 8, an. 18 Hen. VII., viz. 1502. The / 
Academicians made choice of him, an. 1500, as by 
their Epistle to the said Lady it appears ; wherein, 

6—2 



"84 A CATALOGUE OP PROFESSORS, 

and in another to a certain Bishop, they give him 
very honourable commendations. He was about 
that time Vicar of St Mary's Church, and Principal 
of Salesury Hall, afterwards of George Hall, Dr of 
Divinity, Rector of Witney in Oxfordshire, and at 
length one of the Canons of King Hen. VIII. his 
College. He died in the month of May, 1534. 
/ John Kynton, D.D., a Franciscan Friar, suc- 
/ ceeded Dr Roper, but at what time is uncertain. 
^ / He had previously been Reader in Divinity at Mag- 
dalen College. He resigned Oct. 5, 1530; and died 
j*g"*yQ *^ ai1, ^' 1^35, and was buried in Durham College 
Chapel which stood on the site of Trinity College. 
William Mortimer, D.D., succeeded by election, 
V Oct. 10, 1530. 

Hugh Weston, D.D. Rector of Lincoln College, 
1538, succeeded Dr Mortimer circa an. 1540. In 
his time, by the instinct of Dr Longland Bishop of 
Lincoln, the Salary of this Lecture, which was al- 
most lost (the Abbey from whence it did issue being 
dissolved), was recovered, and by the Diploma of 
King Hen. VIII. an. 1543, confirmed. (See Ath. 
Ox. Vol. I. c. 295.) He was Archdeacon of Col- 
chester, and Rector of St Botolph's Bishopsgate, and 
of Cliff in Kent ; and in the first year of Q. Mary 
he had the Deanery of Westminster bestowed upon 
\ him, but was soon after forced to resign it in favour 
of the former Abbot, Fekenham, and was indemni- 
fied with the Deanery of Windsor. In 1557 he 
was deprived of this last Deanery, for adultery, by 
Cardinal Pole ; and appealing to Rome, was com- 



l$ti> 









AT OXFORD. 



8.5 



mitted to the Tower, whence being discharged on 
bail in the beginning of Q. Elizabeth's reign, he 
died in Dec. 1558. He is chiefly notorious for 
having been Prolocutor in the Disputations that 
several Doctors held with Cranmer, Ridley, and Lati- 
mer, in the Divinity School at Oxford, an. 1554. 
[See Fox's Acts and Mons.] 

Christopher Goodman, Master of Arts of four 
years standing, and one of the Senior Students of 
Christ Church, but sometime of Brasenose College, 
and admitted B.A. there, is the next that appears 
to have read this Lecture. He is said by Fox, in 
his Acts and Monuments, and by others, to be Di- 
vinity Reader of the University in the reign of King 
Edw. VI. about 1548; but whether they mean of 
this Lecture, Wood cannot determine^, not having 
found any thing thereof in the University Registers 
for that time, which are very imperfect. He was 
an Exile under Q. Mary's persecution, and well 
known by his writings ; he died at Chester, June 4, 
1603, aged 85 K 

John Smyth, B.D. Provost of Oriel College, was 
designed Reader of this Lecture about the latter 
end of the year 1553. The next year on the 12th 
of April it was proposed to the Congregation, that 
the Salary of this Lecture for the half-year past 
should be converted for the reparation of the new 
Schools, and use of the University ; but with this 

1 Bale, writing in 1558, says of him, — ' nunc autem apud 
Genevenses Anglorum Ecclesise pastor, insignis eruditionis 
homo.' [Script. Brit, pars post. p. 113."] 




86 A CATALOGUE OE PROFESSORS, 

condition that the said Mr Smyth, the designed 
Professor, would not read the next part of the year; 
and that forty shillings should be paid to him from 
the said salary, in recompence of the pains that he 
had taken in this Lecture already. Three days 
after, the Chancellor, Sir John Mason, sending let- 
ters to the University, complaineth that the said 
Lecture had been unread a good while, for lack of a 
fit person to be assigned thereunto ; and counselleth 
the University to choose and name a fit man for 
the office, &c. By which it appears that either Mr 
Goodman read but a little while, or else was but a 
Deputy. Howsoever it is, I am sure (says Wood) 
that Mr Smyth was about that time elected and 
settled in this Lecture. 

Francis Babington, D.D., Rector of Lincoln 
College, succeeded about the latter end of the year 
1560, he being then Vice-Chancellor of the Uni- 
versity. 

Herbert Westphaling, Bach, (afterwards Doctor) 
of Divinity, and Canon of Christ Church, succeeded 
upon the resignation of Dr Babington, Dec. 16, 
1562. The 16th of Jan. following, the salary of 
this Lecture was, by a public decree, augmented 
with that of the Chaplain of the University, called 
Queen Mary's Chaplain, amounting yearly to 1SL 
13s. 4c?., by which addition the said salary was in- 
creased to 201. per an. He afterwards became 
Bishop of Hereford, consecrated Dec. 12, 1582; 
and was esteemed a person of great gravity and in- 
tegrity, and most worthy of his function. Sir J. 



AT OXFORD. 87 

Harington states in commendation of him that 
— * after he had been a Bishop divers yeeres, yet to 
shew that good Bishops do not quite discontinue 
their studies but rather increase their knowledge 
with their dignity, he came to Oxford at her Ma- 
jesty's (Q. Elizabeth's) last being there, and made 
an eloquent and copious oration before her, for con- 
clusion of the divinity disputations ; also, — ' that he 
neither respected letters nor commendations of Lords 
nor Knights, nor wife nor friends in preferment of 
any man, but onely their sufficiency and good con- 
versation.' [Briefe View, p. 134.] He died in 
1601, and was buried in his own Cathedral. He 
was a benefactor to Jesus College, Oxford. 

James Calf hill, B.D. first a Student, afterwards 
Canon of Christ Church, elected Feb. 18, 1563. Sub- 
sequently he became D.D., Dean of Booking, and 
Archdeacon of Colchester ; and was by Queen Eliz. 
nominated to be Bishop of Worcester in 1570, but 
died before his consecration the same year. [See 
Athen. Oxon. Vol. I. c. 377.] 

Edward Craddocke, A.M. some time Student of 
Christ Church, succeeded Dr Calf hill, Oct. 24, 1565 ; 
and took the Degree both of B.D. and D.D. the 
same year. In his time, viz. 1567, it was decreed 
that because the Salary belonging to the Chaplain 
of the University was granted to the Lady Margaret 
Reader, that he therefore, the said Reader, should 
be bound to celebrate divine Service and public 
Prayers in St Mary's Church, as often as need re- 
quired ; which celebration, Wood supposes, was only 






88 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, 

at the beginning of every Term ; and that this in- 
junction was, at this particular time, laid upon the 
Reader, because of the paucity of Theologists then 
in the University. He was by birth of Stafford- 
shire, became Student of Christ Church about 1552, 
conformed to the times of Queen Mary, entered 
into holy orders at the beginning of Q. Elizabeth's 
reign, and was, as Wood thinks, a Writer and Pub- 
lisher of Theological Books ; but those productions 
of his which remain in MS. in the Ashmolean Mu- 
seum, are all upon the Philosopher's Stone. (See 
Ath. Ox. Vol. I. c. 632.) 

John Williams, B.D. Fellow of All Souls, elected 
upon the resignation of Dr Craddock, July 1 9, 1594 ; 
afterwards D.D., Principal of Jesus College, 1602, 
and Dean of Bangor, 1605. He died Sept. 4, 1613, 
and was buried in St Michael's Church, Oxford. 

Sebastian Benefield, D.D., Fellow of Corpus 
Christi College, elected Sep. 6, 1613. He executed 
the office with commendation for about 14 years; 
and resigning it in 1626, he retired to his rectory 
of Meysey Hampton, where he died Aug. 24, 1630. 
For a list of his works see Athen. Oxon. Vol. II. 
c. 488. In his time, viz. 1617, the Salary of the 
Reader of this Lecture was augmented by a yearly 
rent charge of 261. 13s. 4o?., issuing out of divers 
messuages in St Dunstan's parish in the West, 
London; which rent charge was granted by the Lady 
Anne Paget, widow of the first Lord Paget, to Wil- 
liam Lord Paget, of Beaudesert in Staffordshire, her 
grandson, and other Feoffees, in trust to be bestowed 



AT OXFORD. 89 

on certain students in Divinity that intend to take 
Holy Orders. The Feoffees having made over to 
Dr Goodwin Dean of Christ Church, and others, all 
their trust of the said rent charge ; it was by the 
latter parties made over to Lady Margaret's Reader, 
to be enjoyed by him and his successors ; and was 
constantly paid by the family of Paget, from the year 
1617 till 1719, since which time it does not appear 
to have been continued. 

Samuel Fell, D.D. Canon of Christ Church, 
elected Aug. 8, 1626, upon the resignation of Dr 
Benefield made five days before. In his time, King 
Charles I., by his Letters Patent, 5 Jul. an. reg. 3, 
endowed this Lecture with a Prebend in the Cathe- 
dral Church of Worcester, and granted licence of 
Mortmain without any stint or limitation whatso- 
ever ; by which the University Mortmain, as to this 
Lecture, was discharged, and the Reader himself 
enabled to hold all, in and by his own name ; which 
before he could not do. Dr Fell was installed, in the 
year 1628 on the death of Eustache Moor, into the 
Sixth Prebend, since held by the Margaret Lec- 
turers on their election, without any collation what- 
soever. He resigned the Lecture March 10, 1637, 
being then Dean of Litchfield ; the next year he was 
made Dean of Christ Church. In 1647 he was 
ejected from his Deanery and Vice-Chancellorship, 
after he had suffered much for his loyalty, and for 
preserving of the statutes and liberties of the Uni- 
versity ; and soon after died at his Rectory of Sun- 
ningwell, Feb. 1, 1648. 



.90 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, 

Thomas Lawrence, D.D. Master of Baliol Col- 
lege, elected Mar. 13, 1637, and became Prebendary 
of Worcester. He retired from all his preferments 
in the times of the Usurpation ; and died in 1 657, 
and was buried in Colne Chapel, Com. Hunting, on 
the 10th of December of that year. [MS. Cotton.] 

Francis Cheynell, Bach, (afterwards Dr) of Di- 
vinity, sometime Fellow of Merton College, elected 
Professor Aug. 4, 1648. He had lately been put into 
possession of the Presidentship of St Johns College. 
He resigned this Lectureship, July 16, 1652. 

Henry Wilkinson (Senior) D.D. Canon of Christ 
Church, and about this time one of the Senior Fel- 
lows of Magdalen College ; elected July 20, 1 652 ; 
ejected from this Lecture, and his Canonry, by his 
Majesty^ Commissioners an. 1660. He died June 
1675, at Clapham, where he had his meetings. [See 
Athen. Oxon. Vol. III. c. 1039.] 

Thomas Barlow, D.D. Provost of Queers Col- 
lege ; elected Professor Sept. 21, 1660, and became 
Prebendary of Worcester. He resigned this Lec- 
ture upon his being made Bishop of Lincoln, in 1675. 
He died at Buckden Octob. 8, 1691, aged 85, and 
was buried in the chancel of the Church there. [See 
Athen. Oxon. Vol. IV. c. 333.] 

John Hall, D.D. Master of Pembroke College 
1664 ; elected Professor May 24, and installed Pre- 
bendary of Worcester June 16, 1676. He was 
elevated to the See of Bristol in 1691 ; but held his 
Mastership in commendam till his death at Oxford 
in 1709, and was buried at Broomsgrove. 



AT OXFORD. 91 

Henry Maurice, D.D. sometime Fellow of Jesus 
College; elected Jul. 18, 1691, and became Pre- 
bendary of Worcester. He died suddenly at New- 
ington, near Dorchester, in Oxfordshire, of which 
place he was Rector, on Friday, Oct. 30, 1691, aged 
44 ; and was buried in the Church there. There 
is an inscription to his memory in Jesus College 
Chapel. 

Thomas Sykes, B.D. Fellow of Trinity College; 
elected Nov. 6, 1691, and installed Prebendary of 
Worcester, Nov. 18 following. He was afterwards 
DJ).; elected President of his College, 1704, and 
died Dec. 14, 1705. 

John Wynne, D.D. Fellow of Jesus College ; 
elected Professor Dec. 20, 1705; and installed Pre- 
bendary of Worcester Mar. 16 following. He be- 
came Principal of his College 1712, and Bishop of 
St Asaph 1714. He resigned this Professorship 
Feb. 10, 1715. 

William Delaune, D.D. President of St John's 
College 1698, Rector of Chilbolton, Hants, and Pre- 
bendary of Winchester, was elected Professor Feb. 
18, 1715, and installed Prebendary of Worcester 
Mar. 14 following. He died May 23, 1728, and 
was buried in his College Chapel. 

Thomas Jenner, B.D. Fellow of Magdalen Col- 
lege, was elected Professor May 28, 1728, and be- 
came Prebendary of Worcester. He proceeded D.D. 
July 11, 1729, became President of his College in 
1745 ; and dying Jan. 12, 1768, was buried in his 
College Chapel. 



92 A CATALOGUE OF PROFESSORS, AT OXFORD. 

Thomas Randolph, D.D. President of Corpus 
Christi College, was elected Professor 1768, and 
became Prebendary of Worcester. In the preceding 
year he had been appointed Archdeacon of Oxford. 
He died Mar. 24, 1783, and was buried in the 
Cloister of his College. 

Timothy Neve, D.D. sometime Fellow of Corpus 
Christi College, afterwards Rector of Goddington 
and Middleton Stoney, both in Oxfordshire, and 
Chaplain of Merton College, was elected Professor 
Mar. 31, 1783, and installed Prebendary of Wor- 
cester Apr. 24 following. 

Septimus Collison, D.D. Provost of Queen's 
College, elected Professor 1798. 

Godfrey Fausset, D.D. sometime Fellow of Mag- 
dalen College, the present Professor, elected 1827. 



A CATALOGUE OF PREACHERS, AT CAMBRIDGE. 93 



Catalogue of The ' Lady Margaret's Preachers 
at Cambridge, collected from the public Registers 
and other MMS. ; now first published in pious 
memory of the Foundress, and of such worthy 
men as have been useful in their generations. 



John Fawn, B. D. the first Preacher by the 
Charter of the Foundation, dated Oct. 30, An. 20 
Henry VII. viz. 1504. * He was yet Preacher, * Rep-. 

AC 3,(1 All. 

An. 1509, when by Grace his absence was dispensed 1508 > 9 - 
with, in discharge of his duty of Preaching. 

Thomas Ashley, Fellow of King's College, ad- 
mitted Preacher 1519. 

John Edmunds, D. D. the first named of the 
original Fellows of St John's College, afterwards 
Fellow of Jesus College, and Master of Peter House 
an. 1527, and Preacher 1521 ; an active daring Man ; 

1 19 Henry VII. Rex omnibus &c. Licentiam damus — 
Margaretse Comitissae Richmond. Matri nostrse praecharis- 
simse, quod ipsa Mater nostra, vel executores sui — quandam 
Cantariam perpetuam unius Predicatoris verbi Dei, ad lau- 
dem et honorem nominis Jhesu ac Annuntiationis B. Marise 
Virginis, divinique cultus augmentum verbum Dei, ob salu- 
tem animse dictse Matris nostraB — in universitate Cantabr. 
Lincoln. Dioc, juxta ordinationes et statuta ipsius Matris 
nostrse, vel executorum suorum fundatorum hujusmodi 
Cantarise in perpetuum predicatur. fundare, creare, erigere, 
et stabilire possit.— T. R. apud Westm. vii. Febr. (MSS. M ri 
Rymer, describente Dre Kennett Epo. Petr-burg.) 



94 A CATALOGUE OF PREACHERS, 

IcITms wnen he was Vice-Chancellor, an. 1528, 9, * Ro- 
SS&K ber * Clyff, LL.D. the Bishop of Ely's Chancellor 
(then a Member of the University) was excommuni- 
cated ; and after much debate, was at last dismissed, 
" upon his submission on his knees before the Vice- 
Chancellor, meekly taking his absolution ;" and has 
left a caution to pride and insolence. (See Fiddes's 
Life of Wolsey, Collec. p. 46.) 

1 Walter Preston,D.D. Fellow of Christ's College, 
elected Preacher, April 20, 1524, in St Mary's 
Church. 

William Harvey, B. D. Fellow of Queens' Col- 
lege, admitted Preacher 1525. 

2 William Buckmaster, D. D. successively Fel- 
low of Peter House and King's Hall ; admitted 
Preacher, Dec. 15, 1528. He was Vice-Chancellor 
when the case of the King's Divorce was debated, 
and has left some account of that affair in a long 
letter to Dr Edmunds. Also see Strype's Mem. 
Eccles. Vol. I. App. pp. 243, 4. 

i Walterus Preston Soc. Coll. Chr. et S. T. P. electus— 
Apr. 20, 1524, in ecclesia S. Mariae, &c. [Regr. Acad.] 

2 Gul. Buckmaster Socius Coll. Sti Petri prius, admissus 
Apr. 27, an. 1517 ; dein Socius Aulae Regiae, admissus circa 
an. 1532; eo enim anno Dtis Jo. Blanke admissus est Socius 
Coll. Sti Petri loco Mri Dris Buckmayster. 

( An. 1528, Dec. 15. W mus Buckmaister, S. Th. Professor, 
electus, admissus, et juratus ad officium Praedicatoris in Uni- 
versitate, juxta ordinationes Dnae Margaretae Fundatricis 
ejusdem officii. Perlegit illico Statuta Fundationis, coram 
Dno Vicecan., Mris Collegiorum, et eorum Praesidentibus, 
ad quos spectabat electio. Propria manu hoc hie scripsit.' 
(Transcript, ex veteri Libro Procuratoris in Archiv.) 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 95 

John Wyot, B. D. Preacher 1530 ; who was 
again elected ann. 1532, 1535. 

Edward Alenson, B. D. Fellow of Pembroke Hall, 
Preacher 1538. 

Richard Wilks, B. D. Preacher 1539 ; elected 
Master of Christ's College 1548, Master of St John's 
Hospital, Ely, 1547, and Prebendary of Ely 1550. 
He was one of those with whom Dr Redmayn, just 
before his death, held a conference, Nov. 2, 1551, 
and in their presence declared his unshaken rejection 
of the Romish errors. (§ee Fox's Acts and Mons.) 
In the first year of Queen Mary, 1553, he was thrust 
out of all his preferments, and dying at Ely in 1556, 
was buried in St Mary's Church there. 

Henry Pauley, B. D. Preacher 1540 ; elected 
again 1542. 

Richard Atkinson, D. D. Preacher 1545 ; then 
Fellow, after, Provost of King's College, an. 1553. 

Godfrey Gilpin, B.D. elected Preacher Nov. 11, 
1547, Fellow of Trinity College ; — j nominate So- 
cius in Charta Fundationis Coll. Trin. dat. Dec. 24, 
an. 38. Henry VIII. viz. 1546. 

Edmund Grendall, B. D. Fellow of Pembroke 
Hall, admitted Preacher March 24, 1549. Under 
Q. Mary he was an exile ; but returning at the ac- 
cession of Elizabeth, an. 1559, he was elected Mas- 
ter of Pembroke Hall (but was never in the College 
during the time of his Mastership, which lasted till 
1562) and the same year was consecrated Bishop of 
London. In 1570 he was translated to the Arch- 
bishoprick of York, and in 1575 to that of Canter- 



Acad 



96 A CATALOGUE OF PREACHERS, 

bury; and died in 1583, aged 64 years, and was 
buried at Croydon. The only publication ascribed 
to him is — 'A Dialogue between Custom and Truth,"* 
printed in Fox's Acts and Mons. (See Strype's 
Life of Grindal.) 
*Re?r. Edmund Perpoynte, B. D. Fellow of Christ's 

College ; afterwards Master of Jesus College, an. 
1551 ; elected Preacher May 25, an. 1549, and his 
election confirmed by the King's Visitors, viz. the 
Bishops of Ely and Rochester, Mr Cheke, Provost 
of King's College, Dr Maye Dean of St Paul's, and 
Dr Wendey the King's Physician, then at Cam- 
bridge. He was put out of his Mastership in the 
first year of Queen Mary. 

John Thompson, B.D. Fellow of St John's Col- 
lege, admitted Preacher, March 4, 1551. 'loan. 
Tomson, de villa Pocklington, Com. Ebor. admissus 
Socius Coll. Ioh. Mar. 17, an. 1539,' (Ex Archivis 
Coll. Ioh.) — an election brought about, it may be sup- 
posedly those pressing letters which Roger Ascham, 
his Tutor, addressed for him to the Master and some 
of the Seniors, as may be seen in Aschami Epistohe, 
Lib. II. 12, 13, 14. 

Nicholas Ashton, B. D. Fellow of Christ's Col- 
lege; admitted Preacher, Sept. 17, 1551. 

William Tayler, admitted Preacher, July 5, 
1554 ; then Fellow, afterwards Master of Christ's 
College, Dec. 9, 1556. 

Thomas Parker, B.D. Fellow of Trinity College, 
a very learned Man, admitted Preacher, Feb. 26, 
1555 ; elected the second time 1558. Tho. Parker, 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 



97 



nominatus Socius in Charta Fund. Coll. Trin. ; erat 
Vicarius de Milvall Com. Suff. 

Roger Kelke, M.A., Fellow of St John's Col- 
lege, an Exile under Queen Mary's persecution, and 
elected Preacher Aug. 14, 1559, upon his return, 
by dispensation from the Visitors. 

Gregory Garth, B.D., Fellow of Pembroke Hall, 
admitted Preacher August 21, 1562. 

Eoger Kelke 1 , B.D., elected the second time 
Octob. 1, 1562; then Master of Magdalen College, 
where he will be remembered whilst Magdalen Col- 
lege Case 2 stands in the Reports. [Coke's Rep. unz. 

1 Rog. Kelke erat Magister Coll. Magd. Nov. 18, an. 1561, 
uti patet ex Litera in Chartaphul. Reg.; Magister etiam ali- 
quant, maturius, viz. Jul. 25, 1560. Roger Kelke admissus 
Socius Col. Joh. circa an. 1545 ; A. B. an. 1543,4. 

2 'Which tendeth (says Sir Ed w. Coke one of the judges 
who decided it) to the maintenance of God's true religion, 
the advancement of liberal arts and sciences, the supportation 
of the ecclesiastical state, the preservation and prosperity of 
those two famous sisters the Universities of Cambridge and 
Oxford, and of all Colleges within the realm*. But, unfor- 
tunately, this decision, by which the College would have 
recovered possession of a very valuable estate in London 
that had been illegally alienated in 1574 during Dr Kelke's 
Mastership, upon the Case being removed into Chancery, 
was set aside by a decree of Ld. Chancellor Egerton's in 
1615; — a decree afterwards confirmed by succeeding judges, 
and finally ratified by a decree of the privy seal ; but never 
acquiesced in by the College, who in later times have made 
many attempts to recover their rights. According to Ful- 
ler — ( at one time well nigh ten thousand pounds was ten- 
dered in composition ; but Dr Gooche the Master, being a 
man of an high spirit, well skilled in the laws, and confident 
of the goodness of his cause, would listen to no composition ;' 

7 



98 A CATALOGUE OF PREACHERS, 

Part. Fol. 66. Also v. Rymer Acta Pub. Tom. XV. 
p. 737.] 

William Hewes, B.D., Fellow of Christ's Col- 
lege, admitted Preacher Nov. 2, 1565. Quidam 
Will. Hewghes erat Rector de Denyngton Dioc. 
Norv., quam ecclesiam resignat Wilmo Fulke an. 
1573. [v. Rymer p. 728. v. Baker's MMS. Vol. 
XXIX. p.339, 340,362, deconcione apud Leycestr.] 

1 Edward Derynge, B.D., Fellow of Christ's Col- 
lege, a person well known ; admitted Preacher Oct. 
31, 1567. Of this noted Puritan, see some account 
in Strype's life of Archbp. Parker, p. 380. 

William Tabor, B.D., Fellow of Christ's College, 
admitted Preacher Nov. 3, 1568. 

John StyU, B.D., FeUow of Christ's College, 
admitted Preacher Octob. 27, 1570; afterwards 
Bishop of Bath and Wells. 

Laurence Barnwell, B.D., Fellow of Jesus Col- 
lege, admitted Preacher March 29, 1571. 

Roger Goad, Provost of King's College; ad- 
mitted Preacher Novem. 3, 1572; elected again 
1575. Rog. Goad Cancellarius Wellen. Mar. 6, 
1576. 

Robert Cooney, B.D., [which is all I know of 
him,] admitted Preacher Octob. 31, 1577; Col. 
Regal. Socius, an. 1561 Discip. 

and even after the College was cast — ' he lay long in prison 
for refusing to obey the Lord Egerton's order.' 

1 Edw. Deringe S. T. B. presentatur a Regina ad Praeben- 
dum de Cherdstoke in Ecclesia Cath. Sarum Dec. 20, an. 
1571. [v. Rymer, Tom. XV. p. 695.] 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 99 

John Ireton, B.D., Fellow of Christ's College, 
admitted Preacher Octob. 29, 1579. 

William Ireton, B.D., Fellow of Christ's Col- 
lege, admitted Preacher Octob. 29, 1582. 

John Brownyng, D.D., Fellow of Trinity Col- 
lege, admitted Preacher May 8, 1583. He was 
Chaplain to the Earl of Bedford, and being a Senior 
Fellow, commenced Doctor 2 at Oxford two years 
before his time; for which he was deprived of his 
Fellowship by Dr Still the Master, in the year 1584. 
[See Strype's Parker, p. 390.] 

Martin Kaye, B.D., Fellow of Christ's College, 
admitted Preacher May 13, 1586. 

Simon Robson, B.D. 3 Fellow of St John's Col- 
lege, admitted Preacher Nov. 8, 1 587. 

Thomas Osberne, B.D., Fellow of Christ's Col- 
lege, admitted Preacher Octob. 19, 1588. 

4 D. Church was Preacher about the year 1595. aSSE*** 

Mr Clarke, Fellow of Christ's College, Preacher 
1596. 

Simon Robson, D.D., Fellow of St John's Col- 
lege, elected the second time, 1597, and the year 
after, Dean of Bristol. 



2 An. 1581, Dec. 8. Conceditur M ro Jo. Brownyng, ut sit 
hie (Cant.) apud vos, eisdem loco, ordine, et gradu, quibus 
est apud Oxonienses. (Regr. Acad. Cant) 

3 An. 1571, Mar. 12, Simon Robson, Dunelmensis, electus 
Socius pro Doctore Ashton. [Regr. Coll. Jo.] 

4 Rob. Church was Fellow of Caius College and B.D. an. 
1579 [Regr. Acad.] He was then aged 30, as he there de- 
poses. 

7-2 



100 A CATALOGUE OF PREACHERS, 

William Branthwayte, D.D., Fellow of Em- 
manuel College, admitted Preacher 1598; afterwards 
Master of Caius College 1 607. He assisted in K. 
James's Translation of the Bible. 

Cuthbert Bainbrigge, B.D., Fellow of Christ's 
College, admitted Preacher Aug. 25, 1601 ; chosen 
again September 5, 1607 1 . 

Jacob Harrison, B.D., of Christ's College, ad- 
mitted Preacher 1610. 

William Power, B.D., Fellow of Christ's Col- 
lege, admitted Preacher 1613. He seems to have 
been continued, either by connivance or new Elec- 
tions, till the year 1646 ; for though he was ejected 
from his Fellowship for his loyalty, yet he receives 
the salary as Preacher, till that year. 

2 James Duport, B. D. Fellow of Trinity College, 
admitted Preacher 1646; afterwards Master of Mag- 
dalen College, and Dean of Peterborough. 

Ealph Widdrington, Fellow of Christ's College 
as before ; admitted Preacher ] 664. 

1 In this list of Preachers, as it was first published by 
Baker in 1708, there occurred here — 

John Davenant, B.D. Fellow. of Queens' College, and 
afterwards Bishop of Sarum, admitted Preacher 1608 ; said 
to he chosen again, an. 1612 ; upon which Baker remarks- 
1 1 herein follow Dr C/s MS. account of these Preachers ; 
sed qusere.' His further enquiries seem to have led him to 
the c.onclusion that Bp. Davenant s name ought to be left 
out ; for he writes opposite to the sentence above quoted, — 
* delend*. 

2 Jac. Duport S. T. D. Coll. Magd. Praef. et Decanus 
Petr. an. 1669, quo anno scripsit carmina in obitum Henr. 
Mariee. 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 101 

Thomas Stephens, D.D. 1661, of Jesus College, 
admitted Preacher 1 676 ; a very useful person in his 
station. He had the King's dispensation to be 
elected notwithstanding his being possessed of a 
benefice, and for not preaching twelve sermons yearly 
as required by the Foundation, &c. ; which dispensa- 
tion is dated April 19, 1676, and published by the 
Vice-Chancellor in St Mary's church, the fifth of 
May 1676 ; being, I presume, the year and day of 
the election. (See Collection of Mandats.) 

John Covell, D.D. 1679, and the same year 
elected Preacher ; and Master of Christ's College, 
July 7, 1688 ; a Person, says Baker, noted for polite 
and curious Learning, singular humanity, and know- 
ledge of the world. He died Dec. 19, 1722, and 
was buried in Christ's College Chapel, where he has 
a monument. The other preferments which he held 
were the Sinecure Rectory of Littlebury in Essex, 
the Rectory of Kegworth, and the Chancellorship of 
York. He resided seven years at Constantinople, 
as Chaplain to the English Ambassador there; 
and so was enabled to compose the work by which 
he is chiefly known, entitled, — * Some account of 
the present Greek Church,' &c. Cambridge, 1722, 
Fol. 

Robert Lambert, S. T. P. Fellow of St John's 
College, elected Preacher, Dec. 31, 1722. After- 
wards Master of St John's College, from 1727 to 
1735. 

Fra. Aylmer, B.D. Fellow of Corpus Ghristi 
Coll. elected Preacher m 1734; afterwards Rector 



102 A CATALOGUE OF PREACHERS, 

of Fulmodeston cnm Croxton in Norfolk. He died 
in 1758. 

Joh. Garnett, B.D. Sidney Coll. elected Preacher 
July 4, 1744. 

H. Hubbard, B. D. Fellow of Emman. Coll. elect- 
ed Preacher Dec. 29, 1752. Afterwards Registrary 
of the University from 1758 to 1778; in which 
latter year he died, and was buried in the cloister 
of his College, where he has a monument. 

Richard Farmer, B.D. Fellow of Emmanuel Col- 
lege, elected Preacher, Oct. 18, 1774 ; afterwards 
Librarian to the University, Master of Emmanuel, 
and Canon Residentiary of St Paul's ; well known as 
a Critic and Antiquary. He died an. 1797. 

Thos. Kipling, B.D. Fellow of St John's Col- 
lege, elected Preacher, April 8, 1782. He was af- 
terwards Deputy Regius Professor of Divinity, Vicar 
of Holme in Spalding Moor, Yorkshire, and Dean 
of Peterborough, and died in 1822. His principal 
publications were — c Codex Theodori Bezse Canta- 
brigiensis, Evangelia et Apostolorum acta complec- 
tens quadratis literis Grseco-Latinis, 2 vols. fol. 
1793'; and 'The Articles of the Church of England 
proved not to be Calvinistic, 1802.'' 

James Fawcett, B.D. Fellow of St John's Col- 
lege, elected Preacher, Mar. 31, 1782 ; afterwards 
Norrisian Professor of Divinity, and Rector of Thurs- 
ford cum Snoring, in Norfolk. He died in 1831. 
He published Sermons preached before the Univer- 
sity of Cambridge, 1794. 

Tho. Calvert, B.D. Fellow of St John's Coll. 



AT CAMBRIDGE. 103 

elected Preacher Jan. 25, 1819 ; the present Warden 
of Christ's College, Manchester, and vicar of Holme 
in Spalding Moor, Yorkshire. 

A. J. Carrighan, B.D. Fellow of St John's Coll. 
elected Preacher Dec. 16, 1824; now Rector of 
Barrow in Suffolk. 

W. Jones, B.D. Fellow of St John's Coll. 
elected Preacher, Jan. 30, 1833; died April 22, 
1834. 

R. N. Adams, D.D. Fellow of Sidney Coll. 
the present Preacher, elected May 13, 1834; and 
Rector of Rempstone, Notts. 



Having done with the Preachers, I have only to 
add, That the Foundation is now altered by * Royal aXSthe 
Dispensation ; from so many Sermons ad Populwm p n ni' sltYi 
in the several Diocesses, to one Sermon ad Clerum 
in the University, at the Beginning of Easter Term ; 
and so this Excellent Lady having taught the igno- 
rant, whilst such Instruction was wanted, the World 
being now wiser, She instructs the Learned both in 
the Pulpit and the Chair. 



The Following Epitaph is inscribed upon the Tomb of 
MARGARET Countess of Richmond and Derby, who 
lies interred in Henry the Seventh's Chapel in West- 
minster Abbey. 

MARGARETAE. RICHEMONDIAE. SEPTIMI. 
HENRICI. MATRI. OCTAVI. AVIAE. QVAE. STI- 
PENDIA. CONSTITVIT. TRIB. HOC. COENOBIO. 
MONACHIS. ET. DOCTORI. GRAMMATICES. APVD. 
WYMBORN. PERQ: ANGLIAM. TOTAM. DIVINI. 
VERBI. PRAECONI. DVOB. ITEM. INTERPRAE- 
TIB: LITTERAR: SACRAR: ALTERI. OXONIIS. 
ALTERI. CANTABRIGIAE. VBI. ET. COLLEGIA. 
DVO. CHRISTO. ET. IOANNI. DISCIPVLO. EIVS. 
STRVXIT. MORITVR. AN. DOMINI M. D. IX. III. 
KAL. IVLII. 



iftmaftrr folloUKttj 

a iMotttsnge Kimimfirautut, 

IIM& at tfjr iitonr tf) iittntit of ttjc Noble 

iirpncra iitargar ctr (Countcssr of iiicfc 

montif anD Dartmr* ii&o&cr unto 

I&pnge iginrp tijp $rfccntt), anU 

(^rantramr to (Dur $obr^ 

raign Uorfcr tfjat notD 

is* £tpon tatjooc 

5*ou l mmigfttpe 



iTomppirtJ tip tf)e Hefcmnt Rafter in <£o&, 
vQofian ,dF»0f)a: l5p*i)op of Hottjeater. 



iEnprpnteti at Uonfton, in jFlttwtxtto 
at tl)r Spgnr of tfjr Sonne tip 3ft£pnfeim 

He Mtovtrr . 



Moneth Minde. See Strype's Memorials Ecclesiastical, 
Vol. II. p. 281 ;— ' the Months Mind for the two Dukes of 
Suffolk (who died at Buckden of the sweating sickness, 
July 16, 1551, being then students of St John's College) 
was kept Sept. 22. So the more solemn Celebration of the 
Funerals of great persons, about a month more or less after 
their interments, used to be called/ 



107 



Dixit Martha ad Jhesurn. 



THIS holy Gospel late red contayneth in it a 
Dyalogue, that is to say a Commynication betwixt 
the Woman of blessyd Memory, called Martha, and 
our Savyour Jhesu. Which Dyalogue I would apply 
unto this noble Prynces late deceasyd, in whose re- 
membrance this office and observances be done at this 
time. And thre thyngs by the leave of God I will 
entende. First, to shew wherein this noble Prynces 
may well be lykned and compared unto the blessyd 
Woman Martha. Second, how she may complain 
unto our Savyour Jhesu for the paynful dethe of her 
body, like as Martha dyd for the dethe of her Bro- 
der Lazarus. Thyrde, the comfortable Answere of 
our Savyour Jhesu unto her again. In the first 
shall stond her prayse and commendation; In the 
secounde, our mournynge for the loss of hyrr ; In 
the thyrd, our comfort again. 

Fyrst I say, the comparyson of them two may 
be made in four thyngs ; In nobleness of Person, In 
discypline of their Bodys, In orderyng of their Souls 
to God, In Hospytalytyes kepying, and charytable 
dealyng to their Neighbours. In which four, the 
noble Woman Martha (as say the Doctors, entreat- 
ynge this Gospel and hyr Lyfe) was singularly to 
be commended and praysed : wherefore let us con- 



108 



sider lykewise, whether in this noble Countesse may 
ony thynge like be founde. 

Firste, the blessyd Martha was a Woman of 
noble blode, to whom by inherytance belonged the 
Castle of Bethany ; and this nobleness of blode they 
have, which descended of noble Lyngage. Beside 
this, there is a nobleness of maners, withouten 
which, the nobleness of blode is moche defaced ; for, 
as Boecius sayth, if oughte be good in the nobleness 
of blode, it is for that thereby the noble men and 
women sholde be ashamed to go out of kynde, from 
the vertuous maners of their auncetrye before. Yet 
also there is another noblenesse, which aryseth in 
every Person by the goodnesse of nature ; whereby 
full often suche as come of ryghte pore and unnoble 
Fader and Moder, have grete abletees of nature to 
noble dedes. Above ^all these same,] there is a 
foure maner of noblenesse, which may be called an 
encreased noblenesse ; as by marryage and aftynyte 
of more noble persons, such as were of lesse condy- 
cyon may encrease in hygher degree of noblenesse. 

In every of these, I suppose, this Countesse was 
noble. Fyrst, she came of noble blode, lyneally de- 
scendyng of Kynge Edward the 3d. within the foure 
degree of the same. Her Fader was Johan Duke 
of Somerset, her Moder was called Margarete, 
2 [ryghte noble as well in maners, as in blode,] to 
whom she was a veray Doughter in all 3 [noble 

• All these MS. Col. Joh. * Desunt MS. Col. Joh. 
8 Nobilnes MS. Col. Joh. 



109 

inaners,] for she was bounteous and lyberal to every 
Person of her Knowledge or acquaintance. Ava- 
rice and Covetyse she most hated, and sorowed it 
full moche in all persons, but specially in ony that 
belong'd unto her. She was also of syngular Easy- 
ness to be spoken unto, and full curtayse answere 
she would make to all that came unto her. Of mer- 
vayllous gentyleness she was unto all folks, but spe- 
cially unto her owne whom she trusted and loved 
ryghte tenderly. Unkynde she wolde not be unto 
no creature, ne forgetfull of ony kyndness or servyce 
done to her before, which is no lytel part of veray 
nobleness. She was not vengeable, ne cruell ; but 
redy anone to forgete and to forgyve injuryes done 
unto her, at the leest desyre or mocyon made unto 
her for the same. Mercyfull also and pyteous she 
was unto such as was grevyed and wrongfully trou- 
bled, and to them that were in Poverty, or sekeness, 
or ony other mysery. 

To God and to the Chirche full obedient and 
tractable, * Serchynge his honour and plesure full ms^qRo. 
besyly. A wareness of her self she had alway to 
eschewe every thyng that myght dishonest ony no- 
ble Woman, or distayne her honour in ony condy- 
cyon. Tryfelous thyngs that were lytell to be re- 
garded, she wold let pass by; but the other that 
were of weyght and substance wherein she myght 
proufyte, she wolde not let for ony payne or labour 
to take upon hande. These and many other such 
noble condycyons left unto her by her 'Auncetres, 
4 Auncetre MS. Col. Joh. 



110 

she kept and encreased them with a greate dyly- 
gence. 

The third nobleness also she wanted not, which 
I sayd was the nobleness of Nature. She had in 
maner all that was praysable in a Woman, either in 
Soul or in Body. Fyrst, she was of singular Wise- 
dom, ferre passyng the comyn rate of women. She 
was good in remembraunce, and of holdyng me- 
morye ; a redye wytte she had also to conceive all 
thyngs, albeit they were ryghte derke. Right stu- 
dious she was in 'Bakes} which she had in grete 
* and in number, both in Englysh * and in Frenshe ; and 

Latin, and ' & * 

ms. Coi. Jo. f or ner exercise, and for the profyte of other, she 
did translate divers maters of Devocyon out of 
Frensh into Englysh. Full often she complayned 
that in her youthe she had not given her to the un- 
derstanding of Latin, wherein she had a lytell per- 
ceyvyng ; specyally of the Rubryshe of the Ordynall 
for the saying of her Servyce, which she did well 
understand. Hereunto, in favour, in words, in ges- 
ture, in every demeanour of her self, so grete noble- 
ness did appear, that what she spake or dyde, it 
mervayllously became her. 

The foure Nobleness, which we named a noble- 
ness gotten or encreased, she had alsoe ; For albeit 
she of her lynage were right noble, yet nevertheless 

1 ' To her Daughter Richmond a Book of English being 
a Legend of Saints, a Book of French called Lucun, another 
Book of French of the Epistles and Gospels, and a Primmer 
with elasps of silver gilt covered with purple velvet.' Dutchess 
of Buckingham's Will, who died 20 Ed. IV., quoted by Dug- 
dale, Vol. I. p. 167. 



Ill 

by maryage and adjoyning of other blode, it toke 
some encreasement. For in her tender Age, she 
being endued with so grete towardness of Nature and 
lykelyhode of Enherytance, many sued to have had 
her to maryage. The Duke of * Suthfolk, which then * Dl *e of 

^ ° Bokingham. 

was a Man of grete experyence, moost dylygently MS - Co1 - j0 
procured to have had her for his Son and Heyre. 
Of the contrary part, Kyng Henry the Sixth did 
make meanes for Edmunde his Brother, then the 
Erie of Rychemonde. She which as then was not 
fully 2 nine years old, doubtfull in her mynde what she 
were best to do, asked counsayle of an old Gentle- 
woman whom she moche loved and trusted, which 
dyde advyse her to commend her self to St Nicho- 
las the Patron and helper of all true maydens, and 
to beseche him to put in her mynde what she were 
best to do. This counsayle she fohWd, and made 
her Prayer so, full often ; but specyally that nyghte 
when she sholde the morrowe after make answere of 



2 ' Natus es [Hen. VII.], atque in lucem editus a nobilissima 
Principe genetrice tua, nunc presenti, quae turn annum non 
implevit quartum decimum. Rarus profecto partus et inso- 
litus, ipsaque (ut cernimus) non magnae staturae femina est 
at multo tunc (ut asseritur) minoris fuit, adeo ut miraculum 
cunctis videbatur in illis annis et in ilia corporis parvitate 
gnatum aliquem maxime tarn procerum tarn elegantem edi- 

disse Et dum in utero portaret te mater, vix discrimen 

pestis evasisti quae teneriores foetus facile consuevit interimere, 
de qua et pater tuus Princeps illustris interiit. Mater deinde 
viro orbata te peperit orphanum.' V. orationem habitam coram 
Henrico Septimo, CantabrigiaB ; printed at the end of the 2nd 
Vol. of Leland's Itiner ; and supposed by Baker to have been 
delivered by Bp. Fisher before the King anno 1507. 



112 



her mynde determynately. A mervaylous thyng ! 
that same nyght, as I have herde her tell many a 
tyme, as she lay in Prayer, calling upon St Nycho- 
las, whether slepynge or wakeynge she could not 
assure, but about four of the clocke in the mornynge, 
one appered unto her arrayed like a Byshop, and 
naming unto her Edmonde, bad take hyme unto her 
Husbande. And so by this meane she did enclyne 
her mynde unto Edmonde the Kyng's Broder, and 
Erie of Bychemonde ; by whom she was made Mo- 
der of the Kyng that deed is (whose Soule God 
pardon), and Grandame to our Soveraign Lord 
Kynge Henry the 8th, which now by the Grace of 
God governeth the Realm. So what by lynage, 
what by affinite, she had thirty Kings and Queens, 
within the four Degree of marryage unto her ; be- 
sydes Erles, Markyses, Dukes, and Princes. And 
thus much we have spoken of her nobleness. 

Seconde, the blessyd Martha is praysed in chas- 
tysynge her Body by Christen discyplyne, as in ab- 
stynence, fastynge, sharpe Clothes wereing, Chastite, 
with other : which thyng, albeit necessary to every 
Chrysten Person wyllynge x [to be saved,] yet it is 
moche more to be praysed in the nobles, havynge 
this Worldly lybertye ; as it was in this noble Princes 
late deceased ; whome my purpose is not vaynly to 
extol or to magnifye above her merytes, but to the 
edifyinge of other by the example of her. 

I wolde reherce somewhat of her demeanynge 
in this behalve ; her sober temperance in metes and 
1 To entre into y e joyes of Heven, MS. Col. Joh. 



113 



drynkes was known to all them that were conversant 
with her, wherein she lay in as grete wayte of her 
self as ony Person myghte, kepygne alway her 
strayte mesure, and offendynge as lytell as ony crea- 
ture myghte : Eschewynge banketts, Reresoupers, 
joncryes betwixt meles. As for fastynge, for aege 
and feebleness albeit she were not bounde, yet those 
days that by the Chirche were appointed she kept 
them diligently and seriously, and in especyall the 
holy Lent ; throughout that, she restrayned her ap- 
petyte tyl one mele and tyl one Fyshe on the day ; be- 
sydes her other peculer fastes of Devocyon, as St. An- 
thony, Mary Maudelyn, St. Katheryne, with other ; 
and theroweout all the Yere, the Friday and Satur- 
day she full truely observed. As to harde clothes 
wearynge, she had her shertes and gyrdyls of heere, 
which, when she was in helthe, everi weke she fayled 
not certayn days to weare, sometyme the one, some- 
tyme the other, that full often her skynne, as I heard 
her say, was perced therewith. As for chastite, 
though she alway contynued not in her vergynyte, 
yet in her husband's dayes, long time before that he 
deyede, she opteyned of him lycence, and promysed 
to lyve chaste, in the hands of the Reverend Fader, 
my Lorde of London ; which promise she renewed, 
after her husband's dethe, into my hands agayne. 
Whereby it may appere the Dyscyplyne of her body. 
Thirdly, the blessyd Martha is commended in or- 
derynge of her Soul to God, by often knelynges, by 
sorrowful wepynges, and by continuall prayers and 
medytatyons, wherein this noble Prynces somewhat 
8 



114 



toke her part. First in Prayer every daye at her 
uprysynge, which comynly was not long after five of 
the clok, she began certain Devocyons, and so after 
them with one of her Gentlewomen the Matynes of 
our Lady, which kept her to then she came into her 
Closet, where then with her Chaplayne she said also 
Matyns of the Daye ; and after that, dayly herde 
four or fyve Masses upon her knees, so continuing 
in her Prayers and Devocyons unto the hour of 
dyner, which of the etynge day was ten of the Clocke, 
and upon the fastynge day, Eleven. After dyner 
full truely she wolde goe her statyons to thre Aul- 
ters dayly ; dayly her Dyryges and Commendacyons 
she wolde save, and her Even Songs before souper, 
both of the day and of our Lady, besyde many other 
Prayers and Psalters of Davyde thrughout the yeare j 
and at nyghte before she went to bedde she fayled 
not to resort unto her Chappell, and there a large 
quarter. of an houre to occupye her [in] devocyons. 
No mervayle, though all this long time her knelynge 
was to her paynful, and so paynful that many tymes 
it caused in her 2 backe payne and dysease. And 
yet nevertheless dayly, when she was in helthe, she 
fayled not to say the Crowne of our Lady, which, 
after the maner of Rome, conteyneth sixty and thre 
Aves ; and at every Ave to make a knelynge. As 
for Meditacyon, she had divers bokes in Frenshe, 
wherewith she wolde occupye her self when she was 
weary of Prayer. 3 Wherefore dyvers she did trans- 

1 MS. Col. Jo. 

2 Blake, MS. Col. Jo. * Whereof MS. Col. Jo. 



115 

late *out of Frenshe into Englyshe. Her mer- * ^J 2r yr " 

vaylous wepynge they can bere wytness of, which g0,d ^ i 4 th 
here before have herde her confession, which be di- BoJeof the* 
vers and many and at many seasons in the yere, jesuCferyst 
lyghtly every thvrde day : Can also recorde the same, Pynson. 

JO J J J J ^ 1504) 4t0<5 

tho" that were present at ony time when she was 
housylde, which was full nye a dosen tymes every 
yere ; what flodes of teeres there yssued forth of her 
eyes ! She might well say, exitus aquarum dedux- 
erunt oculi mei. And moreover to th'entente all her 
werkes myghte be more acceptable and of greter 
meryte in the syghte of God, such godly things she 
wolde take by obedyence ; which obedyence she 
promised to the forenamed Fader, My Lorde of 
London, for the tyme of his being with her, and af- 
terwards in likewyse unto me ; whereby it may ap- 
pere the dylygent ordre of her soul to God. 

Fourthe, the holy Martha is magnifyed for her 
godly hospytalyte and charytable dealynge to her 
neybours. Moche besyness there is in kepynge hos- 
pitalyte, and therefore our Lorde sayde unto her, 
Martha, Martha, solicita es et turbaris erga plurima. 
The Householde Servants must be put in some good 
ordre ; the straungers of honeste which of their cur- 
tesy resorteth for to vysyte the Soverayne, must be 
considered ; and the suters also, which cometh com- 

* Imprynted at London in Fletestrete at the sygne of the 
Sone by Wynkyn de Worde an. 1522. 8vo. 

5 Enprynted at London in Fletestrete at the Signe of 
Saynt George by Richarde Pynson 4to. (no date, but in the 
Preface Henry the VII. is styled our Soverain Lorde &c.) 
Vid. Append. 

8—2 



116 



pelled by necessytye to seche helpe and socoure in 
their cause, must be herde ; and the poor and nedy 
specyally wolde be releved and comforted. 

First, her owne housholde with mervaylous dy- 
lygence and wysedome this noble Prynces ordered, 
provydyng reasonable statutes and ordynances for 
them, which by her Officers she commanded to be 
rede four tymes a Year. And often tymes by her 
self she wolde so lovyngly courage every of them to 
do well, and some tyme by other meane Persons. 
♦ Bonds ms. Yf ony faccyons or *bendes were made secretly 
amongst her hede Officers, she with grete polycye 
dyde boulte it oute ; and lykewyse if ony stryfe or 
controversy, she wolde with grete discrecyon study 
the reformacyon thereof. For the straungers, 
mervaylous God ! what payn, what labour, she of her 
veray gentleness wolde take with them, to bere them 
maner and Company, and intrete every Person, and 
entertayne them, according to their degree and ha- 
vour ; and provyde, by her own commandement, that 
nothynge sholde lacke that myghte be convenyent 
for them, wherein she had a wonderful redy remem- 
braunce and perfyte knowledge. 

For the Suters, it is not unknowen, how study- 
ously she procured Justyce to be admynystred by a 
longe Season, so longe as she was suffered ; and of 
her owne charges provyded men lerned for the same 
purpose, evenly and indyfferently to here all causes 
and admynyster ryght and justyce to every party, 
which were in no small nombre ; and yet mete and 
drynke was denyed to none of them. 



117 



For the poore Creatures, albeit she did not re- 
ceive into her House our Savyour in his own Per- 
son, as the blessyd Martha dyde, she nevertheless 
receyved them that doth represent his person, of 
whome he sayth himself, Quod uni ex minimis meis 
fecistis, mihi fecistis. Poore folkes to the nombre 
of twelve she dayly and nyghtly kepte in her House, 
gyvynge them lodgynge, mete and drynke and cloth- 
ynge, vysytynge theme as often as she conveniently 
myghte ; and in their sykeness, vysyntynge them and 
comfortynge them, and mynystrynge unto them with 
her owne hands: and when it pleased God to call 
ony of them out of this wretched worlde, she wolde 
be present, to see them departe, and to lerne to deye, 
and lykewyse bring them unto the erthe ; which, as 
Bonaventure affermeth, is of gretter meryte, than if 
she had done all this to the selfe persone of our Sa- 
viour Jhesu. And the other Servants and Mynys- 
ters of our Lord, whom she herde were of ony devo- 
cyon and vertu, full glad she was at all tymes whan 
she myghte gete theyme ; to whome she wolde lyke- 
wyse shew the comforte that she coude. Suppose 
not ye, that yf she myghte have gotten our Savyour 
Jhesu in his owne Persone, but she wolde as desy- 
rously and as fervently have mynystred unto him, as 
ever dyde Martha, when thus moche she dyde untyll 
his servaunts for his sake 3 

Thus it may appere some comparison of the 
blessyd Martha and of this noble Prynces, which 
was the fyrste promysed. 

For the seconde, that is to saye, for the com- 



118 

playning and lamentation that the Soule of this no- 
ble Prynces myghte make for the dethe of her only 
body. It is to be consydered, that often tymes in 
Scripture, the vertuous and holy Faders maketh la- 
mentable exclamatyons against Almyghtye God, for 
that he seemeth to be more indulgent and favorable 
unto the wycked persone, than unto the good lyver. 
The Prophete Davyde sayth in this maner. Zelam 
super iniquos, pacem peccatorum videns, quia non 
est respectus morti eorum, nee firmamentum in plaga 
eorum ; that is to say, It perceth my Stomache, to 
see the rest and ease that Synners often have, it is 
not loked for the dethe of them, nor none abydynge 
stroke or punyshmente falleth upon theme. The 
Prophete Jheremy sayth also eomplayning upon 
God ; Quare via impiorum prosperatur ? bene est 
omnibus qui prevaricantur et inique agunt. Why 
dothe the wicked persones prospere in theyr way ? 
wele it is with all theme that breke the Lawes, and 
do wyckedly. The Prophet Abacuc sayth lykewyse, 
crying upon God; Quare respuis contemptores, et 
Respicis taces, * conculante impio justiorem se f Why look- 

concultante 

* ms. Coi. est thou favourably upon theyme that despyse the, 
and sufferest a Synner to bere down him that is 
more ryghtwyse than he is? And the holy man 
Job ; Quare ergo impii vivunt ? Sublevati sunt, 
confortatiq; dimtiis. Why then be the wycked 
persones sunred for to lyve ? they be set alofte, and 
they be comforted with rychesse. The reason that 
moveth theym thus to murmure and complayn, may 
be this. There is in Almyghty God two vertues 



Jo. 



119 

specyally commended and magnyfyed thoroweout al 
Scrypture, that is to saye, Mercy and Ryghtewys- 
ness ; and both these sholde move him rather to be 
favorable to the good, than unto the badde. Fyrste, 
his mercy sholde move hym there to have pyte and 
compassyon, where is the gretter cause of pyte ; but 
the greyvance, trouble, and vexacyon of the good 
persone hath gretter cause of pyte and is moche 
more pyteous, than of the evyll persone; where- 
fore it may be thought that Almyghtye God, which 
of his own property is mercyful and redy to *gyve JJJJJfjja 
mercy, Deus cui proprium est misereri, he sholde CoL Jo - 
rather shewe his mercy upon the good, than upon 
the badde. And hereunto his ryghtwysness also 
sholde enclyne hym ; for of hys ryghtwysness he 
sholde gyve unto every persone accordynge to his 
deserte; But the goode deserveth rather by theyr 
goodness to have favour shewed unto theym, than 
the badde. Wherefore the holy Faders, seying in 
this World the Wycked in prosperyty and the good 
in trouble and adversyte, make these complayntes 
and exclamacyons above rehersed, against Almyghtye 
God ; and some crye upon him as tho" he were asleep; 
Exurge, quare obdormis Domine ? Some other threpe 
that he hath forgotten theym ; Quare oblivisceris fa* 
opice nostrce, et tribulationis nostrw f Some thinke 
there is no God at all ; Dixit insipiens in corde suo, 
non est Deus. Some weneth at the leest he is ab- 
sente, and asketh, where he is. Ubi est Deus tuus ? 
In this condycyon was the blessyd Woman Mar- 
tha. She knew that our Savyour Jhesu was so good 



120 



and mercyfull, and shewed his goodness generally to 
all persones, she bylyeved faythfully that yf he had 
be present at the dethe of Lazarus her Brother, 
whome for his goodness he loved so moche, he wolde 
not have suffered hym to deye ; and therefore she 
sayde unto hym, Domine si fuisses hie, /rater mens 
nonfwisset mortuus ; that is to say, Syr, yf thou had 
ben presente, my Brother had not ben dede. And 
in lyke maner, the Soul of this noble Prynces, which 
had the Body adjoyned unto it in favour and love, as 
Syster and Brother, It myghte complayn for the 
dethe of the body, sythe every part of the same body 
had ben so occupyed in the servyce of God before. 
Her eyes in wepynges and teares, sometyme of de- 
vocyon, sometyme of repentance ; her eares herynge 
the worde of God and the Devyne Servyce, which 
dayly was kept in her Chappel with grete nombre of 
Preests, Olerckes, and Chyldren, to her grete charge 
and cost ; her tongue occupyed in Prayer moche 
parte of the daye ; her legges and fete in vysytynge 
the Aulters and other holy places, going her statyons 
customably whan she were not let ; her handes in 
gyvynge amies to the poore and nedye, and dressynge 
them also whan they were syke, and mynystrynge 
unto them mete and drynke. These mercyfull and 
lyberall hands to endure the moost paynful cramps, 
so greveously vexynge her and compellynge her to 
crye, Blessyd Jhesu helpe me ! blessyd Lady 
socoure me ! It was a mater of grete pyte. Lyke 
a spere it perced the hertes of all her true Servaunts 
that was about her, and made them crye alsoe of 



121 



Jhesu for helpe and socoure, with grete haboundance 
of teares. But specyally when they saw the dethe 
so hast upon her, and that she must nedes depart 
from them, and they sholde forgoe so gentyll a Mai- 
stris, so tender a Lady, then wept they mervaylously ; 
wept her Ladys and Kyneswomen to whome she was 
full kinde ; wept her poore Gentylwomen whome she 
had loved so tenderly before ; wept her Ohamberers 
to whome she was full deare ; wept her Ohaplayns 
and Preests ; wept her other true and faythfull Ser- 
vants. And who wolde not have wept, that there 
had bene presente 8 All Englonde for her dethe had 
cause of wepynge. The poore Creatures that were 
wonte to receyve her Almes, to whome she was al- 
ways pyteous and mercyfull ; the Studyentes of both 
the Unyversytees, to whom she was as a Moder ; all 
the Learned Men of Englonde, to whome she was a 
veray Patroness ; all the vertuous and devoute per- 
sones, to whome she was as a lovynge Syster; all 
the good relygyous Men and Women, whome she so 
often was wonte to vysyte and comforte ; all good 
Preests and Clercks, to whome she was a true de- 
fendresse ; all the Noblemen and Women, to whome 
she was a Myrroure and Exampler of honoure ; all 
the comyn people of this Realme, for whome she was 
in theyr causes a comyn Medyatryce, and toke right 
grete displeasure for them ; and generally the hole 
Realm hathe cause to complayne and to morne her 
dethe. And all we, consyderynge her gracyous and 
charytable mynde so unyversally, and consyderyng 
the redyness of mercy and pyte in our Savyour Jhe- 



122 

su, may say, by lamentable complaynt of our unwyse- 
dom, unto hym ; A h Domine ! sifuisses Mc — Ah my 
Lorde ! yf thou had ben presente, and had herde 
this sorrowfull cryes of her thy Servaunte, with the 
other lamentable mornynges of her Frendes and Ser- 
vaunts, thou for thy goodness wolde not have suf- 
ficed her to dye : But thou wolde have taken pyte and 
compassion upon her. 

It followeth in the Gospell, by the mouthe of 
Martha, Sed et nunc scio, quia quwcunque poposce- 
ris a Deo, dabit tibi Deus : That is to say, whatso- 
ever thou wilt ask of God thy Fader, I know well 
he will graunte it unto the. Who may doubte, but 
the Son of God, of whome St. Poule sayth, In die- 
bus carnis suw, preces et supplicationes offerens, ex- 
auditus est pro sua reverentia : That is to say, in the 
dayes of his mortalyte when he was mortall here in 
erthe, yet nevertheless he was herde of Almyghtye 
God in his prayer and askynge his Fader, for his 
reverente behavioure : Who may doubte, but much 
rather now he shall be herde, when he is in so glo- 
ryous maner above in Heven ; and there present be- 
fore the face of his Fader for our cause, as sayth 
*inipsum, gt. Poule, Intromit *ipse Coslum, ut appareat mltui 

iVlfe. I Ol. JO« 

Dei pro nobis : He hath entred the Heven, to appere 
before the vysage of his Fader for us, to shew the 
wounds which he dyd suffer for the delyverance of 
us from Syn I Yf in his mortall Body, he prayed 
and asked forgyveness for his Enemyes that crucy- 
fyed hym and cruelly put him unto the dethe, and yet 
nevertheless he opteyned his petycion for them; 



1.23 

nioche rather it is to suppose that he shall opteyne 
his askynge for her, that had so often compassyon 
of his blessyd passyon and dyd bere it so often in 
her remembrance, as dyd this noble Prync"es, than for 
his mortal Enemyes which were many and but vy- 
laynes. He prayed undesyred of ony, he let not so 
to do by the grevous payns of dethe which he there 
suffered ; now therefore he beyng in so grete glory 
above and at all lyberte, yf all we call and crye upon 
hym by prayer for this one Soule of this moost noble 
Prynces, which was his faythfull *and true Ser- JJjg $J£ 
vaunt, who may thinke, but that he for his infynyte Jo ' 
goodness will have mercy thereupon ! We wyll not 
crave upon hym that he shall restore the Body agayn 
to lyfe, as he dyd the body of Lazarus ; we must be 
content with the dethe of it, and lerne thereby to 
prepare our owne Bodyes to the same poynt wythyn 
short tyme. But we shall with moost entyer mindes 
beseche hym to accept that sweete soule to his grete 
mercy, to be parteyner of the everlastyng life with 
hym and with his blessyd Sayntes above in Heven : 
which I pray you all no we Effectually to praye, and 
for her nowe at this tyme moost devoutly to say one 
Pater-Noster. 

Fyrst ye have herde the goodly condycyons of 
this noble Prynces, whome we dyd resemble unto the 
blessyd Woman Martha. Ye have herde also in 
the second place a pyteous complaynt of the parte of 
her Soule for the dethe of her body, made unto our 
Savyour Jhesu. Now will I remember the comfort- 

1 Effectuall MS. Col. Jo. 



124 



able answere of our Mercyfull Savyour agayne unto 
her, whereof we all may be gretely comforted and 
take cause and matere of grete rejoysynge. It fol- 
loweth in the Gospel, Dixit eiJhesus, resurget f rater 
tuus, that is to saye in Englyshe ; Jhesu sayd unto 
her, thy Broder shall ryse agayne. I sayd before 
that, consyderynge the love and anryte that is be- 
twixe the Soule and the Body, they may be thoughte 
to be as Broder and Syster. A trouth it is, the 
Souls that be hens departed out of theyr Bodyes, 
have nevertheless a natural desyre and appetyte to 
be knytte and joyned with theym agayn ; which 
thyng not onely the Theologyens wytnesse, but the 
Phylosophers also. A grete comfort then it is unto 
the Soule that hath so longynge desire unto the 
Body, to here that the Body shall ryse agayn ; and 
specyally in the maner and forme of rysynge, where- 
of St. Poule speketh in this wyse ; Seminatur in 
corruptione, surget in incorruptione, seminatur in ig- 
nobilitate, surget in gloria, seminatur in infirmitate, 
surget in mriute, seminatur corpus animate, surget 
corpus spirituale. Foure condycyons the Body hathe 
whan it dyeth and is put into the grounde. Fyrste, 
it anone begynneth to putrefye, and resolve into foule 
corruptyon ; the ayre dothe aulter it, the grounde 
dothe moyste it, the wormes doth brede of it, and 
fede also. Second, It is vyle, and lothely to beholde, 
and ryghte ungoodly to the syghte. Thyrde, It is 
unweldy, and not of power to styre it selfe, or to be 
convayed from place to place. Fourth, It is so 
grosse that it occupyeth a rowme and kepeth a place, 



125 



and letteth other Bodyes to be presente in the same 
place. Agaynst these foure, the Bodyes 1 [of them 
that shall be saved,] shall take at theyr rysynge 
agayn foure other excellent gyftes. 

Agaynst the fyrst, It shall be in the condycyon 
that neyther the ayre, ne the water, ne fyre, ne knyfe, 
nor wepen, nor stroke, nor sekeness shall anoy it. 
Agaynst the second, It shall ryse bryght and glo- 
ryous, and in the moost goodly and beauteous ma- 
nere. Agaynst the thyrde, It shall be more nymble 
and more redy to be convayed to ony place where 
the Soule wolde have it, then is any swalowe. 
Agaynst the fourthe, It shall be subtyle that it shall 
perce thorowe the stone walles, without ony anoy- 
ance of them. This shall be a farre dyfference, and 
a grete dyversyte of her body as she had it before, 
and as she shall in conclusion receyve it agayn. But 
yet me thynke I se what the Soule of this noble 
Pryncesse may answere agayn, somewhat to lesse 
and to mynyshe this disconfort, after the same maner 
that Martha dyde answere unto our Savyour Jhesu, 
Scio quod resurget in resurrectione in novissimo die : 
That is to say, I know well that it shall ryse agayn 
in the last daye of the generall resurrectyon ; but 
that is farre hens, that is long to come ; Et spes quce 
difertur, affligit animam, and the hope of a thynge 
delayed tormenteth the Soule in the meane tyme. 
Therefore our Savyour more comfortable answereth 
to her agayn, and sayth in this maner ; Ego sum re- 
surrectio et vita, that is, I am, sayth he, the veray 
1 Desunt MS. Col. Joh. 



126 



cause of raysynge of the Body, and I am also the 
veray cause of lyfe unto the Soule ; as who say, tho 1 
the rysynge of the Body be delayed for a season, the 
Soule nevertheless shall for the meane tyme have a 
pleasaunte and a sweet lyfe ; a lyfe full of comforte, 
a lyfe full of joye and pleasure, a lyfe voyde of all 
sorrow and encombrance ; a lyfe not lyke unto the 
lyfe of this wretched Worlde which is alway enter- 
melled with moche bitterness, either with sorows, 
eyther with dredes, or elles with perylles. In hoc 
mwfhdo non dolere, non timere, non periclitari impos- 
sible est, sayth St. Austyn. It is impossible to lyve 
in this worlde, and not to sorowe, not to drede, not 
to be in peryl. This same noble Prynces, yf she 
had contynued in this world, she sholde dayly have 
herde and sene mater and cause of sorow, as well in 
her self as in her Frendes peraventure. Her body 
dayly sholde have waxen more unweldy, her syghte 
sholde have be derked, and her herynge sholde have 
dulled more and more, her legges sholde have fayled 
her by and by, and all the other partys of her body 
waxe more erased every daye ; which thynges sholde 
have ben mater to her of grete discomforte. And 
albeyt these thynges had not fallen to her forthwith, 
yet she sholde have lyved alwaye in a drede and a 
fere of theym. 

Dare I saye of her, she never yet was in that 
prosperity, but the greter it was, the more alwaye 
she dredde the adversyte. For when the Kynge her 
Son was Crowned, in all that grete tryumphe and 
glorye she wept mervaylously ; and lykewyse at the 



127 



grete tryumphe of the marryage of Prynce Arthur, 
and at the last Coronacyon, whereyn she had full 
grete joy, she let not to saye that some adversyte 
wolde folio we. So that eyther she was in sorowe by 
reason of the present adversytes ; or else whan she 
was in prosperyte, she was in drede of the adversyte 
for to come. I pass over the perylles and daungers 
innumerable which dayly and hourly myghte have 
happed unto her, whereof this lyfe is full, and there- 
fore St. Gregory sayth, Vita hcec terrena, wternce 
mtw comparata, mors est potius dicenda, quam vita ; 
and for that cause, who that ones hath tasted the 
pleasures of that lyfe, this is unto them a veraye 
dethe for ever after. Example of Lazarus, which 
after that he was restored to the myseryes of this 
lyfe agayn, he never lough, but was in contynuall 
hevyness and pensyfness. 

Now therefore wolde I aske you this one ques- 
tyon ; were it not suppose ye, all thys consydered, a 
metely thynge for us to desyre to have this noble 
Prynces here amongst us agayn \ To forgo the joy- 
ous lyfe above, to wante the presence of the gloryous 
Trynyte whome she so longe hath soughte and ho- 
noured, to leve that moost noble Kyngdome, to be 
absente from the moost blessyd company of Saintes 
and ' Saintesses ; and hether to come agayn, to be 
wrapped and endaungered with the myseres of this 
wretched Worlde, with the paynfull Dyseases of her 
Aege, with the other encomberaunces that dayly 
happeth in this myserable lyfe. Were this a reason- 

• Deest MS. Col. Jo. 



128 



able request of our partye I Were thys a kynde de- 
syre ? were this a gentle wyshe \ that where she hath 
bene so kynde and lovynge a Maystresse unto us, all 
we sholde more regard our own profiytes then her 
more syngular wele and comforte. The Moder that 
hath so grete affectyon unto her Sone, that she wyll 
not suffer hym to departe from her to his promocyon 
and furtheraunce, but alway kepe him at home, more 
regardynge her owne pleasure than his wele, were 
not she an unkynde and ungentyle Moder? Yes 
verayly. Let us therefore thynke our moost lovynge 
Maystresse is gone hens for her promocyon, for her 
grete furtheraunce, for her moost wele and proufyte ; 
and herein comforte us, herein rejoyse our self, and 
thanke Almyghtye God which of his infynnyte mercy 
so gracyously hath dysposed for her. 

But ye will say unto me, Syr, yf we were sure 
of this, we wolde not be sory, but be ryght hertely 
glad and joyous therefore. As for suerte, veray 
suerte cannot be had but only by the revelacyon of 
God Almyghty ; nevertheless as far as by Scrypture 
this thynge can be assured, in the end of thys Gos- 
pell followingly is made by our Savyour a stronge 
Argument, almost demonstratyve of this same thynge. 
The Argument is thys, every persone that putteth 
theyr full truste in Cryst Jhesu, albeit they be deed 
in theyr Bodyes, yet shall they nevertheless have lyfe 
in theyr Soules ; and that lyfe that never shall have 
ende. But thys noble Prynces she put her full truste 
in Cryste Jhesu, verayly beleyvynge that he was the 
Son of God and came into thys worlde for the re- 



129 



dempcyon of Synners ; wherefor it must necessaryly 
folowe that, albeit her Body be deed, her Soule is in 
the joyous lyfe that never shall cease. The fyrst 
parte of thys Argument foloweth in the Gospel, Qui 
credit in me, etiamsi mortuus /tier it, vivet> That is 
to say, who that fully trusteth in Cryste Jhesu, al- 
beit they be deed in theyr bodyes, they nevertheless 
shall lyve in theyr Soules. But yet we wante a ly- 
tell. I sayd more than thys ; I sayd, that lyfe shall 
never have ende ; and for thys also it foloweth, Et 
omnis qui vivit et credit in me, non morietur in eter- 
num. That is to say, every Persone that hathe thys 
lyfe and thys full truste in Jhesu, shall never dye : 
So here appereth well the fyrst part of our Argu- 
ment. For the seconde parte nowe, that this noble 
Prynces had full fayth in Jhesu Cryste, It may 
appere, yf ony wyll demande thys questyon of her 
that our Savyour demanded of Martha ; he sayd to 
her, Credis hwc ? Bylevist thou this I what is that, 
that this Gentlewoman wolde not byleve \ she that 
ordeyned two contynuall Reders in both the Uny- 
versytyes to teche the holy Dyvynyte of Jhesu ; she 
that ordeyned Prechers perpetuall to publysh the 
Doctrine and faythe of Ohryste Jhesu; she that 
buylded a College Royall to the honour of the name 
of Cryste Jhesu, and left tyll her Executours ano- 
ther to be buylded, to mayntayn his fayth and doc- 
tryne. Besyde all thys, founded in the Monastery 
of Westmynster, where her body lyeth, thre Prestes 
to pray for her perpetually. She whome I have many 
tymes herde saye that yf the Crysten Prynces wolde 
9 



130 

have warred upon the Enemyes of his fayth, she 
wolde be glad yet to go folowe the Hoost and helpe 
to washe theyr clothes, for the love of Jhesu. She 
that openly dyd wytness this same thynge at the 
houre of her dethe, which sayinge divers here pre- 
sente can recorde ; How hertly she answered, whan 
the holy Sacrament contaynyng the Blessyd Jhesu 
in it was holden before her, and the questyon made 
untyll her, whether she byleved that there was 
verayly the Son of God that suffered his blessyd 
passyon for her and for all Mankynde upon the 
Crosse ? Many here can bere recorde, how with all 
her herte and soule she raysed her body to make 
answere thereunto, and confessed assuredly that in 
that Sacrament was conteyned Chryst Jhesu, the 
Sone of God, that dyed for wretched Synners upon 
the Crosse, in whome holly she putte her truste and 
confidence. These same wordes almoost, that 
Martha confessed in the end of thys Gospell. Ego 
credidi, quia tu es Christus films Dei, qui in mun- 
dum venisti, that is to save, I have byleved that 
thou art Cryste the Son of God which came into 
thys worlde. And so sone after that she was ane- 
led, she departed, and yelded up her Spyryte into 
the handes of our Lorde. 

Who may not now take evydent lykelyhode and 

conjecture upon thys, that the soule of thys noble 

woman which so studyously in her lyfe was occupyed 

in good werkes, and with a faste fayth of Cryste 

„ „. . .. and the Sacraments of his Chirche, was defended 

* Hir death ' 

and ms. coi. m ggjj ^q^yq f *departynge out from the bodye ; 



131 

was borne up into the Country above with the blessyd 
Aungells deputed and ordeyned to that holy Mys- 
tery? For yf the herty prayer of many persones, 
yf her owne contynuall prayer in her lyfe tyme, yf 
the Sacraments of the Chirche orderly taken, yf 
* Indulgences and pardons graunted by divers Popes, J^jjjj" 
yf true repentaunce and teeres, yf fayth and devo- MS - Co1- Jo# 
cyon in Cryste Jhesu, yf charyte to her neygbours, 
yf pyte upon the poore, yf forgyvenesse of injuryes, 
or yf good werkes be avaylable as doubtless they be, 
grete lyklyhode and almoost certayn conjecture we 
may take by them, and all these, that so it is in 
dede. 

Therefore put we asyde all wepynge and teeres, 
and be not sad, ne hevy as Men withouten hope ; 
but rather be we gladde and joyous, and eche of us 
herein comfort other ; alwaye praysynge and mag- 
nyfyenge the name of our Lorde, to whome be laude 
and honoure endlesly. Amen. 



Thus endeth this lamentable Mornynge, En- 
prynted at London in Fletestrete, at the Sygne of 
the Sonne, by Wynkyn de Worde. 



9—2 



Ci)ts ^ermon foloUnmgc 

tDaa rompjjlrtr aatr saptr in tt)f (Catljf&raa 

(£!)r>rrf)c of rapnt ftoulf ixittfjtn tfje 

epte of %onDon, f>p tije rpgflt 

reuerenlie ^Fairer in <fl*o& 

Jofm Kyssftop of Bolster; 

tfif liotr|) lirpnge prcsrnt of tfje moost 
famouse prpnce 

Bang* f&ntt» tfie U1BL 

t J)e x« Day of lit apr tf)r pere of our ?lorD <£ o& 

Mttjtcf) Sermon toad enprpnteti at tfjr 

*pec$all request of tfjr Upgfjt 

excellent primcegs 

fttotirr unto tfte aaptr noWe prpnce, anti 
Country of lijjrijemonfce and Derfcin 



'But that that was truely divine in him, was, that he 
had the fortune of a True Christian, as well as of a great 
King, in Hying exercised, and dying repentant. So as he 
had an happie warrefare in both conflicts, both of sinne, and 
the crosse. Hee was borne at Pembrooke Castle, and lyeth 
buried at Westminster, in one of the statelyest and daintiest 
Monuments of Europe, both for the Chappell, and for the 
Sepulcher. So that he dwelleth more richly Dead, in the 
monument of his Tomb 1 , then hee did Alive in Richmond, 
or any of his Palaces. I could wish he did the like, in this 
Monument of his Fame/ 

Conclusion of Lord Bacon's Historie of the Raigne of 
King Henry the Seventh. 



135 



Dilexi, <Sfc. 



For as moche as this honorable audyence now is 
here assembled to prosecute the funeral observaunces 
and ceremonyes aboute this most noble pry nee, late 
our kynge and soverayne, kynge Henry the seventh ; 
and all be it I knowe well myne unworthynes and 
unhabylytees to this so grete a mater, yet for my 
most bounden duty, and for his gracyous favour and 
synguler benefeytes exhybyte unto me in this lyfe, 
I woulde now, after his deth, ryght affectuously some 
thynge saye, wherby your charytees the rather myght 
have his soule recommended. And to that purpose 
I wyll entreate the fyrst psalme of the dirige ; which 
psalme was wryten of the holy kynge and prophete, 
kynge Davyd, comfortynge hym after his grete falles 
and trespasses agenst almighty God ; and redde in 
the chyrche in the funerall obsequyes of every crysten 
persone whan that he dyeth. And specially it may 
be redde in the persone of this moost noble prynce ; 
for in it is comprysed all that is to be sayd in this 
mater ; and in the same ordre, that the seculer ora- 
tours have in theyr funerall oracyons moost dyly- 
gently observed, whiche resteth in iii poyntes. Fyrst, 
in the commendacyon of hym that deed is. Seconde, 
in a styrynge of the herers to have compassyon upon 
hym. And Thyrde, in a comfortynge of them agayne. 



y 



n 



136 

Whiche three be done by ordre in this same psalme, 
as by the grace of our Lorde it may here after ap- 
pere. 

Fyrst, as touchynge his laude and commenda- 
cyon, let no man thynke that myn entent is for to 
prayse hym for ony vayne transytory thynges of this 
lyfe ; whiche, by the example of hym, all kynges and 
prynces may lerne how slydynge, how slyppery, how 
faylyng they be. All be it he had as moche of 
them, as was possyblein maner for ony kynge to have. 
His polytyque Wysedome in governaunce it was syn- 
guler ; his Wytte alway quycke and redy ; his rea- 
son pyththy and substancyall ; his memory fresshe 
and holdynge ; his experyence notable ; his coun- 
seylles fortunate and taken by wyse delyberacyon ; 
his speche gracyous in dyverse languages ; his per- 
sone goodly and amyable ; his naturall compleccyon 
of the purest myxture ; his yssue fayre and in good 
nombre. Leages and confyderyes he hadde with 
all crysten prynces ; his mighty power was dredde 
every where, not onely within his realme, but with- 
out also ; his people were to hym in as humble sub- 
jeccyon, as ever they were to kynge ; his lande many 
a daye in peas and tranquyllyte ; his prosperyte in 
batayle agenst his enemyes was mervaylous ; his de- 
lynge in tyme of perylles and daungers was colde 
and sobre, with grete hardyness. If ony treason 
were conspyred agenst hym, it came out wonder- 
fully ; his treasour and rychesse incomparable ; his 
buyldynges mooste goodly, and after the newest 
castall of pleasure. 



137 



But what is all this now as unto hym ? All be 
hut fumus et umbra ; a smoke that soone vanyssh- 
eth, and a shadowe soone passynge awaye. Shall I 
prayse hym than for theym ? Nay forsothe. The 
grete wyse man Solon, whan that the kynge Cresus 
hadde shewed unto hym all his gloryous state and 
condycyon that he was in, as touchynge the thynges 
above rehersed, he wolde not afferme that he was 
blessyd for all that, but sayd expectandus est finis, 
the ende is to be abyded and loked upon. Wherein 
he sayd full trouth, all be it peraventure not as he 
entended. But verely a trouth it is, in the ende is 
all togyder; a good ende and a gracyous conclusyon 
of the lyf maketh all ; and therefore Senec in his 
epystles sayth bonum vite clausulam impone, in ony 
wyse make a good conclusyon of thy lyfe ; whiche 
thynge I may conferme by holy letters. In the pro- 
phete Ezechiel, it is wryten and spoken by the mouth 
of God in this maner, justicia justi non liberabit 
eum in quacunque die peccaverit, et impietas impii 
non nocebit ei in quacunque die conversus fuerit ah 
impietate sua ; that is to say, yf the ryghtwyse man 
have lyved never soo vertuously, and in the ende of 
his lyf commytte one deedly synne, and so departe, 
all his ryghtwyse delynge before shal not defende 
hym from everlastyngedampnacyon; and in contrary 
wyse, yf the synfull man have lyved never soo wretch- 
edly in tymes paste, yet in the ende of his lyfe, yf he 
retourne from his wyckednes unto God, all his wyck- 
ednes before shall not let hym to be saved. Let noo 
synner presume of this to doo amysse, or to conty- 



138 



nue the longer in his synne ; for of suche presumers, 
scante one amonges a thousande cometh unto this 
grace, but the deth taketh them or they be ware. 
Letnoo man also murmure agenst this, for this is the 
grete treasour of the mercy of almyghty God ; and 
agenst suche murmures is suffycyently answered in 
the same place. For what sholde become of ony of 
usne, were not this grete mercy ? Quis potest dicer e 
mundum est cor meum, innocens ego sum a peccato ? 
who maye saye (sayth Ecclesiasticus) myn herte is 
clene, I am innocent and gyltles of synne ? As who 
sayth, noo man may speke this worde. Whan than 
all men have in theyr lyfe trespassed agenst almyghty 
God, I may well saye that he is gracyous that 
maketh a blessyd ende. And to that purpose saynt 
John in the appocalyps sayth, beati mortui qui in 
domino moriuntur, blessyd are tho whiche have made 
vertuous ende and conclusyon of theyr lyfe in our 
Lorde ; whiche verily I suppose this moost noble 
prynce hath done, the profe wherof shall stande in 

a ^foure poyntes. The fyrst is a true tournynge of his 
soule from this wretched worlde unto the love of al- 
myghty God. Seconde is a fast hope and confy- 
dence that he had in prayer. Thyrde a stedfast by- 
leve of God, and of the sacramentes of the chyrche. 
Fourth in a dylygent askynge of mercy in the tyme 
of mercy; which four poyntes by ordre be expressed 
in the fyrst parte of this psalme. As to the fyrst, 
at the begynnynge of Lent last passed he called 

' unto hym his confessour, a man of synguler wys- 
dome, lernynge, and vertue, by whose assured in- 



139 



struccyon I speke this that I shall saye. This noble 
prynce, after his confessyon made with all dylygence 
and grete repentaunce, he promysed thre thynges ; 
that is to saye, a true reformacyon of al them that 
were oflycers and mynystres of his lawes, to the en- 
tent that justyce from hensforwarde truly and indyf- 
ferently myght be executed in all causes. An other, 
that the promocyons of the chyrche that were of his 
dysposycyon, sholde from hens forth be dysposed to 
able men suche as were vertuous and well lerned. 
Thyrde, that as touchynge the daungers and jeopar- 
dyes of his lawes, for thynges done in tymes passed, 
he wolde graunte a pardon generally unto all his 
people. Which three thynges he let not openly to 
speke to dyverse as dyd resort e unto hym. And 
many a tyme unto his secrete servauntes he sayd 
that, yf it pleased God to sende hym lyfe, they 
sholde se hym a newe chaunged man. Ferther- 
more, with all humblenes he recognysed the syngu- 
ler and many benefeytes that he had receyved of al- 
myghty God, and with grete repentaunce and mer- 
vaylous sorowe accused hymselfe of his unkyndnes 
towardes hym ; specyally that he no more fervently 
had procured the honoure of God, and that he had 
no more dylygently performed the wyll and pleasure 
of hym ; wherin he promysed by the grace of God 
an assured amendement. Who may suppose but that 
this man had veryly set his herte and love upon 
God ; or who may thynke that in his persone may 
not be sayd Dilexi, that is to saye, I have set my 
love on my Lorde God I Kynge David that wrote 



140 



this psalrae, all be it he had ben an avoutrer and 
murdrer also, yet with one worde spekynge his herte 
was chaunged, sayenge Peccavi. This kynge sayd 
and confessed it many tymes with grete sorowe and 
grete repentaunce, promisynge fully a true amende- 
ment of all his lyf . Wherfore in his persone it may 
also be sayd Dilexi, that is to say, I have turned 
myn herte and love unto God. The cause of this 
love was the fast hope that he alway had before in 
prayer. It is not unknowen the studyous and desy- 
rous mynde that he had unto prayer, whiche he pro- 
cured of relygyous and seculers chyrche throughout 
his realme. In all the chirches of Englonde dayly 
his collecte was sayd for hym. Besydes that dy- 
verse yeres aboute Lent, he sente money to be dys- 
trybuted for x. M. masses peculeer to be sayd for 
hym. Over this, was in his realme noo vertuous 
man that he might be credyble enfourmed of, but 
he gave hym a contynuall remembraunce yerely to 
praye for hym, some x. marke, some x. li. ; besydes 
his yerely and dayly almes to the prysoners and the 
other poore and nedy. For the whiche it may be 
thought undoutedly that he had grete hope and 
confydence in prayer ; whiche prayer and confydence 
therin, no doubte of, was cause of the very tournynge 
of his soule to the faste love of God. 
23 And for that he sayth, Dilexi quoniam exaudiet 
dominus, I love bycause I had an hope that my 
Lorde sholde gracyously here me ; but what shall 
he here? Vocem deprecationis mee. The voyce of 
a prayer maketh it more audyble. A softe brest 



141 

may not be herde ferre of ; his prayer therf ore was 
holpen with all theyrs that prayed with hym and for 
hym; and theyr prayer was as the voyce of hym, 
whiche was soo grete that it muste nedes be herde. 
Impossibile est multorum preces non exaudiri, sayth 
Saynt Austyn ; that is to saye, the prayer of many 
can not be but herde. One of the kynges of Juda 
whose name was Menasses, after many grete ab- 
homynacyons and outrages agenst almyghty God, 
as it appereth in the fourth boke of the kynges, 
and in the seconde of Paralipomenon, he prayed 
unto hym for mercy with true repentaunce, and 
mercy was gyven unto hym. If this soo grete a 
synner for his owne prayer were herde of God, how 
may we doubte but where so grete a nombre prayeth 
for one as dyd for our late Kynge and Souerayne, 
but that all the nombre shall be herde ! Quin ex- 
audiet Dominus vocem deprecationis mee. The cause 
of this hope was true byleve that he had in God, in 
his chirche, and in the sacramentes therof, whiche 
he receyued all with mervaylous devocion ; namely 
in the sacrament of penaunce, the sacrament of the 
auter, and the sacrament of anelynge. The sacra- 
ment of penaunce, with a mervaylous compassyon 
and flowe of teres, that at some tyme he wepte and 
sobbed by the space of thre quarters of an houre. 
The sacrament of the auter he receyved at Mydlent, 
and agayne upon Eesterday, with so grete reverence 
that all that were present were astonyed therat; for 
at his first entre in to the closet where the sacrament 
was, he toke of his bonet, and kneled downe upon 



142 



his knees, and so crept forth devoutly tyl he came 
unto the place selfe where he receyved the sacra- 
ment. Two dayes nexte before his departynge, he 
was of that feblenes that he myght not receyve it 
agayn ; yet nevertheless he desyred to se the mon- 
straunt wherin it was conteyned. The good fader, 
his confessour, in goodly maner as was convenyent, 
brought it unto hym ; he with suche a reverence, 
with so many knockynges and betynges of his brest, 
with so quycke and lyfely a countenaunce, with so 
desyrous an harte, made his humble obeysaunce 
therunto ; with soo grete humblenes and devocyon 
kyssed, not the selfe place where the , blessed body 
of our Lorde was conteyned, but the lowest parte of 
the fote of the monstraunt, that all that stode aboute 
hym scarsly myght conteyne them from teres and 
wepynge. The Sacrament of anelynge, whan he 
wel perceyved that he began utterly to fayle, he de- 
syrously asked therfore, and hertely prayed that it 
myght be admynystred unto hym; wherein he made 
redy and offred every parte of his body by ordre, and 
as he myght for weykenes turned himselfe at every 
tyme, and answered in the suffrages therof. That 
same day of his departynge, he herde masse of the 
gloryous virgin the moder of Cryste, to whome al- 
waye in his lyfe he had a synguler and specyal 
devocyon. The ymage of the crucyfyxe many a 
tyme that daye full devoutly he dyd beholde with 
grete reverence, lyftynge up his heed as he myght, 
holdynge up his handes before it, and often enbra- 
synge it in his armes, and with grete devocion kyss- 



143 



ynge it, and betynge ofte his brest. Who may thynke 
that in this maner was not perfyte fayth? Who may 
suppose that by this maner of delynge, he faythfully 
beleved not that the eere of almighty God was open 
unto hym, and redy to here hym crye for mercy ; 
and assystent unto these same sacramentes whiche 
he soo devoutly receyved? And therfore in his 
persone it may be sayd, Quia indinavit aurem suam 
michi. For the fourth poynt, whiche was a dylygent 
askynge of mercy in the tyme of mercy, it foloweth, 
Et in diebus meis invocam ; that is to saye, and in 
my dayes I have called for mercy. Whiche were 
his dayes ? verily all the tyme of his lyfe. As longe 
as a man lyveth in this mortall lyfe, and truly calleth 
upon almyghty God for mercy, he may trust as- 
suredly to have it. So it appereth by Saynt John 
in the Appocalyps, sayenge, Ecce dedi illi tempus 
ut poenitentiam ageret, I have gyven hym tyme to 
repente hym. And all this tyme Almyghty God 
mercyfully abydeth the retourne of the synner, to 
the entent he may have mercy upon hym ; as it is 
wryten in the prophete Esaye, Expectat ws deus, 
ut misereatur mstri. There is no parte of his lyfe 
but a synner, yf he truly call for mercy, he may 
have it, wytnessynge the prophete Ezechiel, Impietas 
impii non nocebit ei in quacunque die aversus fuerit 
ah impietate sua. In what daye soever the synner 
tourneth hym from his synne, his synne shall not 
noye hym; moche rather than, yf he do it many 
dayes, and specyally those dayes that be to almyghty 
God moost acceptable, as be the dayes of Lent ; of 



7 



144 



whome the chyrche redeth, Ecce nunc tempus accep- 
table, ecce nunc dies salutis. This is the tyme ac- 
ceptable, these be the dayes of helth and mercy ; 
than for all penytentes the hole chyrche maketh 
specyall prayer. Wherfore it is veryly to be trusted 
that so true a turnynge to the love of God, despys- 
ynge this worlde ; so fast an hope in prayer, so ferme 
a byleve in the sacramentes of the chyrche, and so 
devoute a receyvynge of them ; so many lyftynge up 
of his eyen, so many betynges and knockynges of 
his brest, so many syghes, so many teres, so many 
callynges for mercy, by all that gracyous tyme, by 
all the hole lente, with the helpe of the hole chyrche 
than prayenge for hym, coude not be in vayne ; for 
the whiche, as I sayd before, he thus departynge 
made, I doubte not, a gracyous ende and conclusyon 
of his lyf, whiche was the fyrst parte promysed. 

The seconde parte of this psalme I sayd sholde 
styre us to have compassyon and pyte upon this moost 
noble kynge ; and that for a lamentable and pyteous 
complayntfolowynge, whiche resteth in foure poyntes. 
Fyrste, touchynge the sorowes of deth in his body. 
Seconde, touchynge the dredes of his Jugement in 
his soule. Thyrde, touchynge the miseryes of this 
worlde, full of labour and grevaunce. Fourth, touch- 
ynge his sorowfull crye to God for helpe and socour. 
As to the fyrst, it is sayd, Circumdederumt me dolores 
mortis, The sorowes of deth hath envyrouned me. 
When we here a lamentable complaynt of ony per- 
sone that is in sorowe or hevynesse, yf there be in 
our hertes ony gentylnes or pyte, it wyll move us to 



145 

compassyon, though he were ryght symple and of 
poore and lowe degree ; moche rather yf it were 
some noble man, whiche of late had ben in grete 
prosperyte, but moost of all our Lord and soue- 
rayne ; that shold perse our hertes with sorowe, to 
here hym lamentably complayne of ony of his sorow- 
full grevaunces. And what can be more sorowful 
and more paynful than be the payne, and sorowes 
of deth ? Mors omnium terribilissima, sayth Arys- 
totle. And why is deth so ferefull, but for the 
grevous paynes that are in it? There is so grete 
an amyte bytwene the soule and the body, and so 
surely a joyned knotte and bonde, that dyssever- 
aunce of them is to paynfull ; which thynge appered 
well in our savyour cryst Jhesu, where he, remem- 
brynge the nyghnesse of his deth, complayned hym 
unto his apsotles, sayenge, Tristis est anima meet, 
usque ad mortem. And after, for the very drede of 
the paynes, was in so grete agony of body and soule, 
that he swette water and blode for the only remem- 
braunce. He then that is wrapped in dede in the 
very sorowes and paynes of deth, he feleth moche 
grevaunce ; specyally yf his body be delycate, and 
he of tender and sensyble nature, as was this noble 
kynge. Let us therfore tender his complaynt say- 
enge in this maner, Circumdederunt me dolores mor- 
tis, that is to say, the bytter sorowes of deth have 
envyroned me on every parte ; not onely one sorowe, 
but many sorowes, dolores; and many sorowes of 
deth whiche is moost paynfull, dolores mortis ; not 
touched hym or pynched hym, but on every parte 1 
10 



146 



hath assayled and oppressed him, circumdederunt 
me. And that no shorte whyle, but by longe con- 
tynuaunce, by the space of xxvii houres togyder ; so 
longe I understonde he laye contynually abidynge 
the sharpe assautes of deth ; and therfore he sayth 
pyteously complaynynge, circumdederimt me dolores 
mortis. Secondly, as touchinge his soule, in what 
agony suppose ye that was, not for the drede of deth 
onely, but for the drede of the jugement of almighty 
God ? For all be it he myght have grete confydence, 
by the reason of his true conversyon unto God, and 
by the sacramentes of Oryste's Ohyrche whiche he 
with full grete devocyon had receyved before, yet 
was not he without a drede ; Nemo nomt an sit odio 
an amove dignus, there is no man be he never so 
perfyte, oneles he have it by revelacyon, that know- 
eth certaynly wheder he be in the state of grace or 
no; for of an other maner be the jugementes of 
God, than of men. And the holy abbot Hely sayd 
lykewyse, Thre things, said he, there be that I 
moche drede ; one is, what tyme my soule shall de- 
parte out of my body ; an other is, when I shall be 
presented before my juge ; the thyrde is, what sen- 
tence he shal gyve, wheder with me, or ayenst me. 
If these holy faders, whiche had forsaken this worlde,' 
and had lyved so vertuously, were in this fere, no 
mervayle though this grete man, which had so moche 
worldly besynes and dayly occupied in the causes 
therof, noo mervayle though he were in grete fere ; 
and therof he complayneth, sayenge, Et pericula 
in/erni invenerunt me, that is to saye, and the pe- 



147 



rylles of hell dyd fynde me. Who 1 that wyl not 
make his remembraunce famuler with them before, 
and often set them before the eye of his soule, they 
shall, at the houre of deth, in more terryble maner 
ofire theymselfe unto his mynde; even as ye se 
these wood dogges, these grete mastyves that be 
tyed in chaynes, unto suche as often vysyte theym 
they be more gentyll and easy, but to the straungers 
whiche have none acquayntaunce of theym, they ra- 
gyously and furiously gape and ryse ayenst them as 
they wolde devoure them. Et pericula inferni in- 
venermt me. Thyrdeley, touchynge these worldly 
pleasures wherin men set grete parte of theyr com- 
forte bothe in body and soule, he had than full 
lytell comforte or pleasure in them, but rather dys- 
comforte and sorowe; al his goodly houses so rychely 
dekte and appareyled, his walles and galaryes of 
grete pleasure, his gardynes large and wyde with 
knottes curyously wrought, his orcheyardes set with 
vines and trees moost dilicate, his mervaylous 
rychesse and treasoure; his metes and drynkes, were 
they never so dilycately prepared, might not than 
helpe hym, but rather were paynfull to hym; so 

» Whoso him bethoft 
Inwardly and oft, 
How hard it were to flit 
From bed unto the pit, 
From pit unto pain 
That nere shall cease again, 
He would not do one sin 
All the world to win. 
Quoted in a note to Bp. Jeremy Taylor's Holy Dying. 

10—2 



148 



moche, that longe before his deth, his mete was to 
hym so lothsome (were it never so dilycately pre- 
payred,) that many a time he sayd, but onely to 
folowe counseyle, he wold not for all this world re- 
ceyve it. Wherin he well perceyved the myseryes 
of this wretched worlde. Thanlo he had experience 
of that, that, longe tyme before, the grete and wyse 
Salamon reported in his boke Ecclesiastes ; Quum- 
que me vertissem ad universa opera que fecerunt ma- 
nus mee, et ad labores in quibus frustra sudaveram, 
mdi in omnibus vanitatem et afflictionem animi. 
That is to saye, whan I had tourned my remem- 
braunce to all that I had ordeyned, and to the la- 
bours wherin I swette in vayne, I founde in them all 
but vanyte, and tourmentry of soule. This conclu- 
syon our late kynge and soverayne full truly than 
had lerned, and the vayne troubles and laboures 
whiche many take for this wretched worlde; wherin, 
as I sayd, full lytell pleasure than he had, but moche 
displeasure and sorowe ; wherfore it foloweth in his 
complaynt, tribulationem et dolorem invent. 

The fourth percell of his complaynt, is a lament- 
able crye unto almyghty God for helpe and socoure ; 
for whan he sawe playnly that noo where elles was 
ony socoure or comforte, the cruell assautes of deth 
was fyers and sharpe ayenst hym, the daungerous 
perylles whether he sholde become was importunely 
grevous, all this worlde and worldly pleasures were 
to hym unswete and full dyspleasaunt; therfore with 
al his myght and power he cryed upon the name of 
our Lord, for the whiche name is promysed by saynt 



149 



Poule, Omnis quicwique invocaverit nomen domini y 
salvus erit, That is, who soever call upon the name 
of our Lorde, he shall be safe. He therfore full 
besyly, full studyously, full ernestly called upon that 
blessyd name for socour and helpe ; and so it folow- 
eth in the psalme, Et nomen domini invocavi. O 
my blessyd Jhesu ! O my moost mercyfull Jhesu ! 
my Lorde and Creatour Jhesu ! Domine libera 
animam meam ! my Lorde delyver my soule, de- 
lyver my soule from the myseryes of this worlde, 
delyver my soule from these deedly paynes, delyver 
my soule from this corruptyble body, delyver my 
soule from the bondes of synne, delyver my soule 
from my mortall enemyes, delyver my soule from 
the daungers of everlastynge deth ! Domine libera 
animam meam ! A my lordes and Maysters, let 
this pyteous and lamentable complaynt of hym that 
of late was your kynge and souerayne, let it entre 
and synke into your brestes. Scrypture there unto 
dooth move you, sayenge this wyse, Fili in mortuwm 
produc lachrimas, et quasi dirapassus incipe plorare. 
And in another place, thus, Supra mortuum plora, 
defecit enim lux ejus. Example herof we have of 
the gentyles. The cruell warryour Hanyball he 
pyteed the deth of his enemyes Paulus Emilius, 
Tiberius Gracchus, Marcus Marcellus, whan he 
sawe theyr bodyes lye deed before hym. And in 
holy letters also, kynge Davyd, whan it was tolde 
unto hym the deth of his enemyes at dyverse tymes, 
he wepte ryght pyteously^ as at the deth of Saul, 
Absolon, and Abner. If they so grete and noble 



150 



men soo moche pyteed the deth of theyr mortall 
enemyes, we sholde moche rather tender and pyte 
the deth of our own kynge and souerayne. But 
wherto reherse I them, whan he that was the Lorde 
of all this worlde, our Savyour Oryste Jhesu, wepte 
at the monument of Lazarus, whan he had ben 
buryed the space of foure dayes ; gyvynge unto us 
all therby example of pyte \ If he that was the 
kynge of all kynges, wepte for the deth of his sub- 
gecte soo longe after his buryall, what sholde we 
that be subgectes do for the deth of our kynge and 
soverayne, havynge yet the presence of his body 
unburyed amonges us? forsothe it sholde move us 
to have pyte and compassyon the rather upon hym. 
A kynge Henry ! kynge Henry ! yf thou were on 
lyve agayne, many one that is here present now 
wolde pretende a full grete pyte and tendernesse 
upon the. It is remembred in the boke of the 
kynges, how a servaunt of kyng David whose name 
was Ethay, whan his Lorde and soverayne was in 
trouble, he wolde not forsake him, but answered 
hym playnly in this maner, saynge, In quocunque 
loco fueris Dominemi Bex, sive in morte sive in vita, 
ibi erit servos turn. That is to say, in what place 
soever thou shalt be my Lorde, my kynge, in the 
same place shall thy servaunt be. A squyer also 
of kynge Saul, when he sawe his lorde and mayster 
deed, his sorowe was so grete that he slewe hym- 
selfe incontynent. Alas where is the true pyte and 
very comassyon become, that shold be in the hertes 
of men ? These two persones had so grete ruthe and 



1 



151 



compassyon of theyr maysters, that they refused not 
to suffre the deth with them. How harde are our 
hertes, how stony, how flynty, if we relent not with 
pyte and compassyon, herynge so lamentable a com- 
playnt of our late souerayne, and herynge him so 
pyteously crye, sayenge, Domine libera animam 
meam, my lorde delyver my soule ! Let us help 
hym at the lest with our prayers, besechynge al- 
myghty God, for his infynyte mercy, to delyver his 
soule and to pardon it. And, or we procede ony 
ferder of our psalme, let us here devoutly and af- 
fectually saye for his soule, and all crysten soules, 
every of us one paternoster. 

The thyrde parte of this psalme entreateth, of 
comforte, which is conteyned in iv poyntes ; fyrst 
that almyghty God is mercyfull ; seconde, that he 
hath taken hym into his custody ; thyrde, that 
he hath delyvered hym from al evylles ; fourth, 
that hens forwarde he shall contynue in the gra- 
cious favoure of Almyghty God. For the fyrst, it 
foloweth Misericors dominus et Justus, et deus noster 
miseretur ; That is to saye, the Lorde is mercyfull 
and ryghtwyse, and our god wyll have pyte. Who 
is this lorde that is mercyfull and ryghtwyse? Who 
but our Savyour cryst Jhesu, whiche of his infynyte 
mercy came into this worlde to dye for synners.? 
Christus Jesus venit in hunc mundum salvos facere 
peccatores. Why than sayth he Et Justus, that he 
is ryghtwyse also ; that rather sholde make agenst 
the synner, than for hym. Nay forsothe. The pro- 
phete and kynge Davyd brought in this worde, for 



152 



hymselfe, and not agenst hym. Two ways it maketh 
for the synner; one, by reason of promyse made 
thrugh out all scrypture, unto the penytent that 
wyll utterly forsak his synne. Our Lorde that is 
moost faste of his promyse, wyll pardon the synner 
soo repentynge hymselfe, and soo truly retournynge ; 
whiche thynge saynt John playnly wytnesseth in 
his fyrst epystle, Si confiteamur peccata nostra, fidelis 
et Justus est ut remittat nobis peccata nostra, et emun- 
det nos ah omni iniquitate. That is to saye, If we 
wyll knowlege our synnes, the Lorde is faythfull and 
juste in his promyse to forgyve all our synnes, and 
make us clene from all wyckednes. This is one 
waye. An other waye also it may make, and that 
is this. Our Savyour Jhesu is Justus, for he is inno- 
cent and gyltles; and therfore he is a convenyent 
means, a sufficyent vocate for us, before the face of 
his fader ; accordynge to the wordes of the same 
saynt John, Si quis peccaverit, advocatum habemus 
apud patrem, Jesum Christum justum, et ipse est pro- 
piciatio pro peccatis, non pro nostris tantum, sed et 
totius mundi. That is to saye, If ony of us have 
synned, let us not dispayre; for we have an advocate 
for us before God, our Savyour, whiche is juste, and 
without synne ; and he shall be a meane for our 
synnes, not for ours all onely, but for all the worlde^s. 
Who may be thought a more convenyent vocate for 
synners than he that never dyd synne ; than he that 
suflycyently hath payed for the raunsome of synne, 
his owne moost precyous blode and paynfull and 
bytter deth ; than he that is the sone of Almyghty 



153 



God ; and that before his owne fader ! But pera- 
venture his fader is harde, and straunge, and wyll 
not be moved. Nay forsothe; for rather the con- 
trary he is full pyteous, and full redy to have mercy. 
And therfore it followeth, Et Deus noster miseretur, 
and our God wyll have pyte and mercy. For the 
whiche, Saynt Austyn sayth in his boke de pene- 
tentia. Quwcunque necessitas peccatorem ad peni- 
tentiam cogit, neque quantitas criminis, nee bremtas 
temporis, nee enormitas sceleris, nee liore extremitas, 
si pura fuerit voluntatis mutatio, excludit a venia. 
That is to saye, what necessyte soever compell the 
synner to repentaunce, neyther the gretnes of his 
synne, nor yet the shortnesse of tyme, nor the enor- 
myte of his trespasse, ne yet the uttermost houre of 
his lyfe shall exclude hym from pardon, yf so be 
that his wyll be clearly chaunged and tourned to God. 
This is then one grete comforte that our late kyng 
and soverayne maye have, and all tho that bere hym 
true fayth and servyce. The seconde comforte, 
that he was taken into the custodye of our Lorde, 
foloweth in the next verse ; Gustodiens parvulos 
dominus ; humiliatus sum, et liberavit me. Who 
that is in thraldome of synne, is in full shrewed cus- 
tody ; and yf he wolde be at liberte, he must do as 
these piysoners doo that som tyme undermyne the 
walles, and crepe under them out at a strayte and 
narowe hole. And so they escape out of the cus- 
tody of prysone, and come to theyr lyberte. In lyke 
wyse the synner must doo ; he must undermyne the 
stronge walles of synne by true humblynge and low- 



154 



ynge of hymselfe, and make hymselfe lytell, to the 
entent he may crepe out at the narowe hole from 
the daunger of synne, and soo come unto the lyberte 
of grace. For the whiche our Savyour sayd, Nisi 
conversi fueritis, et efficiamini sicut parvuli. One 
lesse ye be chaunged, and be made lytell, ye can not 
enter to lyberte. Saynt Anthony sawe by revela- 
cyon that all the worlde was full of snares, and he 
asked this questyon. Blessyd Lorde, sayd he, who 
shall passe these daungers I It was answered hym, 
Sola humilitas, Onely humbleness and lowlynesse. 
The kynge Achab of whome scrypture sayth that 
he dyde more dyspleasure unto God than all the 
kynges of Israhell that were before his tyme, he 
dyde so grete ydolatry, he slewe so many prophetes, 
notwithstondynge so many wonderfull tokens and 
myracles that were shewed unto hym, yet at the last 
when the prophete Hely came to hym in message, 
and thretened hym sore in the name of God, he be- 
gan to repente hym, and to humble hymselfe in the 
syght of God; for the whiche, incontynent almighty 
God sayd unto the prophete Hely, Nonne mdisti 
Jiumiliatwm Achab coram me? quoniam igitur hu- 
miliatus est mei causa, non inducam malum in diebus 
ejus. That is to say, Dyde thou not se Achab hum- 
bled before me I I tell the for that he by cause of 
me dyde so humble hymselfe, I shall not doo that 
evyll that I purposed in his tyme to have done. O 
synguler goodnesse and gentylnes of almyghty God ! 
O mervaylous redynesse of hym unto pyte and mercy ! 
Soo soone as the synner can humble and make lytell 



155 



hymselfe, soo soone he setteth hym at liberte and 
taketh hym into his custodye and tuicyon. Ther- 
fore gretely we may be gretely comforted in our late 
kynge and soverayne, whiche soo moche humbled 
hymselfe before his deth ; humbled hym unto God ; 
humbled hym unto his confessour; humbled hym 
unto penaunce ; humbled hym unto the sacrament 
of the auter, and to the other sacramentes; humbled 
hym unto the crucifyxe; and with a more humblenes 
and pacyence toke this sekenesse and every thynge 
in it, than ever he dyd before, to the mervayle of all 
that were aboute hym. Wherfore he now may saye 
to our and his comforte, Custodiens parvulos Domi- 
nus, Tiumiliatus sum, et liberamt me, That is to saye, 
our Lord taketh into his custodye the lytell and 
humble persones, I was humbled and he set me at 
lyberte. The thyrde comforte is, that he is now at 
rest, and the myseryes of this worlde hath escaped. 
What is in this lyfe but myserable vanyte 8 So he 
dooth wytnesse that therof had experyence at the 
full, he that had moost haboundaunce of all worldly 
pleasures, I ment the kynge Salomon, whiche sayd, 
Vanitas vanitatum, et omnia mnitas ; quid habet 
hoc amplius de labore suo, qui laborat sub sole t that 
is to saye, vanyte of vanytees, and all is but vanyte ! 
what hath ony man more of all his labour and be- 
synes under the sonne? A my Lordesand maysters! 
that have this worldly wysdome, that study and 
enploy your wyttes to cast and compasse this world, 
what have ye of all this besynes at the last, but a 
lytell vanyte ? The spyder craftely spynneth her 



156 



thredes, and curyously weveth and joyneth her 
webbe, but cometh a lytell blast of wynde, and dys- 
apoynteth all togyder; to the whiche purpose, Cicero, 
in his thyrde boke de oratore, maketh this exclama- 
cyon, fallacem hominum spem fragilemque fortu- 
nam, et inanes nostras contentiones, quae medio in 
spacio sepe franguntur, et corruunt. That is to saye, 
O deceytefull hope of men, and bryttell fortune, and 
vayne enforsements, whiche often breke and come 
to noughte, or ever they have entred halfe theyr 
course. Whiche thynge wysely consyderynge, this 
noble prynce ordered hymselfe therafter 1 ; let call 
for his sone, the kynge that now is our governour 
and souerayne, endued with all graces of God and 
nature, and with as grete habylytees and lykelyhodes 
of well doynge as ever was in kynge ; whose begyn- 
nynge is now so gracyous and so comfortable unto 
all his people, that the rejoysynge in hym in maner 
shadoweth the sorowe that elles wolde have be taken 
for the deth of his fader. He called, I saye, unto 
hym, and gave hym faderly and godly exhortacion, 
commyttynge unto hym the laborous gouernaunce 
of this realme ; and gaderinge his owne soule into 

1 Something similar is recorded of the Lady Margaret, — 
* She was a person of great prudence, who was aware of the 
dangers of Royalty, when it falls to the lot of youth ; and 
being about to leave the world, she, with many tears, en- 
treated the Bishop (Fisher), though several excellent men 
were also present, to assist the King by his instructions and 
advice ; and desired her grandson to have a deference for 
him, preferably to all others, as what would most contribute 
to his felicity both here and hereafter.' Card. Poli Apol. ad 
Carolum V. Cses. 



157 



the true reste, comfortynge it and sayinge unto it, 
Converters anima mea in requiem tuam, quia domi- 
nus benefecit tibi ; Be tourned my soule into thy 
rest, for thy Lorde hath been benefycyall unto the ; 
benefycyal at every tyme before, but now specyally 
by this nioost gentyll and mercyfull callynge, by so 
longe respyte and space gyvynge of repentaunce ; 
wherby he hath escaped so many daungers, daungers 
of everlastinge deth, daungers of everlastynge teres 
and wepyng, and daungers of fallynge agayne to 
synne. For the fyrst, it is sayd, Quia eripuit ani- 
mam meam a morte, That is, for he hath delyvered 
my soule from deth, bothe temporall and everlast- 
ynge daungers of everlastynge wepynge and sorowe ; 
for the whiche, the good fader Arsenius sayd unto 
his brethren, Brethren, sayd he, eyther we must 
nedes wepe here with teres that wyll wasshe our 
soules, or elles after this, with teres that wyll brenne 
bothe bodyes and soules. From these teres also he 
is delyvered, and therfore it foloweth, Oculos meos 
a lachrymis, And myne eyen from teres. Thyrdly, 
from the daungers of fallynge to synne agayne. Noo 
man that lyveth here can be assured not to fall. 
And therefore Saynt Poule sayth, Qui stat, mdeat ne 
cadat. He that standeth, let him beware that he 
slydeth not ; for the waye is slyppery ; but tho that 
be hens departed in the state of grace, be assured 
never to fall agayne. And for that, it foloweth, Et 
pedes meos a lapsu. The fourth, and the last por- 
cyon of his comforte, whiche is, to be assured of 
contynuance in the favour of almighty God, passeth 



158 



all the other. A grete comforte it is unto the sorow- 
full penytent that he hath a mercyfull Lorde and 
God. A grete comforte also that he is taken in his 
tuicyon and custodye. A greater yet that he is 
delyvered from soo many evylles and perylles. But 
the gretest, whiche surmounteth all other, is to have 
the presence of that moost blessyd countenaunce, 
and to be assured ever to contynue in that gracious 
favour ; no tonge can expresse, no speche can de- 
clare, no herte can thynke, how grete how farre 
passynge this comforte is. Si decern mille gehennas 
quis dixerit, sayth Crysostome, nihil tale est, quale 
est ah ilia beata visione excidere, et exosum esse a 
Christo. If one wold thynke the greef of x. M. 
helles, all that is yet no thynge lyke to be excluded 
from that blessyd countenaunce, and to be hated of 
Cryst. If this greef be so excessyfe and ferre pass- 
ynge, the contrary therof must nedes be of as ex- 
treme comforte and joy agayne ; that is to saye, to 
have the contynuall presence of that blessyd syght, 
and to knowe the assured favoure and grace that he 
standeth in ; for the whiche is sayd, placebo domino 
in regione vivorum, That is to saye, I shall please 
my Lorde God in the regyon and countre of lyvynge 
persones, where as is the very lyfe ever contynued, 
with out ony interupcyon of deth. 

Thus accordynge to my promyse at the begyn- 
nynge, I have perused this psalme in the persone 
of this noble man; devydynge it in thre partes, 
in a commendacyon of hym, in a movynge of you 
to have compassyon upon hym, and in a comfort- 



159 



ynge of you agayne. The commendacyon stode 
in foure poyntes ; fyrste, in a very tournyge of 
his love to God; seconde, in a fast hope and con- 
fydence of prayer ; thyrde, in a stedfast byleve of 
the sacramentes and a devoute receyvynge of them ; 
fourth, in a dylygent callynge for grace. The mov- 
ing to compassyon stode also in iv. poyntes ; fyrst, 
for the paynfull grevaunces of deth that he felte 
in his body; seconde, for the ferefull remembraunce 
in his soule of the jugement of God; thyrde, for 
the myserable vanytees of this lyfe wherin he founde 
but payne and travayle; fourth, for the lament- 
able crye to God for helpe and socour. The com- 
fortynge agayne was lyke wyse in iv. poyntes ; 
fyrst, for that he hath soo mercyfull a Lorde and 
God ; seconde, for that he is taken into his tuicyon 
and custody ; thyrde, for that he is now delyvered 
from so many perylles; fourth, for that he shall 
from hens forwarde contynue in the gracyous favour 
of almyghty God, the whiche comforte He graunte 
hym, that for us all dyed upon the crosse, our 
Savyour Cryst Jhesu. Amen. 

1F Thus endeth this notable sermon. Enprinted 
at London in fletestrete at the sygne of the sonne 
by Wynkyn de Worde, prynter unto the moost ex- 
cellent pryncesse my lady the kynges graundame. 
The fyrst yere of the raygne of our soverayne lorde 
kynge Henry the viii. 



APPENDIX. 



No. I. 



A Letter from the King to his Mother, referr'd to 
in the Preface. 

Ex Archivis Coll. Jo. 

Madame, My most enterely wilbeloved Lady and 

Moder. 

I Recommende me unto you, in the most humble 
and lauly wise that I can, beseeching you of your 
dayly and continuall blessings. By your Confessour 
the Berrer, I have reseived your good and moost 
loving wryting, and by the same have herde at good 
leisure, such credense as he woulde shewe unto me 
on your behalf; and thereupon have spedde him in 
every behalve withowte delai, according to your noble 
Petition and desire which restith in two principall 
poynts. The one for a general pardon for all Man- 
ner causes ; the other is for to altre and chaunge 
parte of a Lycence, which I had gyven unto you be- 
fore, for to be put into Mortmain at Westmynster, 
and now to be converted into the University of 
Cambridge for your Soule helthe &c. All which 
things, according to your desire and plesure, I have 



161 



with all my herte and goode wille giffen and graunted 
unto you. And my Dame, not only in this, but 
in all other thyngs that I may knowe shoulde be 
to youre honour and plesure, and weale of your 
salle, I shall be as glad to plese you as youre herte 
can desire hit; and 1 knowe welle that I am as 
much bounden so to doe as any Creture lyvynge, 
for the grete and singular Moderly love and affection 
that hit hath plesed you at all tymes to ber towards 
me ; wherefore myne owen Most Lovynge Moder 
in my most herty manner I thank you, beseeching 
you of your goode contynuance in the same. 

And Madame, Your said Oonfessour hath more- 
over shewne unto me, on your behalve, that ye of 
youre goodnesse and kynde disposition have gyven 
and graunted unto me, such title and intereste as ye 
have or ought to have in such debts and duties 
which is oweing and dew unto you in Fraunce by 
the Frenche Kynge and others; wherefore Madame 
in my most herty and humble wise I thanke you. 
Howbeit I verrayly [thynke] hit will be righte harde 
to recover hit, without hit be dryven by compulsion 
and force, rather than by any true justice, which is 
not yet as we thynke any conveniant tyme to be put 
in execution. Nevertheless it hath pleased you to 
give us a good interest and meane, if they woule not 
conforme thayme to rayson and good justice, to dif- 
fende or offende at a convenyent tyme when the 
caas shall so require hereafter ; for such a chaunce 
may fall that this youre Graunte might stande in 
grete stead for the recovery of our right, and to 
11 



162 



make us free, whereas we be no we bounde. And 

verrayly Madame and I myht recover hit at thys 

tyme or any other, ye be sure ye shulde have youre 

plesure therein, as I and all that Gode has given me 

is and shall ever be at your will and eommaundment, 

as I have instructed Master Fysher more largely 

herein, as I doubt not but he wolle declare unto you. 

And I beseeche you to send me your mynde and 

plesure in the same, which I shall be full glad to 

followe with Goddis grace, which sende and gyve 

unto you the full accomplyshment of all your noble 

and vertuous desyrs. Written at Grenewiche the 

17th day of July, with the hande of Your most 

humble and Lovynge Sonne. 

H. R. 

After the wryting of this Letter, youre Confes- 
sour delyvered unto me such Letters and wrytings 
obligatory of youre 1 duties in Fraunce, which hit 
hath pleased you to send unto me, which I have re- 
ceived by an Indenture of every parcell of the same. 
Wherefore eftsoons in my most humble wise I thanke 
you, and purpose hereafter at better leisure to knowe 
youre mynde and plesure farther therin. 

1 For money borrowed of her by the D. of Orleans when 
Prisoner in England. These were demanded of Louis by her 
Grandson H. 8. (See Rymer Acta pub. Tom. 13. p.2 79.) who 
gives authority to Thos. Docwraand Nic. West— 'quascunque 
pecuniarum summas Serenissimae Principi et DominaB D. 
Margaretae Richmondise et Darbise Comitissae, Aviae nostras, 
et jam nobis ejusdem Comitissae Nepoti jure haereditario per 
praefatum Francorum Regem, ratione quarumcunque litera- 
rum obligatoriarum, debitas, petendi, levandi, &c.\..vieesimo 
die Junii 1510. 



163 



Madame, I have encombred you now with thys 

my longe wrytings, but me thynke that I can doo 

no less, considering that yt is so selden that I do 

write. Wherefore I beseche you to pardon me, for 

verrayly Madame my syghte is nothing so perfit as 

it has ben, and I know well hit will appayre dayly j 

wherefore I trust that you will not be displeased 

though I wryte not so often with myne owne hand, 

for on my fayth I have ben three dayes or I colde 

make an ende of this Letter. 

To my Lady. 

»*» Note, that this Letter first regards Christ's College and 
afterwards St. John's. 



A Letter from King Henry VII. To my Lady Grace 
his Moder. 

Eob Regist. Col. Jo. 
Madam, 

And I thought I shoulde not offend you, which 
I will never do willfully, I am well myndit to pro- 
mote Master Fisher youre Confessor to a Busshopric ; 
and I assure you Madam, for non other cause, but 
for the grete and singular virtue that I know and se 
in hym, as well in conyng and natural wisdome, and 
specially for his good and vertuose lyving and con- 
versation. And by the promotyon of suche a man, 
I know well it should corage many others to lyve 
vertuosely, and to take suche wayes as he dothe, 
which shulde be a good example to many others 
hereafter. Howebeit without your pleasure knowen 
I woll not move hym, nor tempt hym therein. And 

11—2 



164 



therefor I beseche you that I may knowe your 
mynde and pleasure in that behalf, which shall be 
followed as muche as God will give me grace. I 
have in my days promoted mony a man unavisedly, 
and I wolde now make some recompencon to pro- 
mote some good and vertuose men, which I doubt 
note shulde best please God, who ever preserve you 
in good helth and long lyve. 



To the preceding letters, may be added, as a sup- 
plement, the three following of Lady Margaret. 
A letter from the Lady Margaret to her Son, which 
was first printed in Dr Howard's Miscellaneous 
Collection of Letters, from the original in her 
own hand writing. 

My derest and only desyred Joy yn thys World, 
With my moste herty Blessyngs, and humble 
Commendations — y pray oure Lord to reward and 
thancke your Grace, for thatt yt plesyd your Hygh- 
nes soo kyndly and lovyngly to be content to wryte 
your Lettyrs of Thancks to the Frenshe Kyng, for 
my great mater, that soo longe hath been yn Suete, 
as Mastyr Welby hath shewed me your bounteous 
Goodness is plesed 1 . I wish my der Hert, and my 
Fortune be to recover yt, y trust ye shall well per- 
seyve y shall delle towards you as a kynd lovyng 
Modyr ; and if y shuld nevyr have yt, yet your kynd 
delyngys to me a thousand tymes more than all that 

1 Concerning the Payment of a certain Sum of Money 
she lent to the Duke of Orleans, when Prisoner in England 
See Act. Reg. V. III. p. 129. 



165 



Good y can recover, and all the Frenshe Kyng's 
mygt be mine wyth all. My der Hert, and yt may 
plese your Hyghnes to lycense Mastyr Whytstongs 
for thys time to present your honorabyll Lettyrs, and 
begyn the Process of my Cause ; for that he so well 
knoweth the Mater, and also brought me the Wry- 
tyngs from the seyd Frenshe Kyng, with hys odyr 
Lettyrs to hys Parlyement at Paryse ; yt shold be 
gretlye to my helpe, as y thynke, but all wyll y re- 
myte to your plesyr ; and yf y be too bold in this, 
or eny of my Desires, y humbly beseche your Grace 
of pardon, and that your Highnes take no displesyr. 
My good Kynge, y have now sent a Servant of 
myn ynto 2 Kendall, to ressyve syche Anueietys as 
be yet hangynge opon the Accounte of Sir Wyllyam 
Wall, my Lord's Chapeleyn, whom y have clerly 
dyscharged ; and if yt will plese your Majesty's 
oune Herte, at your loyser to sende me a Lettyr, and 
command me, that y suffyr none of my Tenants be 
reteyned with no man, but that they be kepte for my 
Lord of Yorke, your faire swete Son, for whom they 
be most mete ; it shall be a good excuse for me to 
my Lord and Hosbond ; and then y may well and 
wythoute dysplesyr cause them all to be sworne, the 

2 Lady Margaret's Father was created Earl of Kendal, 
an. 21 Hen. VI.; and died in 1444, being then seized — 'of 
two parts of the towns of Gresmere, Logaryg, Langeden, 
Casterton, Kirkby in Kendale, Hamelset, Troutbeck ; with 
the reversion of two parts of the Manours of Helsyngton, 
Crosthwayte, Hoton, Frothwayte, and Syhkland-Ketel, in 
Com. Westmer.; leaving Margaret his sole daughter and 
heir three years of age.' [Dugdale's Bar. Vol. II. p. 123.] 



166 



wyche shall not aftyr be long undon. And wher 
your Grace shewed your plesyr for ' — the Bastard 
of Kyng Edwards, Syr, there is neither that, or any 
other thyng I may do to your Commandment, but y 
shall be glad to fulliill my lyttyll power, with God's 
Grace. And, my swete Kyng, Feldyng this berer 
hath preyed me to beseche you to be his good Lord 
yn a matter he seweth for to the Bishop of Ely,, 
now, as we here, electe 2 , for a lyttyll Offiyse nyghe 
to Lond: Verily, my Kynge, he ys a geud and a 
wyse well rewled Gentylman, and full truely hathe 
served you well accompanyed, as well at your fyrst, 
as all odyr occasions ; and that cawsethe us to be 
the more bold and gladder also to speke for hyme ; 
how be yt, my Lord Marquis hath ben very low to 
hym yn Tymes past, by cause he wuld not be re- 
teyned with him ; and trewly, my good Kynge, he 
helpythe me ryght well yn seche Matters as y have 
besynes wythyn thys partyes. And, my der hert, y 
now beseche you of pardon of my long and tedyous 
Wryting, and pray almighty God gyve you as long ? 
good and prosperous Lyfe as ever had Prynce, and 
as herty Blessyngs as y can axe of God. 

At Calais Town, thys day of Seint Annes, that 
y did bryng yn to thys World my good and gracyous 
Prynce, Kynge, and only beloved Son. By 

Your humble Servant, Bede-woman,and Modyer, 
To the Kyngs Grace. Margaret R 

1 Arthur, by Lady Elizabeth Lucy. See Sandford's 
Genealog. Hist. p. 421. 

2 Probably Richard Redman, Bp. in 1501, which points 
out the Date of the Letter. 



167 

A letter from Lady Margaret, to Thomas Boteler 
Earl of Ormond, Chamberlain to the Queen ; 
probably during his embassy to France 1495 or 
the following year. 

[Printed in the Excerpta Historica, London 1831, 
from the original in the Tower.] 

My lord Chambyrlayn y y thanke yow hertyly that 
ye lyste soo sone remembyr me with my glovys, the 
whyche' wer ryght good, save they wer to myche for 
my hand, y thynke the ladyes yn that partyes be gret 
ladyes all, and accordyng to ther gret astate they 
have gret personages. As for newes her, y ame 
seure ye shall have more seurte then y can send yow ; 
blessed be god, the kyng, the quene, and all owre 
suet chyldryn be yn good hele. The quen hathe be 
a lytyll erased, but now she ys well, god be thankyd ; 
her sykenes ys soo good as y wuld but y truste has- 
tyly yt shall, with godds grasse ; whom y pray gyve 
yow good sped yn your gret maters, and bryng yow 
well and soone home, wretyn at Shene the xxv. day 
of aprell. 

To my lord M. Rychemond 

The quenys chambyrlayn. 



A letter from Lady Margaret to the Mayor of Co- 
ventry. 

[Ex. Archivis Civ. Coventr.] 

By the Kinges Moder 
Trusty and welbeloved, we grete you wel. And 
wher we of late, upon the compleint of oon Owen, 



168 



Burchis of the Cite ther, addressed o r other lettres un- 
to you, and willed you by the same and in o r name, to 
call afor you the parties comprised in the same eom- 
pleint. And therfore to order the Variaunce de- 
pending betwixt them according to good conscience. 
Albeit as it is said, the said Owen can or may have 
no reasonable aunswer of you in that behalve to o r 
mervall. Wherfor We wol and in the Kinges name 
commaunde you efsoones to call befor you the said 
parties, and roundely texamynthem. And therupon 
to order and determyne the premisses, as may stande 
w* good reson, and thequytie of the Kinges laws. 
So as no compleint be made unto us hereafter in 
that behalve. Indevoyring you thus to do, as ye 
tendre the kings pleas r and o re , and the due ministra- 
con of Justice. Yeven under o r signett at our Ma- 
noir of Colyweston, the last day of September. 
To oure trusty and welbeloued, the Maior of the 

Citie of Ooventr, and his brethern of the same, 

and to eny of theim. 



Grant of the wardship of Margaret, daughter and 
heiress of John Beaufort Duke of Somerset to 
William de la Pole Earl of Suffolk, in the 22nd 
Hen. VI. 1443. 

[Printed in the Excerpta Historica, London 1831, 

from Miscellaneous Records in the Tower.] 

By the King. 

Right Reverend fader in God, Right trusty and 
Right welbeloved, we grete you weL And for as- 



169 



moche as oure Cousin the Due of Somerset is nowe 
late passed to God's mercy, the whiche hath a 
doughter and heir to succede after hym of ful tender 
age, called Margarete. We, considering the notable 
services that oure x Cousin therl of Suffolk hath doon 
unto us, and tendering hym therfore the more specially 
as reson wol, have of oure grace and especialle propre 
mocion and mere deliberacion graunted unto hym to 
have the warde and mariage of the said Margarete, 
withouten eny thing therfore unto us or oure heires 
yelding. Wherfore we wol and charge you that 
unto oure said Cousin of Suffolk ye do make, upon 
this oure graunte, lettres patents souffisant inlaweand 
in deue forme ; and that ye faille not hereof, As we 
specially truste you, and as ye desire to do unto us 
singuleir plesir, and that ye sende unto us oure said 
lettres patents seeled by the berer of thees. Lating 
you wite that ye shal hereafter, at suche tyme as ye 
come unto oure presence, have suche warrant for 
youre discharge in this behalve As shall be souffisant 
unto you, and as the cas requireth. Yeven under 
oure signet, at oure Castel of Berkhampstede, the 
laste day of May. 
To the Eight Reverend fader in God, oure Right 
trusty and Right welbeloved th' archebisshop of 
Caunterbury, oure Chancellour of Englande. 

1 He was created the next year Marquis, and soon after- 
wards Duke of Suffolk ; but eventually, after having been 
Chancellor of England, and Lord High Admiral, was law- 
lessly beheaded in a boat near Dover in 1450. See Fenn's 
Original letters. 



170 



No. II. 

An account of those i maters of Devocyon which, 
for her exercise, and for the profyte of others, 
the Lady Margaret did translate out of the 
Frensh into Englysh.' 

The first is — ' The Myrroure of golde, Imprynted 
at london in fletestrete at the sygne of the Sone by 
Wynkyn de Worde. In the .xxix. day of Marche the 
year of oure Lorde a M J), and XXII, Quarto ;' 
from an imperfect copy of which, in the Library of 
St. John's College, the specimen given below, of 
Lady Margaret's composition, is reprinted. 

There is also, in the University Library, a copy 
of an Edition printed the same year as the above, at 
London by John Skott. Another edition by Wink, 
de Worde, an. 1526, is described in the Typog. An- 
tiq. ; as also an earlier edition than any of these, 
— ' Emprynted at London in Fletestrete at the signe 
of Saint George by Richard Pynson', 4to, without 
date, but prior to 1509, the year of the death of 
Henry the seventh, as appears by the Preface. 

The original is a small tract in Latin, of which there 
is a Copy in the University Library at Cambridge, 
without name or date, and entitled — ' Opusculurn 
quod speculum aureum anime peccatricis inscribitur.'' 
The proem to the translation states that — ' This 
presente boke is called the Mirroure of golde to the 
sinfull soule, the whiche hath ben translated at Pa- 
rice oute of Laten into Frenche, and after the trans- 



171 



lacion seen and corrected at length of many clarkis, 
doctours, and maisters in divinity, and nowe of late 
translatede out of the Frenche into Englishe by the 
right excellent Princesse Margarete moder to our 
soverain Lorde Kinge Henry the VII. and Ooun- 
tesse of Richemond and Derby . . . And for to know 
the order and maner howe to procede in this lytell 
boke. It is to knowe it shall be divided in VII 
chaptours after the seven dayes of the weke. To 
thentent that the synfull soule, solyed and defowlyd 
by synne, maye in every chapitoure have a new mir- 
rour, wherein he may beholde and consider the face 
©f his soule.'* 

The fourth Chapter commences as follows. 

% * Howe we ought to dispise and hate the worlde. 

1 Saint John in his first Canonyque shewyth us 
that we ought not to love the worlde ne the thingis 
that be in the worlde, and saithe in this maner, love 
ye not the worlde ne thingys that be therin, yf 
there be any that loveth the worlde the charite of 
God is not with hym. Also the concupiscence of 
the world passeth and vanysshith awaye. And Saynt 
Augustyne, treatinge upon the same wordes, de- 
maundeth in this maner : O thou pore cheatour 
whiche woldest thou chese of thies tow ; wolde thou 
love the worlde and the temporall things and passe 
the tyme with theim, or dispise the world and lyve 
eternaly with God ; yf thou love the worlde it wyll 
desceyve the, for the world calleth and draweth 



172 



swetely to hym who that loveth and foloweth hiin, 
but in their nede he fayleth theim and maye not sup- 
porte ne socour them. And certainly the world is 
as one excummunicate ; for so as the excommuni- 
cate in the churche is not prayed for, so oure Lorde 
Ihesu Criste prayeth not for the worlde, the whiche all 
tymes prayed for his persecutours and theym that 
crucified hym. Alas to moche is he a fole that 
serveth suche a maister and hath suche a lord that 
in the ende chaseth and kesteth his servaunte naked 
and poure and withoute hyre, for so the worlde doth. 
We rede of the Saulden of Babilion the whiche, 
beynge seke in the cyte of Damasens of a mortall 
desease, confessynge hymselfe of the shortnes of his 
lyf and of nighnes of his deth, piteously and in great 
lamentacions called to oon of his servauntis and 
sayde to him in this manere : Thou were wounte to 
bere in my batayllis the banner and the sygne of 
myne Armes by tryumphant victory, Nowe anoon 
take and bere the signe of my sorowful deth, that is 
to know, this pore cloth and myserable shete, and 
crye with an hyghe voyce by alle the Cytie these 
wordes : See the Kynge of alle the Orientall parties 
the whiche, dyinge and fynysshynge his dayes, be- 
reth with hym noon of alle the richesses of this worlde, 
but oonly this olde and poore clothe or shete. And 
semblably we rede of a yonge prince king of Loreyn 
beynge in infirmitie of sekenes, consideryng his dayes 
were shorte and his deth nigh, beholdyng his palaces 
houses and great edifiynges, cryed, in castyng many 
sighes and pyteous teares, my god my creatour 



173 



Jhesus at this houre I see and maye knowe that the 
worlde ought well to be dispised. Alas I have hadde 
in this worlde many sumptuous palacis houses and 
lodges with greate Ryches, and nowe knowe I not 
whether to goo, nother eny creature that wyll take 
and receyve me this nyght into his house. Consider 
thies thinges poore and myserable synner and leve 
thy god and thy felicite, that is to knowe, this di- 
ceyvable worlde, before that by hym and of hym 
thou be left in soo greate and myserable poverte. 
Herken what Saynt James saythe : he that is frende 
of thys worlde is Enmye of god. And saynt Gre- 
gory saythe : soo moche more as the man is nyghe 
the love of the worlde, soo moche farther is he fro 
the love of god. For the whyche thynge manifestly 
oure Lorde Jhesu criste, at the houre of his passyon, 
wente oute of the Cytye of Jherusalem alle naked to 
be crusifyed and suffer dethe, wyllynge to shewe that 
they oughte to flee the worlde and his communitie ; 
yevenge ensample that he that wolde folowe the 
fruyte and meryte of his passyon, ought to Issue out 
of the worlde ; atte the leest by affeccyon, in fleynge 
the worldly conversacion, and desyringe the spiri- 
tual; 



Lady Margaret's other translation is the Fourth 
Book of the Imitation of Christ. 

There is a copy of it in the University Library at 
Cambridge, A.B. 4. 56, entitled— ' Here beginethe 
the forthe boke of the folowynge Jesu Cryst and of 



174 



the cont empninge of the world. Inprynted at the 
comandement of the most excellent princes Margarete, 
moder unto our sovereine lorde kinge Henry the 
VII. Countes of Bichemont and Darby and by the 
same Prynces it was translated out of frenche into 
Englishe in fourme and manner ensuinge. 1 At the 
end — * Thus endeth the fourthe boke folowinge Jesu 
Cryst and the contempnynge of the world. This boke 
inprinted at london in Fletestrete at the signe of the 
George by Richard Pynson Prynter unto the kynges 
noble grace. 1 

The above is subjoined to—' A full devoute and 
gostely treatyse of the Imytacyon and folowynge of 
the blessed lyfe of our moste mercyfull Savyour 
cryste: compyled in Latin by the right worshypful 
Doctor Mayster John Gerson: and translate into 
Englisshe the yere of our Lorde MDII. By Maister 
William Atkynson Doctor of divinitie at the spe- 
ciall request and comaundement of the full excellent 
Pryncesse Margarete, moder to oure souerayne lorde 
kynge Henry VII. and Countesse of Rychemont 
and Derby. 1 At the end — ■ Here endeth the thyrde 
booke of Jhon Gerson, &c. Emprynted in London 
by Eicharde Pynson, &c. The yere of our lorde god 
M,OCOCC, and XVII. The vii day of October. 1 
Quarto. 

An earlier edition of this Book is described in 
the Typog. Antiq. — ' Emprynted in London by Bych- 
arde Pynson, &c. The yere of our lorde M.D.III. 
The xxvii day of June. 1 Quarto. The impression 
of the De Imit. Xti by Gunther Zainer, without 



175 

place or date, folio, is supposed to be the earliest 
one, and not later than 1475. 

Atkinson, in his translation of the first three 
books, has omitted many passages, and in others 
deviated from the literal sense ; these only have been 
frequently reprinted in English; the fourth book 
being omitted, as treating of the Holy Communion 
in a manner peculiar to the Romish Church. 

The author of this celebrated Treatise is by some 
supposed to have been Jean Gersen abbot of Verceil ; 
and that he composed it between the years 1231 and 
1240. But Baker inclines to the opinion that it was 
the work of John Gerson, Chancellor of the University 
of Paris, who died 1419 ; and says that — ' its being 
left out of his works is the great objection against 
his being the author. It was printed at Nuremberg 
an. 1494, under the name of Thomas de Kempis, 
and at London by Pynson in English an. 1503,4, 
under the name of John Gerson. The controversy 
about the author of the Book was so warm betwixt 
the contending Parties, that, though it was printed 
at the Louvre (the King's Press) and under the di- 
rection of the great Cardinal Richelieu, they were 
forced to print it without the name of the author . , 

In a volume of early-printed Tracts given by 
Baker to the Library of St John's College, and 
which he remarks were originally, in the same way 
as at present, bound together in one volume, there 
is a copy of the De Imitatione Christi not noticed 
by Brunet, which he thinks the first edition. At the 
beginning of the volume, he has entered the follow- 



176 



ing note. — 4 De auctore gravis lis est inter Canoni- 
cos Regulares, et Benedictinos, necnon et Doctores 
Parisienses, singulis ut suum vindicantibus, argu- 
ments hinc inde petitis, tarn a Manuscriptis Codi- 
cibus, quam ab Editionibus antiquis. Quod si haec 
sit prima Editio, valde militat pro Parisiensibus, 
confirmatque opinionem clarissimi Du Pin qui Jo- 
annem Gerson Cancellar. Parisien. auctorem vult, 
modeste tamen et, ut in re dubia, nihil temere as- 
serendo. Ego controversial memet non immisceo, 
nee nostrum est tantas componere lites; videatur 
Du Pin (Bibliotheque Siecle 15 :) qui argumentum 
istud fere exhausit. 

* Liber hie excusus est a Joanne de Westfalia, 
Lovanii (ut videtur) loco, et homine libero a studio 
partium. Exercebat autem ille artem impressoriam, 
an. 1475, aut aliquanto maturius; l penes me est 
Liber ab eodem excusus, an. ]475. Incipit liber 
pagina versa, quae est una nota antiquitatis; caret 
numeris in fronte, et literis directionis ad calcem 
cujusque folii (habet signaturas quas vocant Galli), 
compingitur autem in unum volumen cum reli- 
quis Tractatibus diverse naturae, more in MSS. 
Codicibus observari solito. In duobus Tractatibus 
hujus voluminis designatur annus 1485 ; fac hunc 
libellum non esse superioris aetatis, vel hoc modesto 
calculo erit antiquus. Oerte tamen antiquior est; 

i ' Penes me est Codex alter impressus per Joannem de 
Westfalia Paderbornen. Dyoc. in alma ac florentissima Uni- 
versitate Lovanien. resident, anno 1474. N.B. In hoc Vo- 
lumine continentur duo alii Tractatus, sub Titulo et nomine 
Johis Gerson uterque.' 



177 



vel ipse annus non designatus designat esse antiqui- 
orem. Tho. de Kempis obiit an. 1471. Liber hie 
de Imitatione Christi sub nomine Johannis Gerson 
impressus erat per Johannem de Westfalia, Impres- 
sorem Lovanii an. 1473, aut forte maturius; proinde 
haec Editio prope accedit, aut forsitan attingit, seta- 
tem Thomae de Kempis; nee facile potuit ejus opus 
(si tamen ejus erat) excudi sub alieno nomine, vero 
auctore adhuc superstite, aut proxime defuncto. Mi- 
rum est hanc Editionem fugisse D. Du Pin, cujus 
opinionem adstruere videtur; neque enim comperi 
alicubi ab eo citatam/ 



Another performance of the Lady Margarets 
was, — 4 The ordinance and reformation of apparell for 
greate Estates, or Princesses, with other Ladyes 
and Gentlewomen, for the time of mourninge ; made 
by the right highe mighty and excellent Princesse 
Margaret Oountesse of Richmont, Da : and sole 
Heir to the noble prince John Duke of Somerset, 
and mother to the prudent and mighty Prince Kinge 
Henry the Seventh, in the eight yeir of his Raigne;"' 
[Harl. MS.] relative to which, Sandford (Geneal. 
Hist. p. 320), observes, — ' the Countess Margaret 
(an. 23 H. 7.) by the commandment and authority of 
King Henry VII. her son, made the orders, yet 
extant, for great Estates of Ladies and noble Wo- 
men, for their precedence, attires, and wearing of 
Barbes at Funerals over the chin, upon the chin, 
and under the same ; which noble and good order 
hath been and is much abused, by every mean and 
12 



178 



common Woman, to the great wrong and dishonour 
of Persons of quality. 1 

She also drew up ordinances for the etiquette to 
be observed at the accouchement of the Queen of 
England, and the christening of the royal infants. 
(Leland's Collect.) 



No. III. 
An Account of certain works, which were un- 
dertaken and executed at the 'command, exhortation, 
or enticement,"' of the Lady Margaret ; and which 
afford evidence of her zealous patronage of literature 
in small matters, as well as in those of the greatest 
moment. 

1. 

The Hystorye of Kynge Blanchardyne and Queen 
Eglantyne his Wyfe. Printed by Oaxton, fol. The 
dedication, in modern orthography, is — ' Unto the 
right noble puissant and excellent princess, my 
redoubted lady, my Lady Margaret l Duchess of 
Somerset, mother unto our natural and sovereign 
Lord and most christian King Henry the Seventh, 
&c. I, William Caxton, his most indign humble 
subject and little servant, present this little book I 
late received in French from her good grace, and 
her commandment withal for to reduce and translate 
it into our maternal and English tongue ; which 
book I had long tofore sold to my said lady, and 
knew well that the story of it was honest and joyful 

1 This title seems to be only a compliment of Caxton's. 



179 



to all virtuous young noble gentlemen and women, 
for to read therein as for their pastime Where- 
fore, at the instance and request of my said lady, 
which I repute as for a commandment, I have re- 
duced this said book out of French into English ; 
which book specifieth of the noble acts and feats of 
war atchieved by a noble and victorious prince named 
Blanchardin, son unto the king of Ffryse, for the 
love of a noble princess called Eglantine, otherwise 
named in French Lorguylleuse Damours, which is 
as much to say in English, as the proud lady of 
love — Queen of Tormaday ; and of the great adven- 
tures, labourous anguishes, and many other great 
diseases of them both tofore they might attain for 
to come to the final conclusion of their desired love ; 
as a long, by the grace of God, it shall be shewed 
in the history of this present book. Beseeching 
my said lady's bounteous grace to receive this little 
book in gree of me her humble servant ; and to 
pardon me of the rude and common English, where 
as shall be found fault; for I confess me not learned, 
ne knowing the art of rhetorick, ne of such gay 
terms as now be said in these days and used. But 
I hope that it shall be understonden of the readers 
and hearers, and that shall suffice."' [See the de- 
scription of the Roxburgh Copy, supposed to be 
unique, in the Typog. Antiq.] 

2. 

1 Scala Perfeccionis : Englyshed : the Ladder of 
Perfection.' Impressus anno salutis mcccclxxxxiiii. 

12—2 



180 



Folio ; of which there is a copy in St John's Col- 
lege Library, bequeathed by Tho. Baker ' in memo- 
riam Pientissimse Fundatricis.' 

The Colophon is as follows, with the subjoined 
verses ; — 

'Thus finyssith this present boke whiche ex- 
powneth many notable doctrynes in contemplacyon, 
whiche as me semyth right exspedyent to those that 
setten theyr felicyte in ocupyenge theimself specyally 
for their soule helthe. 

* Infynite laude, wyth thankynges manyfolde, 

•I yelde to God, me socouryng wyth his grace 
This boke to finysshe, whiche that ye beholde, 

Scale of perfection calde in euery place ; 
Wereof thauctor » Walter Hilton was, 

And Wynkyn de Worde this hath sett in print, 
In William Caxston's hows so fyll the case, 

God rest his soul. In joy ther mot it stynt. 

This heuenly boke, more precyous than golde, 

Was late dyrect, wyth great humylyte, 
For godly plesur thereon to beholde, 

Unto the right noble Margaret, as ye see, 
The kyngis moder, of excellent bounte, 

Herry the seventh, that Jhesu hym preserue. 
This myghty pryncesse hath commaunded me 

Temprynt this boke, her grace for to deserve. 

finit feliciter liber intitulatus Scala perfeccionis inpressus 
ano salutis. M.cccalxxxxiiii.' 

3. 

The Grete Shyppe of Fooles of this Worlde 
Imprynted at Londod in flete strete by wynkyn de 

1 Supposed to have been a Carthusian Monk of Shene, 
who flourished about the end of the fourteenth century. 



181 



worde. y e yere of our lorde M.CCCCO. and xvii. 
The nynthe yere of y* 2 reygne of our souerayne lorde 
kynge Henry y* 5 viii. The xx. daye of June. Quarto. 

This translation is in prose, and the prologue 
contains the following paragraph, — 

4 Considering also, that the prose is more fami- 
liar unto every man than the ryhme, I Henry Wat- 
son, indygne and simple of understanding, have re- 
duced the present book into our maternal tongue of 
English, out of French, at the request of my wor- 
shipful master Wynkyn de Worde, through the en- 
ticement and exhortation of the excellent Princess 
Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Derby, and 
Grandame unto our most natural sovereign King 
Henry the viii ; whom Jesu preserve from all in- 
cumbrance. * 

The parent English impression of the Ship of 
Fools is that of Pynson 1509, in metre, ' translated 
in the College of saynt mary Otery in the counte 
of Deounshyre, out of Laten, Frenche, and Doche 
into Englysshe tonge by Alexander Barclay Preste : 
and at that tyme Chaplen in the sayde College.'' 
The author of the original work was Sebastian 
Brandt, who composed it in the German language. 
[Typog. Antiq.] 



4. 



The seuen penytencyall Psalmes of Dauyd the 
kynge and prophete &c. by Johan fyssher doctoure 
of dyuynyte and bysshop of Rochester, &c. En- 
printed &c. In the yere of our lorde MCCCCC ix. 



182 



n IT J This treatyse concernynge the fruytful saynges 
of Dauyd the kynge and prophete in the seuen peny- 
tencyall psalmes. Deuyded in seuen sermons was 
made and compyled by the ryght reuerente fader in 
God Johan Fyssher doctoure of dyvynyte and byss- 
hop of Rochester at the exortacion and sterynge of 
the moost excellent princesse Margarete countesse of 
Rychemount and Derby, and moder to our souerayne 
lorde kynge Henry the VII.' 

The Bishop says in the prologue — c for as moche 
as I of late, before the moost excellent pryncesse 
Margarete Countesse of Rychemount and Derby, 
publysshed the sayenges of the holy kynge and pro- 
phete Davyd of the vii penytencyall psalmes, in 
the whiche my sayd good and synguler lady moche 
delyted, at whose hygh commaundement and gra- 
cyous exhortacyon I have put the sayd sermons in 
wrytynge for to be impressed/ The Colophon is — 

4 Here endeth the exposycyon of the vij psalmes. 
Enprynted at London in the fletestrete at the sygne 
of the sonne, by Wynkyn de Worde prynter vnto 
the moost excellent pryncesse my lady the kynges 
graundame. In the yere of our lorde god M.CCCCC 
and ix the xij daye of the moneth of Juyn. 1 

St John^ College Library posseses two copies of 
the above, and also the Edition of 1525 by Wynk. 
de Worde. In the Library of King^ College, there 
is the first Edition, printed by Wynkyn de Worde 
in 1508. Bishop Fishers Funeral Sermon on Hen. 
VII. was, as we have seen, ' enprynted at the spe- 
cyall request of the ryght excellent pryncesse Mar- 
garete, moder unto the sayd noble prynce.' 



183 



No. IV. 

Documents relating to Bishop Fisher, several of 

which are referred to in the Preface, 

Ex Begr. Coll. Joh* 



1. 
Many suites and greate troubles which the Bishop 
of Rochester did undergoe in the behalfe of the Col- 
ledge. 

The Bishop off Ely. 

The Licence of the Pope. 

The Licence of Mortmayne. 

The provyng off my Lady's will in the Chancery. 

The besones of my Lady servaunts which wolde 
have hadde all hir goods among them. 

The taking awaie of mych off Lande. 

The agreament with my Lady of Devonshire. 

The stoppyng of that paiment. 

The service for Ospring. 

The service for Higham. 

The service for Brommehall. 

Ffirst, my Lorde of Ely wiche thene was, albeit 
that he hadde promysede my lady his assent for the 
dissolvyng of Saynte Johns housse, wiche then was 
a religious housse, into a College of students, yett 
because he hadde not sealide, he wolde not performe 
his promyse ; and so delaide the mattere a long sea- 
sone, till at the last we were fayne to agree with 
hyme by the advyce of my Lord of Winchestre to 
our grete charge. This was the first sore brounte 



184 



that we hadde, and like to have quailede all the inat- 
tere, if it hadde not ben wiselie handelide ; for upon 
this hong all the reste. YfF this hadde ben clerelie 
revoikede by hyme, we cudde not have done any 
thing for that College, according to my Ladys en- 
tente and wyll. And surelie this was a long tyme 
or that we cudde have the writyngis surelie maide, 
and sealide with his seale and his convent seale upon 
the same ; for he purposlie delayde yt for causes 
wiche I will not here reherse. 

Seconde, where we hadde sente for the pope's 
licence to extincte the religiouse housse, and to 
change it into a college of Students. When the 
graunte came home, it was found of no vailew ; and 
all by the negligence off our counsell wiche devisede 
it. For the wiche we weare fayne to make anew 
writinge, and to have better counsell, and to sende 
agayne to the courte off Rome ; wiche was a grete 
hinderance, and a greate tracte of tyme. 

Thirde, where my lady in hir tyme hadde op- 
teynede the kyngs licence for this change to be 
mayde ; but she dyede or ever that it was sealyd ; so 
that we were fayne to make anew suyte. And where 
allso she optenyde by the kyngs licence for mortass- 
ing off fyfty pounde lounde only and no more. 
Heare I hadde nott a littyll besones to opteyne a new 
graunte for licence of CC U to be put in mortmayne ; 
and coste me grete suyte and labor, both by myself, 
and by my frends, or that I cudde opteyne it. And 
iff this hadde not ben optenyde, heare wolde have 
beyne butt a poure college. Heare we ware so sore 



185 



ploungide in amaner in a dispayre to have brought 
the college in that condicione that, lovide be our 
lorde, it is now in. 

Fforthe, it was thought expediente by the juges 
that for a suyrtye off the lands wiche my lady hadde 
putt in ffeoffament for the performance of hir will, 
and hadde thereof licence so to do by king Edwarde 
under his brode seale, and by the kyng hir son under 
his seale ; likewise unto than all hir will and testa- 
ment war performyde ; I say, it was thought neces- 
sarie by the juges that my ladys will shulde be pro- 
vyde in the Chauncery, over and beside the^profe 
off ytt in my lorde of Canterbury's courte. And her 
was myche tyme and labore taken, more then I can 
tell in a few words, of attendance and ofte resortyng 
to the Chanceler of Englonde, often having our 
lernyde counsell together, often having the chef juges 
advises, so many writs, so many dedimus potestatem 
to them that war absente that shulde beare witnes 
in this mattere. So herde it was to gett them to 
here this witnes, and to be sworne that were then 
present. So many suyts to the king Solicitor, the 
kings attorney, the king's sergeants, withouten whose 
assents my lorde chauncelore wolde nothing do ; 
oonlie as thei war all presant at every act to beare re- 
corde. This mattere, or it cudde be concludede, was a 
yere and a half; in doyng forsoth it was sore laboreos 
and paynfull unto me that many tymes I was right 
sory that ever I toke that besones upone me. 

Ffyft, after this rose a grete storme, the wiche 
was sturryde by my lady servaunts ; the occasion was 



186 



this. When my lady was at the poynte to departe 
out off this worlde unto the mercy off God, I hadde 
pety off hir poure servaunts, and movide hir that 
suche as hadde done hir goode service, and was but 
littill recompenside, that it wolde please hir thei 
might furst be consideride after the wisdome and 
descrecion of my lorde of Winchestre and me ; and 
she was well contentyde. Upon this occasion thei 
mayde unto the king greate surewyses that thei 
shulde have my lady goods dividede amogst them. 
Wiche putt us to a grete trobill. Ffor all that thei 
cudde ymagen off evyll agaynst me, thaie gave infor- 
maccion unto the kyng, and made him werray hevy 
lorde agaynst me ; for the wiche was moche attend- 
ance gyvyn, and moche suyte I made for my self or 
ever that I might be declarede. 

Sixt, after this I was movide by the king to pre- 
payre myself to go unto the generall cownsaill for 
the Realme, with my lorde of Saynt Johns and 
others ; and because I shulde thene departe, y e re- 
cevor of those lands wiche was in feoffment made 
grete besones for his discharge, because that I hadde 
recevide parte off that money ; so was I fayne to de- 
lyvre out off my hands all suche obligacions as I 
hadde in keping unto Mr Asheton and Mr Hornby, 
and to declare my self of all rekenings concerning 
the receyts of the money off that lands or any other. 
And Mr Hornby receevyde after that as myche as 
was recevede off the sayde moneye. 

Seventh, when I was disapointyde of that jorney, 
my Lady servants made anew besones; thai saw 



187 



that thus thai couthe not prevail, therefore thei cau- 
side us to be callide to accompts off' all my ladys 
goods, and to shew a cause whi we shulde keape 
the kings inheritance frome hyme to the valow off' 
cccc 11 yerly. And here we brought in our accompts, 
ffirst before Mr Sothewell wiche was the kings cheaf 
auditor. And ther I was compellide along tyme to 
gif attendance upon hym a sundrie places and many 
tymes, and there straitly our accompts war examy- 
nede, and he well pleaside with them, and thought 
it resonable that tyll all things wer performyde, the 
profets of the sayde lands shulde remane unto the 
College. Butt he diede or ever he myght gyff suffi- 
ciently informacione herof unto the Kyng, and sett 
us at a rest, as, after long examinacion of the compte 
and triall therof made, he thoughtt to bring aboute. 
Eyghtt, after this his deathe, by the importune 
clamor and crye off my sayde Lady servants we were 
callede off a fresshe before Mr Belknape, wiche then 
succedide in the rowme of Mr Southewell ; and ther 
we warre more straitelie handelide ; and so long de- 
laide, and weriede, and fatigate, that we must neds 
lett the londe go ; notwithstanding all the right that 
we hadde thereunto, by the graunts off King Ed- 
warde and off King Henry the vii, and the declara- 
cione off my ladys wyll, and the putting off the 
sayme londs in feoffemente, and also the profe of the 
sayde will in the chancery as strong as cowthe be 
mayde by any Iernyde counsell ; butt all this wolde 
not serve us ; there was no remedy, butt the kyng's 
counsell wolde take the profects of these londs for the 



168 



kyng. Nevertheless with greate and long suyte we 
optenyde at the last, that some recompense might be 
hadde unto the College for the performing off it ; 
and so finallie my lady Katyrine, wiche bowght for 
hir soone the yong lady Lyell, for certayne summys 
of money was bounden as stronglie as lernyde coun- 
sell cowthe dyvise the bonds, to paie for the behave 
of the same College. 

Nynght, considering that this londe thus was 
taken from us, we made farther suyt to have some 
hospitall, or some religious housse, or benefice, to be 
approperde by the kyngs graunte unto the College ; 
and when after long suyte that was grauntide, we 
divisede a byll to be signede of the king for the hos- 
pitall of Ospringe, and so finally gatt that same. 
Butt what labor then I hadde with hyme that was 
encombent, and how long or we cudde establishe and 
make it sure both by temporall counsell and spiritually 
and how often for this matter ther I roode both to 
Ospryng, and to London, and to my lorde of Can- 
terbury, or that I cowthe performe all things for the 
suyrty thereof, it war to long to reherse. 

Tenethe, after all this, the lady Lyell dyede ; and 
so my * Lady of Devonshire and hir sone lost the 
profits of hir lands ; for the wiche he and she bothe 

1 Katherine seventh daughter of Edward IV, wife of 
William Courtney Earl of Devonshire, deceased an. 3 Hen. 
VIII, by whom she had an only son Henry Courtney, after- 
wards created Marquis of Exeter an. 17 Hen. VIII, who 
married for his first wife Elizabeth Grey daughter and heir 
of John Viscount Lisle, but had no issue by her. [Sandford, 
Geneal. Hist, p. 398.] 



189 



was comfortide and counselide to paie unto us no 
more money, according to their obligacione. Thei 
maide it a materie of conscience because of the 
deathe of that young lady. After many resonyngs 
and many metyngs, our cownsell avisede us to make 
suyte to gett some religious housse ; and so finallie, 
with much labore and payne, we optenyde too Non- 
ryes where was dissolute lyving, and never coude by 
their ordynaries be broughtt to goode order ; and for 
the assuring off the same, moche payne and labor 
was taken bothe by my self, and allso by the M r . of 
the College M r . Metcalf, who I sent aboute that 
besones ; specially for the Nunrey off Bromehall,wiche 
was far frome me. He made many jorneys theder, 
and allso to my Lorde of Salsebury, wiche was ordi- 
dinary off a benefice to them approperde ; wiche 
things he dyde with muche lease charge that I cowde 
have done ; and therefor I dide commyt it unto his 
wisdome. 



2. 
A Letter sent by King Hen. VIII. to Bishop Fisher 
for the removeinge of the Prioresse and Nunnes 
out of Higham to other places of their religion. 

Right Reverende in God, right trusty and wel- 
belovede, we grete you well. And whereas we not 
longe tyme passide, by our other letters to you ad- 
dresside, willede you by your ordynary power to se 
the enormytese and misgovernaunces longe tyme 
heretofore hade, usede, and continuede by the Prior- 
esses and theire Susters for theire tymes beinge in 



190 



the religiouse house of Higham of our foundacion 
within your Diocese, to be redressede ; and that ye 
by due processe of the spirituall lawe shulde procede 
to remove theyme to other places of theire religyon, 
where theye might be reduced and brought unto 
vertuouse levynge, accordynge to theire Rules of 
theire Religion. In which matter we cannot per- 
ceyve that ye have done any thynge therein accord- 
ynge to oure request and desire, and youre owne 
dutie. At the whyche your delynge herein usede, 
we do nott a littill mervaile. We therefore by these 
our letters eftsones desire you and nevertheles com- 
mande you with celeritie and diligens, all delayes 
utterly set apart, ye, or your offycers for you havynge 
your auctoritie, do repayre unto the sayde religiouse 
house, and by due and ordinarie processes to amove 
the Susters of that place there nowe beinge, to 
other religious monasteries within your diocese, if 
ye conveniently maye soo doo ; and alls ye by your 
letters to advertise us where ye shall thinke other 
places for them more convenient. We fully myndede 
and in manner determynede to send twoo of the 
sayde Susters to our dere and wel belovide in God 
the Prioresse of 1 Sofeham, with our speciall letters 
for theire furtheraunce, there to be incorporated ; 
trusting that they at our request shall be ther well 
entertained, and live accordingly to the rules of their 
professions. Fayll ye not thereof thus to do, as ye 
tender our pleasure, and mynde the preservation of 
good religion to be observede and kept. 

1 Swaffham. 



191 



3. 
A Letter sent by King Hen. VIII. to some person 
unknown, requiring him to assist the Bishop, or 
his officers, at such time as they shall repaire to 
Higham for the amovinge of the said Prioress 
and her sisters. 

Right trusty and welbeloved, we grete you well; 
signifying unto you, that we at this tyme by our 
letters have commanded the right reverend father 
in god, the Busshope of Rochester, that he himselfe, 
or his officers by hym auctorisede, (considerynge the 
grete enormitese of living in tyme passede hade, usede, 
and contynuede within the religiouse house of Higham 
of our foundacion, by the prioresses and their sus- 
ters in the same for theire tymes beinge,) by due 
order of the lawes spirituall, to procede agenst the 
susters in the sayde howse now beinge, and to remove 
them to some other place of that religion ; we be 
credibly informede that the susters in the same 
place, through the supportacion and mayntenaunce 
of symple persons theire fautouris, be obstinate, dis- 
obedient, and not mynded to be ordred by the sayde 
Rt. Rev. Father in God, theire Ordinary, and his 
sayde officers ; expressly agaynst our mynde and 
pleasure, and against the dutyse of theire religione. 
We therefore woll and desire you, at suche tyme as 
the sd. Rt. Rev. Father in God, or his Officers in 
his name by him auctorised, shall repare unto the 
sayde religious howse, there to procede by the due 
order of the lawes spiritual to amove the sayde sus- 
ters, according to our mynde ; that ye, at this oure 



192 



speciall request, doo geve unto them your good and 
favourable assestence from tyme to tyme, as the 
case shall require. And in your thus doinge, ye 
shall be well assuryd to have our harty thanks for 
the same. Geven under our signet, at our Oastell 
of Wyndsor, the xxvith day of September. 



4. 
A Letter sent by King Hen. VIII. to the Bishop 

of Sarum, commanding him to deliver all the 

evidences belonging to the Monastery of Brome- 

hall to the bringer thereof. 

Right Reverend Father in God, we grete you 
well. And for the effectuall diligens ye take at our 
desire, in executing your Pastorall auctoritie, touch- 
ynge the excludynge and putty nge owte of the Priores 
and Nones late of oure Monastery of Bromhall, for 
such Ennormyties as was by them uside, contrary 
to their Religion, and for the bestowynge of them in 
other vertuous Howses of Religion, we give unto you 
our especiall and harty thanks. And inasmuche as 
we understonde, that you have in your kepynge cer- 
teyne Evydences belongynge to the same Monastery 
of Bromehall, whiche rightfully belonge un^o us by 
reson of the vacation of the said place, and there be 
noo Nonnes restant within the same ; We therefore 
woll and command you further, upon the syght here- 
of, to delyver all the said Evydences unto the Bringer 
hereof; whome we have appoynted to order that 
same accordynge to our pleasure. And these our 
Letters shall be your sufficient warrant and discharge 



1.93 



in this behalfe, at all tymes hereafter. Geven under 
our signet, at oure Mannor of Richemonde, the xiii th 
day of December, the xiii th yere of our Reygne. 



5. 
A Letter sent by Cardinal Wolsey to the Bishop 
of Sarum, concerning the removinge of the 
Nunnes out of Bromehall and placing them in 
some other religious howses, where they may best 
and most conveniently be bestowed. 
Right interelie well beloved Brother in God, we 
commende us unto you. And for as moche as of 
late the Kyngs grace did addresse unto you his Let- 
ters missyve, Wyllynge you in the same, by your or- 
dinary power, to procede agenyst the enormyties, 
mysgovernaunces, and slaunderous levynge, longe 
tyme heretofore hade, usede, and contynuede by the 
Priores and the Nones for theire tymes beynge in the 
religius house of Bromhall, beyng of his foundacion, 
within your Diocese ; which we dowte not, but that 
accordynge to the tenor of his sayde letters, ye have 
done, as apperteynithe. Herefore efetsone we do 
signifye unto you by these our presente letters, that 
for sundry lawfull and resonable considerations, it is 
the kyng's pleasure, and also ours, by our power of 
legation, which in the execution of these present, we 
be contented that ye use as our Depute : and upon 
sight hereof with all diligens and celerity, ye shall, 
as well by youre sayde powere and auctorite ordinary, 
provide and see, as also by oure sayde powere of le- 
gation, that all the sayde nonnes now beyng there 
13 



194 



presente be removed unto other places of theire reli- 
gion, where ye can best and most conveniently be- 
stow them. Specially where they may be brought 
and inducede into better and more religious levynge, 
seing them and every of them incorporated in the 
same place for their suerties. 

Not faillynge thus to doo in any wise as ye in- 
tende the Kyngs pleasure, and the execution of our 
sayde auctorite of legacion, by vertue whereof, we 
not only praye, but also charge you effectually to ex- 
ecute the premisses accordingly. In the doing 
whereof we shall assist you from tyme to tyme, as 
nede and case shall require. So fare ye hartily well ; 
from Calise the xx tJ day of October 1 . 

1 In reference to the preceding Letters, Baker observes, 
in his History of the College,— ' The King's zeal, and the 
Cardinal's, is very remarkable in the whole proceeding ; their 
Letters are yet preserved upon our Books, expressing it in 
so vehement a manner as if it were their own concern ; the 
two Bishops were too slow for them, and these letters are 
designed to quicken them in their paces. — It can hardly be 
doubted but the King and Cardinal had different views from 
our Bishop, otherwise their zeal and diligence can hardly be 
accounted for. The Cardinal's great design was now brood- 
ing, which ended in the dissolution of a crowd of Houses at 
once ; which he was willing to make way for by a reputable 
and leading example ; and though the King might not yet 
have a general dissolution in view, yet as this led to the Car- 
dinal's design, so the Cardinal's paved the way and led to the 
King's. And might not the same views that quickened them 
in their proceedings, retard the Bishop in his good design, and 
make him slow in prosecuting what he at first desired? For 
could he have foreseen the consequences that probably attend- 
ed his undertaking, he would never have entered into these 
measures. But men and Providence have different ends ; and 
God is wise in effecting his own purposes by our blindness.' 



195 



6. 
A recitall and acknowledgment of the Bishop of 
Rochester's love and care and diligence in the 
procuringe the foundacion of St. John's Col- 
ledge. 

[Ex Regr. Col. JoL] 

Quum mortalium memoria, ut Seneca seribit, 
ex omnibus animi partibus res maxime delicata et 
fragilis sit, in quam senectus primum incurrens ty- 
rannidem exercet gravem, turn setate quassans, 
turn longa desidia enervans et dissolvens; ut, si 
maxime vellet, antiquum robur et vim praestare non 
poterit ; operse pretium fore duximus, illi modis 
omnibus subveniendum, remedio, ut unico, ita 
prsesentissimo, nempe litterarum testimoniis ; quo- 
rum beneficio factum videmus, ut prseclarissima 
majorum nostrorum facta, recenti hominum me- 
moria passim celebrentur, et hodie vivant, ceu heri 
acta ; quorum alioqui dignitates, dies, tempus, et 
rerum omnium edax vetustas, non modo obfuscas- 
sent indigne, sed et perpetuis oblivii tenebris demer- 
sissent. Quod si nullum sit ingratitudinis genus, 
vel odiosum magis vel modis omnibus execrandum, 
quam acceptorum beneficiorum inciviliter oblivisci, 
quanto execrabilius videri poterit, si nos, homines 
studiosi, et lingua quam manu meliores, in illud 
vitii incideremus, a quo quam maxime abesse 
oporteat. Hoc est, si beneficia libenter accepta, 
vel non agnosceremus, vel non libenter ; quorum 

IS— 2 



196 



utrumque, cum in aliis ne tolerandum quidem ex- 
istimemus, in nobis abominandum prorsus non cen- 
sebimus ? Hinc est, ut posteris testata esse vo- 
luerimus, maximorum beneficiorum insignem mag- 
nitudinem quae magnus ille et incomparabilis in 
bonis literis heros, Reverendus Pater Ioannes, non 
sine numine Roffensis Episcopus, in celeberrima 
duo Cantabrigiensis Academiae Collegia feliciter 
contulit; Christi, inquam, servatoris nostri, op- 
timi, maximi ; et ejus castissimi mystae Ioannis. 
Cujus unius praesulis munificentiae et industriae ac- 
ceptum referamus oportet, quod haec duo claris- 
sima studiosorum musea hodie conspiciuntur, non 
minus sumptuosis aedificiis decorata, quam opibus 
praediisque magnis ditata, ad Dei omnipotentis 
cultum et honorem, ad rei litterariae et virtutis in- 
crementum, et demum ad totius Academiae singu- 
lare decus et ornamentum. Caeterum, hie rem 
paulo altius recenseamus oportet, oratione magis 
vera quam venusta, ut ostendamus quam magno 
labore et negotio hoc tarn pulchrum et memorabile 
facinus tandem effectum sit. Atque hoc lubentius, 
quo posteris testatissima relinquamus, non magis 
debere nos haec collegia ipsi optimae fundatrici, 
quam ornatissimo huic praesuli. Et ut ab initio 
exordiamur, versabatur per id tempus eximius iste 
Praesul Roffensis in nobilissimae principis Dominae 
Margaretae, Richmondiae et Darbiae Comitissae, 
familitio. Qui, quum apud omnes illius celebra- 
tissimae aulae proceres omnia potuit (tanta erat 



197 

virtutis quae in eo lucebat et morum autoritas), 
turn principi longe charissimus habebatur; cui et 
a confessionibus erat, et a secretioribus consiliis 
intimus ; cujus semper sano sanctoque consilio in 
rebus omnibus obsecuta est pientissima princeps, 
ceu Greci olim prudentissimo Nestori. Atque ut ad 
rem propius accedamus, impetraverat jam prius 
princeps haec inclitissima, a rege, illius aetatis om- 
nium illustrissimo, Henrico 7°, et filio suo quam 
charissimo, facultatem, ut liceret in Londoniensi 
Monasterio occidentali (vulgus Westmonasterium 
vocat), magnifica quaedam, et tanta principe digna, 
pro arbitratu suo facere ; nam ilium sibi sepul- 
turae locum elegerat. Hanc rem insignissimus 
praesul Roffensis secum dispiciens, et luce clarius 
videns tan turn bonorum acervum in meliores usus 
converti posse, nacta opportunitate, principis ani- 
mum ab incepto instituto revocare adgreditur ; 
suadet ut tanta pietatis opera (omisso loco satis 
superque opulento) in Cantabrigiensem Academiam 
convertat ; ita futurum, ut Christi doctrina et 
bonae litterae indies augescant, et virtus in pretio 
magis habeatur. Quid multa ? persuadet facile 
viragini sanctissimae, quam ceu mollissimam ceram 
ad meliora semper inflectere potuit. Ilia, Christi 
optimi maximi gloriam suae praeferens, tarn piis con- 
siliis mox annuit ; verum huic rei nonnihil obstare 
asserens votum quod a Rege prius obtinuerat ; et 
si ille Regis animum et hue inflectat, id quod vix 
fieri posse putabat quum Rex ipse item illic esset 



198 



humandus, se libentissime hortatui obtemperatu- 
ram. Et hie sane plusquam herculanus erat nodus. 
Verum enimvero non recusavit hanc provinciam, 
quantumvis arduam, benignissimus praesul Roffen- 
sis. Quae sua erat semper in litterarum studia et 
studiosos mira charitas, nactus est a principe pien- 
tissima ad Regem litteras, quarum summa erat ut, 
mutato instituto, praeclarum quidpiam Cantabrigiae 
agat. Rex ut erat ingenio admodum felici, et 
prudentia vere regia, acceptis benignissime matris 
litteris, et rem omnem a prsesule Roffensi viva voce 
edoctus (nam is negotium hoc apud regem obibat), 
delectatus supra modum rara praesulis prudentia, 
et facundia plusquam Ulyssea, maternis precibus 
acquievit. Dedit Episcopo ad illam litteras sua 
ipsius manu exaratas, ad septimum Idus Augusti 
et imperii sui anno primo; laudat pientissimae ma- 
tris in bonas literas pietatem ; gratulatur animo 
pro tam provido et benigno ; breviter quidvis obe- 
undi summam illi copiam fecit ; nimirum ex hoc 
tam prseclaro facinore cernens et magnum Chris- 
tiana? ecclesise fructum oriturum, et suo regno im- 
mortale decus. Jam princeps Margareta, initium 
rei successisse gaudens, nulla mora Christi Colle- 
gium adgreditur, extruit, neque prius ab incepto 
destitit, quam et opibus et prsediis illud absolvisset; 
in qua quidem re, quamvis fortiter et industrial 
summa elaboravit Roffensis Praesul, priusquam ad 
periodum deduceretur, tamen hinc occasio divinitus 
(non dubito) data est, in qua ejus virtus clarius 



199 

omnibus elucesceret. Nempe Christi Collegio con- 
summate), Oxonienses Doctores aliquot, qui in prin- 
cipis familitio id temporis agebant, et inter hos 
praecipue quidam vir magnae autoritatis, neque 
minoris famae, principem in sua vota pellicere stu- 
dent; hortanturque ut tale quidpiam Oxonii ageret, 
quale jam fecerat Cantabrigise. Ostendunt Mo- 
nasterium Divae Frideswidae, impensius orant, ut 
illud in Studiosorum Collegium mutare dignare- 
tur; id illi facillimum esse, quae nihil non et opibus 
et potentia potuit; quo beneficio affirmant, nomen 
illius in utraque academia perpetuo celebratum iri. 
Neque vero hoc negocium vel segniter vel oscitan- 
ter egerunt Oxonienses illi ; sed magnis et con- 
tinuis precibus nunquam non inculcabant, ut pa- 
rum abfuerit, quod non eorum votis assentiretur 
princeps inclitissima, si non mature intervenisset 
Praesul Roffensis. Is importunas eorum conspicatus 
preces, simulque Hospitalis Divi Joannis Evange- 
listae in Cantabrigia ruinam dolens, quod jam ad 
summam miseriam et inopiam, incolarum luxu et 
intemperantia, devenerat ; Christo benignissimo 
gratius futurum credens, hoc in loco pietatis opera 
exhibere, quam illic, ubi aut parum, aut nihil erat 
opus, (noverat enim quos fautores jam turn ha- 
bebat Oxonium) munificentissimam principem ocius 
compellat. Exponit miserae domusmiseram ruinam; 
ostendit (ut re vera erat) praedia divendita, terras 
luxu gulaque absumptas, ornamenta exposita, sup- 
pellectilem prorsus corrosam, et ne sacris quidem 



200 

parcitum, Divina officia intermissa, hospital itat em 
celebrari nullam, Prsepositum domus creditoris 
metu latitare, Confratres paucos, plus minus qua- 
tuor, modo per urbem, modo per rura divagari, in 
maximam suaereligionis infamiam atque scandalum; 
hospitale ipsum prope desertum, sed ita alieno sere 
oppressum, ut ne omnia quidem prsedia, si integra 
mansissent, debita illius magnitudinis vendita per- 
solvissent ; breviter adeo dilapsa et deploranda 
omnia, ut nulla esset salutis vel tenuissima spes, 
nisi numen aliquod prsesentius aspiraret. Haec ut 
audivit Benignissima princeps ab eo cui semper 
fidebat maxime, deploratae domus sorti miserata, 
etsi habuit in diversa instigantes plurimos, ab Epis- 
copo tamen Roffensi id persuasa, quod ipsa per se 
probe intelligebat, nullum beneficium vel melius 
vel utilius collocatum iri posse, quam tarn pesti- 
feras et steriles herbas e fertili solo ocius extirpare, 
et quasi jacto novo semine, uberrimam messem 
Christo parare, unde nova subinde et fertilissima 
repullularet seges, in maximum Christianas fidei in- 
crementum evasura ; convertit se totam ad prae- 
clarum, sed difficilius et magis arduum pietatis 
opus ; huic omnibus nervis incumbit, ut ex paupere 
(si liceat dicere) tugurio, insigne (quale nunc est) 
collegium erigatur. Obtinuit, ad hoc negotium 
capessendum, a pontifice maximo autoritatem, pa- 
riter et a filio suo Henrico septimo ; neque vero 
dissimilem ab Eliensi tunc temporis Episcopo, et 
antiquae domus fundatore, impetraiat facultatem, 



201 



idque decimo idus Martii, Rege Henrico septimo 
annum jam agente imperii sui vicesimum quartum. 
Sed heu praematuram mortem ! qua? tantum bonum 
mortalibus diutius invidebas. iEgrotabat nobi- 
lissima haec princeps satis quidem periculose, digna 
certe quae nunquam nee aegrotaret, nee moreretur. 
Quae quum finem vitae sibi instare intelligebat, ne- 
que * * promittebant medici, optimi hujus prae- 
sulis hortatu et consilio, qui nunquam hoc illi in- 
culcare desinebat, arcitis ad se proceribus iis quos 
a consiliis intimos magis habuit, syngraphum pro- 
tinus confici curat, quo inceptum opus absolveretur. 
Verum priusquam illud obsignatum sit, sanctissima 
princeps animam ccelo reddidit, ubi ob beatissime 
transactam vitam non dicendis gaudiis cum cceli- 
colis fruitur. Expiravit vero tertio calendas Julias, 
ipsissimo die quo mortalibus sanctum colitur festum 
apostolorum Petri atque Pauli. Sepulta magni- 
fice, ubi et obiit, Westmonasterii. Instabat jam 
totis viribus huic operi Roffensis Episcopus ; et re- 
liquos hue omnes urgebat executores, ne nobilis- 
simae principis nuper sublatse voluntatem irritam 
fieri sinerent. Convenit Eliensem Episcopum, qui 
viventi principi assentiebat ut desolata domus in 
Collegium mutaretur. At ille jam sententiam 
mutarat suam, neque jampridem promissis stetit ; 
hac contentione annus elapsus est ; tandem, quid 
precibus, quid pretio flexus, omnem sui juris et vim 
et robur Roffensi praesuli concessit, ut ille omnia 
pro suo arbitratu ageret. Neque tamen adhuc fa- 



202 

cultas erat collegium aggrediendi. Verum tot 
subinde restiterunt mala, et quasi hydrae capita, 
absoluto uno, decern protinus oriebantur ; ut nun- 
quam crediderim hoc opus aliquando absolvi potu- 
isse, citra praesentissimum Dei numen, et hujus 
Praesulis herculeos labores. Quid enim loquar su- 
dores et negotiorum undas, quas annos plus novem 
in Regio consilio passus est, orando, ambiendo, et 
nihil non agendo quod hoc negotium promoveret ? 
Quid dicam quot pericula subivit, quae discrimina 
etiam vitse pertulit ab iis proceribus qui olim prin- 
cipi famulabantur \ qui pientissimae principis bona 
omnia sibi, et vi et potentia, vindicassent ; quorum 
profecto cupiditatem et furorem eohibere hominis 
erat plusquam mortalis ; qui et eo insaniae devene- 
runt, ut regis (qui nunc est) florentissimi animum 
modis omnibus sollicitarent, ne hoc collegium 
aedificaretur. Quid multis ? nunquam adducar ut 
credam Trojanum ilium ^Eneam per tot maria 
tempestate et errore vectum, majore cum labore, 
haud discrimine, urbem Lanuvinam condidisse, 
quam laudatissimus praesul iste Divi Ioannis Col- 
legium. Caeteris devictis tandem monstris om- 
nibus, non parum adjuvante Rever do Patre Guli- 
elmo Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo ut principis tes- 
tamentum robur haberet, a Rege, ab Eliensi, ab 
omnibus, prius ^oncessum opus, sed hactenus di- 
latum, tandem bonis avibus aggreditur quinto 
nonas Aprilis, regnante item Henrico octavo et 
1 i. e. 1° Idus Mart. Hen. VII. 24. 



203 



ejus imperii anno secundo. Hue accessit R. P. 
Thomae Eboracensis Archiepiscopi, Cardinalis, au- 
toritas, quae in hoe negotio multum valuit. Erecto 
igitur hoc Collegio, et antiquae domus praediis re- 
demptis, quum neque ilia, neque fundatricis bona 
satis essent ut numeris omnibus absolveretur, rur- 
sus ad Henricum ejus appellationis octavum, Re- 
gem florentissimum, confugit ; cujus favore simul, 
et Reginae nobilissimae, Hospitale de Ospringe 
huic collegio est adjectum ; una cum duobus mo- 
nialium monasteriis, quae, ob perditissima incolarum 
scelera et mores corruptissimos, in magnum et Chris- 
ticolarum dedecus mox erant ruitura ; quae, quanta 
cum sollicitudine, quantis precibus et obsequiis, 
apud regem, apud Cardinalem, et horum proceres, 
aegre tandem obtinuit, vix unquam (ita me Christus 
servet) credidissem, si non hisce vidissem oculis. 
His utrumque adquisitis, dignissimus iste praesul 
caetera adjecit ; leges condidit, quas statuta voca- 
mus, virtutis morumque optumas tutrices; pos- 
tremo, et veluti generosissimus Vermis, se ipsum 
enervans hoc collegium refersit, seipsum spolians 
has aedes ditavit, seipsum deprimens hoc * * * 
ornavit, breviter et de suo diripiens hue congessit 
quicquid vel ornamenti vel suppellectilis habemus ; 
et novissime, ut e tanta multitudine paucula recen- 
seamus, haec quae singulatim subscribuntur e bonis 
suis collegio dedit. 

[Partly printed in the Collections to Fiddes 1 Life 
of Wolsey.] 



204 



In Plate, Juells, and Moneys. 

Ffyrst the Reuerende Ffather in God John 
Bysshoppe of Rochester hathe gevyn to thys col- 
lege of Sanct John the euangeliste in Cambrege, 
for the ^owndacyon of iv ffellowys and ii dyscipylls 

1 He first gave 500 lib., with which lands were purchased 
to the yearly value of 25 lib. Afterwards he gave lands, 
lying, with the others, in Holbeche, Ramrick, Ridgwell, Wes- 
ton, &c, to the value of 60 lib. per an., in all 85 lib. per an., 
equal to, or exceeding the revenues of the old House : Be- 
sides his Jewells, and all his other furniture, whereof he made 
a deed of gift, which with a large Inventory is yet lodged in 
the Treasury; though the things themselves never came 
there, for reasons too well known to need to be related. Out 
of these estates he founded four Fellowships and two Scho- 
larships. Three of the Fellows and two of the Scholars were 
to be chosen out of the county of York ; the other Fellow 
out of the diocese of Rochester. All his Fellows, if priests, 
to receive a mark per quarter beyond the usual stipend. He 
founded besides, Four Examinators, with two Lecturers for 
the Greek and Hebrew Tongue ; his Examinators to receive 
40*., the Greek Lecturer 3 lib., and the Hebrew Reader 5 
lib. per annum; With 12 lib. per an. for Trentals, usually 
enjoyed by six of the Fellows, to each one 40*. ; and moneys 
to be distributed at his Exequies to the Master, Fellows, and 
Scholars, upon the day of his death, varying in the sum, ac- 
cording to the number then present. All these foundations 
still exist in the College, but under the Foundress's name, 
instead of Bishop Fisher's. For in the Statutes given by 
Hen. VIII. an. 1545, after the Bishop's fall, it was ordered 
that whereas the original establishment was for 28 Fellows 
and 22 Scholars (50 persons in all), and 4 Fellows and 2 Scho- 
lars for Bp. Fisher, being of his own private foundation; it 
should in future consist of 32 Fellows and 24 Scholars (be- 
sides 3 for other uses) for the Foundress only. The mark 
per quarter was to be paid to the four Seniors of the Foun- 



205 



for ever in the sayd College, and for themortemaign 
of Ospryng to the sayd College, 600 lib. 

Item payd for the mortemanyng of Higham 
and Bromehall 200 lib. 



Item the sayd Reuerende Ffather in God hathe 
gevyn these percells followyng. 

Ffyrst a chales wyth a paten, gylte, ponderyng 
27 unc. 

Itemii Chalessys, percell gylte, weying together 
26 unc. 

Item a pix of sylver and gylte, gravyn wythe 
roseys with a lydd pertenyng to the same havying 
in the toppe a crosse and crusyfyx ponderyng 28 
unc. 

Item a standyng Cuppe, gylt, with a Couer pon- 
deryng 14 unc. 

Item iij Rector stavys twayn of thame cappyd 
wythe sylver ponderyng 16 unc. 

Item ij grett Saltts wythe a couer all gylte 
ponderyng 52 unc : (In toto, 163 unc: whereof 
147 were gilt.) 

dation, and the 12 lib. per annum to be divided amongst six 
or more of the Fellows to pray for the Foundress ; and the 
four examinators at 40*. a year each, and two Readers at 4 
lib. per annum each, were continued ; but all with an entire 
suppression of the Bishop. These regulations were inter- 
rupted for a short time under Q. Mary, but came again into 
force in the next reign ; and they form part of the last 
Body of Statutes given by Q. Elizabeth an. 1580, by which 
the College is now governed. 



206 

In vestments and aulterclothes . 

li. s. d. 
Ffyrst a swett of Vestyments of 

rede clothe of gold wythe spangs and 

crossys in the myddyst enbrotherd 

wythe IhQs Xryste and portcolis to the 

value of 26 

Item y e copys of the same clothe of 
gold wyth lyke velvett and enbrothered 
to the value of 34 6 8 

Item a vestment of clene clothe of 
golde wythe y* bake of enbrothered 
warke of y e value of 7 13 4 

Item a vestment of Grene velvett 
enbrothered with rede rosys with a 
crose of gold of stole warke wroght 
with daysys to the value of 13 6 8 

Item two pawlys for the hye Alter 
paned with greyn velvett and blewe 
wroght with rede rosys of golde and 
rosys of sylver to the value of 15 

Item two other pawlys for the hye 
Alter paned with clothe of golde and 
cremesyn velvett to the value of 6 13 4 

Item four casys of clothe of golde 
with fynne corporalls pertenyng to the 
same to the value of 1 6 8 

Item two Spanyshe napkyns wroght 
with sylke and gold 

Money payd for thes by y e sayd 
Reuerende Ffather in God 128 10 



207 



In Books. 

Hie sequuntur nomina Librorum receptorum per 
me Robertum Shortonum, pro Libraria Dicti 
Collegii. 

In primis recepi a Reverendo in Christo Patre 
Domino Roffensi Episcopo, ultimo die Septembris, 
anno Regis Hen. VIII. tertio. 

Duo Missalia in pergamena impressa. 
Item ab eodem, Symon de Cassia de gestis Christi. 

Item ab eod. opera Floreti in duob. vol. 
Item ab eod. Alexander de Hales in trib. vol. 



Obligacio Joye. 

Item ab eod. Rev in Christo Patre D no Rof- 
fensi Ep°, primo die Octob 8 anno quinto Regis 
Hen. VIII. 

In primis Novella ! Joannis Andrese super de- 
cretalibus in duob. vol. 1 lib. 

Item ab eod. Archidiaconus super decret. 9s. 

It. ab eod. Corpus Juris Canonici in trib. vol. 
llib. 6s. 8d. 

It. ab eod. Sabavella super clemet. 6s. 8d. 
It. ab eod. Albertus sup. Evangelia in trib. vol. 15s. 
It. ab eod. Albertus sup. sententias in trib. vol. 15s. 

It. ab eod. Dominicus sup. sext. decret. 9s. 

Summa 5 lib. Is. 4*d. 

1 Joannes Andrese, jus Bononise docuit A.C. 1345; scrip- 
sit in Novellas ; obiit peste A. C. 1348. 



208 



If 



Vft 



It. de Joye in parte solutionis suae obligacionis 
anno quinto Regis Hen. VIII. ultimo die Sept s . 
Albertus de mirabili scientia Dei in duob. vol. 10s. 



\/ 



Obligacio Wynkyn pro octo libris. 

In primis recepi ab eod. Wynkyn, primo die 
Sept 8 anno quinto Regis Hen. VIII. 
\y Opera Jeronimi in duob. vol. 18s. 

It. ab eod. ] Ricardus de media villa in duob. vol. 1 li. 
It.ab eod, Ordinalia duo impressain papiro, 1 li. 6s. 8d. 

It. ab eod. Missale 3s. 4<d. 

It. Manuale in pergamena, 1 lib. 6s. Sd. 

It. ab eod. opera Chrysostomi in duob. vol. 12s. 

It. ab eod. Chronica * * 12s. 

It. ab eod. Faber sup. Epistolas Pauli 5s. 
"\/ It ab eod. opera Bernardi 8s. 
Vi It. ab eod. opera Origenis in duob. vol. 18s. 

It. ab eod. opera Cypriani 3s. 4<d. 

It. 2 Holcott sup. Sapientia 5s. 

Summa 7 lib. 18s. 

1 Richardus Middletonus, Franciscanus Anglus, scripsit 
in Evangelia, in epistolas Paulinas, Magistrum Sententiarum, 
&c. obiit A. C. 1300. 

2 Robertus Holkotus, Dominicanus Anglus, Theologiam 
Oxonii docuit. Commentariis in S. Scripturam, &c. inclytus. 
Obiit peste A. C. 1349. The Treatises of these two Writers, 
viz. Ric. de media villa, Venet. 1509, and Holkot sup. sapi- 
entia, Hag. 1497, together with the Treatises of Albertus 
Magnus viz. — sup. Evangelia, Hag. 1504, sup. Sententias, 
Bas. 1506, and — de mirabili Scientia Dei, Bas. 1507, which still 
remain in St John's College Library, are probably the iden- 
tical Books given by Bishop Fisher. 



209 

Obligacio Pynson pro 21i. 6s. 8d. 
Pro qua surama recepi ab eod. xvi proces- 
sionalia, viz. duodecim in pergamena, et quatuor 
in papiro. 

7. 
A letter sent to the College by my Lo. of Roches- 
ter, on the behalf of ' Mr. Wakefield beinge to 
travell beyond the seas, that he might have the 
benefit of his fellowship for two years. 

After my ryght hartty recommendacions, wher 
master Wakfeld this bearer ys mynded to goo by- 
yonde the sea, to thentent thatt he may be the 
more expolite and perfite in the tonge of Hebrew ; 
I have graunted hyme the emolumente of his Col- 
lege duryng the space of two years next ensewyng ; 
trustyng that at his return he shall be more able 
to perfite others in the sayme learning, and to doo 
honour both to your College and to the hoole 
reame. Thus fare ye weale, at Rochester by your 
old assured frend 

Jo. Roff s . 

1 He was the first Professor of Hebrew on the foundation 
of Hen. VIII. as appears from Ascham, — ' De Cantabrigia, 
si quid aves audire, en jam nova tibi videri potest ; tarn divi- 
nis et immortalibus literarum praesidiis et ornamentis auxit 
earn optimi principis nostri munificentia. Wigginus Theo- 
logiae, Smithus Jurisprudentiae, Checus Linguae Grecae, 
Wakfeldus Hebraica?, Blitus, qui sororem D. Checi duxit, UI 
Medicinse, Publici Professores sunt instituti. Salarium qua- 
draginta librarum singuli quotannis sunt accepturi.' (Epist. 
Fam. Lib. ii. 9.) 
14 






210 



8. 

A Letter of Bishop Fisher to Richard Croke. 

Baker, after having mentioned the University's 
decreeing Bishop Fisher annual Exequies, in ac- 
knowledgment of the great services done by him to 
the University, as well in his own private founda- 
tions and in private Colleges, as in his more public 
character as their Chancellor, instances Fisher's 
singular virtue and moderation in so far declining 
the welcome offer, as to desire that Lady Marga- 
ret might have the first place in their prayers ; and 
Baker observes that it is an ' answer to the objec- 
1 tions of one Richard Croke, an ambitious, envious, 
' and discontented wretch, who had been preferred 
' by him, and had eat his bread ; and yet had the 
'impudence to charge him with setting up for 
1 Founder, and with other such calumnies as his 
' malice could invent. His objections are best an- 
* swered by the Bishop himself in a letter he vouch- 
' safed to write to that wretch ; and it is very well 
' worth reading to any one that has an honour for 
1 the Bishop's memory, or that can take pleasure 
4 in seeing right done to innocence against calumny 
4 and detraction.' 



Epistola Joannis Roffensis ad Crocum. 

Miror profecto ] Croce quod in his negotiis 

tempus conteris tuum, quum nee hac, aut mundi 

1 Richard Croke, or Crocus as he writes himself, was ad- 
mitted Scholar of King's College Apr. 4, 1506 ; studied Greek 



211 

aut Dei gratiam comparabis unquam. Et si forte 
pusillam aliquando conquires, mihi crede, non diu 
durabit ; laedes etiam existimationem tuam apud 
omnes. Si me velis audire, consulerem ut, istius- 
modi studiis omissis, ad solidiora te conferres. De 
calumpniis illis quas ad me scripseras, non ego pri- 
mus sum qui calumpnias injustas sum perpessus. 
Sed quum locus et tempus id postulabunt, in 
promptu est quod respondeam. Extant ratiocinia 
de cunctis quaecumque ad meas manus venerunt de 
bonis Dominae. Et miraris unde mihi tantum pa- 
trimonii ; putas Executores adeo stupidos fuisse et 
negligentes, ut non illis rationem reddedirim unde 
istud mihi superieret S Illis abunde constitit 
unde mihi tanta pecunia ; cujus rei (securus sis) 
mihi non deest solida comprobatio. Sed interim 
stolidus eram, qui in tarn ingratos pecuniam ex- 
pendi, qui nunc mecum expostulent unde mihi tan- 

at Oxford under Grocyn and others ; then went beyond seas, 
and was the first that taught Greek at Leipsic ; afterwards, 
at the request of Bp. Fisher, he returned to Cambridge where 
he was made Orator about 1522, D.D. 1524, and Greek Pro- 
fessor next after Erasmus, upon which occasion Erasmus 
writes to him, — ( Gratulor, mi Croce, Professionem istam tarn 
splendidam, non minus honorificam tibi quam frugiferam 
Academise Cantabrigiensi ; cujus commodis equidem, pro 
veteris hospitii consuetudine, peculiari quodam studio faveo.' 
Afterwards he was employectto go to several places in Italy 
to agitate about the unlawfulness of the King's marriage. 
In the beginning of 1532, he was made by Hen. VIII. Canon 
of his College at Oxford ; and in 1545, when that College was 
turned into a Cathedral, he had a pension in recompence for 
his Canonry, and retired to Exeter College, ' ubi hospes con- 
senuit,' and died in 1558. 

14—2 



Ppt^tfUu- 



212 



turn patrimonii. Habeo fratres et nepotes non parvo 
numero, in quos, si quemadmodum vos praadicatis 
affectus essem, locassem justius. Nullus profecto 
non angulus esset Collegii vestri per cognatos et 
consanguineos meos oppletus, si sic afficerer quem- 
admodum vos obloquimini. Prodeat qui dicat unus 
in faciem, tu consanguineum unum aut alterum 
habes in Collegio. Sed quid de ] consanguineis 
dico, qui nihil audio mihi saepius opprobratum, 
quam eis adeo tenuiter provideam ? 

Dicat et probet me quempiam e conterraneis, 
qui non esset pari cum cseteris, imo non supra 
cseteros, et eruditione et probitate vitse, et corruat 
mea caussa. Et ego qui sum I qui non possum ex 
mea pecunia, prospicere conterraneis meis ad pro- 
fectum eorum ; quandoquidem id sacrae prsecipiunt 
litterae, et contrarium omnino damnent affectum. 
Non prohibeo quominus vel tu, vel quivis alius, 
Collegium sedificet pro quoto velit numero conter- 
raneorum suorum, modo spes merit eruditionis et 
bonse vitse. Tantumque abest ut illud damnem, ut 

1 In his foundation in St John's College, he made pro- 
vision for his relations during their lives — ' Moreover it is 
convenaunted and agrede betwene the saide parties, for them 
and their successors for ever, that the saide Maister or his 
Depute for the tyme beyng shall pay, or cause to be paide, 
to the Bretherne and servants of the said Reverende Father 
in God, whose naymes be written in a schedule, and the 
summes dew to every parsone be likewise written by thame 
on subscripcion of the saide reverend Father, xx lib. sterlyng 
yerely, duryng ther naturall liffe ; that is to say, to every 
man his porcyon as long as he shall liffe.' 



2 IS 



etiam in statutis cavi quod si quis (cujuscumque 
fuerit comitatus) pacisci velit cum M" et Sociis 
(salva Collegii indemnitate) de quoto velit numero 
Sodalium aut discipulorum, intra summam con- 
cessionis ad raanum mortuam factae, bene licebit 
eidem, et valde cuperem ut talis inveniretur. Sed 
bona pars hominum id quserit (quemadmodum est 
in proverbio) ut citra sementem citraque arandi 
laborem, omnibus fruantur. 

Ego de mea pecunia, quum adhuc Hornbyus 
et Aschtonus essent superstites, quingentas exposui 
libras pro sustentandis quatuor sodalibus et duobus 
discipulis ; faciat alius tantundem, ego non invidebo. 

Quod ad pecuniam attinet Dominse, mundas 

(non dubita) servavi manus, et servabo; relinquam- 

que post me dilucidum ratiocinium omnium quae ad 

illam pertinuerant, quantum venerit ad custodiam 

meam. * Sed ego pro conterraneis meis nullum non 

2 Ascham, in his Schoolmaster, speaking of the Benefac- 
tors to St. John's College under Dr. Metcalfe, third Master 
1518, says — ' And that which is worthy of memory, all these 
' Givers were almost Northern Men ; who, being liberally re- 
1 warded in the service of their prince, bestowed it as liberally 
1 for the good of their country. Some men thought therefore 
' that Dr. Metcalfe was partial to Northern Men ; but sure I 
' am of this, that Northern Men were partial in doing more 
1 good, and giving more lands to the furtherance of learning, 
' than any other country men in those days did ; which deed 
' should have been rather an example of goodness for others 
' to follow, than matter of malice for any to envy, as some 
' there were that did.' Fuller likewise, speaking of Dr. Met- 
calfe being put out of the Mastership of St. John's College, 
says — ' Others conceive it was for his partiality in preferring 
Northern men, as if in his compasse there were no points but 



214 



moveo lapidem. Si conterraneos meos Eboracen- 
ses appellas, certum est me non plures ex eo comi- 
tatu (quanquam amplissimus sit,) quam ex minim o 
comitatu totius regni deputasse ; quod (quantum 
opinor) nemo fecisset alius, si tantum ei licuisset, 
quantum et mihi. Sin eos vocas conterraneos om- 
nes qui trans Trentam incolunt, hos Fundatrix 
ipsa jussit prseferendos. Sed ego sancivi quod sem- 
per ex Eboracensibus quatuor sint in Collegio Se- 
niores. Falsum est. At non inficior statuisse quod 
pars major septem seniorum ex novem illis comita- 
tibus esset semper, quos Fundatrix ipsa jussit prse- 
ferendos. Nee velim expectet quisque a me, quod 
ego non securiorem illorum partem faciam, quibus 
ilia favendum duxerit. At ego fundatricis nomen 
obscuravi, mihi ipsi gloriam totius operis aucupans. 
O miseri ! Ego Fundatricis nomen obscuravi, qui 
nihil ubique studui et studeo magis, quam ut illius 
gloria fulgeat, et nomen passim illustretur. Ego 
inter gregarios benefactores repositus sum ubique ; 
ilia (ut par est) fundatricis nomen nullo non teneat 
loco. Sed de iis aliquando copiosius ad sodales 
scribam, ex quonam ceperim, ut non desit calump- 
niatoribus istis quod masticent. Velint, nolint, Deo 

such only as looked to the North, advancing alone his own 
countrymen, and more respecting their need then deserts. 
But herein Metcalfe is sufficiently justified ; for he found 
charity hottest in the cold countrey ; Northern men were most 
partial (saith one) in giving lands to the College, for the fur- 
therance of learning. Good reason therefore Northern Scho- 
lars should be most watered there, where Northern benefac- 
tors rained most.' 



215 



bene favente, Collegium et stabit, et florescet, ut 
et illi magis invideant. 

De stipendio tuo et Vuakfeldi, Deum testor, 
nee nummus quidem ex bonis Dominae fuerat. Sed 
video jam quod fuerat male collocatum. Ego spe- 
ravi te Collegio futurum magis frugiferum quam 
sis. Nam, ut audio, nee prselegis, nee ad com- 
munem accedis mensam, et habes etiam e soda- 
libus convivas tecum in cubiculo, contra statuta 
Collegii, quod ego non patiar. Offenduntur enim 
ex ea re complures. Si paratus fueris ad commu- 
nem mensam cum cseteris accedere, et fructum ali- 
quem doctrinae communicaveris aliis, non gravabor 
ad tempus victum tibi pristinum concedere, quoad 
alias providere licebit tibi. Sed cave passurum me 
credas tantum offensionis et exempli mali, cujusli- 
bet hominis causa intra Collegium. Quando putor 
in hac re gloriosus, nemo gloriam istam preripiet 
mihi. Bene vale, et si quasi amicus ista monueris, 
gratiam habeo. Sin quasi factionis princeps et 
antesignanus quispiam, res ipsa seipsam prodet. 

Sed nunc ad priores tuas litteras venio, quibus 
nee respondissem, nisi me secundis excitasses. Nam 
parum illud me movet quod de Cancellariatu scrip- 
seras. Nunquam non oneri mihi fuit magistratus 
ipse. Notum est quod libenter alteri cesserim, ni- 
hilque non molitus sum ut ille dignaretur admittere. 
At repudiavit ceu rem indignam sua praecellentia. 

Repudiatum vero munus (ne viderentur omnino 
contemni) me supplices exorabant suis litteris ut 
denuo magistratum non spernerem ; extant adhuc 



216 

eorum litterce penes me. Nunc autem si rursus 
abdicent, invenient aliquem fortasse cui gratum 
erit munus, quod ipsi, more puerorum, nunc tribu- 
unt nunc auferunt ut libet. Ego certe perparum 
ex ea re coepi voluptatis. Alius accipiet fortasse 
cui Lutherana placeant. At- istud abs me nolim 
unquam expectent, ut scilicet ego faveam quos Ec- 
clesia orthodoxorum hostes esse decrevit. Neque 
tamen ipse velut haereseos ream Academiam accu- 
savi, imo defendi magis quum accusaretur. Neque 
me crimen haereseos eis impegisse Reverendissimus 
ad eos scripsit ; quod et sat scio testaturus est ipse, 
quam primum occassio dabitur. Non dubito quin 
patribus et senioribus Academiae plurimum haeresis 
ista displiceat ; quanquam sunt e vobis suspecti 
complures, et nonnulli notati digitis. Veh degene- 
ribus filiis ! qui matrem hactenus inviolatam etiam 
publicis, ut audio, concionibus passim in vehiculis 
denigrant, et tetra respergunt infamia ; melius 
fuisset illis si nati non fuissent. 

De obligationibus quod omiserim, quid Legales 
senserint minime mihi curse est. Scio Reverendum 
Patrem ac Dominum mihi charissimum, Dominum 
Wintoniensem, id genus obligationum, summis peri- 
torum conciliis non ecclesiasticarum solum verume- 
tiam patriarum legum, excogitasse. Cujus factum 
si revocare queant aut eludere, non gravabor cum 

tanto Patre concidere. 

Bene vale 

ex Roffa 
Jo. Roff. 



217 



9. ~ 
Epistola ad Roffensem Episcopum ab Accidentia 
Cantabrigiensi. 
Quantum tibi debet seternumque debebit haec 
nostra, quanquam non magis nostra quam tua, am- 
plissime Presul, respublica, quippe cujus tu et caput 
et gloria prima es, quamque multis tibi nominibus 
obstrinxisti, consilio, auxilio, beneficentia, favore, 
quamvis nee epistolari brevitate complecti, nee 
verbis explicari, satis, et pro rei dignitate queat, 
tamen silentio prseterire, prseterquam quod injus- 
tissimum fuerit et facinus nullis victimis expiabile, 
etiam summo justoque dolore nos afficeret, plus 
conspici humanitatis in literis atque studiis nostris, 
quam in factis moribusque. Quorum illud nimi- 
rum ingratos esse, hominum nullorum esse putamus 
(si modo homines esse velint), nedum Christians 
philosophise ac persuasionis candidatorum, quibus 
cum sanctissimo servatoris nostri et praesidis Christi 
ore prsecipiatur, ut et nos devoventibus bene im- 
precemur, ac malefacientibus benefaciamus, et pro 
iis oremus qui nos laedunt insectanturque ; quanto 
magis nos benevolos exhibere gratosque iis esse 
oportebit, qui multis nos magnisque beneficiis de- 
merentur? Istud monstri simile profecto fuerit, 
homines humaniori litteratura imbutos et Musarum 
Gratiarumque studiis excultos ab ineunte setate, 
moribus tamen esse ita barbaris et efferatis, ut 
nullum nee humanitatis vestigium retinere, nee 
grati benevolive animi signum praeferre, vel possint 



218 

vel velint; praesertim Dominationi tuae obceratos 
tot tuis in nos tamque magnificis nullo non tempore 
et loco collatis beneficiis. Quorum quaedam no- 
biscum dum cogitamus, vel ilia quae oculis quotidie 
nostris observantur, praeclara Academiae nostrae 
duo lumina, Collegia Christi et Joannis (quae magno 
nobis ornamento esse foreque nemo tarn impudens 
est qui negaverit,) statim cogimur te summis patro- 
nis nostris connumerare ; et locum dare proximum 
inclitissimae juxta, atque sanctissimae heroinae, Mar- 
garetae Richmondiae Comiti, quae tuis (quis enim 
vera prohibebit dicere ?) devicta precibus, persuasa 
sermone, obsecuta consilio, et hortatu animata, 
cum tanto, sed alibi destinato, nos adfecerit bene- 
ficio, quanto pares esse poterimus nunquam ; quid 
aliud, quam ceu digito demonstravit vel primum 
te, vel a primo proximum esse, beneficii hujus au- 
thorem, cui haec duo Musaea debeamus nihil hercule 
minus, quam Stagirae olim Cives suam urbem Aris- 
toteli, quam ut condidit Alexander, ut rex aedifica- 
vit, at persuasit Philosophus alioqui non condituro. 
Jam vero ecquis illud vulgare dixerit beneficium, 
quod tuae Dominationi referimus acceptum, istorum 
nomine quorum alter Academiae a concionibus, 
alter est a praelectionibus sacris; uterque sane 
quam utilis nobis ac populo Christiano ; quorum 
munia, ut plurimum nobis honorifica et necessaria 
fatemur, ita tuae Dominations opera factum scimus, 
ut tanto bono potiremur. Quibus tuis, Colendissime 
Pater, beneficiis, quae tu, ne non essent ex omni parte 



219 



splendida, vestibus preciosis aureisque exornasti, 
quippe illis quibus inter sacris operandura solemus 
uti, quoniam nihil habemus quod reponamus non 
indigne praeter animi gratitudinem et quam max- 
imas gratias ; tamen tarn regaliter apparatis et 
tam splendide vestitis beneficiis tuis ne nudas to- 
tum gratias remittamus, visum est illis tuo exemplo 
circumdare amictum aliquem, vestem funebrem 
illam quidem et mundo pullam, sed tibi Presuli 
sanctissimo et candidam et mire gratam futuram, 
et qualem nemo vir Christianus, qui cum Paulo 
sese novit quotidie morti tradi propter Christum 
Jesum, non...praeferatque omni purpurae atque 
auro; hoc est, ut citra metaphoram loquamur, Ex- 
equias annuas, annuaque parentalia, quae tuis ma- 
nibus perpetuo et quotannis celebranda in Divi 
Joannis Collegio (ubi multa variaque benignitatis 
tua monumenta visuntur,) illis omnibus et ritibus 
et caeremoniis, quibus praecipuorum nobis benefac- 
torum exequiae peraguntur, et sanximus et presenti 
senatusconsulto statuimus, decernimusque. Quod 
munus nostrum, dignissime Presul, . . .videlicet quern 
habemus thesaurum, si tuae Dominationi gratum 
esse intellexerimus, et ea qua offertur alacritate 
acceptum, vehementer sane gaudebimus, et gratu- 
labimur nobis potuisse nos id tuae Dominationi 
praestare quod tuorum erga nos et rempublicam 
universam officiorum magnitudinem, quamvis non 
vincere aut superare, tamen attingere posset. 
Felicissime valeas Opt. doctissime Pater, magnum 



220 



hujus nostrse litterariae reipublicae et caput et de- 
cus. Ex nostro Senatu, pridie Cal. Feb. 



10. 
Epistola ah Episcopo Roffensi ad Academiam 
Cantabrigiensem . 
D. Vicecancellario, Universoque Senatui re- 
gentium et non-regentium Cantabrigiae, S. P. 

Etsi negotiis variis fuerim impeditus quominus, 
ut par erat, digne quum pro vestris amantissimis lit- 
teris turn pro immenso quo me jam donastis bene- 
ficio gratias agerem, non potui tamen citra summam 
inhumanitatis notam omnino silere, nihilque tantis 
et tam amplissimis erga me vestris respondere me- 
ntis. Optima certe ilia et vestri hujus Academiae 
studiosissima virago, Domina Margareta Rich- 
mondiae comes, vere digna cujus nomen semper 
vestris inhaereat pectoribus, mihi laudem omnem 
harum rerum praeripuit, quas nunc mihi tribuit 
vestrum erga me singulare studium. Ego tantum 
in his negotiis minister eram, id solum agens et 
suppeditans ad quod omni tam humano quam di- 
vino jure fueram astrictissimus. Quid enim ipse, 
quern illustris ilia Matrona sibi a confessionibus 
ascivit, consulerem aliud, quam quod ad illius 
animae salutem mihi potissimum conducere vide- 
batur \ Nee erat quicquam in quo, me judice, cu- 
mulation suo merito collocasse tantum censum 
potuit, quam ut multitudo juvenum suis sumptibus 
educaretur, qui postea, quum in viros eruditione 



221 



virtuteque praestantes adoleverint, Christi evange- 
lium per totius hujus Britanniae fines, haud citra 
fructum et eundem sane quam uberrimum, essent 
sparsuri. Nihil igitur in hac re feci praeter offi- 
cium, ad quod omni jure tenebar. At licuit hoc 
ipsum in alio quovis gymnasio fuisse procuratum ; 
licuit certe, verum ita jurijurando, quod olim apud 
vos ipse prestiti, non fecissem satis. Nam hoc de- 
vinctus eram, uti vestro commodo, vestroque honori, 
quoad potuerim in cunctis prospicerem. Quocirca 
non est cur agnoscam usque adeo cumulatissimas 
a vobis mihi deberi gratias, quum ipse nihil nisi 
quod ex debit o incumbebat in his rebus egerim. 
Habeat igitur ilia, ilia, inquam, incomparabilis 
foemina, patronaque vestra, quae vere de vobis 
merita est, suas laudes et gloriam integerrime sibi. 
Mihi certe satis est haec summa vestra benevolentia, 
qua propensitatem animi mei erga vos tarn benigne 
respicitis. Animus iste revera, sicut nee defuit 
unquam, ita nee in posterum deerit, quibus valebit 
modis, vestris prodesse negotiis. Beneficium vero 
quod contulistis tantum est, ut regibus conveniat 
magis quam pauperculo pontifici. Cui enim in hoc 
mundo potest illustrior a morte contingere gloria, 
quam splendidissimum tot eruditissimorum homi- 
num coetum astare corpusculo suo, tantamque re- 
verentiam eiidem exhibere ? ' Horrui profecto, con- 

1 It was his fate however to be buried in an obscure grave. 
This has likewise happened to our three earliest Founders. 
Hugh de Balsham has no stone to mark his last resting-place 



222 



tremuique totus, dum cineribus meis tantum ho- 
noris impertiendum cogitarem. Quid enim aliud 
ipse quam pulvis et cinis ero ? Caeterum absit ut 
devotas preces tanti et tarn eruditissimi coetus non 
amplectar, non exosculer, non summis denique 
votis exoptem. Neque enim cum illis sentio qui 
purgatorium negant. Egent enimvero complures 
animae, postquam hinc exierint, purgatione multa 
diuturnaque. Divus Bernardus misericorditer agi 
secum putavit, si purgatoriis aestibus adusque ju- 
dicii diem relinqueretur expiandus. Si tantus vir, 
tantum elimationis spatium praescripserit sibi, quid 
ego miserculus non toto pectore affectem, vestris 
orationibus quotannis apud divinam clementiam 
commendari, quo facilius ab illis ignibus eximar? 
Desunt itaque mihi verba quibus pro maximo isto 
beneficio jam a vobis impenso, et a posteris vestris 
impendendo, gratias agam. Hoc tamen a vobis 
impetrare cupio, quatenus Exequiae, quas mihi 
nunc singulis annis estis polliciti, nomini illius op- 
tima? feminae communisque patronae ascribantur; 
nimirum, ut ilia, sicut in Collegio Christi memoriam 
obtinuit precum vestrarum, ita et in Collegio Divi 
Ioannis pariter assequatur. Communionem autem 
precum si cum ilia mihi impertieritis, abunde, et 
supra quam ipse de vobis meruerim, estis elargiti. 

in the choir of Ely Cathedral ; and the noble Foundresses of 
Clare Hall and Pembroke Hall lie in undistinguished graves, 
the former at Ware, and the latter amongst the ruins of 
Denney Abbey. 



223 

Nam quicquid est gloria? quam et sola meruit, soli 
ipsi deferendum censeo ; precationis tamen vestrae 
subsidium quam nunc mihi tarn ingenue spopon- 
distis, ambabus (ut aiunt) manibus excipio lubens, 
gratiasque proinde vobis agens immortales. Va- 
lete. Ex. Roffa. 5°. Cal. Martii. 



11. 

Grant to J. Fisher Bishop of Rochester, of a per- 
petual dirge or obit to be observed for him in 
Christ's College, dated Feb. 22, an. 1525. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus, ad quos presens 
scriptum indentatum et tripartitum pervenerit, Jo- 
annes Watson, Magister sive Custos Collegii Christi 
in Cantabrigia, et omnes ac singuli ejusdem Collegii 
tarn scholares socii quam scholares discipuli, salu- 
tem plurimam. Cum venerandus in Christo Pater 
ac Dominus D m Joannes Ffisher,divina benignitate 
Roffensis Episcopus, de suo vero motu et pia animi 
liberalitate, imo potius divino instinctu ac charitate 
paterna, Collegium hoc Christi suis consiliis et hor- 
tationibus curavit ut institueretur ab optima fun- 
datrice nostra, nobilissima felicis memoriae Domina 
Margareta, dudum comitissa Richmondia? et Der- 
bise ; illudque suis auxiliis et opibus juvit ut erige- 
retur, consummareturque ; ac modis omnibus qui- 
bus poterat, provexit, ornavit, ac illustravit, turn 
in condendis legibus et institutis recte vivendi, turn 
in perquirendis ac stabiliendis prsediis ; adeo ut, 
post fundatricem nostram, videamur, non nos so- 



224 

lum, sed tota successura posteritas nostra, maxime 
illi debere hoc compendium victus et haec commoda 
quibus gaudemus ac deinceps gavisuri sumus et 
successores nostri ; igitur nos praefati Joannes, M r 
sive Custos praedicti Collegii Christi, et omnes ac 
singuli ejus Collegii turn scholares socii quum scho- 
lares discipuli, ne tantae munificentise simus imme- 
mores, tantisque benefices ingrati, unanimi omnium 
ac singulorum assensu et consensu, communibusque 
votis, ultro ac libenter promittimus et concedimus, 
ultra perpetuam communionem et participationem 
omnium quotidianarum precum et suffragiorum 
nostrorum, donee steterit hoc Collegium, etiam 
anniversarium officium mortuorum de placebo et 
dirige cum missa de requie, solenniter et decenter 
'celebrandum singulis posthac futuris annis, per 
nos, praefatos magistrum et omnes ac singulos tarn 
scholares socios quam scholares discipulos hujus 
nostri Collegii et successores nostros in perpetuum, 
pro anima specialiter praefati reverendi patris et 
domini D m Joannis Fisher, Roffensis Episcopi, et 

1 On the 3rd of February, during the Bishop's lifetime, 
and afterwards, on the anniversary of his death, or within five 
days next ensuing; and in consideration of the Bishop, when 
made acquainted with this grant, having given them 43/. they 
oblige themselves to purchase therewith lands of the annual 
value of 40*. to be distributed in part to those members of 
the Society who should be present at the obit ; and five shil- 
lings andfour pence to be expended the sameday, — 'inprandio 
et accubitu faciendo." For the performance whereof, they 
bind themselves to the Bishop, and to the Masters of St. 
John's College and Michael-House. 



225 



pro animabus parentum ac benefactorum ejusdem, 
et omnium fidelium defunctorum, &c. 



12. 

Epistola ad Wintoniensem Episcopwm. 

Reverendo in Christo Patri ac Domino, D. Ricardo 
Wintoniensi Episcopo ornatissimo, virtutis et 
bonarum litterarum fautori maximo. 
Quanquam major sit tibi apud omnes jamdudum 
parta gloria, Presul ornatissime, quam quae ulla 
temporis vetustate aboleri queat, (extant enim 
semperque extabunt aeterna tui nominis monu- 
menta, quse te intermori sinent nunquam) ; tamen 
quum nihil dubitamus hunc animum quo tarn prae- 
clare egeris, tibi a superis immortalibus eo datum, 
quo de omnibus quantum fieri potest bene merea- 
ris; operae pretium sane facturi videbamur, si nos- 
tris litteris Amplitudinem tuam sollicitaremus ad 
praeclari quidpiam apud nos agendum; non quod 
te jam nunc aut otiosum putamus, aut parta gloria 
indormiscere ; verum quum quid cui facias refert 
plurimum, et accipientium conditione commendan- 
tur beneficia, existimavimus certe nihil majus ad 
tuae glorise cumulum accedere posse, quam si (quo- 
modo Oxonise nuper feceras) Cantabrigiae quoque 
quasi tropheum aliquod sive statuam erexeris mag- 
nitudinis tuae. Prseclara sunt fatemur quae Oxoniae 
feceris, et immortalitate digna, quibus vel magni 
Reges invidere possunt. At cum te ipso indies ma- 
jor evadis, et quam plurimis benefecisse prima laus 
15 



226 



sit, testetur, precamur, et Cantabrigia Wintoniensem 
Episcopumaliquando vixisse ; nequevixissemodo,sed 
virtutisetiamatquebonarumlitterarum fautorem fu- 
isse munificentissimum. Habes tu quidem, felicissime 
Presul, hie magnam exercendae tuse virtutis materi- 
am. Habes hie Collegium cui benefacias, non quod- 
libet, sed Ioannis ; quod si esset tarn opibus su- 
pellectilique instructum, quam est litteris (ut spera- 
mus) et studiosa multitudine, non esset cur mag- 
nopere alienam peteremus opem. Verum ut urbes 
et civitates a parvis olim initiis ortae ad summum 
tandem rerum evectae sunt fastigium, ita speramus 
et collegium nostrum una cum aetate auctius eva- 
surum ; quum bonorum hominum liberalitate, turn 
tua Presul optime virtute et benignitate ; quibus 
nos nunc maxime persequaris oramus. Laboramus 
namque, cum aliarum rerum inopia, turn librorum 
maxime, quibus divina officia cani solent, miro de- 
fectu ; ut in numerosissimo, quern superno favore 
habemus, choro, vix parti tertiae sufficiant codices. 
Tua Paternitas, sive huic malo mederi velit, sive 
discipulos aliquot (quod dicimus) fundare, qui lit- 
teris et virtute per te invigilent, seu quidvis aliud 
apud nos agere, quod tibi gloriam pariat immor- 
talem, nostris vero litteris utilitatem afferat, li- 
benter amplectemur munificentiam tuam ; curabi- 
musque sedulo ne te aliquando collati beneficii pce- 
niteat. Jam vero non miraberis amplissime Pater 
quod te unum prae caeteris libentius sollicitamus, 
quippe qui videmus nomen tuum nostris omnibus 



227 

libellis, codicibus, schedisque inscriptum, nunquam 
non conspectui nostro occurrere, nunquam non 
oculis esse obvium. Existimavimus nullius opem 
nobis rectius inorandam, quam illius, cujus jam diu 
nostris auribus tarn familiare nomen fuit. Quare 
quum tantum apud omnes glorias, apud Deum vero, 
cujus amore ut omnia et istud feceris, premii et 
mercedis tantillo beneficio tibi lucraberis, aggredere 
ocius, colendissime Pater, provinciam nee gravem 
nee difficilem. Adde hoc tuis virtutibus quasi 
colophonem ; et quod apud Oxonienses magnifice 
praestitisti, apud nos utrumque praesta. Celebrabitur 
in utraque Academia tanti Presulis virtus tanta. 
Florebit in omne aevum tui nominis splendor atque 
gloria. Denique, quod maximum reputabis, vives 
apud homines, vives et apud superos, clarus et im- 
mortalis. Bene valeat Dominatio tua, diu felix 
atque fausta. E D. Ioannis Collegio 6°. Calendas 
Octobr 1 . 

i ' His attention was fixed in his latter years on the founda- 
tion of some religious or academic institution, and being of- 
fended with the conduct of his own House of Pembroke, of 
which he resigned the headship in 1518, he became the muni- 
ficent founder of the College of Corpus Christi in Oxford. 
Bishop Fox was afflicted with blindness for many years before 
his death, but under the pressure of age and infirmity his 
spirit remained unbroken ; and he replied to Wolsey, who 
wished him to resign his Bishoprick of Winchester for a pen- 
sion, { that though he could no longer distinguish white from 
black, yet could he distinguish right from wrong, truth from 
falsehood, and could well descern the malice of an ungrateful 
man' ; he warned the proud favourite to beware lest ambition 
should render him blind to his approaching ruin, bade him 

15—2 



228 



Dabis veniam ornatissime Pater nobis magna 
rerum mole laborantibus, qui illius ferme obliti 
sumus, quod vel primo loco dictum opportuit ; 
nimirum ut dignetur Dominatio tua nos Reve- 
rendo Patri Norvicensi, tuo suffragio commendare. 
Nos vicissim nostris precibus te Christo benignis- 
simo commendabimus. 

Tuae Dominationis scolastici deditissimi 

M r . et Soc. Coll. D. Joannis Cantabrig. 



13. 
Letters Testimonial made by the College, at the 
request of Sampson Wyvell, Gentleman, con- 
cerning theire repaireinge to the tombe of 
Hugh Ashton, sometime Archdeacon of the 
Cathedrall Churche of York, and reading of 
the words ingraven upon the sayd tombe ; 
the 12 th day of Julye, 1522. 
To all Christian people to whom these pre- 
sents shall come to be sene, hard, or redde ; know 
you that we, M r George Bullock, Doctor of Di- 
vynytye, and M r of the colledge of St John the 
Evangelist in the University of Cambridge, the 
Fellows and Scholars of the same colledge, at the 

attend closer to the King's business, and leave Winchester to 
the care of her Bishop. The aged Prelate died in 1528, and 
was interred in his own Chapel in Winchester Cathedral, 
where his tomb still exhibits an exquisite specimen of the 
richest style of Gothic sepulchral architecture. A small ora- 
tory within the Chapel retains the name of Bishop Fox's 
Study'. (Surtees' Durham, Vol. I. p. lxiii.) 



229 



request of Sampson Wyvell gentleman of the 
paryshynge of Martham in the county of York, 
do testify and declare that, the xii day of July in 
the third and fourth yere of our Souerayne lord 
and lady the Kyngs and Queens majesty es most 
godly reygnes, we, the said M r , Fellows, and Scho- 
lars before named, do go and repaire to the tombe 
of one Heugh Ashton, somtyme archedeacon of 
the cathedrall church of York ; upon whose tombe 
lyeth one great marble stone, whereupon is graven 
in romaine letters, and that in brasse, these words 
followyng ; that is to say, — Hie situs est Hugo 
Ashton archidiaconus Eboracensis qui ad Christi- 
ans religionis augmentum socios ii e Lancastria 
totidemque scolares, sociumque et scolarem Ebo- 
racensis, sociumque et scolarem Dunelmiensis dio- 
cesis oriundos, suis impensis pie instituit, atque 
singulis a se institutis sociis supra consuetum so- 
ciorum stipendium solidis quadraginta adauxit ; 
obiit nono Calend. decembris anno Domini 1522. 
— which words all we, the day and yere aforesaid, 
did reade in the presence of the said Sampson 
Wyvell, and do testifye that the said words do 
remain ther in maner and forme aforesaid ; and 
that the said towmbe is ane auncyent tombe ; and 
neither the said words nor the said tombe hath not 
been altered changed or removed sythens it was 
fyrst laid ther. In witness whereof we have to 
these presents putte the common seale of our Col- 
ledge the day and year above wrytten. 



No. V. 

THE WILL OF 
MARGARET COUNTESS OF RICHMOND. 



In the name of Almighty God, Amen. We Mar- 
garete Countes of Richmond and Derby, Moder to 
the most excellent Prince King Henry the Vllth, by 
the g'ce of God King of Englond and of Fraunce, 
and Lorde of Irlande, our most dere Son, have called 
to our remembrance the unstabilnesse of this transi- 
tory worlde, and that ev'ry creatur here lyving is 
mortall, and the tyme and place of deth to ev'y crea- 
tur uncerteyn. And also calling to o'r remembrance 
the great rewards of eternall lif that ev'y Cristen crea- 
tur' in stedfast faith of holy church shal have for their 
goode deeds doon by theym in their present lif, We 
therefore beyng of hole and goode mynde, &c. the vi 
day of Juyn, the yere of our Lord God a thousand 
five hundreth and eight, and in the xxiii yere of the 
r eigne of our saide most dere son the King, make, or- 
deyn, and declare our testament and last will, in man' 
and forme folowing, that is to saye, First, we gif and 
bequeth our soule to Almighty God, to o'r blissed 
Lady Seynt Mary the Virgyn, and to all the holy 
company in heven. And our body to be buried in 
the monastery of Seynt Peter of Westm', in suche 
convenable place as we in o'r lif, or our executors 
aftir our decesse, shall provide for the same within 
the Chapell of o'r Lady which is nowe begon by 
the said o'r most deer son. It'm, we woll, that pla- 
cebo and dirige w't lauds and w't all divine s' vices, 
prayers, and observants belongyng thereunto be so- 
lemply and devoutly songen and said in the daye of 
o'r decesse, by all the preests, mynisters, and children, 
of o'r chapell; and mass of requiem w't note, in the 



231 



mornyng nexte ensuyng, with all divine s'vice, pray- 
ers, and observants belonging thereunto, in as solempe 
and devoute wise as they can doo or devise : and so 
to contynue to synge and say daily ev'y day fro daye, 
as long as o'r body shall reste there unremoeved to- 
ward the said place of our interment ; and that ev'y 
preest and leyman of o'r said chapell have for his la- 
bor in that behalf for ev'y daye for ev'y such placebo, 
dirige, and lauds, w't masse of requiem, xnd. and 
ev'y child of the chapell mid. It'm, we will that 
like placebo and dirige, with lawdes, and masse of re- 
quiem, be solemply and devoutly said and songen 
daiely ev'y day during all the saide tyme in the pa- 
risshe church of the place where it shall please Al- 
mighty God to call us owte of this transitory lif to his 
infynite m'cy and grace by all the preests and clerks 
of the same church ; and by other preests to the nowm- 
ber of LX or under, and clerks to the nowmbre of 
xxx or under, resortyng to the said church. And 
that ev'y of the same preests beyng p'sent, and help- 
ing to suche placebo and dirige w't lawdes and masse 
of requiem, and saying also ther' masse for our soule, 
have for his labor and reward in that behalf for ev'y 
suche time xud. And ev'y of the said clerks beyng 
present and helping at suche s'vice of ev'y such place- 
bo and lawdes with high masse of requiem, have for 
his reward mid. and soo to contynue daiely till o'r 
body be remoeved, and to have like reward for ev'y 
daye. It'm, we will that o'r executors assone as they 
convenyently may aftir our decesse, cause solemply 
and dovoutly to be songen or said for our soule in ev'y 
of xv parisshe churches next adjoyningtothe place of 
our decesse, by all the preests, clerks, and mynisters, 
of ev'y such churche, placebo, dirige, with lawdes 
and masse of requiem with all divine prayers and ob- 
serv'nces belonging thereunto. And our executors 



252 



cause to be geven and deliv'ed therefore to the church- 
wardeyns of ev'y suche church x s. to be distributed, 
that is to saye, to ev'y prest beyng p'sent, and help- 
ing all divine s'vice of the same, and also ther saying 
masse of requiem, xn d. and to ev'y clerk mi d. and 
the residew of the same, if any remayn, to be disposed 
to the reparacions or ornaments of the said church. 
It', we will, that ev'y preest, to the nowmbre of lx, 
beyng present in the parisshe church where our body 
shall reste eny nyght betwene the place of o'r decesse 
and the place of our interment, that shal be helping at 
all divine s' vices of placebo and dirige with lawdes and 
masse of requiem, with note, and there saye placebo, 
dirige with lawdes, and masse of requiem, shall have 
for his labor vni d. And ev'y clerk, to the nowmbr' 
of xxx clerks, beyng p'sent, and helping to sing and 
say placebo and dirige, with lawdes and masse of re- 
quiem, or seying there placebo and dirige, with lawdes, 
in id. It', we bequeth to the curate of ev'y church 
where our body shall reste at nyght in s. mi d. And 
to the wardeyns and parisshoners of ev'y suche church 
to th' use of the same church x s. in money, and n 
torches. And to the ryngars of the bells of ev'y 
suche church ins. uud. And we will that ev'y 
preest, laymen and children of our chapell have for 
their reward for the same daie like somez as is ap- 
poynted to be gefen to theym in our chapell, as is bi- 
fore said. And we will that all the said masses and 
other masses that shalbe said for our soule aft' our de- 
cesse unto the tyme of o'r enterment, excepte the high 
masse of requiem, shalbe orderd and said as can be aft' 
the forme and order of a trantall. It'm, we will that o'r 
executors geve and deliver to the church-wardeyns of 
ev'y other parisshe that our body shall passe through 
toward the said place of our enterment, other then in 
the said citie of London, xvi s. viu d. and a torche, 



233 



to cause placebo and dirige with lawdes, and messe of 
requiem, to be solemply and devoutely songen or 
said in ev'y suche churche by the preests and clerks 
of the same. And to geve therof to ev'y preest for 
his labor vi d. and to ev'y clerk nn d. and the residew 
therof to be disposed for the reparacion of the orna- 
ment and church of the same parisshe. It'm, we will 
that in like wise our executours yeve and deliver to 
the church-wardeyns of ev'y church that our body 
shall passe through within the said citie of London 
x s. and a torche to cause like placebo and dirige with 
lawds, and masse of requiem, to be solemply and de- 
voutly said and songen by the preests, ministres, and 
clerks, of ev'y suche churche, and to geve to ev'y 
prest for his labor vi d. and to ev'y clerk mid. and 
the residew thereof to dispose to the reparacions of the 
ornaments and church of the same parisshe. It'm, 
we will that our executors yeve and deliver to the 
freres of ev'y of the nu orders of freers in the said 
citie of London, for their labour to geve their attend- 
aunce upon the comyng of our body through the same 
citie and for placebo and dirige, with lawds and masse 
of requiem, to be solemply songen and said in ev'y of 
the churches of the said freers, xl s. It', to the prior 
and co vents of Crist's churche in London, Seynt Mary 
Spitell, Seynt Barthilmewes, and to the abbotts and 
covents of Tower-hill and Bermondsey, for a solempne 
dirige, and masse to be hadde and keptein ev'y of the 
same place to ev'y of them, xx s. It'm, to the Crowche 
Freers, and to the prior and covent of Elsyngspitell for 
a like dirige and masse, to either of them xuis. mid. 
It'm, we bequeth to th'abbot and covent of the 
monastery of Seynt Peter of Westmynster, for pla- 
cebo and dirige, with lawds and masse of requiem, 
and other divine service and observances to be had 
and doon in the same monastery at the daie and in the 



234 



tyme of our enterment, as followeth, that is to saye, 
to the abbott of the same monastery, if he be there 
present, xx s. to the prior if he be present, x s. to ev'y 
monke present there, beyng a preest, us. to ev'y 
monke beyng professed and noo preest, xu d. to ev'y 
monke beyng novice and not profeste, viii d. And at 
our moneths daye to every of the persones of the same 
monastery above rehersed for like placebo and dirige, 
with lawds and masse of requiem, with all divine ser- 
vice and observaunce belongyng therunto, the like 
somes of money as above is specified. And to the 
bells ryngars the tyme of our enterment, xvi s. viii d. 
And at our monethes daie vi s. viii d. And to the 
Deane and Chanons of the College of Seynt Stephen, 
for a like solempne dirige, with lawdes and masse of 
requiem, there by theym to be said and songen in the 
tyme, and in the daie of our saide enterment, lx s. to 
be distributed by the discrecion of the deane and tre- 
sorer of the same place for the tyme beyng for al 
maner of charges to be doon aboute our saide enter- 
ment. And to the deane and chapiter of the college 
of Wynburn, for a like solempne dirige, with lawdes, 
and masse there to be said and songen at the tyme 
and in the daie of our enterment, xl s. It', we will 
that our executours geve and deliver to the churche- 
wardeyns of the parisshe church of Seynt Margarets 
of Westm' xl s. and a torche, to cause a like solempne 
dirige, with lawdes and masse of requiem, there to be 
solemply and devoutly said and songen, in the same 
churche, by the prests, ministres, and clerks, of the 
same churche, at the tyme and in the daie of the enter- 
ment of our body. And to geve to every preest therof 
for his labor xu d. and to ev'y clerk vi d. and the resi- 
dew of the same xl s. to be disposed to the reparacions 
of the ornaments and churche of the same parisshe. 
It'm, we will that in the daye that it shall please 



235 



Almighty God to call us from this p'sent and tran- 
sitory lif to his infynite mercy and grace, and in the 
daie of o'r enterment there to be distributed in almes 
amongs poore people by the discrecion of our exe- 
cutour, cxxxiii li. vis. vind. or more, as shall be 
thought convenyent by their discrecions. And cc li. 
to be disposed in bying of clothe for our executors 
and servants, men and women, or other persones, by 
the discrecions of our executours that shall give their 
attendance upon the conveyaunce of our body, and 
our said enterment, and at our moneths daie. 

It', we will, that o'r executors provide and ordeyne 
a convenyent herse, by their discrecion to be sett and 
occupied in the place where we shall decesse, in our 
chapell, during all the tyme that our body shall reste 
there. It', we will that our executors provide and 
ordeyn by their discrecion another convenyent herse 
in the parisshe church where we shall decesse, there 
to be sett and occupied during all the said tyme. It', 
we will that our executours provide and ordeyn a 
convenyent herse by there discrecion in the said mo- 
nastery of Seynt Peter of Westm', where our body, 
with Godd's grace, shalbe interred. It'm, we will 
that o'r executours provide and ordeyn by their dis- 
crecion torches convenyent to be occupied and spent 
in the place where we shall decesse ; and in the pa- 
risshe church of the same, till our body shalbe re- 
moved ; and also to be occupied and geven by the 
wey in conveying of our body unto the citie of Lon- 
don, and through the same citie unto the same mo- 
nastery at the tyme of our enterment. It'm, to the 
torches holders in the said chapell and parisshe church 
for ev'y day till the body be removed, to ev'y of them 
mid. If, for the wages of the torche bearers fro 
the place of our decesse unto the said monastery of 
Westm', and in the same monastery, to ev'y of theym, 



236 



by the day xn d. It'm, we will that our executours 
content and paye the costs and charges of our house- 
hold servants and officers, and of suche other conve- 
nyent and necessary persones that shall geve their at- 
tendance in conveying of our bodye from the place 
where we shall decesse unto the said monastery of 
Westm', and geve to every persone for his costs for 
every daye viii d. It'm, we will that our executors 
content and paye to every of the same p'sones for 
their costs for n daies lying at Westm', and in the 
citie of London, the tyme of our interment, for every 
of them xn d. by the daye. It'm, we will that our 
executors geve to every of our household servaunts 
viii d. for every day, for their costs, to bringe them 
fro* Westm' unto the place where our household shall 
be kepte aftir our decesse, by the space of a quarter 
of a yere. It'm, we will that our executors cause 
placebo and dirige, with lawdes, and masse of re- 
quiem, with divine services, prayers, arid observaunces, 
belonging thereunto, to be solemply and devoutly 
said and songen by the prests, ministres, and children 
of our chapell in the place where our chapell shal be 
kepte at the tyme of our decesse bifore the enterment 
of the same, and in some other convenyent place, by 
the discrecion of our executors, by the terme of xxx 
daies nexte ensuyng our said enterment ; and to geve 
to every preest and layman of our chapell beyng pre- 
sent and helping thereunto for his labour for every 
day that he shalbe so present and helping thereinto 
mid. and to every child of the chapell id. 

It'm, we will that our executors, in as goodly haste 
and brefF tyme as they can or maye aftir our decesse, 
content and paye all our detts. And we will that our 
said executors cause all our household servants to be 
kepte togider, and household kepte in all things con- 
venyent for theym at and in suche convenyent place 



237 



as shalbe thought by o'r executors most necessarye 
for the same from the tyme of our decesse by the 
space of oon quarter of a yere at the leste. And that 
our executors, by all the same time, shall provide and 
ordeyn, or cause to be provided and ordeyned for all 
our said household servaunts ; that is to saye, for as 
many of theym as will there soo tarrey and abide by 
all the said tyme, mete, drynke, and other thing con- 
venyent for household, as they have used and accus- 
tomed to have had heretofore in oure householde. 
And also to content and pay to every of our house- 
hold servaunts, bothe man and woman, their wages 
for oon halfe yere next after our decesse, as well 
to them that will departe within the quarter of oon 
yere aftir our decesse, as to theym that will tarry 
and abide togider in household during all the same 
quarter. 

It', we will that our executors, aftir our fune- 
ralls and detts contented and paid, shall truely de- 
liver, content, and paye, all other legacies conteyned 
and specified in a scedull to this our present testament 
and last will annexed. All whiche legacies conteyned 
in the same scedull we will and ordeyn that they 
shalbe had, reputed, and taken as parcell of this our 
present testament and last will, according to the true 
entent and meanyng of the same. Nev'thelesse we 
will, that if at any time hereaftir we for any cause 
reasonable doo alterate or chaunge any thing conteyned 
or specified in this our present testament and last 
will, or in the said scedull thereunto annexed, or ellys 
adde any thing in writting scedull or codicell, the 
whiche shalbe heraftir in this our present testament 
and last will annexed, we will and declare, that the 
same writting, scedull, or codicell, and every thing in 
them, and in ev'y of theym conteyned and written, 
shalbe taken, reputed, executed, and fulfilled as par- 



238 



cell of our present testament and last will,, according 
to the true entente and effecte of the same. 

And of this p'sent our testament and last will, we 
make and ordeyn our executors Richard Bisshop of 
Wynchester, John Bisshop of Rochester, my Lord 
Herbert the King's Chamberlayn, Sir Thomas Lovell 
Tresuror of the King's household, Sir Henry Marney 
Chauncellar of the Duchie of Lancester, Sir John 
Seynt John our Chamberlayn, Henry Horneby our 
Chauncellor, Sir Hugh Ashton Comptroller of oure 
household. And we, in our most humble wise, hartly 
pray and beseche the King our sovereigne Lord and 
moost deere son, that it wold please his highnes to be 
sup' visors of this our p'sent testament and last will, and 
to be goode and gracious Lord, and to shewe his speciall 
favor, helpe, and assistance, to our said executors, and 
to ev'y of them, in executing and performing of this 
our present testament and last will. And also that it 
would please his Highness to see and cause as well all 
the premissez afore rehersed, as all that hereafter is 
specified in this our present testament and last will, or 
in the said scedull therunto annexed, or that shalbe 
conteyned in any other writting or codicill to be here- 
after herunto annexed, to be well and truely executed 
and performed in every behalf for the singular love 
that we bare and ever have borne unto his Highness, 
as he will have our blessing, and be discharged be- 
fore God, and for the singular trust we have in the ^ 
same. And also we specially will and desire the most 
Reverend Fader in God William Archbisshop of Can- 
terbury to be and cause as moche as in hym is or 
may be, all our said testament and last will, and every 
article therof, to be truly executed and performed, 
according to the true entent and effect of the same, 
as we putt in hym our singular trust. 

Ultima voluntas ejusdem d'ne Margarete. 



239 



And forasmoche as the singular lawde, praise, and 
pleasur of Allmighty God restith most, in this tran- 
sitory world, in admynistracion of sacrifice and divine 
services by the ministres of holy churche for remys- 
sion of our synnes, and in the encreas of vertue, cun- 
nyng, and of all cristen faith, and in doyng of goode 
almes-deeds and werks caritatifs; therefore we, en- 
tending with the grace of Almighty God to cause 
hym to be the more honored and served with sacrifice 
and divine services by the mynistres of holy churche, 
as well within the said monastery where we intende, 
with Godd's grace, our body to be enterred, as in the 
univarsitees of Oxenford and Cambrigge, and other 
places where the lawes of God be more specially 
lernyd, taught, and prechid, and scolers to the same 
entent to be brought up in vertue and cunnyng for 
the increase of Crist's faith, have provided, ordeyned, 
and establisshed, as followith ; that is to say, three 
perpetuall daiely massez, with divine services and ob- 
servaunts, to be daiely said by three sadde and dis- 
crete monks of the said monastery, and oon perpe- 
tuall anniversary to be yerely, solemply, and devoutly, 
holden and kepte, with lxx lights, and with the dis- 
tribucion of x li. in almes at every suche anniversary 
in the same monastery, for the helthe of our soule 
perpetually while the world shall endure ; and oon 
perpetuall brother called a converse to be perpetually 
kepte in the same monastery, specially to serve the 
same monks at their masses, and all other preests that 
shall say their masses at the aulters whereat n of the 
said in chauntries massez shall be said. And also 
have provided, established, and founden, by the Kyng's 
licence n perpetuall reders in holy theologie, oon off* 
theym in the universitie of Cambrigge, and another 
of theym in the universitie of Oxforde, and oon per- 
petuall precher of the worde of God in the said uni- 



240 



versitie of Cambrigge. And have licence to founde 
a perpetuall chauntry in the churche off Wynburn off 
oon perpetuall prest to teche gramer frely to all theym 
that will come thereunto perpetually while the world 
shall endure ; and licence to geve to either of the said 
ii reders and their successors, lands and tenements to 
the yerely value of xx li., and to the said precheor 
and his successors x li.; and to the saide chauntery 
prest of Wynburn x. li. And also whereas King 
Henry the Vlth of blessed memory was in mynde and 
purpose to have provided and ordeyned, in a place in 
Cambrigge called than Godd's-house, scolers to the 
nowmbre of lx, there to lerne and study in all libe- 
rall science, in which place was never scholars, fel- 
owes of the same place above the nombr' of nil, for 
lakk of exhibicion and fynding; we have nowe of 
late purchaced and obteyned licence of the said King 
our most deere son, and by reason thereof have 
founded and established in the same place a college, 
called Crist' s college, of a maister, xn scolers felowes, 
and xl vi i scolers disciples there, to be perpetually 
founden and brought up in lernyng, vertue, and con- 
nyng, according to such statuts and ordynnaunces as 
we have made, and shall make, for the same. 

And for the fynding of one of the said three chaun- 
tery masses to be saide in the saide monastery of 
Westm', we have purchased and obteyned a graunte of 
the abbot, prior, and co'vent, of the saide monastery, by 
whiche they have bounden theym and their successors 
to us, our heirs and executors, by their deed sealed 
with their covent seale, to cause oon daiely masse to 
be said by a monke of the said monastery at the aul- 
ter of the shryne of Seynt Edward in the same mo- 
nastery perpetually while the world shall endure. 
And we the saide Princesse, for the singuler love, 
favor, confidence, and trust that we do bere, and of 



241 



long tyme have born to the said monastery and to the 
governors and mynisters of the same ; and trusting 
that the abbot, prior, and the governors and mynis- 
tres of the same monastery for the tyme beyng, of 
their true, substanciall, and vertuouse disposicion, 
will well and truely kepe and performe in their be- 
half, the will, mynde, and entent of us the said 
Princesse, in keeping of the other twoo of the said 
three chaunteryes masses, and of our said anniversary 
with the said lxx lights and distribucion of x li. in 
almes at every such anniversary, and of the saide 
converse ; and also content and paye yerely to every 
off the said reders and their successors, xm li. vi s. 
viu d, and to the said prechor and his successors, 
x li. perpetually while the worlde shall endure : 
Therefore we, by reason of letters patents of licence 
of the said King our Soverain Lorde and moost deere 
son, beryng date the xth day of Maye the xinith 
yere of his reigne, have geven and graunted to the 
abbott, prior, and convent of the said monastery, the 
advowsons of the church of Swynneshede in the 
county of Lincoln, and of the church of Cheshunt in 
the countie of Hertf, than of our patronage ; and 
also caused the same churches to be lawfully appro- 
pried to the abbot, prior, and convent of the same 
monastery and their successors, at our propre costs 
and charges ; whiche personages, th'abbot, prior, 
and convent of the same monastery, at their speciall 
desire and by their entire assents and consents, have 
accepted and taken at the yerely value of Llllli. vi. s. 
viu d. over all charges ; that is to saye, either of the 
same churches at the yerely value of xxvili. xiiis. 
mid. over all charges, whiche be in deede at this day 
of gretter valowe. And also by reason of the said 
licence geven unto us by the King our Soverain Lord 
and most dere Son, we have geven and graunted 
16 



242 



unto the said abbot, prior, and convent and their suc- 
cessors, the manors of Drayton, with the apperte- 
naunces, in the county of Midd'x, and divers londs 
and tenements in West Drayton, Hillyngdon, Colham, 
Woxbrig, and Drayton ; and also divers londs and 
tenements in Willesdon, Padington, Westburn, and 
' Kensyngton, in the county of Midd'x ; which the said 
abbot, prior, and convent, at their owne desire and by 
their entire assents and consents, have accepted and 
taken of us, for and at the yerely valow of xxvn li. 
xiii s. mi d. and all charges. And also by reason of 
the same licence, we have geven and graunted to the 
said now abbot, prior, and convent and their succes- 
sours, divers londs and tenements in grete Chester- 
ford in the countie of Essex, which the same abbot, 
prior, and convent, of their owne assent and consents, 
have accepted and taken at the yerely valow of vi li. 
over all charges; all which manors, londs, and tene- 
ments, so geven and graunted by us to the abbot, 
prior, and convent and their successors, and the said 
churches and benefices of Swynneshede and Cheste- 
hunte now appropried, as is aforesaid, amounten all 
to the yerely valow of lxxxvii li. over all charges. 
And all the yerely charges of the said n chauntery 
masses perpetually to be kepte in the said monastery, 
and the said yerely charges of the said anniversary 
with the said lights of lxx tapers and distribucion 
of almes of x li., yerely be assessed by the assent and 
consent of the said abbot, prior, and convent, at 
xxx li. ; And the yerely charges for the fynding of 
the said converse at c s. ; which xxx li. and c s. yerely 
for all the same charges, we the said Princesse have 
geven and graunted to the same abbot, prior, and co- 
vent and their successors, for the same fynding of the 
same n chauntery masses and perpetuall anniversary, 
with the said lights, almes, and converse, perpetually 



243 

while the world shall endure. And for the exhibicion 
and perpetuall fynding of the said n perpetuall re- 
ders in the said universities of Oxenford and Cambrig, 
the saide abbot, prior, and covent, at our desire and 
request and according to the said confidence and 
trust, have geven and graunted by these several 
deeds, bering the date the first day of July the yere 
of our Lord m 1 v c and three, and of my said Soverain 
Lord and Son xviii, to either of the same n reders 
an annuytie of xni li. vi s. vm d. yerely. And also 
by another deede, beryng the date the sixte day 
of November the yere of our Lord God m 1 v c . v. and 
of my said Soverain Lord and Son xxi, to the said 
perpetuall prechor an annuytie of xli. for his exhibi- 
cion and perpetuall fynding, in suche manor and 
forme as in the same deeds more playnly apperith. 
All which costs and charges for the perpetuall fynd- 
ing of the said n chauntery masses, and of the said 
perpetuall anniversary with the said lights and yerely 
almes, and of the said oon converse, and of the said 
ii perpetuall reders, and of the said perpetuall prechar, 
as is afore rehersed, extende to the yerely some 
of lxxi. li. xin s. nil d. And soo the said yerely 
value of the said churches geven and appropried, and 
of the said temporall lond geven and graunted by us 
to the saide monastery, extende and amount yerely 
over the said yerely charge to the some of xv li. vi s. 
vm d. ; whiche xvli. vi s. vm d. we have geven and 
graunted to the said abbot, prior, and covent and 
their successours, in reward, and to and for the entent 
that they shall the more surely, truely, and devoutly 
observe, kepe, and performe, our said devout will, 
mynde, and entent, in the premissez, in keping of the 
said perpetuall chauntry masses, and of the said per- 
petuall anniversary and converse ; and content and 
paye the said annuyties to the said n reders and pre- 

16—2 



244 



chors and their successors; and for the charge of 
wyn, wax, vestments, and ornaments, to be daiely oc- 
cupied at the said three chauntery masses, or any 
other masse there to be saide; and for suche casuelties 
and charge as may fortune to fall by reason of the said 
londs and tenements, by aydes, subsidees, or otherwise. 
And also we have, bifor this tyme, yeven to the 
said abbot, prior, and convent, divers books, chalices, 
and vestyments, and other ornaments, to be used 
and occupied oonly aboute the aulters where the said 
in chauntery masses shalbe said. And over that, 
we att our greate costs and charge have purchased 
and obteyned bulls of greate indulgencies and pardon 
of holy faders popes of Rome unto the said monaste- 
ry, for all persons saying or hering any of the said 
ii chauntery masses, or any other masse to be said by 
any preest, at the aulter provided, or the aulters to be 
provided by us or our executors, in the saide monas- 
tery there as the same n daiely masses shalbe said ; as 
grete as be in the place called Scala celi without the 
walls of the citie of Rome, which is daiely, as is sup- 
posed, playn remission, to the grete comforte and re- 
lief of the said monastery, and of all Christen people 
resorting thereunto, as in the same bulles more playnly 
at large apperith of record. And where the foresaid 
abbot, prior, and covent, have bounden theym and 
their successours to us the said Princes, our heyres and 
executors, by indentur sealed with the common seale, 
beryng date the secunde day of March in the yere of 
our Lord God m 1 . v c . v. and of my said Soverain Lord 
and Son the xxi., enrolled in the Kyng's Court of 
Chauncery, to cause the said -three masses daiely to 
be said by three monks preests of the saide monastery 
beyng of goode and honest conversacion well and 
sufficiently lernyd and of goode and vertuouse dispo- 
sicion, with all suche speciall collects, divine services, 



245 



prayers, and observances ; and also to kepe and holde 
our said anniversary solemply, with divine services, 
prayers, and observances, and with the said lights 
and distribucion of almes of xli. yerely; and also 
fynde and kepe oon converse for us in the said mo- 
nastery perpetually while the world shall endur, in 
suche maner and forme as in the same endenturs is 
conteyned and specified : and also have, by their se- 
verall dedes, sealed with their common seale, and 
graunted to either of the said n reders and their suc- 
cessors, an annuytie of xinli. vis. vuid; and to 
the said prechor and his successors, x li. We will 
and specially requyre the said abbott, prior, and co- 
vent and their successours, in speciall confidence and 
truste, and as they will therfore aunswere afore Al- 
mighty God at the dredfull daie of fynall jugeament, 
to see and cause the said three daiely masses with 
the prayers, observances, and serymonyes, to be daily 
saide ; and the said anniversary with the said lights 
and distribucion of almes yerely to be truely holden 
and kepte ; and to provide, have, and kepe, oon con- 
verse for us in the saide monastery perpetually while 
the world shall endur according to the true entent of 
the said indenture ; and also to content and paye to 
either of the said n reders and their successours, yerely, 
xiii li. vis. viii d. and to the said prechor and his suc- 
cessors, yerely, x li. according to the said graunts. 

And whereas we the said Princesse, by reason 
and vertue of lettres patents made to us by the said 
King our Sovrain Lord and most deere Son, beryng 
date the first daye of Maye the xx yere of his 
reigne last paste, have established and founded the 
said college called Crist' s College, in the said univer- 
sitie of Cambridge, to the hole nowmbre of lx per- 
sons, with servants to theym convenyent and neces- 
sary ; and, by reason of the same licence, have geven 



246 



and graunted to the maister and scolers of the same 
college and their successours, for their exhibicion and 
sustentacion, the manors of Malketon, Melreth, and 
Beache, with dyvers londs, tenements, rents, rever- 
sions, and services, in Malton, Melreth, Beache, 
Whaddon, Knesworth, Hogyngton, Orwell, and 
Baryngton, in the countie of Cambrigge ; the maner 
of Dites worth with th'appurtenaunces, with divers londs 
and tenements in Ditesworth, Kegworth, Hathern, 
and Watton, with the advousons of the churches of 
Malketon, Kegworth, and Sutton de Bonyngton, in 
the countie of Leycester, and the manor of Roydon 
in the countie of Essex, to have to theym and their 
successours for evermore ; and also obteyned license to 
the same maister and scolers and their successors, to 
appropre to them and their successours the saide 
church of Malketon, and also the churches of Fen- 
dray ton, Helpeston, and Navenby, as in the same let- 
tres patents more playnly apperith ; which churches 
of Malketon, Fendrayton, and Helpeston, we have 
causid actually to be impropried, by assent and con- 
sent of the ordynaries and of all other havyng therin 
interest, unto the same maister and scolers and their 
successours, aftir due forme and processe of the lawe 
in that parte requisite : also we have, by the Kyng's 
licence, and by auctoritie, assent, and consent, of the 
ordinary and of all other having interest, united, an- 
nexed, and appropried for ever the parisshe churche 
of Manberer in Wales, within the diocese of Seynt 
David, to the said maister, scolers, and their succes- 
sors. Item, we have, by the Pope's auctoritie and 
the King's special graunte and licence, yeven unto 
the same maister, scolers, and their successors, the 
abbey of Creyke in the diocese of Norwich, with the 
purtenances, which was in the King's hands as dis- 
solvyd and extincte. All which maners, londs, and 



247 



tenements, and other the premisses, we late purchased 
and provided to the same entent: and will therfore 
and specially desir and requyre the said maister and 
scolers and their successours, to cause and see our 
foundacion of our said college to be truely observed 
and kepte, according to the statuts and ordynances by 
us therof made, and to be made, and according to 
our will, mynde, and entent, as they will therfore 
answere bifore Almighty God at the dredefull daye 
of fynall jugeament. And also we specially desire and 
requyre our executors and every of them, that they, 
according to the confidence and truste that we have 
putt in them and in every of them, to see and cause, 
as ferr as in theym is or shalbe, saide in daily masses 
to be said and doon, and the anniversary, with the 
said lights, distribucion of almes, to be holden and 
kepte, and the said converse to be provided and kepte 
in the said monastery, and the said annuities to be 
truely content and paid to every of the said reders 
and prechars, according to our will, mynde, and en- 
tent, aforesaid ; and also to see and cause the maister 
and scolers of the said college called Crist's College, to 
be orderid, rewlid, and governed according to our 
saide will, mynde, and entent, and according to the 
said statuts and ordinaunces ; and also to see and 
cause all our testament and last will to be truely ex- 
ecuted and performyd in every behalf, as they will 
answer before Almighty God at the dredfull daie of 
finall jugement. And also we, in moost humble and 
hertie wise, praye and beseche the said King our 
Soverain Lord and moost deere Son, for the most 
tendre and singular love that we bear, and would have 
born to hym, to see and cause our said will therein, 
and in all other things, to be truely executed and 
performed. 

And whereas we the said Princesse, by our deede 
bering date the first day of Aprill last past the xx 



248 



yere of the reigne of our most dere Sonne King 
Henry the Vllth, have enfeoffed the right reverend 
Fader in God John Bisshop of Rochester, Hugh 
Bisshop of Excester, and other, of and in our maners 
of Maxey and Torpell in the countie of North', 
to have to theym and their heyres, upon confidence 
thereof to performe our last will ; and whereas the 
said Bisshoppes and their cofeoffez sithen that, at our 
speciall request and desire, have divised and graunted 
to William Ratcliff, David Cecile, and Thomas Wil- 
liams of Stamford a felde, and a close by side Crake- 
lolme late in the tenure of James Mandesley, within 
the Lordship of Maxey, to have and to holde to 
theym and to their assignes, during the lif of Marga- 
ret White, anchores in the House of Nones beside 
Stamford ; to th'use and entent that the same William 
Ratcliff, David, and Thomas, and their assignes, shall 
take and dispose th'issues and profitts therof to and 
for the exhibucion and fynding of the said anchores, 
and of a honest woman to attende upon hir during 
her lif. And also we have geven and graunted to 
our servant Edithe Fowler late the wif of Thomas 
Fowler, widow, certyn parcells of the said manors, 
londs, and tenements, to the yerely valow by estima- 
cion of xli. And also we have geven and graunted 
to our servant Elizabeth Massey divers other parcells 
of the said maners, londs, and tenements, to the yerely 
valow, by estimacion, of vi li. xm s. nil d. And also 
to our servant Richard Stukley and Margarete his 
wif, to the lenger lyver of theym, certeyn other par- 
cells of the saide maners, londs, and tenements, to the 
yerely valow, by estimacion, of mi li. And also have 
geven and graunted to our servant Henry Ludley cer- 
teyn other parcels of the said maners, londs, and te- 
nements, to the yerely valow, by estimacion, of nn li. 
as by their severall graunts therof more playnly ap- 
perith. All which dimises and graunts made by the 



249 



said Bisshopps and other their co-feoffez to all the said 
persones, we the saide Princesse, by our severall deeds 
sealed with the seale of our armes, have ratified, ap- 
proved, and confermed, as in the same deeds more 
playnely apperith. And for the further suertie of 
the parties to whom the saide graunts and confirma- 
cions be made, we will and declare, by this our pre- 
sent testament and last will, that all and every of the 
same persones have and enjoye severally all the said 
londs and tenements conteyned and specified in the 
same graunts and confirmacions, according to the te- 
nors and effects of the same. And we in most humble 
wise praye and beseche the King our Soverain Lorde 
and most deere Son to give his gracious assente to the 
same ; and to suffre them, and every of them, to have 
and enjoye the same, according to our saide will, 
mynde, and entent. Item, we will, that our execu- 
tors, assone as they convenyently maye aftir our de- 
cesse, doo make, or cause to be made, in the chapell 
there as our body shalbe interred, a convenyent tombe 
by their discretions; and oon aulter, or n, in the 
same chapell, for the said n chauntery masses there 
perpetually to be said at the howres and tymes and 
with all suche prayers and observaunces as is afore 
rehersed. 

Item, where we have licence of the said King 
our most deere Son, by his lettres patents graunten 
unto us and our executors, to establishe and founde 
a perpetuall chauntery of oon preest in the college 
of Wymborn, and to geve to hym and to his suc- 
cessors londs and tenements to the yerely Rvalue] 
of xli ; We will, that if we founde not the said chaun- 
tery in our lif, that then our executors, assone as they 
convenyently maye aftir our decesse, shall establish 
and founde the same chauntery of oon perpetual preest 
in the same college, there to kepe contynuall residence 
and to teche frely gramer. And we will, that all the 



250 



londs and tenements called Fosters, which be pur- 
chaced in Currey-Revell, which be of the yerely valow 
of viii li., be sold by our executors to pay our detts 
or last will, and to be disposid in charitable works of 
pitie and mercy for the wele of our soule. 

And whereas we the said Princesse, in the tyme of 
the reign e of King Edward the Illlth, obteyned his 
Lettres Patents of licence to put in feoffament, and by 
reason of the same licence dide put in feoffament, our 
maners of Martok, Currey-Ryvell, Kyngesbury, and 
Quene-Camell, in the same countie of Somerset, with 
the hundred of Bulston, Abdike, and Horethorn, in 
the same countie, and our bourghes of Samford Peve- 
rell, and the hundreth of Allerton, with th'appurte- 
nances, in the countie of Devon, to Robert bisshop of 
Bathe, Sir Raynold Bray knyght, and others, to have 
to theym and their heyres, to th/use and entent therof 
to performe our last will ; which Bisshop and his co- 
feoffes, by reason of the licence which the said King 
our Soverain Lord and most deere Son graunted unto 
theym at our desire by his lettres patents the vith 
yere of his reigne, made astate of all the said maners 
and other the premisses to Richard bisshop of London, 
and Richard Skipton clerke, to have to theym and 
their heyres in fee ; which bisshop and Richard Skip- 
ton, by reason of the same lettres patents, made astate 
of all the same maners and other the premisses to the 
right reverend fader in God Richard than bisshop of 
Excester now Bisshop of Wynchester, Elies Daube- 
ney of Dawbeney knyght, William Smyth than deane 
of Seynt Stephens nowe bisshop of Lincoln, Thomas 
Lovell knyght, William Hodie knyght, and Richard 
Emson, yet lyving, and other decessed, in fee, to th' 
entent therof to performe our last will ; by vertue 
wherof the said bisshop of Wynchester and his co- 
feoffez be thereof seasid in fee to the same use and 
entent: We the said Princesse will and declare by 



251 



thies presents, that where our moevable goods, which 
we shall have at our decesse, be not sufficient, aftir our 
funerall had and don, to content and paye all our detts 
and legacies, and to performe our testament and last 
will in every behalf; that therefore our executors and 
assignes shall have and take all th'yssues and profitts 
and revenues of all the same maners and other the 
premisses, unto the tyme that they with the same ys- 
sues, profitts, and revenues, have contented and paid 
our said detts and legacies, and throughly and per- 
fitely performed our testament and last will ; and that 
the said bisshop of Wynchester and his co-feoffes, 
their heyres and assignes, shall stand and be feoffed 
of the same maners and other the premisses to the 
same use and entent, and suffer and not lett our said 
executors and assignes so to doo. And we, in our 
moost humble wise, also praye the said King our 
most deere Son to geve his gracious assent thereto to 
suffer and assiste our executors and assignes so to do, 
as we putt our singuler trust in his Highness. And 
we the said Princesse, aftir our detts paid, and aftir 
our legacies and bequests specified in this our present 
testament and last will, and in the scedulles therunto 
annexed, fully and truely in every thinge executed 
and performed, will, that our executors, calling into 
their inward mynds and remembraunce Almighty God, 
and the dutie of executors for distribucion of goods to 
them in suche caas committed, do distribute the resi- 
due of all our said goods for the welth of our soule, in 
suche wise as by their discrecion shal be thought moost 
best, meritorious, and convenyent. In witness wherof, 
to thies presents we have set to our signe manuell 
and seale of arms, the daie and yere abovesaid. 
Ultima voluntas ejusdem D. Marg\ 
Be it remembred, That it was also the last will of 
the saide Princesse to dissolve th'ospitall of Seynt 
Joh'nis in Cambrigge, and to alter and to founde 



<& 







252 



therof a college of seculer persones ; that is to say, a 
maister and fifty scolers, with divers servants; and 
newe to bielde the said college, and sufficiently to en- 
dowe the same with londs and tenements, aftir the 
maner and forme of other colleges in Cambridge ; and 
to furnysshe the same, as well in the chapell, library, 
pantre, and kechen, with books and all other things 
necessary for the same. And to the performans 
whereof the saide Princesse willed, among other things, 
that hir executors shuld take the yffues, revenues, and 
profitts of hir londs and tenements put in feoffament 
in the counties of Devonshire, Somersettshire, and 
Northamptonshire, &c. Also the saide Princesse 
willed, that with the revenues comyng of the said 
londs putt in feoffament that the said late hospitall 
shulde be made clere of all olde detts dewly provid, 
and also that the londs and tenements to the same late 
hospitall belonging, shuld be sufficiently repay red and 
maynteyned. Also the said Princesse willed, that hir 
householde servants whiche had long contynued and 
done to hir goode servyce shoulde be rewarded with 
parte of hir goods, by the discrecion of the Reverend 
Fader in God Richard Bisshop of Wynchester, upon 
informacion geven unto him of their goode service 
and merits ; and in likewise she wold, that by his dis- 
crecion hir executors shuld be rewarded. Also the 
said Princesse willed, that the nowmbre of xn poore 
men and women that hir grace kepte and founded at 
Hatfeld in her liftyme shulde be kepte and mayn- 
teyned, at hir costs, during all the lyves of the saide 
poore men and women. Also the saide Princesse 
willed, that over and above x li. londs by yere which 
she wold shuld be purchased and geven unto hir 
chauntry and free scole of gramer in Wynborn Myn- 
ster, she wold, that other vili. shuld be purchased, 
and the King's licence to be obteigned for the same. 
Also the saide Princesse willed, that the maister and 



253 



felowes of Crist's College of Cambridge should have 
provided for them and their successours londs and te- 
nements to the yerely value of xvi li. over and besids 
other londs that the said college hath in possession. 
Also the said Princesse willed, that the said Crist's 
College shuld, at hir costs and charge, be perfitly 
fynished in all reparations, bidding, and garnyshing 
of the same. Also the said Princesse willed, that saide 
maner of Malton, in the shire of Cambrige, whiche 
belongeth to the said Crist's College should be suffi- 
ciently bielded and repayred, at hir coste and charge ; 
soo that the said maister and scolers may resort thid- 
der, and there to tary in tyme of contagiouse seknes 
at Cambrige, and exercise their lernyng and studies. 
Also the said Princesse willed, that a strong coffer 
should be provyded in the said Crist's College, at hir 
costs and charge. Also that hir said executors shulde 
putt in the same a c li. of money, or more, to the use 
of the said college, to be spended as they shall nede. 
Also the said Princesse willed, that all hir plate, juells, 
vestments, aulterclothes, books, hangyngs, and other 
necessarys belonging to hir chapell in the tyme of hir 
decesse, and not otherwise bequethed, shuld be di- 
vided betwene hir said colleges of Criste and Seynt 
John, by the discrecion of hir executors. Also the 
saide Princesse willed, the mi daye before hir decesse, 
that the Reverend Fader in God Richard bishop of 
Wynchester and maister Henry Hornby, hir Chaun- 
cellor, shuld the same day have the oversight of hir 
said will and testament ; and by theire sadnesse and 
goode discrecions shulde have full auctoritie and power 
to alter, adde to, and demynishe, suche articles in her 
said will and testament, as they thought most conve- 
nyent, and according to the will of the said Princesse. 
Probat' diet' testamenti apud Lamhith, xvn die 
Mensis Octobris, Anno Domini Mill'imo Quin- 
gentissimo xn°. 



254 



The following Verses (says Baker) composed, 
as I presume, by a Monk of Westminster, having 
been thought worthy to be lodged in the Found- 
resses Chest, I have put them down as I there 
found them ; not so much for the Elegancy of the 
Composure, as because they contain a very accu- 
rate Account of her Foundations. 



* Sixty at 
Christ's 
College and 
fifty at St 
John's. 



t At West- 
minster. 



CARMEN PHAL^ECIUM HENDECASYLLABUM. 

Hie ilia est sita Margareta Gnato 
Henrico inclyta septimo, nepote 

{Comitissa Richmondae 
Comes alta Richmondae 
Richmondiana Rectrix. 
Censum contulit annuum duobus 
Qui docti sophiam sacram explicarent, 
Hie Oxonibus, Hie Cantabrigis : 
His Collegia bina struxit, ambo 
Quae* centum foveant decemq; alumnos. 
Doctorem instituit rudi popello, 
Qui Christum sine fine buccinetur. 
Roynborni aere suo novam tenellse 
Pubi Grammatices Scholam paravit. 
Demumt hie tres Monachos alit benigna. 
His ac talibus ilia viva factis, 
Fortunam superavit eminentem. 



The following Elegy, written by John Skelton, 
was upon a tablet near to Lady Margaret's tomb ; 
it falls however far short of his reputation, owing 
perhaps to the misfortunes which he then laboured 
under, for he had been forced to take sanctuary 
at Westminster. 



255 



ELEGIA. 

In serenissimae principis et Dominae, Dominae 
Margaretae nuper Comitissae de Derby, strenuissimi 
Regis Henrici VII Matris, funebre ministerium ; 
per Skeltonida laureatum oratorem Regium, 1 6 die 
mensis Augusti, Anno salutis 1516. 

Aspirate meis elegis pia turma sororum, 

Et Margaretam collacrymate piam. 
Hac sub mole latet Regis celeberrima Mater 

Henrici magni, quam locus iste fovet. 
Quern locus iste sacer celebri celebrat Polyandrio, 

Illius, en ! genetrix hac tumulatur humo. 
Cui cedat Tanaquil, (Titus hanc super astra reportet) 

Cedat Penelope carus Ulyssis amor. 
Haec Abigail vel ut Hester erat pietate secunda, 

En tres jam proceres nobilitate pares. 
Pro domina precor implora, pro principe tanta 

Flecte deum precibus, qui legis hos Apices. 
Plura referre piget, calamus torpore rigescit, 

Dormit Maecenas, negligitur probitas : 
Nee juvat, aut modicum prodest nunc ultima versu 

Fata recensere ; (mortua, mors, reor, est.) 
Quseris quid decus est % Decus est modo dicier hircus : 

Cedit honos hirco, cedit honorque capro. 
Falleris, ipse Charon, iterum surrexit Abyron, 

Et Stygios remos, despicit ille tuos. 
Vivitur ex voto, mentis prsecordia tangunt 

Nulla sepulchra ducum, nee monumenta patrum ; 
Non regum, non ulla hominum labantia fato 

Tempora, nee totiens mortua turba ruens. 
Hinc statuo certe periturae parcere charta?, 

Ceu Juvenalis ovet eximius Satyrus. 

Distichon execrationis in fagoliodoros. 

Qui lacerat, violatve, rapit, presens epitoma, 
Hunc laceretque voret, Cerberus absque mora. 

Hanc tecum statuas dominam, precor, O sator orbis. 
Qui regnas rutilans Rex sine fine manens. 



256 



The Act or Instrument of opening St. John's Col- 
lege, referred to in the Preface. 

Desumptum I N Dei Nomine Amen. Per presens publicum 
SnaHinter Instrumentum, cunctis appareat evidenter, quod 
jo. c va ' Ann. Dom. Millesimo, quingentesimo, sexto deci- 
mo, Indictione quarta, Pontificatus Sanctissimi in 
Christo Patris et Domini nostri, Domini Leonis 
Divina providentia hujus nominis Papae decimi, an- 
no quarto, die vero mensis Julii 29° ; in quadam 
alta camera infra Collegium S u Joh. Evang. Cant, 
exhibita fuerunt, coram Rev. in Christo Patre et 
Domino, Domino Johanne permissione divina 
RofFensi Episcopo, et Cancellario almae et immacu- 
latae Universitatis Cant., nee non coram venerabili 
viro Magistro Henrico Hornby S. T. P. ac Magi- 
stro Collegii B. Petri in predict a Universitate 
Cant., Executoribus in Testamento nominatis II- 
lustrissimae Faeminae D. Margaretae Richmond, et 
Derbiae Comitissae, Matrisq; et A viae duorum Re- 
gum Henrici septimi atque octavi, etiamque in 
presentia mei Thomae Stacy notarii publici, ac 
testium inferius nominatorum ; primo et ante 
omnia, qusedam Licentia in Scriptis inserta et Si- 
gillata cera viridi Sigillo magno Excellent. Prin- 
cipis Domini nostri Regis Anglise et Franciae Hen- 
rici octavi, ad instruend. aedificand. et fundand. 
Collegium S 11 Johannis Evang. praedict. Quae qui- 
dem Licentia erat ibi ostensa et aperta per praeli- 



257 

batum Rev. Patrem et M. Henricum Hornby, 
Executores praedictae D. Margaretae, in presentia 
Magistri Alani Perce, Magistri Collegii S t! Joh. 
praedicti nominati, et diversorum Magistrorum Ar- 
tium et aliorum Baccalaureorum ejusdem Scientiae 
ad Numerum 31, Sociorum praedicti Collegii no- 
minatorum. 

Postea Fundatio dicti Collegii fuit ostensa, et 
per praelibatum Rev. Patrem in duabus clausulis, 
viz. in medio et in fine ipsius fundationis, palam et 
publice coram omnibus erat lecta, in quibus potes- 
tas Executorum specificabatur ; ac etiam Bulla 
confirmationis Sanctissimi in Christo Patris et 
Domini nostri, Domini Julii divina providentia 
hujus nominis Papae Secundi, more Romanae Curiae 
Bullat. de et super fundatione praedicta. Praeterea 
certae Literae testimoniales, de consensu et as- 
sensu aliorum executorum nominatorum in Testa- 
mento praedictae D. Margaretae erant exhibitae, 
quas antedictus Rev. Pater lectitavit ; in quibus 
Literis apparet qualiter caeteri executores nomi- 
nati in Testamento dictae excellent. D. Margare- 
tae Comitissae dederint consensum, assensum, et 
potestatem ad eligend. Socios dicti Collegii S M 
Joh. praefato Rev. Patri, et aliis executoribus si 
qui affuerunt ; atq; ad majorem evidentiam et no- 
titiam, sigillaverunt hujusmodi Lit eras suis pro- 
priis Sigillis, et subscripserunt nomina sua propriis 
manibus, in fidem et testimonium praedictarum. 

Quarum tenor Literarum sequitur, et est talis: 
17 



258 



Vniversis Christi fidelibus, presentes Literas 
inspecturis, Richardus Winton. Episcopus, Carolus 
Somerset Miles, Dominus Herbert, Thomas Lovel 
Miles, Henricus Marney Miles, Joh. St. John Miles, 
Henricus Hornby, et Hugo Ashton, Clerici, Exe- 
cutores Testamenti et ultimas voluntatis nuper ex- 
cellen. Principissae Margaretae Comitissae Rich- 
mond, et Derbiae, Matrisq; et Aviae duorum Re- 
gum Hen. septimi at que octavi, salutem in Domino, 
et fidem indubiam presentibus adhibere. Quum 
sit optandum potius ut non erigerentur Collegia, 
quam ut erecta male gubernarentur, nos execu- 
tores antedicti, qui sumptibus et impensis praefatae 
Principissae Collegium S u Joh. in Cant, extrui cu- 
ravimus, simul et dotari, magno affectu cupimus 
id ipsum justis legibus, sanctisq; administrari sanc- 
tionibus. Verum quoniam omnes nos una adesse 
commode non possumus, ut vel novam Electionem 
Sociorum in Collegio praedicto faciamus, vel Sociis 
ita electis Leges et Sanctiones justas et sanctas 
demus, juramentaque ab eis exigamus pro eisdem 
Legibus inviolabiliter observandis, Idcirco nostras 
vices committimus Rev. Patri Johanni Rof. Epo. 
qui et unus praefatae Comitissae Executorum fuit, 
atq; aliis, si qui tunc ex nobis presentes fuerint : 
Sin minus, ut ille tarn nostra, quam sua auctori- 
tate posset numerum Sociorum ibidem augere, 
Magistroque et Sociis omnibus Statuta salubria 
nostro nomine exhibere, atque ab eisdem juramenta 
exigere pro eorundem inviolabili observatione ; 



259 

recusantes vero, si qui fuerint, amovere, violantes 
corrigere, ac caetera omnia et singula peragere, 
quae pro salubri gubernatione ejusdem Collegii sibi 
oportuna visa fuerint, aeque ac si omnes nos illic 
pariter adessemus. Quae omnia et singula univer- 
sitati vestrae significamus per presentes. In quorum 
omnium et singulorum fidem et testimonium Si- 
gilla nostra presentibus apposuimus. Dat. 20° die 
Mensis Martii, Ann. D. Millesimo, quingentesimo, 
quinto decimo. 

Post quarum literarum exhibitionem, inspecti- 
onem, et lectionem hujusmodi, per auctoritatem 
aliorum Executorum eis concessam, Idem Rev. Pa- 
ter Rof. Episcopus et Mr. Henr. Hornby nomina- 
verunt, eligerunt, ordinaverunt, fecerunt, et con- 
stituerunt ven. virum Magistrum Alanum Perce, 
in Magistrum sive Gubernatorem praedicti Colle- 
gii S u Joh. Evang. Cant. ; necnon caeteros Magis- 
tros Artium et Baccalaureos ejusdem facultatis ad 
Numerum 31, eligerunt in Socios dicti Collegii, 
quorum nomina sequuntur ; Magistros Johannem 
Edmunds, Jacobum Sponer 1 , Johannem West, 
Will. Paye, Tho. Grenewode, Clementem Eryng- 
ton 2 , Rich. Packer, Rogerum Ashe, Nich. Daryng- 

1 Jac. Spooner S. T. B. admissus fuit ad Vicariam de 
Stansted Com. Essex. Dec. 19. 1520. Vacavit per mortem 
Spooner. Nov. 2. 1551. 

2 Clem. Eryngton erat Vicarius S tJ Joh. in Walbroke 
Dioc. Lond. an. 1556. 

An. 8. Hen. 8, one Rob. Calton subscribes last to the con- 
firmation of Dr. Hen. EdyalTs Foundation. 

17—2 



260 



ton, Jo. Smith, et Tho. Werisdale, Artium Magis- 
tros ; etiamq; Dominos Rogerum Herman, Ric. 
Leigh, Will. Collier, Rob. Shaw, Jo. Shawe, Jo. 
Ramsey, Hen. Golde 1 , Ric. Smithe, Will. Long- 
forthe 2 , Ninianum Shaftoo, Jo. Benet, Jo. Strin- 
ger, Tho. Grove, Will. Whittinge, Jo. Briganden, 
Sim. Giggis, Nic. Glynton, Jo. Bradbery, Henr. 
Ogill, Rob. Dent, in Artibus Baccalaureos. Qui 
quidem Mr. Alanus Perce, coram praefatis Rev. 
Patre et Magistro Henrico Hornby, personaliter 
et incontinenter post hujusmodi nominationem et 
Electionem, praestitit juramentum quod fideliter 
observabit omnia et singula Statuta dicti Collegii 
S. Jo. Evang. etiamq; quod diligentiam suam ad- 
hibebit circa utiliatem dicti Collegii, in quantum 
potest. Et confestim 24 hujusmodi Socii praesti- 
terunt juramentum obedientiae Magistro dicti Col- 
legii, et praeterea juraverunt quod observabunt 
omnia et singula Statuta dicti Collegii. Pro reli- 
quis vero septem qui non erant jurati, Praelibatus 
Rev. Pater et Mr. Henricus Hornby hortati sunt 

1 17. Jun. 1525. Magr. Hen.Gold A.M. ad vie. de Ospringe 
Cant. Dioc. per mort. ult. Incumb. ex pres. Magistri et Socio- 
Tum Collegii S. Johis Evang. Cant, ratione appropriationis 
Domus Dei de Ospringe dicto Collegio [Regr.Cant.Warham.] 

2 17. Sept. 1527. Magr. Willus Longforth A.M. ad Vic. de 
Osprynge, per resign. Henrici Gold A.M. ex pres. Magistri 
et Sociorum Coll. Joh. &c. [Ibid.~| 

Joh. Smith S.T.B. admissus erat ad Rectoriam de Thur- 
rington Feb. 19, 1521 ; presentatus a Joh. Roffensi Epo. et 
Hugone Ashton, dominis sive Proprietariis Manerii, eS ra- 
tione Patronis. 



261 

Magistrum Collegii, Magistrum Alanum Perce, 
ut quamprimum alicui illorum placuerit Societa- 
tem Collegii intrare, deferet eis tale juramentum 
quale praedicti Socii praestiterunt. Insuper ex certis 
causis moventibus, Antedicti Rev. Pater et Mr. 
Hen. Hornby, praefatis Magistris Willelmo Paye, 
Clementi Eryngton, et Nicholao Daryngton, Prin- 
cipalibus quorundam Hospitiorum intra Universi- 
tatem Cant. Senioritates eis reservaverunt in prse- 
dicto Collegio S' 1 Joh. Evang. Cant, non obstanti- 
bus prioribus juramentis quae caeteri praestiterunt. 
Acta fuerunt haec omnia et singula, prout su- 
pra scribuntur et recitantur, sub Ann. Dom. In- 
dict. Pontificat, Mense, die et loco supra-scriptis : 
presentibus tunc ibidem egregio et circumspecto 
viro Magistro Nicholao Metcaufe S. T. P. ao 
Archidiacono Roffensi, et Magistro Marmaduco 
Waldby A. M. ac praefato Rev. Patri, Capellano, 
testibus ad praemissa vocatis specialiter atq; ro- 
gatis. 

Attestatio Notarii publici, nempe Tkomce 
Stacy, est lacera. 



262 



A Letter written by Card. Wolsey's own hand to 
K. Hen. VIII concerning the suppressed Monas- 
teries ; from a transcript by Archbp. Abbot, 
indorsed in his hand-writing thus — ' The ori- 
ginal I sent back to the office of the King's 
Papers. Ita est G. Cant. April 17, 1616.' 
(E Biblioth. Coll Joh.) 

To the King's most noble Grace, Defensor of 
the Faith. Sir, after my most humble and lowly 
recommendations, it may like your Highnesse to 
understand that it hath been and is much to my 
rejoyce and comfort to perceive by the relation of 
S r . Tho. More how the discourses and communi- 
cations which I have had with the Chancellour of 
Alanson sent from my Lady the Fr. King^s mother 
for treaty of peace with your Highnesse, have ben 
to your contentation and pleasure. Wherein, Sir, 
as in all other your affairs, I have not, ne shall 
pretermit any labour, diligence, study or travail 
which may be to the conducing of the same to 
such end as shall be to your Highnesses honour, 
exaltation and benefit. And where it hath pleased 
your Highnesse of your excellent goodnesse and 
gracious favour to advertise me, by the said S r . 
Tho. More, of such reports as have ben made 
unto your Highnesse, consisting in two things : 
the one concerning the office of Clerk of the market 
within the liberties of the Monastery of St. Alban's; 
and the other touching certain misorder supposed 



263 

to be used by Dr. Allen and other my officers in 
the suppression of certain exile and small Monas- 
teries wherein neither God is served ne Religion 
kept; which, with your gracious ayd and assistance 
converting the same to a far better use, I purpose 
to annexe unto your intended College of Oxford for 
the increase of good letters and virtue. I most 
humbly thank your Highnesse for that it hath 
pleased the same, so like a good and gracious mas- 
ter, to give unto me knowledge and admonition 
thereof; ascertaining your Grace that as to the 
office of Clerk of the Market within the liberties 
of your said Monastery, I never was minded either 
to extend or to diminish, but in such manner to 
use the same as I found the said Monastery pos- 
sessed aforetime. For at your last being there, 
the graunts made by your noble progenitours, con- 
firmed also by the late king of famous memory your 
noble Father, whose soule Jesus pardon, and also 
by your Highnesse, were shewed unto your Coun- 
cil ; whereby they evidently perceived that neither 
the Marshall of England, ne the Steward of your 
most honourable Household, ne also the office of 
Clerk of your markets shall be exercised within the 
said Liberties by other than the officers of your 
said Monastery, as by the graunts and confirma- 
tions, ready at your good pleasure to be eftsoone 
shewed, doth right largely appear. Neverthelesse, 
whereas the Inquest and officers there have not 
justly, discreetly and indifferently assessed and 



264 

taxed the prices of the market, as to right, equity 
and the good commodity of your Grace's Servants 
hath appertayned; I who knew nothing thereof am 
not only discontented with them for their misde- 
meanour in that behalfe, and shall with God's grace 
see them ordered accordingly, but also have no 
small cause most humbly to thank your Highnesse, 
whom it hath pleased to see the said prices re- 
formed unto the due order and direct course. And 
God forbid that I should, or suffer any man to en- 
croach upon any part of your jurisdiction Royall ; 
trusting verily, in consideration of my poor service, 
that your Highnesse will be as good a Lord to that 
your Monastery as your noble Progenitours have 
been, as I most humbly on my knees beseech your 
Highnesse to be. 

And albeit, Sir, some folks, which be alwaies 
more prone to speak evill and report the worst 
without knowledge of the truth, have percase in- 
formed your Highnesse of some disorders that 
should be used by my Commissaries in suppressing 
of the said Monasteries, yet most humbly I shall 
beseech your Highnesse, after your noble and ac- 
customed manner, to give no credence unto them, 
unto such time as your Grace may hear my decla- 
tion in that behalf. For, Sir, Almighty God I 
take to my record, I have not meant, intended, or 
gone about, ne also have willed mine Officers to 
do any think concerning the said suppressions, but 
under such form and manner as is, and hath largely 



265 

been to the full satisfaction, recompence, and joy-' 
ous contentation of any person which hath had, or 
could pretend to have, right or interest in the 
same ; in such wise that many of them, giving 
thanks and laud to God for the good chaunce suc- 
ceeded unto them, would for nothing, if they might, 
return or be restored and put again into their for- 
mer state ; as your Highnesse shall abundantly and 
largely perceive, at my next repaire unto the same. 

Verily, Sir, I would be loath to be noted that 
I should intend such a vertuous foundation for the 
increase of your Highnesses merit, profit of your 
subjects, the advancement of good learning, and for 
the weale of my poor Soule, to be established or 
adquired ex rapinis ; but, God willing, shall in such 
wise procede to the perfection thereof, without 
prejudice or derogation of any man's right or in- 
terest, that it shall appear to all the world that I 
am minded to set forthe that acte sincerely, purely, 
and without injury, wrong, or damage to any per- 
son. Howbeit, Sir, I account myself most bounden 
unto your Highnesse in that it hath pleased the 
same so favourably and benignly to advertise me of 
the reports contrived in that behalf; which I trust 
in such wyse to avoyd that your Highnesse shall 
not only be therewith contented, but also they shall 
peradventure be the more circumspect to make any 
such like reports hereafter. 

Finally, Sir, I send herewith unto your High- 
nesse a copy of certain Articles and clauses excerpt- 



266 

ed and taken out of the Pope^ Letters now sent 
unto his Oratour here resident, declaring in what 
terms he doth stand with the French King ; al- 
ledging that he hath nothing done, nor intendeth 
to do, to the prejudice of your Highnesse and the 
Emperour. And albeit his Holynesse's demeanour 
in this behalfe is not so laudable, ne of such sort 
as I would it were, yet it is not so evill as it- hath 
ben bruted and reported ; trusting that after the 
arrivall of my last letters, wherein I have ben 
round and plain, his sayd Holynesse shall alter his 
copie, and percase shew himselfe according to such 
expectation as your Highnesse and I have had of 
him. And thus Jesus preserve your most noble 
and royall estate. At my howse besides West- 
minster, the fifth day of February, by your 
Most humble Chapleyn, 

T. Card lis Ebor. 



A Letter of Lady Margaret to her Son ; (omit- 
ted to be inserted in its proper place). 
My oune suet and most deere Kynge and all 
my worldly joy, yn as humble maner as y can 
thynke y recommand me to your Grace, and moste 
hertely beseche our lord to blesse you; and my 
good herte wher that you sa that the Frenshe 
Kyng hathe at thys tyme gevyn me courteyse an- 
swer and wretyn . . lettyre of favour to hys corte 
of Parlyment for the treve expedicyon of my mater 



267 



whyche soo long hathe hangyd, the whyche y well 
know he dothe especially for your sake, for the 

whyche my ly beseeche your Grace yt 

to gyve hym your favourabyll 

thanks and to desyr hym to contenew hys . . . yn . 
e . me . And, yeve yt soo myght leke your Grace, 
to do the same to the Cardynall, whyche as I un- 
derstand ys your feythfull trew and lovyng servant. 
Y wysse my very joy, as y efte have shewed, and 
y fortune to gete thys or eny parte therof, ther 
shall nedyr be that or eny good y have but yt 
shalbe yours, and at your comaundement as seurly 
and with as good a wyll as eny ye have yn your 
cofyrs, as wuld God ye cowd know yt as veryly as 
y thynke yt. But my der herte, y wull no more 
encombyr your Grace with ferder wrytyng yn thys 
matter, for y ame seure your chapeleyn and ser- 
vante Doctour Whytston hathe shewed your Hygh- 
nes the cyrcomstance of the same. And yeve yt 
soo may plese your Grace, y humbly beseche the 
same to yeve ferdyr credense also to thys berer. 
And Our Lord gyve you as longe good lyfe, helthe, 
and joy, as your moste nobyll herte can dessyre, 
with as herty blessyngs as our Lord hathe gevyn 
me power to gyve you. At Colynweston the xiiij th 
day of January, by your feythfull trewe bedwoman, 
and humble modyr, 

Margaret R. 
This letter and the preceding- are printed in 
Ellis's Collection of Original Letters. 



268 



No. VI. 



Of the following copies of verses, the first three 
are entered upon the fly-leaf of Baker's own Copy 
of his Reprint of the Funeral Sermon of Lady Mar- 
garet, in his own hand-writing ; and the fourth is 
prefixed to his History of St. John's College. 



TO MY FOUNDER, UPON HIS PICTURE. 

Accept this Offering, from th' unenvy'd Store, 
Of him that wants the Power, but wishes more. 
Had I improv'd the Hours that thou dost give, 
Vain were faint Colours, thou in Verse should'st live. 
Had thy large Bounty been deserv'dly mine, 
Thy Name should nourish bright in every Line. 
Ah ! how thy Seed lyes waste in barren Soil, 
That wants true Vigor, tho' it wants not Oil. 
Ah ! how unequal are my best Returns, 
And yet my breast with zeal and flaming burns. 

For if my Heart is known, a gratefull Mind 
I bear, with strong Desires and unconfin'd. 
To thee I dare appeal, if thou dost know, 
Or now concernst thyself with Things below. 
Oft had I sent my fervent Vows to Heaven, 
Were this the Time, or ought were now forgiv'n. 
Oft had I pray'd for thee, as thou desires, 
Could I believe thee hurt by purging Fires. 
Thy past Desires they were, nor are they so, 
■Twas thy mistaken wish whilst here below. 
Thy Joys compleated, useless Prayers may cease, 
And end in Praise to him that gives thee Peace. 

And yet thy Bounty may I either sing, 
Or may the Fountain stop, whence it should spring. 

Januar : quarto, die Fundatori meo sacro, eique comme- 
morando destinato. 



269 



UPON THE BISHOP OF ROCHESTER'S PICTURE, 
WHEN SENT TO THE COLLEGE BY MY 
L D . WEYMOUTH. 

Welcome from Exile, happy Soule, to me, 
And to these Walls, that owe their Rise to thee. 
Too long thou'rt banisht hence, with Shame disgrac't, 
Thy Arms thrown down, thy Monument defac't. 
Thy Bounties, great like thee, involv'd in Night, 
Till some bold Hand shall bravely give them Light. 
Too long oppress't by Force, and Power unjust, 
Thy Blood a Sacrifice to serve a Lust. 
In vain proud Herod bids thee be forgot, 
Thy Name shall brightly shine, whilst his shall rot. 



UPON TWO DESERVING MASTERS, DR. SHOR- 
TON 1 AND DR. METCALF 2 . 

And may those Worthies, that did share his Fate, 
Partake his Honors long, as they are late. 
Hard was his Fate, unequal was his Lot, 
That built our Walls, and finisht, was forgot. 
But more unequal his, and less deserv'd, 
That banisht was the Walls that he preserved. 
That free from Guilt did share his Patron's Crimes, 
And neither were their own, but were the Time's. 

O Father ! O our Glory ! Ah our Shame ! \ 

That giv'st us Plenty, whilst we wound thy Name,} 
And pay our Thanks in undeserved blame. ' 

O may due Monuments be rais'd to thee, 
Just to thy worth, not such as come from me. 
May thy succeeding Sons bear gratefull Sense, 
And expiate for those, that drove thee hence. 
Ne'er may the Curse of that ungratefull Race, 
Fall on those guiltless Heads, that hold their Place. 

1 The first Master and Builder of the College. 

2 The third Master, deprived in 1537. 



270 



UPON MYSELF, AND TO MY GOD. 

My God ! and what am I ? — A Thing of nought, 
Hid from myself, and yet compos'd of Thought. 
How vain these thoughts ! how oft without Effect ! 
And yet I please myself that I reflect. 
Proud of a Phantom, that can only show 
That I more surely think, than surely know ; 
Ruffled with Passions, with Affections Mind, 
Involved in Clouds, nor Rest, nor Light I find, 
Till he that breath'd the Spark, does reinspire my Mind. 

Thou that breath'st Life into the unthinking Clod, 
Be thou my Light, as thou hast been my God. 
Thou took'st me from the Womb, — since, me upheld, 
Be thou my Strength, as thou hast been my Shield ; 
As surely so thou art, — from Death, from Tears 
Thou oft preserv'dst me, — oft renew'dst my Years, 
Dispell'd my Sorrows, banish'd all my Fears. 
To Dangers oft expos'd, thy Help implor'd 
By Follies lost, — as oft I've been restor'd. 

When Duty call'd me forth to risque my all, 
Just was my Lot, but easy was my Fall ; 
The Griefs and Sufferings that mean Souls annoy, 
Thou mak'st them light to me, and tum'st to joy; 
So light, that if in ought I bear thy Cross, 
It grieves that nought I merit by the Loss. 
My Sins more justly scourges might demand, 
Should Justice strike, as Mercy holds thy Hand ; 
In that my Refuge, there I place my Rest, 
Not hurt by Frowns, in Spite of Fortune blest. 
For all these Mercies, just Returns from me 
Are due, — and yet my best Returns I owe to thee ; 
My Pray'rs, my Vows, and all that should be mine, 
E'en these are due to thee, and truly thine. 

Oh were I thine myself ! The Offering's made, 
Were it as worthy thee, as freely paid. 
But Worth ! forbid the Word, my Sins forbid ; 
Pardon's my Plea, and Sins by Mercy hid. 



*} 



271 

Fixt there I stand, in hopes of Crimes forgiv'n, 
I trample Earth and antedate my Heav'n. 
In brighter Mansions may I have my Share, \ 
And follow Thoughts that are already there, > 
But low therein, — for lowly is my Pray'r. 

Sept". 14°, Die meo natali. 



WILL OF THOS. BAKER, B.D. 

In the Name of God Amen. I Thomas 
Baker, Ejected Fellow of Saint John's College 
in Cambridge, do make my last Will and Testa- 
ment as follows. 

First, I commend my Soul into the Hands of 
Almighty God (my gracious and good God) my 
faithful Creator and merciful Redeemer, and in 
all my Dangers and Difficultys a most constant 
Protector, blessed for ever be his Holy Name. 
. As to the Temporal Goods it has pleased the 
same good God to bestow upon me, (such as all 
Men might be content with, and are, I bless God, 
neither Poverty nor Riches) I dispose of them in 
the following Manner. 

Whereas I have made a Deed of Gift (or Sale 
for one Guinea) of twenty one Volumes in Folio, 
of my own Handwriting, to the right honourable 
Edward Earl of Oxford, I confirm and ratify that 



272 

Gift by this my last Will, and I beg his Lord- 
ship's Acceptance of them, (being sensible they are 
of little Use or Value,) with two other Volumes 
in Folio, since conveyed to him in like Manner. 

To my dear Cousin George Baker Esq. of 
Crook, I leave the Life of Cardinal Wolsey noted 
with my own Hand, Lord Clarendon's History 
with Cuts and Prints, and Win wood's Memorials 
in three Volumes in Folio, with a five Pound 
(Jacobus) piece of Gold, as a Mark of Respect 
and Affection since he does not Want it. 

To my Cousin Ferdinand Baker, my Silver 
Salver as promised. 

To my worthy Kinsman and Friend Mr. George 
Smith, I leave Godwin de Prassulibus Anglias, 
Waraeus de Praesulibus Hyberniae, both noted 
with my own Hand. 

To the Rev. and Learned Dr. Newcome, 
Master of St. John's College, I leave a Ring of a 
Guinea, with two Tables of the Masters of St. 
John's College in Frames with my Founder's 
Picture for himself or College ; and to his excel- 
lent Lady a Ring of one Guinea. 

To my worthy Friend Dr. Dickins, Regius 
Professor of Law, I leave the first Edition of Lin- 
wood's Provincial in a large Folio and black 
Letter, with a Ring of a Guinea, and Dr Corbet's 1 
Picture for himself or the College. 

i Clement Corbet, LL.D. Master of Trinity Hall, 1611. 



273 



To the worthy Mr. Burrough, Fellow of Caius 
College, I leave Bishop CosinsV Picture for the 
College. 

And to my worthy Friend Dr. Knight, I leave 
Archbishop Parker's Picture, together with an- 
other Picture (near my Bed) of Doctor Humphrey 
Tindal, Dean of Ely (as supposed and the Date 
and Year agree exactly.) 

All my other Pictures and Prints undisposed 
of, I leave to my worthy Friend Dr. Grey 2 , LL.D. 
for the Ornament of his House ; with a Ring of a 
Guinea to him, Dr. Middleton, Dr. Williams, 
Mrs. Burton of Ellamore, and my dear Niece and 
Goddaughter Mrs. Margaret Shepperson, and the 
reverend Mr. John Boswell, Vicar of Taunton, and 
Prebendary of Wells. 

To Saint John's College Library I leave all 
such Books printed or MS. as I have, and are 
wanting there ; excepting those I leave in Trust 
to my worthy Friend Dr. Middleton, for the Uni- 
versity Library, Archbishop Wake's State of the 
Church noted and improved under his own Hand, 

1 Bp. of Durham, 1660. 

2 Pictures left to Dr. Zach. Grey, were King James I., 
King Charles I. and II., James Duke of York half length 
by Sir Peter Lely, Lord Strafford, Hugo de Balsham Bp. 
of Ely, Mr. Perkins, Dr. Shorton first Master of St. John's, 
and of Pembroke Hall, drawn in his Robes ; a hunting of the 
Wild Boar, by Kecherman ; a Picture of Brook Lord Cob- 
ham, of Dudley Fenner a noted Republican ; an original 
Picture of old Parr, with several more. 

18 



274 

Bishop Burners History of the Reformation, three 
Volumes, noted in my Hand, and Bishop Ken- 
net's Register and Chronicle, (for the Memory of 
which three great Prelates, my honoured Friends, 
I must always have a due Regard) : to these I add 
Mr. Anstis, my worthy Friend's History of the 
Garter, in two Volumes Folio, Wood's Athenae 
Oxonienses, and Mangel's Catalogue, both noted 
with my own Hand, and Gunton's and Patrick's 
History of the Church of Peterborough, noted 
(for Bishop Kennet) with my Hand, with Fifteen 
Volumes, more or less, in Folio all in my own 
Hand, and three Volumes in Quarto part in my 
own Hand. 

To the Poor of the Parish of Lanchester, where 
(at Crook) I was born ; and to the Poor of the 
Parish of Long Newton, where I was ejected, to 
each Parish I leave ten Pounds : and to the College 
Servants of Saint John the Evangelist, ten Pounds, 
amongst such as shall be willing to accept a 
Share ; and out of that I leave five Pounds to 
my Bedmaker. 

As to my Funeral I am not solicitous, I de- 
sire nothing but Christian Burial ; Christ be mer- 
ciful to me a Sinner. 

Lastly, I constitute and appoint my dear Ne- 
phew Richard Burton Esq. my Sole Executor, to 
whom I leave every Thing undisposed of, which I 
hope will be enough to defray his Trouble. 

May God Almighty bless him, and give him all 



275 



the engaging Qualities of his Father, all the Vir- 
tues of his Mother, and none of the Sins, or Fail- 
ings of his Uncle, which God knows are great, and 
many ; and humbly (O my God) I call for Mercy. 
In Testimony of this my last Will, I have here- 
unto set my Hand and Seal, this fifteenth Day of 
October, 1739. 

Thomas Baker. 

Sealed, signed, delivered and declared by the 
aforesaid Thomas Baker, for his last Will and 
Testament, in the Presence of us, 

William Clapham, 
Charles Richards. 

And now, O my God, into thy Hand I con- 
tentedly resign myself, whether it be to Life or 
Deaths thy Will be done. 

Long Life I have not desired, (and yet hast 
thou given it me) give me if it be thy good Plea- 
sure, an easy and a happy Death : or if it shall 
please Thee to visit me severely (as my sins have 
deserved) give me Patience to bear thy Correction, 
and let me always say, even with my dying Breath, 
thy Will be done. 

Amen, Amen. 



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Fisher, John, Saint 

The funeral sermon of 
Margaret 



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